भारतीय संस्कृति और एशिया  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharatiy snskriti vishv ki prachinatam snskritiyon men se ek hai. yah mana jata hai ki bharatiy snskriti yoonan, rom, misr, sumer aur chin ki snskritiyon ke saman hi prachin hai. kee bharatiy vidvanh to bharatiy snskriti ko vishv ki sarvadhik prachin snskriti manate hain. dakshin-poorv eshiyaee deshon men bharatiy snskriti ke prasar ka vivaran nimnalikhit hai-

brahma / barma / myanmar

dakshin-poorvi eshiya ya 'suvarn bhoomi' ka ek ang brahma ya barma tha, jahan bharatiy snskriti ka pravesh prachinakal men hi ho chuka tha. eesavi sanh ke arambh hone se pahale hi barma ke sath bharat ke sampark men vriddhi huee. kaling pradesh se vyapariyon ki badi snkhya vahan vyapar karane ke lie jati rahati thi. samrat ashok ne bauddh dharm ke pracharak mandal ko vahan bheja tatha bauddh dharm ka prachar karaya. 450 ee. men shrilnka se 'achary buddhaghosh' ne vahan jakar hinayan mat ki sthapana ki. barma men vishnu ki moorti prapt huee hai, jisase siddh hota hai ki us desh men hindoo dharm ka prachar hua tha. vahan gupt yug ke hindoo v bauddh avasheshon ki pegoo, prom adi vibhinn sthanon men prapti huee hai. barma ke shasakon men gyarahavin shatabdi ke shasak aniruddh ka nam sarvadhik prasiddh hai, jo bauddh matanuyayi tha tatha jisane anek paigoda evn mathon ka nirman karavaya.

syam

vartaman kal men yah desh 'thaeelaind' ke nam se prakhyat hai. isake kendriy pradesh men 'amaravati' namak ek hindoo rajy ki sthapana ki gee thi. jisane drut gati se prasar karate hue sampoorn desh par apana prabhav sthapit kiya. isake padosi desh 'kambodiya' men pahale hi bauddh dharm vikasit ho chuka tha. bharatiy snskriti aur kala ka is desh men vishesh prabhav drishtigochar hota hai. hindoo aur bauddh dharmik sahity tatha kala ne syam desh ki bhasha, kala, sahity aur samajik snsthaon ko atyadhik prabhavit kiya. yahan amaravati shaili, guptakalin kala aur pallav lipi men ankit bauddh dharm ke siddhanton ke avasheshon ki prapti huee, jinase bharatiy snskriti ke prasar ka parichay prapt hota hai. vahan ke shasak ka rajyabhishek vartaman kal men bhi brahman purohit dvara hi sampann kiya jata hai.

champa

vartaman ‘anam’ ka adhikansh bhag is kshetr men samahit tha. isaka vistar 140 se 100 uttari deshantar ke bich men tha. hindachin men bharatiyon ka sarvadhik prachin upanivesh 'champa' tha. eesavi sanh se poorv hi bharatavasi is desh men pravisht ho chuke the. us kal me champa rajy sukh, vaibhav aur samriddhi se bharapoor anek nagaron tatha ati sundar hindoo v bauddh mandiron se sushobhit tha. vahan ke ‘misang’ aur ‘dang duang’ nag ke do nagar aj bhi darshaniy mandiron ke lie prasiddh hain. yahan ke hindoo nivasi hindoo devi-devataon ki upasana karate the. champa ki vastukala aur takshan-kala sarvashreshth thi. is rajy men snskrit bhasha aur hindoo dharm tatha snskriti ka vyapak prasar tha. mngolon aur anamiyon ke bhishan akramanon ne solahavin sadi men bharat ke is aupaniveshik rajy ka ant kar diya. champapuri ke vartaman avasheshon men yahan ke prachin bharatiy dharm v snskriti ki sundar jhalak milati hai.

kambuj

kambodiya ko prachin kal men 'kambuj' kaha jata tha. kambuj namak any hindoo rajy 'mekang nadi' ki ghati men sthapit kiya gaya tha. bharatiyon ke nirantar parishram ke phalasvaroop is rajy ka atyadhik utkarsh hua. yahan upalabdh abhilekhon se siddh hota hai ki yah rajy hindoo dharm ke kriya-kalapon evn niyamon ka anusaran karate hue, athavin shatabdi men snskriti ke uchchatam star par pahunch gaya tha. yahan ka ‘angakoravat ka vishnu mandir' 12vin shatabdi men yahan ke shasak 'sooryavarman' dvara nirmit karaya gaya tha. yah is snsar ka sarvadhik vishal evn adabhut mandir mana jata hai. yah mandir bharatiy vastukala evn takshan-kala ka sarvashreshth pratiroop hai. isake shilp ki sookshm vidagdhata, nakshe ki samamiti, yatharth anupat tatha sundar alnkrit moortikari bhi utkrisht kala ki drishti se prashnsaniy hai.

malaya dvip samooh

adhunik malaya dvip prachinakal men ‘svarnadvip’ kaha jata tha aur isamen java, sumatra, bali, borniyo adi bharatiy kala aur snskriti ke kendr ban chuke anek dvip the. yahan par pahale brahman rahate the, jinake poorvaj bharat se malaya ae the. tatpashchath yahan bauddh dharm ka prachar hua. vibhinn sroton se pata chalata hai ki in dvipon men se do par hindoo shasakon ne shasan kiya tha. inake samast shasan kal men bharatiy sabhyata, snskriti aur kala ka prabhav itana gahara pada tha ki aj bhi unake praman itane utkrisht roop men milate hain ki koee bhi bharatiy, bharat ke aupaniveshik aur sanskritik prasar ki bharatiy itihas ki sarvadhik divy, parantu vismrit katha par nyayochit garv kar sakata hai.

java

java bhi eesa ki pratham shati men bharatiyon ka upanivesh ban chuka tha. gujarat ke 'rajakumar vijay' ne sarvapratham is desh men bharatiy upanivesh ki sthapana ki thi. java ko tab 'yavadvip' kaha jata tha. isaka shrey vyaghr, pand aur parashar ko diya jata hai. vartaman udisa aur prachin kaling ke log yahan sarvapratham aye the. chauthi aur athavin shatabdi ke bich java men anek hindoo rajyon ki sthapana huee. yahan ke shasak varman kahalate the, jisaka arth hai rakshak. chini yatri phahyan bhi yahan par lagabhag ek mah tak raha tha. us samay bauddh dharm yahan ka mukhy dharm ban chuka tha. navin shatabdi tak java shailendr samrajy ka ang raha. tatpashchath vividh matavalambi, yatha - shaiv, vaishnav adi shasak rahe. inake kal men java vyapar aur bharatiy kala evn sahity ka kendr ho gaya tha. is kal ke anek dhvast hindoo evn bauddh mandir, vihar aur sthapaty kala ke anupam udaharan atyadhik snkhya men yahan prapt hue hain.

borniyo

yahan bhi hindoo upanivesh eesavi sanh ki pratham shatabdi men sthapit kiya ja chuka tha. yahan bharatiy snskriti aur sabhyata ka gahan prabhav pada tha. is dvip men kashth nirmit kalapoorn mandir ke avashesh upalabdh hue hain, jinase pratit hota hai ki yahan ke shasak vaidik ygyon aur vidhi vidhan men astha rakhate the. borniyo men pauranik dharm aur bauddh dharm donon hi prachalit rahe. yahan ki sthapaty kala aur moortikala bhi moolat: bharatiy prabhav men thi.

bali

is dvip ka nam puranon men prasiddh 'patal desh' ke raja bali ke nam par hai. yah dvip bhi prachinakal men hindoo shasan ke antargat ek prakhyat upanivesh tha. chhathi shatabdi men yahan bauddh dharm poornat: vikasit tha. chini vivaranon se pata chalata hai ki chhathi shatabdi men yahan 'kaundiny vnsh' ke hindoo raja shasan karate the aur dasavin shatabdi men 'ugrasen' tatha 'kesari' adi hindoo rajaon ne shasan kiya. yahan ke shasakon ka chin ke sath rajanitik sampark tha. java ke hindoo shasak bhi musalamanon ke akramanon se suraksha pane ke lie is dvip men chale ae the. yahan ke samuday ke adhikansh log vartaman kal men hindoo dharm ke snskaron, vidhi-vidhan ka palan karate hue bharatiy snskriti ko apanaye hue hain.



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adhar
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poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

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