ज़ियाउद्दीन बरनी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ziyauddin barani (janm - 1285; mrityu - 1357) bharat ka itihas likhane vale pahale gyat musalaman, jo dilli men sultan muhammad bin tugalaq ke nadim (priy sathi) banakar 17 varshon tak rahe.

jivan parichay

ziyauddin barani ka janm 1285 ee. men saiyyad parivar me hua tha. ziyauddin baran (adhunik bulandashahar) ke rahane vale the, isilie apane nam ke sath barani likhate the. inaka bachapan apane chacha 'ala-ul-mulk' ke sath vyatit hua, jo alauddin khilaji ke salahakar the. snbhavatah barani ne 46 viddhanon se shiksha grahan ki thi. ziyauddin barani ko muhammad tugalaq ke shasan kal men 17 varsh tak snrakshan men rahane ka saubhagy prapt hua tha. firozashah tugalaq ke shasan kal men unhen kuchh samay tak jel men bhi rahana pada.

antim samay

sambhavatah inake jivan ka antim padav bada hi kashtaprad tha. unaki sampatti ko jabt kar unaka samajik bahishkar kar diya gaya tha. apane antim samay men kashtaprad jivan se mukti prapt kar punah manyata prapt karane ke lie barani ne sultan firoz ki prashnsa men 'tarikh-e-firozashahi' evn 'fatava-e-jahandari' ki rachana ki thi. barani ne apani rachana 'amir' evn 'kulin varg' ke logon ko samarpit ki. ziyauddin barani ne char vidvanon ‘tajul masir’ ke lekhak khvaja sadr nijami, ‘javame ul hikayat’ ke lekhak maulada sadraddin auphi, ‘tabakate nasiri’ ke lekhak minahajuddin siraj evn ‘phathanama’ ke lekhak kabiruddin iraki ko sachcha itihasakar mana hai.

rachanaen

anushrut praman aur darabar ke apane vyaktigat anubhavon ke adhar par barani ne 1357 men tarikh-e-firoz shahi (firoz shah ka itihas) likha, ek upadeshatmak pustak, jisamen bharatiy sultan ke islam ke prati karttavyon ka ullekh kiya gaya hai. soofi rahasyavad se prabhavit apani pustak, fatava-e jahandari (snsarik sarakar ke niyam), men barani ne itihas ke dharmik darshan ka pratipadan kiya, jo mahanh vyaktiyon ke jivan ki ghatanaon ko dauvi vidhan ki abhivyakti manata hai. barani ke anusar, gayasuddin balaban (shasanakal, 1266-87) se lekar firozashah tugalaq (shasanakal,1351-88) ne achchhe islami shasak ke lie unake dvara die ge disha-nirdeshon ka palan kiya aur phale-phoole, jabaki un niyamon ka ullnghan karane vale asaphal rahe.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

snbndhit lekh

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