भारत का नामकरण  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pn. javaharalal neharoo ne snskriti ke sambandh men apane vichar prakat karate hue kaha hai ki, ‘snskriti ka arth manushy ka antarik vikas aur usaki naitik unnati hai, paramparik sadavyavahar hai aur ek-doosare ko samajhane ki shakti hai.’ vastut: snskriti se ashay manav ki manasik, naitik, bhautik, arthik, samajik, rajanitik evn kalatmak jivan ki samast upalabdhiyon ki samagrata se hai.

bharatavarsh ka namakaran

  • bharatavarsh ka namakaran ke vishay men aisa kaha jata hai ki dushyant ke putr bharat ke nam par is desh ka nam bharat pada hai.
  • kuchh vidvanon ka mat hai ki rishabhadev ke jyeshth putr ka nam bharat tha, aur unhin ke nam par is desh ka nam bharatavarsh pada hai.
  • eeraniyon ne is desh ko hindustan kahakar sambodhit kiya hai aur yoonaniyon ne ise indiya kaha hai.
  • prachin sahity men bharatavarsh ko ‘bharatabhoomi’ ki sngya di gee hai. ise jamboodvip ka ek bhag mana gaya hai.
  • bharat ko ‘chatu: snsthan snsthitamh’ kaha gaya hai.
  • hindoo shabd bhi mahanh sindhu nadi se nikala hai. sindhu pradesh prachinatam sabhyata ka vikas sthal rah chuka hai.

prachin ullekh

  • bharat ke prachin sahity men bharat ko panch bhagon men bante hone ka ullekh milata hai. sindhu aur gnga ke madhy men madhy pradesh tha.
  • brahman granthon ke anusar yah bhoo-bhag sarasvati nadi se prayag, kashi tak aur bauddh granthon ke anusar rajamahal tak phaila hua tha. isi kshetr ka pashchimi bhag 'brahmrishi desh' kahalata hai.
  • patnjali ne is samast bhoo-bhag ko 'aryavart' kaha hai.
  • smritigranthon men aryavart himalay aur vindhy parvat ke bich bataya gaya hai.
  • prachin granthon ke anusar 'madhyadesh' ke uttar men ‘uttarapath’ (udichy), pashchim men ‘aparant’ (pratichy), dakshin men ‘dakshinapath’ (dakkhin) aur poorab men ‘prachyadesh’ (prachi) the.
  • bharatavarsh ke nau bhed ‘matsy puran’ men is prakar se bataye gaye hain - indradvip, kaseroo, tamraparni, gabhastimanh, nagadvip, saumy, gandharv, varoon aur sagar.
  • vyapar aur snskriti ke prasar se bharat ke log jahan par bhi ge, vahan vah log use bharat hi samajhane lage. parantu vah sab bharat ka hissa nahin tha.
  • bhaugolik drishtikon se kashmir se lnka ki sima tak aur kashmir se asam tak hi bharat ka sahi bhoo-bhag tha, jisaka praman hamen apane granthon se milata hai.
  • shnkarachary ne apane char pithon ko badari - kedar[1], dvarika, puri aur shrringeri (maisoor) men sthapit kiya tha.
bharatiyata
  • prantiy tatha sthaniy visheshataon ke bavajood sthapatyakala, chitrakala, sngit, rngamnch adi men bharatiyata ki jhalak milati hai. sahity, kala aur chintan ke kshetr men bhi vichitr samy dekhane ko milata hai. snskrit ko bharatiy ekata ka sabase bada praman mana ja sakata hai. bharat ki sanskritik sampatti isi bhasha men snrakshit hai. sudoor dakshin men tamiladesh ya tamilakamh tha. adhunik is desh ka nam bharat hai.

vrihattar bharat

adhunik anusndhanon ne is bat ko siddh kar diya hai ki prachinakal ke bharatavasi keval apane desh ki bhaugolik simaon tak hi simit nahin the, varanh unhen videshon ka bhi gyan tha, jahan par unhonne apane vyaparik, rajanitik tatha sanskritik kendron ki sthapana ki thi. yah bhi siddh ho chuka hai ki samast eshiya ko sabhy banane ka mukhy shrey bharat v chin ko jata hai. vrihattar bharat ke antargat yah samast bhoo-bhag ata hai. jahan par bhi bharatiy pahunche aur unhonne apane upaniveshon ki sthapana ki tatha vahan se sanskritik v vyaparik sambandh sthapit kiye. vrihattar bharat se tatpary bharat se bahar us vistrit bhookhand se hai, jahan par bharatiy snskriti ka prachar-prasar hua tatha jisamen bharatiyon ne apane upaniveshon ki sthapana ki.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. himalay

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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