उत्तराखंड राज्य आन्दोलन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

uttarakhand rajy ki mang sarvapratham 1897 men uthi aur dhire-dhire yah mang anek samayon par uthati rahi. 1994 men is mang ne jan andolan ka roop le liya aur akhirakar niyat tithi par yah bharat ka sattaisavan rajy bana.

snkshipt itihas

uttarakhand sngharsh se rajy ke gathan tak jin mahattvapoorn tithiyon aur ghatanaon ne mukhy bhoomika nibhaee ve is prakar hain -

  • bharatiy svatntrata andolan ki ek eekaee ke rup men uttarakhnd men svadhinata sngram ke dauran 1913 ke kangres adhiveshan men uttarakhnd ke jyada pratinidhi sammilit huye. isi varsh uttarakhnd ke anusoochit jatiyon ke utthan ke liye gathit tamta sudharini sabha ka roopantaran ek vyapak shilpakar mahasabha ke roop men hua.
  • 1916 ke sitambar mah men haragovind pnt, govind ballabh pnt, badari datt pande, indralal sah, mohan sinh dadamaval, chandr lal sah, prem ballabh pande, bholadat pande aur lakshmidatt shastri adi utsahi yuvakon ke dvara kumaoon parishad ki sthapana ki gayi jisaka mukhy uddeshy tatkalin uttarakhnd ki samajik tatha arthik samasyaon ka samadhan khojana tha. 1926 tak is sngathan ne uttarakhand men sthaniy samany sudharon ki disha ke atirikt nishchit rajanitik uddeshy ke roop men sngathanatmak gatividhiyan snpadit kin. 1923 tatha 1926 ke prantiy kaunsil ke chunav men govind ballabh pnt haragovind pnt mukundi lal tatha badari datt pande ne pratipakshiyon ko buri tarah parajit kiya.
  • 1926 men kumaoon parishad ka kangres men vilinikaran kar diya gaya.
  • adhikarik sootron ke anusar mee 1938 men tatkalin british shasan men gadhaval ke shrinagar men ayojit kangres ke adhiveshan men pndit javahar lal neharoo ne is parvatiy kshetr ke nivasiyon ko apani paristhitiyon ke anusar svayn nirnay lene tatha apani snskriti ko samriddh karane ke andolan ka samarthan kiya.
  • sanh 1940 men haldvani sammelan men badridatt pandey ne parvatiy kshetr ko vishesh darja tatha anusooya prasad bahuguna ne kumaoon-gadhaval ko prithakh ikaee ke roop men gathan ki mang rakhi. 1954 men vidhan parishad ke sadasy indrasinh nayal ne uttar pradesh ke mukhyamntri govind ballabh pnt se parvatiy kshetr ke liye prithakh vikas yojana banane ka agrah kiya tatha 1955 men phajal ali ayog ne parvatiy kshetr ko alag rajy ke roop men gathit karane ki snstuti ki.
  • varsh 1957 men yojana ayog ke upadhyaksh titi krishnamachari ne parvatiy kshetr ki samasyaon ke nidan ke liye vishesh dhyan dene ka sujhav diya. 12 mee 1970 ko pradhanamntri indira gandhi dvara parvatiy kshetr ki samasyaon ka nidan rajy tatha kendr sarakar ka dayitv hone ki ghoshana ki aur 24 julaee 1979 men prithakh rajy ke gathan ke liye masoori men uttarakhand kranti dal ki sthapana ki gee. joon 1987 men karn prayag ke sarvadaliy sammelan men uttarakhand ke gathan ke liye sngharsh ka ahvan kiya tatha navnbar 1987 men prithakh uttarakhand rajy ke gathan ke liye nee dilli men pradarshan aur rashtrapati ko gyapan evn haridvar ko bhi prastavit rajy men sammilith karane ki mang ki gee.
  • 1994 men uttarakhand rajy evn arakshan ko lekar chhatron ne samoohik roop se andolan kiya. mulayam sinh yadav ke uttarakhand virodhi vaktavy se kshetr men andolan tej ho gaya. uttarakhand kranti dal ke netaon ne anashan kiya. uttarakhand men sarakari karmachari prithakh rajy ki mang ke samarthan men lagatar tin mahine tak hadatal par rahe tatha uttarakhand men chakkajam aur pulis phayaring ki ghatanaen huee. uttarakhand andolanakariyon par masoori aur khatima men pulis dvara goliyan chalayin geen. snyukt morcha ke tatvadhan men 2 aktoobar, 1994 ko dilli men bhari pradarshan kiya gaya. is sngharsh men bhag lene ke liye uttarakhand se hajaron logon ki bhagidari huee. pradarshan men bhag lene ja rahe andolanakariyon ko mujaphphar nagar men bahut perashan kiya gaya aur un par pulis ne phayiring ki aur lathiya barasaeen tatha mahilaon ke sath ashlil vyahar aur abhadrata ki gayi. isamen anek log hatahat aur ghayal hue. is ghatana ne uttarakhand andolan ki ag men ghi ka kam kiya. agale din 3 aktoobar ko is ghatana ke virodh men uttarakhand bnd ka ahvan kiya gaya jisamen todaphod golabari tatha anek mauten hueen.
  • 7 aktoobar, 1994 ko deharadoon men ek mahila andolanakari ki mrityu ho hee isake virodh men andolanakariyon ne pulis chauki par upadrav kiya.
  • 15 aktoobar ko deharadoon men karphyoo lag gaya aur usi din ek andolanakari shahid ho gaya.
  • 27 aktoobar, 1994 ko desh ke tatkalin grihamntri rajesh payalat ki andolanakariyon ki varta huee. isi bich shrinagar men shriyntr tapoo men anashanakariyon par pulis ne barbaratapoorvak prahar kiya jisamen anek andolanakari shahid ho ge.
  • 15 agast, 1996 ko tatkalin pradhanamntri ech.di. devagauda ne uttarakhand rajy ki ghoshana lal qile se ki.
  • 1998 men kendr ki bhajapa gathabndhan sarakar ne pahali bar rashtrapati ke madhyam se u.pr. vidhanasabha ko uttaranchal vidheyak bheja. u.pr. sarakar ne 26 snshodhanon ke sath uttaranchal rajy vidheyak vidhan sabha men parit karavakar kendr sarakar ko bheja. kendr sarakar ne 27 julaee, 2000 ko uttar pradesh punargathan vidheyak 2000 ko lokasabha men prastut kiya jo 1 agast, 2000 ko lokasabha men tatha 10 agast, 2000 agast ko rajyasabha men parit ho gaya. bharat ke rashtrapati ne uttar pradesh punargathan vidheyak ko 28 agast, 2000 ko apani svikriti de di aur isake bad yah vidheyak adhiniyam men badal gaya aur isake sath hi 9 navnbar, 2000 ko uttaranchal rajy astitv men aya jo ab uttarakhand nam se astitv men hai.

rajy andolan ki ghatanaen

uttarakhand rajy andolan men bahut si hinsak ghatanaen bhi hueen jo is prakar hain:

khatima golikand

1 sitnbar, 1994 ko uttarakhand rajy andolan ka kala din mana jata hai, kyonki is din ki jaisi pulis barbarata ki karyavahi isase pahale kahin aur dekhane ko nahin mili thi. pulis dvara bina chetavani diye hi andolanakariyon ke oopar andhadhundh phayaring ki gee, jisake parinamasvaroop sat andolanakariyon ki mrityu ho gee.

khatima golikand mare ge logon ke nam hain
  • amar shahid sv. bhagavan sinh siraula, gram shripur bichhuva, khatima.
  • amar shahid sv. pratap sinh, khatima.
  • amar shahid sv. salim ahamad, khatima.
  • amar shahid sv. gopichand, gram-ratanapur phulaiya, khatima.
  • amar shahid sv. dharmanand bhatt, gram-amarakalan, khatima
  • amar shahid sv. paramajit sinh, rajivanagar, khatima.
  • amar shahid sv. ramapal, nivasi-bareli.
  • amar shahid sv. shri bhagavan sinh sirola.

is pulis phayaring men bichapuri nivasi shri bahadur sinh, shripur bichhuva ke pooran chandr bhi gnbhir rup se ghayal huye the.

masoori golikand

2 sitnbar, 1994 ko khatima golikand ke virodh men maun juloos nikal rahe logon par ek bar phir pulisiya kahar toota. prashasan se batachit karane gee do sagi bahanon ko pulis ne jhoolaghar sthit andolanakariyon ke karyalay men goli mar di. isaka virodh karane par pulis dvara andhadhundh phayaring kar di gee, jisamen kee logon ko (lagabhag 21) goli lagi aur isamen se tin andolanakariyon ki aspatal men mrityu ho gee.

masoori golikand men shahid logah
  • amar shahid sv. belamati chauhan (48), patni shri dharm sinh chauhan, gram-khalon, patti ghat, akodaya, tihari.
  • amar shahid sv. hnsa dhanee (45), patni shri bhagavan sinh dhanee, gram-bngadhar, patti dharamndal, tihari.
  • amar shahid sv. balabir sinh (22), putr shri bhagavan sinh negi, lakshmi mishthann, laibreri, masoori.
  • amar shahid sv. dhanapat sinh (50), gram-gngavada, patti-gngavadasyoo, gadhaval.
  • amar shahid sv. madan mohan mamagee (48), nagajali, kuladi, masoori.
  • amar shahid sv. ray sinh bngari (54), gram todera, patti-poorvi bharadar, tihari.

mujaphpharanagar golikand / ramapur tiraha kand

2 aktoobar, 1994 ki ratri ko dilli raili men ja rahe andolanakariyon ka ramapur tiraha, mujaphpharanagar men pulis-prashasan ne jaisa daman kiya, usaka udarahan kisi bhi lokatantrik desh to kya kisi tanashah ne bhi aj tak duniya men nahin diya ki nihatthe andolanakariyon ko rat ke andhere men charon or se gherakar goliyan barasaee gee aur pahad ki sidhi-sadi mahilaon ke sath durvyavahar tak kiya gaya. is golikand men rajy ke 7 andolanakari shahid ho gaye the. is goli kand ke doshi ath pulisavalon par jiname tin inspai़ktar bhi hain, par mamala chalaya ja raha hai.

shahidon ke nam
  • amar shahid sv. sooryaprakash thapaliyal (20), putr shri chintamani thapaliyal, chaudahabigha, muni ki reti, rishikesh.
  • amar shahid sv. rajesh lakheda (24), putr shri darshan sinh lakheda, ajabapur kalan, deharadoon.
  • amar shahid sv. ravindr sinh ravat (22), putr shri kundan sinh ravat, bi-20, neharu kaloni, deharadoon.
  • amar shahid sv. rajesh negi (20), putr shri mahavir sinh negi, bhaniya vala, deharadoon.
  • amar shahid sv. satendr chauhan (16), putr shri jodh sinh chauhan, gram haripur, selakueen, deharadoon.
  • amar shahid sv. girish bhadri (21), putr shri vachaspati bhadri, ajabapur khurd, deharadoon.
  • amar shahid sv. ashok kumare kaishiv, putr shri shiv prasad, mndir marg, ukhimath, rudraprayag.

deharadoon golikand

3 aktoobar, 1994 ko mujaphpharanagar kand ki soochana deharadoon men pahunchate hi logon ka ugr hona svabhavik tha. isi bich is kand men shahid sv0 shri ravindr sinh ravat ki shavayatra par pulis ke lathicharj ke bad sthiti aur ugr ho gee aur logon ne poore deharadoon men isake virodh men pradarshan kiya, jisamen pahale se hi janakrosh ko kisi bhi halat men dabane ke liye taiyar pulis ne phayaring kar di, jisane tin aur logon ko is andolan men shahid kar diya.

mare ge logon ke nam
  • amar shahid sv. balavant sinh sajavan (49), putr shri bhagavan sinh, gram-malhan, nayaganv, deharadoon.
  • amar shahid sv. rajesh ravat (19), putr shrimati anndi devi, 27-chndar rod, nee basti, deharadoon.
  • amar shahid sv. dipak valiya (27), putr shri om prakash valiya, gram badripur, deharadoon.

kotadvar kand

3 aktoobar, 1994 ko poora uttarakhand mujaphpharanagar kand ke virodh men ubala hua tha aur pulis-prashasan inake kisi bhi prakar se daman ke liye taiyar tha. isi kadi men kotadvar men bhi andolan hua, jisamen do andolanakariyon ko pulis karmiyon dvara raiphal ke baton v dandon se pit-pitakar mar dala.

kotadvar men shahid andolanakari
  • amar shahid sv. shri rakesh devarani.
  • amar shahid sv. shri prithvi sinh bisht, manapur, kotadvar.

nainital golikand

nainital men bhi virodh charam par tha, lekin isaka netritv buddhijiviyon ke hath men hone ke karan pulis kuchh kar nahin paee, lekin isaki bhadas unhonne nikali prashant hotal men kam karane vale pratap sinh ke oopar. ar.e.eph. ke sipahiyon ne ise hotal se khincha aur jab yah bachane ke liye meghadoot hotal ki taraph bhaga, to inaki gardan men goli marakar hatya kar di gee.

shahid log
  • amar shahid sv. shri pratap sinh.

shriyntr tapoo (shrinagar) kand

shrinagar kasbe se 2 kimi door sthit shriyantr tapoo par andolanakariyon ne 7 navnbar, 1994 se in sabhi damanakari ghatanaon ke virodh aur prithakh uttarakhand rajy hetu amaran anashan arambh kiya. 10 navnbar, 1994 ko pulis ne is tapoo men pahunchakar apana kahar barapaya, jisamen kee logon ko gambhir choten bhi aee, isi kram men pulis ne do yuvakon ko raiphalon ke bat aur lathi-dandon se marakar alakananda nadi men phenk diya aur unake oopar pattharon ki barasat kar di, jisase in donon ki mrityu ho gee.

shriyantr tapoo ke shahid log
  • amar shahid sv. shri rajesh ravat.
  • amar shahid sv. shri yashodhar benjaval.

in donon shahidon ke shav 14 navnbar, 1994 ko bagavan ke samip alakananda men tairate huye paye gaye the.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

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