इतिहास सामान्य ज्ञान 266  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

samany gyan prashnottari
hindi    bhoogol    krishi    itihas    vigyan    arthashastr    samajashastr    shiksha    rajavyavastha    kampyootar    kala    rajaniti    chitr    mahabharat    ramayan    sharirik shiksha    nagarik shastr    khel    tarkik   fasabuk paheli
rajyon ke samany gyan


is vishay se snbndhit lekh padhen:- itihas prangan, itihas kosh, aitihasik sthan kosh

panne par jaen

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1. 'ang sahity' kis dharm se sambandhit hai?

bauddh dharm
jain dharm
vaishnav dharm
hindoo dharm
gomateshvar ki pratima, shravanabelagola
'jain dharm' bharat ki shraman parampara se nikala dharm aur darshan hai. 'jain' unhen kahate hain, jo 'jin' ke anuyayi hon. jain dharm grnth par adharit dharm nahin hai. bhagavan mahavir ne sirf pravachan hi die the, unhonne kisi grnth ki rachana nahin ki thi, lekin bad men unake ganadharon ne unake amrit vachan aur pravachanon ka sngrah kar liya tha. yah sngrah moolat: prakrit bhasha men hai, vishesh roop se magadhi men. bhagavan mahavir se poorv ke jain dharmik sahity ko mahavir ke shishy gautam ne snkalit kiya tha. jain dharm men 12 ang grnth mane ge hain- 'achar', 'sootrakrit', 'sthan', 'samavay', 'bhagavati', 'gyata dharmakatha', 'upasakadasha', 'antakritadasha', 'anuttar upapatikadasha', 'prashn-vyakaran', 'vipak' aur 'drishtivad'. inamen 11 ang to milate hain, kintu barahavan drishtivad ang nahin milata.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-jain dharm

2. sindhu ghati ke logon dvara sabase adhik prayukt ki jane vali dhatu kaun-si thi?

tamr
kansy
svarn aur chandi
tin
sindhu sabhyata ki utkirn mudra
'kansa' ek mishr dhatu hai, jo tanbe aur jaste athava tanbe aur tin ke yog se banaee jati hai. kansa, tanbe ki apeksha adhik kada hota hai aur kam tap par pighalata hai. isalie kansa suvidhapoorvak dhala ja sakata hai. amataur par sadharan bolachal men kabhi-kabhi pital ko bhi kansa kah diya jata hai, jo tanbe tatha jaste ki mishr dhatu hai aur pile rng ka hota hai. purakalin vastuon men kanse se nirmit vastuen kafi mahattvapoorn thin. isilie us yug ko "kansy yug" ka nam diya gaya tha. kanse ko angrezi men 'bronz' kahate hain. yah farasi bhasha ka mool shabd hai. kansa, jise snskrit men 'kansy' kaha jata hai, snskrit koshon ke anusar shvet tanbe athava ghnta banane ki dhatu ko kahate hain.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-kansy

3. kis grnth men chanaky ki patni ka nam 'yashomati' milata hai?

arthashastr
mudrarakshas
brihatkathakosh
mahaparinibbanasut
chanaky
'kautily', 'chanaky' evn 'vishnugupt' nam se bhi prasiddh hain. inaka vyaktivachak nam 'vishnugupt', sthaniy nam 'chanaky' (chanakyavasi) aur gotr nam 'kautily' (kutil se) tha. ye chandragupt maury ke pradhanamantri the. chanaky ka nam snbhavat unake gotr 'chanak', pita ke nam 'chanak' athava sthan ke nam 'chanak' ka parivartit roop raha hoga. chanaky nam se prasiddh ek nitigranth 'chanakyaniti' bhi prachalit hai. takshashila ki prasiddhi mahanh arthashastri chanaky ke karan bhi hai, jo yahan pradhyapak the aur jinhonne chandragupt ke sath milakar maury samrajy ki ninv dali thi. 'brihatkathakosh' ke anusar chanaky ki patni ka nam 'yashomati' tha. 'mudrarakshas' men kaha gaya hai ki raja nand ne bhare darabar men chanaky ko usake us pad se hata diya, jo use darabar men diya gaya tha. is par chanaky ne shapath li ki- "vah usake parivar tatha vnsh ko nirmool karake nand se badala lega."dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-brihatkathakosh, chanaky

4. sanchi ke stoop ka nirman kis shasak ne karavaya tha?

bimbisar
kanishk
pushyamitr shung
ashok
Ashokthegreat1.jpg
'ashok' athava 'asok' prachin bharat men maury vnsh ka raja tha. usake samay men maury samrajy uttar men hindukush ki shreniyon se lekar dakshin men godavari nadi tatha maisoor, karnatak tak aur poorv men bngal se pashchim men afaganistan tak pahunch gaya tha. yah us samay tak ka sabase bada bharatiy samrajy tha. samrat ashok ko apane vistrit samrajy ke behatar kushal prashasan tatha bauddh dharm ke prachar ke lie jana jata hai. jivan ke uttarardh men ashok gautam buddh ka bhakt ho gaya aur unhin ki smriti men usane ek stambh khada kar diya, jo aj bhi nepal men unake janmasthal lumbini men 'mayadevi mandir' ke pas ashok sh‍tamh‍bh ke roop men dekha ja sakata hai. ashok ne bauddh dharm ka prachar bharat ke alava shrilnka, afaganistan, misr tatha yoonan men bhi karavaya.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-ashok

5. saindhav sabhyata ka pramukh bandaragah evn vyaparik kendr kaun sa tha?

hadappa
lothal
kalibnga
rngapur
lothal ke puratattv sthal
'lothal' gujarat ke ahamadabad zile men 'bhogava nadi' ke kinare 'saragavala' namak gram ke samip sthit hai. is sthal ki khudaee 1954-1955 ee. men 'rnganath rav' ke netritv men ki gee thi. is sthal se samakalin sabhyata ke panch star pae ge hain. yahan ki sarvadhik prasiddh upalabdhi hadappa kalin bandaragah ke atirikt vishisht mridbhand, upakaran, muharen, bant tatha map evn pashan upakaran hai. lothal se tin yugmit samadhi ke bhi udaharan mile hain. bandaragah lothal ki mahattvapoorn upalabdhiyon men se ek hai. is bandaragah par misr tatha mesopotamiya se jahaz ate jate the. isaka ausat akar 214x36 mitar evn gaharaee 3.3 mitar hai. isake uttar men 12 mitar chauda ek pravesh dvar nirmit tha, jisase hokar jahaz ate-jate the.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-lothal

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samany gyan prashnottari
hindi    bhoogol    krishi    itihas    vigyan    arthashastr    samajashastr    shiksha    rajavyavastha    kampyootar    kala    rajaniti    chitr    mahabharat    ramayan    sharirik shiksha    nagarik shastr    khel    tarkik   fasabuk paheli
rajyon ke samany gyan

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