संस्कृति का निर्माण  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharatiy snskriti vishv ki sarvadhik prachin evn samriddh snskriti hai. any deshon ki snskritiyan to samay ki dhara ke sath-sath nasht hoti rahi hain, kintu bharat ki snskriti adi kal se hi apane paramparagat astitv ke sath ajar-amar bani huee hai. isaki udarata tatha samanyavadi gunon ne any snskritiyon ko samahit to kiya hai, kintu apane astitv ke mool ko surakshit rakha hai. tabhi to pashchaty vidvan apane desh ki snskriti ko samajhane hetu bharatiy snskriti ko pahale samajhane ka paramarsh dete hain.

snskriti ke nirmanak tattv

snskriti ka nirman jin chhoti-badi bahut-si ikaiyon se hota hai, unhin ko snskriti ke nirmanak tattv ya upadan kaha jata hai. in tattvon ka vivechan nimnalikhit hai-

snskriti tattv -

hobel se anusar, ‘ek snskriti tattv vyavahar ka roop ya is vyavahar se utpann ek bhautik vastu hai, jise sanskritik vyavahar ki sabase chhoti ikaee mana jata hai.’ snskriti tattv ke mahatv ko batate hue thobenk ne likha hai, ‘snskriti tattv un eeton ke saman hain, jinake dvara sampoorn samaj ki snskriti ka nirman hota hai.’ is prakar yah kaha ja sakata hai ki bhautik abhautik kshetr men snskriti tattv un sabhi vastuon, jisaka karyatmak drishtikon se aur adhik vibhajan nahin kiya ja sakata. snskriti tattv men parivartan tatha gatishilata bhi paee jati hai. lekin keval akela snskriti tattv manushy ki kisi avashyakata ki poorti karane men saksham nahin hota. jab anek snskriti tattv paraspar uddeshyapoorn tarike se snyukt ho jate hain, tab hi ve manushy ki kisi vishesh avashyakata ki poorti kar pate hain.

snskriti samagr -
  • jab anek snskriti tattv vyavasthit roop se snyukt hokar manushy ki kinhin avashyakataon ki poorti karate hain, tab snskriti tattvon ke snyukt roop ko snskriti samagr kaha jata hai.
  • hobel ke anusar, ‘snskriti samagr paraspar ghanishth roop se sambandhit snskriti tattvon ka ek jal hai.’
  • sadaralaind evn vudavard ke anusar, ‘snskriti samagr anek snskriti tattvon ki vah sampoornata hai, jo arthapoorn sambandhon dvara paraspar samaveshtit rahate hain.’

is prakar snskriti samagr snskriti tattvon ka ek punj hoti hai, jo ki anek sanskritik niyamon ke anusar vyavasthit hoti hai aur isaka nirman karane vale sabhi paraspar sambandhit hote hain.

snskriti pratiman-
  • harsakovits ke anusar, ‘snskriti shabdon ka vah roop, jo ek samaj ke sadasyon ke vyavahar pratimanon ke madhyam se vyakt hota hua jivan ki vidhi ko ekaroopata, nirantarata aur vishisht roop deta hai, snskriti pratiman kahalata hai.’
  • rooth benedikt ke anusar, ‘snskriti ke anek upavibhagon se banane vale mahattvapoorn angon ko hi snskriti pratiman kahate hain.’
  • isi prakar sadaralaind tatha vudavard ne likha hai ki, ‘jab anek snskriti samagr paraspar sambandhit hokar ek vishesh snskriti ka samany chitr prastut karane lagate hain, tab isi sambaddhata ko ham snskriti pratiman kahate hain. is prakar spasht hota hai ki snskriti pratiman anek snskriti samagron ka ek vyavasthit sngathan hai. udaharan ke lie - bharatiy snskriti men jati pratha, snyukt parivar, vivah snskar, karm siddhant jaise kuchh vishesh snskriti pratiman hain, jo ek badi sima tak bharatiy snskriti ka ek samany chitr prastut kar dete hain.’
snskriti kshetr-

klark visalar ke anusar, ‘snskriti kshetr ka ashay us bhaugolik pradesh se hai, jisamen anek jan-jatiyan tulanatmak roop se saman sanskritik visheshataon ke sath svatntr roop se nivas karati hain.’ doosare shabdon men, pratyek snskriti se sambandhit snskriti samagron tatha snskriti pratimanon ka ek nishchit kshetr hota hai tatha isi kshetr se usaka prasar ek vishesh bhaugolik kshetr men ho jata hai. jis bhaugolik kshetr men lagabhag saman sanskritik visheshataen vidyaman hoti hain, usako ham ek snskriti kshetr kahakar sambodhit karate hain.



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