मैसूर का इतिहास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

maisoor shahar ka itihas atynt prachin hai. isake prachinatam shasak kadamb vnsh ke the, jinaka ullekh taaulmi ne kiya hai. kadambon ko cheron, pallavon aur chalukyon se yuddh karana pada tha. 12vin shatabdi men jakar maisoor ka shasan kadambon ke hathon se hoyasalon ke hathon men aya, jinhonne dvarasamudr athava adhunik halebid ko apani rajadhani banaya tha. hoyasal raja rayachandr se hi alauddin khilazi ne maisoor jitakar apane rajy men sammilit kiya tha. isake uparant maisoor vijayanagar rajy men sammilit kar liya gaya aur usake vighatan ke uparant 1610 ee. men vah pun: sthaniy hindoo raja ke adhikar men a gaya tha. is rajavnsh ke chauthe uttaradhikari chikk devaraj ne maisoor ki shakti aur satta men ullekhaniy vriddhi ki. kintu 18vin shatabdi ke madhy men usaka rajavnsh haidarali dvara apadasth kar diya gaya tha aur usake putr tipoo sultan ne 1799 ee. tak us par rajy kiya. tipoo ki parajay aur mrityu ke uparant vijayi angrezo ne maisoor ko snrakshit rajy banakar vahan ek panch varshiy balak krishnaraj vadiyar ko sinhasan par baithaya tha. krishnaraj atynt ayogy shasak siddh hua, 1821 ee. men british sarakar ne shasan prabndh apane hathon men le liya, parntu 1867 ee. men krishn ke uttaradhikari cham rajendr ko pun: shasan saunp diya. us samay se is sushasit rajy ka 1947 ee. men bharatiy sngh men vilay kar diya gaya.

maisoor-yuddh

1761 ee. men haidar ali ne maisoor men hindoo shasak ke oopar niyntran sthapit kar liya. nirakshar hone ke bad bhi haidar ki sainik evn rajanitik yogyata advitiy thi. usake fransisiyon se achchhe sambandh the. haidar ali ki yogyata, kootanitik soojhaboojh evn sainik kushalata se marathe, nizam evn angrez eershya karate the. haidar ali ne angrezon se bhi sahayog manga tha, parantu angrez isake lie taiyar nahin hue, kyonki isase unaki rajanitik mahatvakanksha poori n ho pati. bharat men angrezon aur maisoor ke shasakon ke bich char sainy muthabhed huee thin. angrezon aur haidar ali tatha usake putr tipoo sultan ke bich samay-samay par yuddh hue. 32 varshon (1767 se 1799 ee.) ke madhy men ye yuddh chhede ge the.

yuddh

bharat ke itihas men char maisoor yuddh lade gaye hain, jo is prakar se hain-

  1. pratham yuddh (1767 - 1769 ee.)
  2. dvitiy yuddh (1780 - 1784 ee.)
  3. tritiy yuddh (1790 - 1792 ee.)
  4. chaturth yuddh (1799 ee.)

tipoo sultan ka yogadan

maisoor ke sher ke nam se mashahoor tipoo sultan n sirph atynt diler aur bahadur the balki ek kushal yojanakar bhi the. unhonne apane shasanakal men kee sadakon ka nirman karaya aur sinchaee vyavastha ke pukhta intajam kie. unhonne ek bandh ki ninv bhi rakhi. kee bar angrejon ke chhakke chhuda dene vale tipoo ko poorv rashtrapati daau. epije abdul kalam ne vishv ka sabase pahala raket avishkarak bataya tha. 20 navambar 1750 ko devanahalli (vartaman men karnatak ka kolar zila) men janme tipoo sultan haidar ali ke pahale putr the. tipoo kafi bahadur hone ke sath hi dimagi soojhaboojh se rananiti banane men bhi behad mahir the. apane shasanakal men bharat men badhate eest indiya knpani ke samrajy ke samane vah kabhi nahin jhuke aur angrezon se jamakar loha liya. maisoor ki doosari ladaee men angrezon ko khadedane men unhonne apane pita haidar ali ki kafi madad ki. unhonne apani bahaduri se jahan kee bar goron ko patakhani di vahin nijamon ko bhi kee maukon par dhool chataee. apani har se baukhalae haidarabad ke nijam ne tipoo sultan se gaddari ki aur angrezon se mil gaya. maisoor ki tisari ladaee men bhi jab angrez tipoo ko nahin hara pae to unhonne maisoor ke is sher se mengaloor sndhi nam se ek samajhauta kar liya. phoot dalo shasan karo ki niti chalane vale angrezon ne sndhi karane ke bad tipoo se gaddari kar dali. eest indiya knpani ne haidarabad ke sath milakar chauthi bar tipoo par jabaradast hamala bola aur akhirakar 4 mee 1799 ko maisoor ka sher shrirngapattanam ki raksha karate hue shahid ho gaya. tipoo ki sabase badi takat unaki raket sena thi. raket hamalon se tipoo ki sena ne angrezon aur nijam ko titar−bitar kar diya tha. tipoo ki shahadat ke bad angrez shrirngapattanam se do raket briten ke voolavich sngrahalay ki artilari gailari men pradarshani ke lie le ge the. sultan ne 1782 men apane pita ke nidhan ke bad maisoor ki kaman snbhali aur apane shasanakal men vikas karyon ki jhadi laga di thi. unhonne jal bhndaran ke lie kaveri nadi ke us sthan par ek bandh ki ninv rakhi jahan aj krishnaraj sagar bandh maujood hai. tipoo ne apane pita dvara shuroo ki gee lal bag pariyojana ko saphalatapoorvak poora kiya.[1]



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. maisoor ka bahadur sher tipoo sultan (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) prabhasakshi. abhigaman tithi: 31 disambar, 2012.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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