भारतीय संस्कृति का अर्थ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

manushy ki amooly nidhi usaki snskriti hai. snskriti ek aisa paryavaran hai, jisamen rahakar vyakti ek samajik prani banata hai, aur prakritik paryavaran ko apane anukool banane ki kshamata arjit karata hai. 'hobel' ka mat hai, ‘vah snskriti hi hai, jo ek vyakti ko doosare vyaktiyon se, ek samooh ko doosare samoohon se aur ek samaj ko doosare samajon se alag karati hai.’

snskriti ka arth

  • samany arth men, snskriti sikhe hue vyavaharon ki sampoornata hai. lekin snskriti ki avadharana itani vistrit hai ki use ek vaky men paribhashit karana sambhav nahin hai. vastav men manav dvara aprabhavit prakritik shaktiyon ko chhodakar jitani bhi manaviy paristhitiyan hamen charon or se prabhavit karati hain, un sabhi ki sampoornata ko ham snskriti kahate hain, aur is prakar snskriti ke is ghere ka nam hi ‘sanskritik paryavaran’ hai.
  • doosare shabdon men, ‘snskriti ek vyavastha hai, jisamen ham jivan ke pratimanon, vyavahar ke tarikon, anekanek bhautik evn abhautik pratikon, paramparaon, vicharon, samajik moolyon, manaviy kriyaon aur avishkaron ko shamil karate hain.’
  • sarvapratham vayu puran men ‘dharm’, ‘arth’, ‘kam’, tatha ‘moksh’ vishayak manaviy ghatanaon ko ‘snskriti’ ke antargat samahit kiya gaya. isaka tatpary yah hua ki manav jivan ke din-pratidin ke achar-vichar, jivan shaili tatha kary-vyavahar hi snskriti kahalati hai.
  • manav samaj ke dharmik, darshanik, kalatmak, nitigat vishayak kary-kalapon, paramparagat prathaon, khan-pan, snskar ityadi ke samanvay ko snskriti kaha jata hai. anek vidvanon ne snskar ke parivartit roop ko hi snskriti svikar kiya hai.

snskriti ki vyapakata

nrivigyan men 'snskriti' shabd ka prayog atyant vyapak arth men hota hai. prasiddh manav vigyani 'mailinovski' ke anusar, ‘manav jati ki samast samajik virasat ya manav ki samast snchit srishti ka hi nam snskriti hai.’ is arth men snskriti men shamil hai, manav nirmit vah sthool vatavaran, jise manav ne apane udyam, kalpana gyan-vigyan aur kaushal dvara rachakar prakritik jagath ke oopar ek svanirmit kritrim jagath sthapit kiya. nrivigyan is manav dvara nirmit kritrim jagath ko hi snskriti ki sngya deta hai. is kritrim jagath ko rachane ki prakriya men snskriti ke antargat vichar, bhavana, mooly, vishvas, manyata, chetana, bhasha, gyan, karm, dharm ityadi jaise sabhi amoort tattv svayamev shamil hain, jabaki doosari or snskriti men vigyan aur praudyagiki evn shram aur udyam se srijit bhojan, vastr, avas aur bhautik jivan ko suvidhajanak banane vale sabhi moort aur amoort svaroop bhi shamil hain. manavavigyan snskriti ke amoort svaroopon ko adhyatmik snskriti kahata hai aur moort roopon ko bhautik snskriti ki sngya deta hai. is prakar in donon snskritiyon ke snyukt vikas se parishkar pakar manushy susnskrit banata hai.

snskriti ka shabdik arth

‘snskriti’ shabd snskrit ke ‘kri’ dhatu se ‘ktin’ pratyay aur ‘sam’ upasarg ko jodakar bana hai. sam+kri+kti = snskriti. vastav men snskriti shabd ka arth atyant hi vyapak hai, kuchh vidvanh snskriti ko snskar ka roopantarit shabd manate hain. vibhinn vidvanon ne snskriti ki paribhashaen kuchh is prakar di hain-

redafild ke anusar -

‘snskriti, kala aur vastukala men spasht hone vale paramparagat gyan ka vah sngathit roop hai, jo parampara ke dvara snrakshit hokar manav samooh ki visheshata ban jata hai.’

hvait ke anusar -

‘snskriti ek pratikatmak, nirantar, snchayi evn pratishil prakriya hai.’

ee.bi.telar ke anusar -

‘un sabhi vastuon ke samooh ko, jinamen gyan, dharmik vishvas, kala, naitik qanoon, paramparaen tatha ve any sabhi yogyataen sammilit hoti hain, jinhen koee manushy samaj ka sadasy hone ke nate sikhata hai, snskriti kahate hain.’

kanhaiyalal manikalal munshi ke shabdon men -

‘snskriti jivan ki un avasthaon ka nam hai, jo manushy ke andar vyavahar, lagan aur vivek paida karati hai. yah manushyon ke vyavaharon ko nishchit karati hai, unake jivan ke adarsh aur siddhanton ko prakash pradan karati hai.’

pn. javaharalal neharoo ne snskriti ke sambandh men apane vichar prakat karate hue kaha hai ki -

‘snskriti ka arth manushy ka antarik vikas aur usaki naitik unnati hai, paramparik sadavyavahar hai aur ek-doosare ko samajhane ki shakti hai.’

  • vastut: snskriti se ashay manav ki manasik, naitik, bhautik, arthik, samajik, rajanitik evn kalatmak jivan ki samast upalabdhiyon ki samagrata se hai.
ti.es.iliyat ke anusar -

‘shisht vyavahar, gyanarjan, kalaon ke asvadan ityadi ke atirikt kisi jati ki athava ve samast rashtriy kriyaen evn kary-kalap, jo use vishishtata pradan karate hain, snskriti ke ang hai.’

osavald spenalar ke anusar -

‘sabhyata snskriti ki anivary parinati hai. sabhyata se kisi snskriti ki bahari charam evn kritrim avastha ka bodh hota hai. snskriti vistar hai, to sabhyata kathor sthirata.’

birastid ke anusar -

‘snskriti ek jatil sampoornata hai, jisamen ve sabhi baten sammilit hain, jin par ham vichar karate hain, kary karate hain aur ek samaj ke ek sadasy ke roop men apane pas rakhate hain.’

branisla mailinovski ke anusar -

‘snskriti ek samajik virasat hai, jisamen paramparagat kala-kaushal, vastu samagri, yantrik kary-kalap, achar-vichar, pravrittiyan tatha mooly samaveshit hote hain.’

satyaketu vidyalnkar ne likha hai -

‘manushy apani buddhi ka prayog kar karm ke kshetr men jo srijan karata hai, usako snskriti kahate hain.’

ramadhari sinh dinakar ke anusar -

‘snskriti manav jivan men usi tarah vyapat hai, jis prakar phoolon men sugandh aur doodh men makkhan. isaka nirman ek ya do din men nahin hota, yug-yugantar men snskriti nirmit hoti hai.’

harsakovits -

harsakovits ne snskriti ko manushy ka samast sikha hua vayavahar kaha hai, arthath ve chizen jo manushy ke pas hain, ve chizen jo ve karate hain aur vah sab jo ve sochate hain, snskriti hai.

  • vastut: bharatiy snskriti vishv ki sarvadhik prachin evn samriddh snskriti hai. any deshon ki snskritiyan to samay ki dhara ke sath-sath nasht hoti rahi hain, kintu bharatiy snskriti adi kal se hi apane paramparagat astitv ke sath ajar-amar bani huee hai. isaki udarata tatha samanyavadi gunon ne any snskritiyon ko samahit to kiya hai, kintu apane astitv ke mool ko surakshit rakha hai. tabhi to pashchaty vidvanh apane desh ki snskriti ko samajhane hetu bharatiy snskriti ko pahale samajhane ka paramarsh dete hain.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh


tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah