सूर्य  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg soory ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- soory (bahuvikalpi)
soory
Sun

soory ya sooraj hamare lie bahut mahattvapoorn hain. vah hamen roshani aur garmi deta hai jisase yah dharati rahane ke lie ek sukhad aur roshan jagah banati hain. sooraj ke bina dharati bilkul thndi aur andheri hoti. yahan koee pashu-pakshi aur ped-paudhe nahin hote kyonki ped-paudhon ko apana bhojan banane ke lie sooraj ki roshani ki zaroorat hoti hai kyonki janavar paudhe khate hain ya doosare janavaron ko khate hain jo ki paudhe khate hain. matalab yah ki sooraj ke bina paudhe zinda nahin rah sakate aur paudhon ke bina janavar ji nahin sakate.

sitara

sooraj dharati aur doosare grahon se bahut alag hain. yah ek sitara hain, thik doosare sitaron ki tarah, lekin un sabase bahut qarib. soory saur mndal men sabase bada pind hai. soory sauramndal ke kendr men sthit ek tara hain, jisake charon taraph prithvi aur sauramndal ke any avayav ghoomate hain.

dravyaman

soory ka dravyaman 1.989e30 kilo hai. sauramndal ke dravyaman ka kul 99.8% dravyaman soory ka hai. baki bache men adhikatar men brihaspati ka dravyaman hai.

vyas

sooraj dekhane men itana bada nahin lagata kyonki vah dharati se bahut door hai. soory ka vyas 13 lakh 92 hazar kilomitar (865000 mil) hai, jo prithvi ke vyas ka lagabhag 110 guna hai. soory prithvi se 13 lakh guna bada hai aur prithvi ko sooryatap ka 2 arabavan bhag milata hai.

soory se prithvi ki ausat doori

soory se prithvi ki ausat doori lagabhag 14,96,00,000 kilomitar ya 9,29,60,000 mil hai tatha soory ke prakash ko prithvi tak pahunchane men 8 minat 16.6 sekend ka samay lagata hai. isi prakashiy oorja se prakash snshleshan namak ek mahattvapoorn jaiv-rasayanik abhikriya hoti hai jo prithvi par jivan ka adhar hai. yah prithvi ke jalavayu aur mausam ko prabhavit karata hai.

akashagnga men soory

soory akashagnga ke 100 arab se adhik taro men se ek samany mukhy kram ka G2 shreni ka sadharan tara hai. yah aksar kaha jata hai ki soory ek sadharan tara hai. yah is tarah se sach hai ki soory ke jaise lakhon tare hai. lekin soory se bade taro ki tulana men chhote tare zyada hai. soory dravyaman se shirsh 10% taro men hai. akashagnga men sitaron ka ausat dravyaman soory ke dravyaman ke adhe se bhi kam hai.

pauranik kathaon men soory

bhagavan soory, soory mndir, konark

soory pauranik kathaon men ek mukhy devata raha hai, vedo men kee mntr soory ke liye hai, yoonaniyon ne ise heliyos kaha hai aur romano ne sol. pauranik sandarbh men sooryadev ki utpatti ke anek prasng prapt hote hain. yadyapi unamen varnit ghatanakramon men antar hai, kintu kee prasng paraspar milate-julate hain. sarvadhik prachalit manyata ke anusar bhagavan soory maharshi kashyap ke putr hain. ve maharshi kashyap ki patni aditi ke garbh se utpann hue. aditi ke putr hone ke karan hi unaka ek nam adity hua.

saur kalnk

soory ko dooradarshi yntr se dekhane par isaki satah par chhote-bade dhabbe dikhalaee padate hain. inhen saur kalnk kaha jata hai. ye kalnk apane sthan se sarakate hue dikhaee padate hain. isase vaigyanikon ne nishkarsh nikala hai ki soory poorab se pashchim ki or apane aksh par ek parikrama karata hai. soory ki bahari paraten bhinn bhinn ghurnan gati darshati hai, bhoomadhy rekha ( madhy bhag ) par satah har 25.4 dinon men ek bar ghoomati hai, dhruvo ke pas yah 36 din hain. yah ajib vyavahar is tathy ke karan hai ki soory prithvi ke jaise thos nahin hai. isi tarah ka prabhav gais grahon men dekha jata hai. soory ka kendr ek thos pind ke jaise ghurnan karata hai.

soory par kuchh soory dhabbo / saur kalnk (chalate hue gaison ke khol) ke kshetr hote hai jinaka tapaman any kshetron se kuchh kam lagabhag 3800 digri kelvin (1500 ºC) hota hai. soory dhabbe kafi bade ho sakate hain, inaka vyas 50000 kilomitar ho sakata hai. soory dhabbe soory ke chunbakiy kshetron men parivartan se banate hain. soory ke dhabbon ka ek poora chakr 22 varshon ka hota hai. pahale 11 varshon tak yah dhabba badhata hai aur bad ke 11 varshon tak yah dhabba ghatata hai. jab soory ki satah par dhabba dikhalaee deta hai, us samay prithvi par chumbakiy jhnjhavat utpann hote hain. isase chumbakiy suee ki disha badal jati hai, evn rediyo, telivijan, bijali chalit mashinon men gadabadi utpann ho jati hai. soory ke chunbakiy kshetr bahut mazaboot hai (sthaliy manakon ke dvara) aur bahut jatil hai. isaka heliyosphiyar bhi kahate hai jo plooto ke pare tak phaila hua hai. soory ka nirntar oorja utpadan satat ek matra men nahin hota hai, na hi soory dhabbo ki gatividhi. 17vi shatabdi ke uttarardh men soory dhabbe apane nyoonatam par the. isi samay men yoorop men thnd apratyashit roop se badh gayi thi. saur mndal ke janm ke bad se soory oorja ka utpadan 40% badh gaya hai.

akash gnga ki parikrama

jis prakar prithvi aur any grah sooraj ki parikrama karate hain usi prakar sooraj bhi akash gnga ke kendr ki parikrama karata hai. soory sauramandal ka pradhan hai. yah hamari mndakini dugdhamekhala (akash gnga) ke kendr se lagabhag 30,000 prakashavarsh ki doori par ek kone men sthit hai. soory dugdhamekhala mndakini ke kendr ke charon or 251 kilomitar prati sekend ki gati se parikrama kar raha hai. isaka parikraman kal[1] 22 se 25 karod varsh hai. jise brahmand varsh / niharika varsh kahate hain.

gaison ka vishal gola

soory mukhy roop se haidrojan aur hiliyam gaison ka ek vishal gola hai. soory ki satah ka nirman haidrojan, hiliyam, loha, nikal, aauksijan, silikaaun, salphar, maignishiyam, karban, niyon, kailsiyam, kromiyam tattvon se hua hai. vartaman men soory ke dravyaman ka 71% haidrojan 26.5% hiliyam aur 2.5% any dhatu/tattv hai. yah anupat dhime dhime badalata hai kyonki soory hayadrojan ko jalakar hiliyam banata hai. hains beth (Hans Bethe) ne bataya ki 107 ºC tap par soory ke kendr par charon haidrojan nabhik milakar ek hiliyam nabhik ka nirman karata hai arthat soory ke kendr par nabhikiy snlayan hota hai is paramanu vilay ki prakriya dvara soory apane kendr men oorja paida karata hai. soory se nikali oorja ka chhota sa bhag hi prithvi par pahunchata hai jisamen se 15 pratishat antariksh men paravartit ho jata hai, 30 pratishat pani ko bhap banane men kam ata hai aur bahut si oorja ped-paudhe samudr sokh lete hain. isaki mazaboot guruttvakarshan shakti vibhinn kakshaon men ghoomate hue prithvi aur any grahon ko isaki taraph khinch kar rakhati hai.

kendriy bhag

soory ka kendriy bhag kor[2] kahalata hai, apane charam tapaman par hai. yahan tapaman 15600000 digri kelvin (1.5×107 ºC) hai aur dabav 250 viliyan vayumndaliy dabav hai. soory ke kendr par ghanatv pani ke ghanatv se 150 guna se adhik hai.

soory ki shakti

soory ki shakti[3] nabhikiy snlayan dvara nirmit hai. har seknd 700,000,000 tan ki haidrojan 695000000 tan men parivartit ho jati hai shesh 5,000,000 tan gama kirano ke roop men oorja men parivartit ho jati hai. yah oorja jaise jaise kendr se satah ki tarah badhati hai vibhinn parato dvara avashoshit ho kar kam tapaman par utsarjit hoti hai. satah par yah mukhy roop men prakash kirano ke roop men utsarjit hoti hai. is tarah se kendr men nirmit kul oorja ka 20% bhag hi utsarjit hota hai.

laghu kiranon dvara vikiran

pratyek garm pind vidyut chumbakiy vikiran (prakash) deta hai. soory bahut garm hai aur use vishal matra men oorja utsarjit karani hoti hai. choonki laghu tarng dairdhy ki kiranen adhik matra men oorza vikirit karane ki kshamata rakhati hain isalie soory apani oorja ko 'laghu kiranon' dvara vikirit karata hai.

isi tarah prithvi ka utsarjan dirgh tarng dairdhy vali kiranon se hota hai jisaka karan hai prithvi ka kam garm hona.

prakash mandal

soory ki satah, jo diptiman rahati hain, jise prakash mandal (Photo sphere) kaha jata hai ka tapaman 5800 digri kelvin (6000 ºC) hai. prakash mandal ke kinare prakashaman nahin hote, kyonki soory ka vayumandal prakash ka avashoshan kar leta hai. ise varn mandal kahate hain. yah kale rng ka hota hai. yah prakash mandal se upar ka kshetr hai. varn mandal ke upar ka kshetr jise 'soory kirit' ya 'soory korona' kahate hai antariksh men lakhon kilomitar tak phaila hua hai. is kshetr ka tapaman 1,000,000 digri kelvin tak hota hai. yah kshetr keval soory grahan ke samay dikhayi deta hai. soory kirit eks–re utsarjit karata hai. ise soory ka mukut kaha jata hai. poorn sooryagrahan ke samay soory kirit se prakash ki prapti hoti hai. saur jvala ko uttari dhruv par aurora boriyalis aur dakshini dhruv par aurora austrelis kahate hain.

saur vayu

soory, garmi aur prakash ke alava ilektraaun aur protaaun ki ek dhara ka bhi utsarjan karata hai jise saur vayu kahate hain, jo 450 kilomitar/seknd ki raphtar se bahati hai. saur vayu aur saur jvala ke dvara adhik oorja ke kanon ka pravah hota hai jisase prithvi par bijali ki laeeno ke alava snchar upagrah aur snchar madhyamo par prabhav padata hai. isi se dhruviy kshetro men sundar arora banate hain.

sooryagrahan

soory grahan
Solar Eclipse

prithvi se chndrama aur soory ek hi akar ke dikhaee dete hain. chandrama prithvi ki parikrama usi pratal men karata hai jis pratal men prithvi soory ki parikrama karati hai. is karan kabhi kabhi chandrama soory aur prithvi ke madhy a jata hai aur soory grahan hota hai. yah soory chandrama aur prithvi ka ek rekha men ana yadi poornatah na ho to chandrama soory ko anshik roop se hi dhak pata hai hain, ise anshik chandragrahan kahate hain. tinon khagoliy pindo ke ek rekha men hone par chandrama soory ko poori tarah dhak leta hai jisase poorn sooryagrahan hota hai. anshik sooryagrahan ek brihad kshetr men dikhayi deta hai lekin poorn sooryagrahan ek behad snkari patti (kuchh kilomitar) ke rup men dikhayi deta hai. halanki yah patti hazaro kilomitar lambi ho sakati hai. sooryagrahan sal men ek ya do bar hota hai. poorn sooryagrahan dekhana ek adbhut anubhav hai. jab ham chandrama ki chhaya men khade hote hai, soory korona dekh sakate hain. pakshi ise rat ka samay sochakar sone ki taiyari karate hain.

saur gatividhi

antariksh yan yulisis se prapt ankado se pata chalata hai jab saur gatividhi apane nimn par hoti hai dhruviy kshetron se pravahit saur vayu dugani gati 750 kilomitar/seknd se bahati hai jo ki uchch akshanshon men kam hoti hai. dhruviy kshetron se pravahit saur vayu ki snrachana bhi alag hoti hai. saur gatividhi ke charam par yah yah apane madhyam gati par bahati hai.

panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. dugdhamekhala ke kendr ke charon or ek bar ghoomane men laga samay
  2. kul antah trijya ka 25%
  3. 386 arab daaular megavat / seknd

snbndhit lekh