भारतीय रिज़र्व बैंक  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharatiy rizarv baink
bharatiy rizarv baink ka muhar pratik
vivaran bharat ka kendriy baink hai jo bharat ke sabhi bainkon ko snchalit karata hai. bharat ki arthavyavastha ko rijarv baink hi niyntrit karata hai.
mukhyalay shahid bhagat sinh marg, mumbee, maharashtr
sthapana 1 aprail, 1935
vartaman garvanar urjit patel
mudra bharatiy rupaya
kshetriy karyalay bharatiy rizarv baink ke 22 kshetriy karyalay hain jinamen se adhikanshat: rajyon ki rajadhaniyon men sthit hain.
snbndhit lekh bharatiy rizarv baink ke gavarnar, bharatiy stet baink, kala dhan, vimudrikaran, bharatiy rupaya, takasal
any janakari bharatiy rizarv baink ka uddeshy vittiy paryavekshan bord (biephes) ka prathamik uddeshy vanijy bainkon, vittiy snsthaon aur gair-bainking vittiy snsthaon sahit vittiy kshetr ka samekit paryavekshan karana hai.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎

bharatiy rizarv baink (angrezi: Reserve Bank of India) bharat ka kendriy baink hai. yah bharat ke sabhi bainkon ko snchalit karata hai. bharat ki arthavyavastha ko rijarv baink hi niyntrit karata hai.

sthapana

rizarv baink ki sh‍thapana ke lie sabase pahale janavari, 1927 men ek vidheyak pesh kiya gaya aur sat varsh bad march, 1934 men yah adhiniyam moort roop le saka. vikasashil deshon ke sabase purane kenh‍driy bainkon men se rizarv baink ek hai. isaki nirman yatra kafi ghatanapoorn rahi hai. kenh‍driy baink ki kary pranali apanane ki isaki koshish n to kafi gahari aur n hi chautarapha rahi hai. dvitiy vishh‍v yuddh chhid jane ki sthiti men apani sh‍thapana ke pahale hi dashak men rizarv baink ke kndhon par vinimay niyntran sahit kee vishesh uttaradayitv nibhane ki jimh‍medari a gee. ek niji snsh‍than se rashh‍triy krit snsh‍than ke roop men badalav aur sh‍vatntrata prapti ke bad arthavh‍yavash‍tha men isaki nee bhoomika durjey thi. rizarv baink ke sal-dar-sal vikas ki rah par chalate hue kee kahaniyan banin, jo samay ke sath itihas banati chali gee. bharatiy rijarv baink ki sthapana 1 aprail san 1935 ko rijarv baink aauph indiya ekt, 1934 ke anusar ki gayi thi. prarambh men isaka kendriy karyalay kolakata men tha, jise san 1937 men mumbee sthanantarit kar diya gaya. prarambh men yah ek niji baink tha kintu san 1949 men yah bharat sarakar ka upakram ban gaya hai.

karyalay

bharatiy rizarv baink ke 22 kshetriy karyalay hain jinamen se adhikanshat: rajyon ki rajadhaniyon men sthit hain.

baink ke pramukh kary

bharatiy rizarv baink ke pramukh kary is prakar hain-

  • maudrik niti banakar usaka karyanvayan aur nigarani karana.
  • vittiy pranali ka viniyaman aur paryavekshan karana.
  • videshi mudra ka prabndhan karana.
  • mudra zari kar usaka vinimay aur parichalan karana. yogy n rahane par unhen nasht karana.
  • bharat sarakar ka bainkar aur bharat ke any bainkon ke bainkar ke rup men kam karana.
  • bharatiy mudra ki sakh ko niyantrit karana.
baink ka mool kary

bharatiy rizarv baink ki prastavana men baink ke mool kary is prakar nirdeshit kie ge hain- " .......baink noton ke nirgam ko niyntrit karana aur bharat men maudrik sthayitv prapt karane ki drishti se prarakshit nidhi rakhana aur samanyat: desh ke hit men mudra aur rin pranali parichalit karana."

kendriy bord dvara snchalit

rizarv baink ka kary kendriy nideshak bord dvara shasit hota hai. bharat sarakar bharatiy rizarv baink adhiniyam ke anusar is bord ko niyukt karati hai. bord ke sadasyon ki niyukti char varsh ke lie hoti hai.

baink ka nideshak mndal

rizarv baink ka kary kendriy nideshak bord dvara shasit hota hai. bharat sarakar dvara bharatiy rizarv adhiniyam ke anusar is bord ki niyukti ki jati hai. bord ki niyukti char varshon ke lie hoti hai.

kendriy bord ka gathan

sarakari nideshak

yah pad poorn-kalik hai. gavarnar aur adhikatam char upagavarnar ki niyukti ho sakati hai.

gair- sarakari nideshak

yah nideshak sarakar dvara namit kiye jate hain. vibhinn kshetron se das nideshak aur ek sarakari adhikari niyukt kiya jata hai.

any 

char nideshak niyukt kiye jate hain jo char sthaniy bordon se pratyek se ek ki niyukti hoti hai.

kendriy bord ka kary

baink ke kriyakalapon ki dekharekh aur nideshan

sthaniy bord

desh ke char kshetron - munbee, kolakata, chennee aur nee dilli se ek-ek ka chayan kiya jata hai.

sadasyata-
  • pratyek men panch sadasy
  • kendr sarakar dvara niyutt
  • char varsh ki avadhi ke lie

vittiy paryavekshan

bharatiy rizarv baink yah kary vittiy paryavekshan bord (biephes) ke dishanirdeshon ke anusar karata hai. is bord ki sthapana bharatiy rizarv baink ke kendriy nideshak bord ki ek samiti ke roop men navnbar 1994 men ki gee thi.

uddeshy

vittiy paryavekshan bord (biephes) ka prathamik uddeshy vanijy bainkon, vittiy snsthaon aur gair-bainking vittiy snsthaon sahit vittiy kshetr ka samekit paryavekshan karana hai.

gathan

is bord ka gathan kendriy bord ke char nideshakon ko sahayojit sadasy ke roop men do varsh ki avadhi ke lie shamil karake kiya gaya hai tatha gavarnar isake adhyaksh hain. rizarv baink ke up gavarnar isake paden sadasy hain. ek up gavarnar, samanyat: bainking niyaman aur paryavekshan ke prabhari up gavarnar ko bord ke upadhyaksh ke roop men namit kiya gaya hai.

biephes ki baithaken

bord ki baithak samanyat: mahine men ek bar ayojit kiya jana avashyak hai. is baithak ke dauran paryavekshan vibhag dvara prastut nirikshan riport aur paryavekshan se snbndhit any mamalon par vichar kiya jata hai. lekha-pariksha up samiti ke madhyam se bainking paryavekshan bord bainkon aur vittiy snsthaon ki sanvidhik lekha-pariksha aur antarik lekha-pariksha karyon ki gunavatta badhane par bhi vichar karata hai. is up lekha- pariksha samiti ke adhyaksh up gavarnar aur kendriy bord ke do nideshak isake sadasy hote hain.

gavarnar ke hastakshar

har not par bharatiy rizarv baink ke gavarnar ka hastakshar isalie zaroori hota hai kyonki bainkig sistam par kisi bhi karnsi ka mahattv tabhi mana jata hai jab us par rijarv baink ke gavarnar ka hastakshar ho. gavarnar ke hastakshar ka matalab hota hai vah ripablik aauph indiya ki sarakar ki taraph se desh ki janata ko yah vachan dete hain ki vah us karnsi par darj vailh‍yoo ke badale utane moolh‍y ki kharidadari kar sakata hai.

any deshon men bhoomika

bharat ke alava bharatiy rizarv baink do anh‍y deshon pakistan aur myanmar ke sentral baink ke roop men apani bhoomika nibha chuka hai. arabiaee ne julaee 1948 tak pakistan aur aprail 1947 tak mh‍yanmar (varma) ke sentral baink ke roop men kam kiya.

bainking paryavekshan bord

bainking paryavekshan vibhag (dibies), gair bainking paryavekshan vibhag (dienabies) aur vittiy snstha prabhag (ephaeedi) ke kary-kalapon ka nirikshan karata hai aur niyaman tatha paryavekshan snbndhi mamalon par nidesh jari karata hai.

kary

bainking paryavekshan bord dvara kiye ge prayatnon men nimnalikhit shamil hain :

  1. baink nirikshan pranali ki punarrachana
  2. karyasthal se door ki nigarani ko lagoo karana
  3. sanvidhik lekha parikshakon ki bhoomika ko sudridh karana
  4. paryavatikshat snsthaon ki antarik pratiraksha pranali ka sudridhikaran.

any mahattvapoorn tathy

  1. bharat men kendriy baink yani rizarv baink aauf indiya (arabiaee) ki sh‍thapana hiltan yng kamishan ki riport ke adhar par ki gee thi.
  2. bharatiy rizarv baink ke pas itani shakti hai ki vah 1,000 ru. tak ke sikke aur 10,000 ru. tak ke not chhap sakata hai.
  3. bharatiy rizarv baink ka logo eesh‍t indiya knpani ki dabal mohar ko dekhakar banaya gaya tha, jisamen bas thoda-sa badalav kiya gaya hai.
  4. yah baink sirph karnsi noton ki chhapaee karata hai, jabaki sikh‍kon ko banane ka kam bharat sarakar ke dvara kiya jata hai.
  5. baink ne 5,000 rupe aur 10,000 rupe moolh‍y varg ke noton ki chhapaee sal 1938 men ki thi. isake bad 1954 aur 1978 men bhi in noton ki chhapaee ki gee thi.
  6. baink ka niyam hai, ki ap jitane marji sikke baink ko de sakate hai vah mana nahin kar sakata. baink un sikkon ko tolakar ya mashin se ginakar ya to apake akaunt men jama kar dega ya usake badale apako not de dega.
  7. manamohan sinh akele aise pradhanamntri rahe hain, jo ki rizarv baink aauf indiya ke gavarnar ke pad par kary kar chuke hain.
  8. bharatiy rizarv baink ka ek niyam ye bhi hai ki yadi 1 se 20 roope tak ka koee not 50 phisadi se kam phata hai to baink apako poore paise dega lekin 50 phisadi se zyada phata hai to apako kuchh nahin milega. bade noton men yah sima 40 aur 60 phisadi ho jati hai.
  9. bharatiy rizarv baink ke itihas men 2 gavarnar aise bhi rahe jo kabhi noton par hastakshar nahin kar pae. inake nam the, ke. ji. ambegaonkar aur osaborn arakel smith.

inhen bhi dekhen: bharatiy rizarv baink ke gavarnar


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

sambndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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