पुरु  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(पोरस se punarnirdeshit)

puru chauthi shatabdi ee.poo. men bharat ke ek mahanh raja the. puru ka nam yoonani itihasakaron ne 'poras' likha hai. unake varnananusar makadooniya ke raja sikandar ne 326 ee. poo. men jab pnjab par akraman kiya, us samay puru ka rajy jhelam aur chinab nadiyon ke bich men sthit tha. puru is bat ka udaharan prastut karata hai ki bharatiy kshatriy raja shooravir aur svabhimani hote the. yadyapi puru ki sikandar dvara parajay ho chuki thi, phir bhi puru ka yuddh kaushal, usaki virata tatha utsah ne sikandar ko bahut prabhavit kiya aur usane puru se mitrata kar li.

puru ki bhool

puru ke padosi, takshashila ke raja ambhi ne, jisaka rajy jhelam nadi ke pashchim men tha, sikandar ki adhinata svikar kar li. kintu puru ne sikandar ke age jhukane se inkar kar diya aur usase yuddh bhoomi men bhent karane ka nishchay kiya. sikandar ne is bat ka pata laga liya tha ki usake shatru ka mukhy bal hathi hai aur usane apani sena ko bata diya tha ki unaka samana kis riti se karana chahie. aisa pratit hota hai ki puru ne is bat ka pata lagane ki koshish nahin ki ki yavan sena ki shakti ka rahasy kya hai. yavan sena ka mukhy bal usake drutagami ashvarohi tatha ghodon par savar furtile tirndaz the. puru ko apani virata aur hastisena ka vishvas tha aur usane sikandar ko jhelam nadi ko par karane se rokane ki cheshta bhi nahin ki. puru ki yahi bhool usaki sabase badi parajay ka karan ban gee.

trutipoorn vyooh rachana tatha parajay

sikandar ke drutagami ashvarohi tatha ghodon par savar tirndaz jab samane a gaye, tab jakar puru ne jhelam ke poorvi tat par karri ke maidan men vyooh rachana karake unaka samana kiya. usaki dhire-dhire chalane vali padati sena sabase age thi, usake pichhe hastisena thi. usane jis dhng ki vargakar vyooh rachana ki thi, usamen sena ke lie tezi se gaman karana sambhav nahin tha. usake dhanushadhari sainikon ke dhanush itane bade the ki unhen chalane ke lie zamin par tekana padata tha. sikandar ne apani drutagami sena ki gatishilata ka poora labh uthaya aur usaki is rananiti ne use yuddh men vijayi bana diya. puru badi virata ke sath lada aur ghayal ho jane par bhi usane yuddhabhoomi men pith nahin dikhaee.

sikandar se mitrata

yavan sainikon ne jab puru ko bndi bana liya to usaki virata tatha kaushalata se prabhavit hokar sikandar ne buddhimatta se kam lekar use apana mitr raja bana liya. usane use poora rajochit samman pradan kiya aur usaka rajy lauta diya aur shayad pnjab men jite gaye kuchh rajy bhi use hi saunp diye. sikandar ki vapasi ke bad puru ki kya bhoomika rahi, yah gyat nahin hai. pnjab ko yavanon se chandragupt maury ne mukt karaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bharatiy itihas kosh |lekhak: sachchidanand bhattachary |prakashak: uttar pradesh hindi snsthan |prishth snkhya: 243 |


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