इतिहास सामान्य ज्ञान 525  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

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is vishay se snbndhit lekh padhen:- itihas prangan, itihas kosh, aitihasik sthan kosh

panne par jaen

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1. jain parampara ke anusar jain dharm men kul kitane tirthnkar he?

20
22
24
14
asanasth jain tirthnkar
'jain dharm' bharat ki shraman parampara se nikala dharm aur darshan hai. jain dharm men 24 tirthnkar mane ge hain, jinhen is dharm men bhagavan ke saman mana jata hai. 'tirthnkar' shabd ka jain dharm men bada hi mahattv hai. 'tirth' ka arth hai- "jisake dvara snsar samudr tara jae, par kiya jae." jain dharm men un 'jinon' evn mahatmaon ko tirthnkar kaha gaya hai, jinhonne pravartan kiya, upadesh diya aur asnkhy jivon ko is snsar se 'tar' diya. in 24 tirthnkaron ne apane-apane samay men dharmamarg se chyut ho rahe jan-samuday ko snbodhit kiya aur use dharmamarg men lagaya. isi se inhen dharmamarg aur mokshamarg ka neta tirth pravarttak 'tirthnkar' kaha gaya hai.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-jain dharm, tirthnkar

2. mahavir ki mata kaun thin?

yashoda
trishala
devanndi
anonja
mahavir
'mahavir' ya 'vardhaman mahavir' jain dharm ke pravartak bhagavan rishabhanath ki parampara men 24ven tirthnkar the. mahavir svami ka jivan kal 599 ee. eesa poorv se 527 ee. eesa poorv tak mana jata hai. inaki mata ka nam 'trishala devi' aur pita ka nam 'siddharth' tha. bachapan men mahavir ka nam 'vardhaman' tha, lekin balyakal se hi yah sahasi, tejasvi, gyan pipasu aur atynt balashali hone ke karan 'mahavir' kahalae. bhagavan mahavir ne apani indriyon ko jit liya tha, jis karan inhen 'jitendr' bhi kaha jata hai.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-mahavir

3. bauddh dharm ke mahayan aur hinayan snpradayon men sarvadhik maulik antar kaun-sa hai?

ahinsa par bal
jatirahit samaj
devi-devataon ki pooja
stoop pooja
buddh pratima
'bauddh dharm' men tin mukhy sampraday hain- theravad, mahayan aur vajrayan. bauddh dharm ko paintis karod se adhik log manate hain aur yah duniya ka chautha sabase bada dharm hai. mahayan buddh ki pooja karata hai. ye theravadiyon ko "hinayan" (chhoti gadi) kahate hain. mahayan bauddh dharm ki ek pramukh shakha hai, jisaka arnbh pahali shatabdi ke as-pas mana jata hai. eesa poorv pahali shatabdi men vaishali men bauddh sngiti huee, jisamen pashchimi aur poorvi bauddh prithakh ho ge. poorvi shakha ka hi age chalakar 'mahayan' nam pada. theravad ya hinayan buddh ke maulik upadesh hi manata hai.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-bauddh dharm

4. 'buddhacharit', jise 'bauddhon ka ramayan' kaha jata hai, ke rachanakar kaun hain?

ashvaghosh
vasumitr
buddhaghosh
nagarjun
'buddhacharit' mahakavi ashvaghosh ki kavitv-kirti ka adhar stambh hai, kintu durbhagyavash yah mahakavy mool roop men apoorn hi upalabdh hai. 28 sargon men virachit is mahakavy ke dvitiy se lekar trayodash sarg tak tatha pratham evamh chaturdash sarg ke kuchh ansh hi milate hain. is mahakavy ke shesh sarg snskrit men upalabdh nahin hai. is mahakavy ke poore 28 sargon ka chini tatha tibbati anuvad avashy upalabdh hai. mahakavy ka arambh buddh ke garbhadhan se tatha buddhatv-prapti men isaki parinati se hota hai. yah mahakavy bhagavan buddh ke sngharshamay saphal jivan ka jvalant, ujjval tatha moort chitrapat hai.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-buddhacharit

5. kis jain rachana men solah mahajanapadon ka ullekh milata hai?

bhagavati sutt
14 poorv
acharang sootr
pitak
tirthnkar parshvanath
'jain dharm' grnth par adharit dharm nahin hai. bhagavan mahavir ne sirf pravachan hi die the. unhonne kisi grnth ki rachana nahin ki thi, lekin bad men unake ganadharon ne unake amrit vachan aur pravachanon ka sngrah kar liya. yah sngrah moolat: prakrit bhasha men hai, vishesh roop se magadhi men. jain parampara men 63 shalaka mahapurush mane ge hain. puranon men inaki kathaen tatha dharm ka varnan adi hai. prakrit, snskrit, apabhrnsh tatha any deshi bhashaon men anek puranon ki rachana huee hai.dhyan denadhik janakari ke lie dekhen:-jain dharm

apake kul ank hai 0 / 0

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samany gyan prashnottari
hindi    bhoogol    krishi    itihas    vigyan    arthashastr    samajashastr    shiksha    rajavyavastha    kampyootar    kala    rajaniti    chitr    mahabharat    ramayan    sharirik shiksha    nagarik shastr    khel    tarkik   fasabuk paheli
rajyon ke samany gyan


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