इतिहास सामान्य ज्ञान 297  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

samany gyan prashnottari
hindi    bhoogol    krishi    itihas    vigyan    arthashastr    samajashastr    shiksha    rajavyavastha    kampyootar    kala    rajaniti    chitr    mahabharat    ramayan    sharirik shiksha    nagarik shastr    khel    tarkik   fasabuk paheli
rajyon ke samany gyan


is vishay se snbndhit lekh padhen:- itihas prangan, itihas kosh, aitihasik sthan kosh

panne par jaen

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1. nimn men se kis shasak ko 'duniya ka khan' kaha gaya hai?

gayasuddin tugalak
alauddin khilaji
muhammad tugalak
bahalol lodi
'muhammad bin tugalaq' (1325-1351 ee.) apane pita gayasuddin tugalaq ki mrityu ke bad dilli ki gaddi par baitha tha. rajamundari ke ek abhilekh men muhammad tugalaq ko duniya ka khan kaha gaya hai. sambhavatah madhyakalin sabhi sultanon men muhammad tugalaq sarvadhik shikshit, vidvanh evn yogy vyakti tha. apani sanak bhari yojanaon, kroor-krityon evn doosare ke sukh-dukh ke prati upeksha ka bhav rakhane ke karan hi use 'svapnashil', 'pagal' evn 'rakt-pipasu' tak kaha gaya. sarvapratham muhammad tugalaq ne hi bina kisi bhedabhav ke yogyata ke adhar par prashasanik karyon men padon ka avntan kiya. usane nasl aur varg-vibhed ko samapt karake yogyata ke adhar par adhikariyon ko niyukt karane ki niti apanayi thi. vastut: yah usaka durbhagy hi tha ki usaki yojanaen saphalatapoorvak kriyanvit nahin hueen, jisake karan vah itihasakaron ki alochana ka patr bana.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-muhammad tugalak

2. bharat par angrezi shasan ke dauran kohinoor hira british pradhanamntri benjamin dijaraeli dvara maharani viktoriya ko kis varsh pradan kiya gaya?

1857
1865
1870
1877
kohinoor hira
'kohinoor hira' duniya ke sabhi hiron ka raja hai, jise golakunda (bharat) ki ek khan se nikala gaya tha. 'kohinoor' ko farasi men 'kooh-e-noor' kaha jata hai, jisaka arth hai- 'kudarat ki vishal abha ya roshani ka parvat'. kohinoor hira 105 kairet ka hai. yah abhi tak vishv ka sabase bada gyat aitihasik hira rah chuka hai. kee mugal badashahon aur farasi shasakon se hota hua yah hira anatat: british shasan ke adhikar men chala gaya aur ab unake khazane men shamil hai. bharat men angrez shasan ke dauran ise british pradhanamntri benjamin dijaraeli ne maharani viktoriya ko tab bhent kiya, jab san 1877 men unhen bharat ki bhi samragyi ghoshit kiya gaya tha.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-kohinoor hira

3. mugal badashah aurngazeb ke shasan kal men 'panadari' kise kahate the?

chungi kar
parivahan kar
ay kar
uparokt men se koee nahin
aurngazeb ne islam dharm ke mahatv ko svikarate hue ‘quran’ ko apane shasan ka adhar banaya. usane sikkon par kalama khudavana, nauroj ka tyauhar manana, bhang ki kheti karana, gana-bajana adi par rok laga di. 1663 ee. men 'sati pratha' par pratibandh lagaya. tirth kar punah lagaya. apane shasan kal ke 11ven varsh men ‘jharokha darshan’, 12ven varsh men ‘tuladan pratha’ par pratibandh laga diya, 1668 ee. men hindoo tyauharon par pratibandh laga diya. usane shariyat ke viruddh lie jane vale lagabhag 80 karon ko samapt karava diya. inhin men ‘abavab’ nam se jana jane vala ‘rayadari’ (parivahan kar) aur ‘panadari’ (chungi kar) namak sthaniy kar bhi shamil the.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-aurngazeb

4. 'nalanda vishvavidyalay' ki sthapana kis kal men huee thi?

maury
kushan
gupt
pal
nalanda vishvavidyalay
'nalanda vishh‍vavidyalay' prachin bharat men uchch shiksha ka sarvadhik mahattvapoorn aur vikhyat kendr tha. bihar ke nalanda zile men yah vishh‍vavidyalay hua karata tha, jahan desh-videsh ke chhatr shiksha grahan karane ke lie ate the. videshi yatriyon ke vivaran men fahyan, jo ki maury samrat chandragupt dvitiy ke kal men bharat aya tha, usane madhy desh ki janata ka varnan kiya hai. satavin shatabdi men chini yatri hvenasang ke vivaran se bhi gupt itihas ke vishay men janakari prapt hoti hai. usake vivaran se yah gyat hota hai ki kumaragupt ne hi 'nalanda vihar' ki sthapana karavaee thi.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-gupt, nalanda vishvavidyalay

5. nimnalikhit men se kisaka vastavik nam 'timoochin' tha?

chngez khan
taimoor
bairam khan
malik ambar
san 1211 aur 1236 ee. ke bich bharat ki sarahad par ek bada bhnyakar badal utha. yah badal mngolon ka tha, jisaka neta chngez khan tha. chngez khan apane ek dushman ka pichha karata hua theth sindhu nadi tak aya tha. vah sindhu nadi se age nahin badha aur vahin par ruk gaya, jisase usake dvara hone vali sambhavit barbadi se bharat bach gaya. chngez khan sanh 1155 ee. men paida hua tha. usaka vastavik nam 'timoochin' tha. chngez khan jab balyavastha se hi gujar raha tha, tabhi isaka pita yegusi-bagatur isako bachcha chhodakar mar gaya. 'bagatur' mngol amiron ka lokapriy nam hua karata tha. isaka arth hai 'vir'. sambhavat: urdoo bhasha ka 'bahadur' shabd isi se nikala hai.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-chngez khan

apake kul ank hai 0 / 0

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samany gyan prashnottari
hindi    bhoogol    krishi    itihas    vigyan    arthashastr    samajashastr    shiksha    rajavyavastha    kampyootar    kala    rajaniti    chitr    mahabharat    ramayan    sharirik shiksha    nagarik shastr    khel    tarkik   fasabuk paheli
rajyon ke samany gyan

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