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(अंतर) ← पुराना अवतरण | वर्तमान अवतरण (अंतर) | नया अवतरण → (अंतर)

snskriti kisi samaj men gaharaee tak vyapt gunon ke samagr roop ka nam hai, jo us samaj ke sochane, vicharane, kary karane, khane-pine, bolane, nrity, gayan, sahity, kala, vastu adi men parilakshit hoti hai. snskriti shabd sabhh upasarg ke sath snskrit ki (du) kri (chn) dhatu se banata hai, jisaka mool arth saf ya parishkrit karana hai. aj ki hindi men yah angrezi shabd 'kalchar' ka paryay mana jata hai. snskriti shabd ka prayog kam-se-kam do arthon men hota hai, ek vyapak aur ek snkirn arth men. vyapak arth men ukt shabd ka prayog nar-vigyan men kiya jata hai. ukt vigyan ke anusar snskriti samast sikhe hue vyavahar athava us vyavahar ka nam hai, jo samajik parampara se prapt hota hai. is arth men snskriti ko 'samajik pratha' (kastam) ka paryay bhi kaha jata hai. snkirn arth men snskriti ek vanchhaniy vastu mani jati hai aur snskrit vyakti ek shladhy vyakti samajha jata hai. is arth men snskriti pray: un gunon ka samuday samajhi jati hai, jo vyaktitv ko parishkrit evn samriddh banate hain. nar-vaigyaniyon ke anusar 'snskriti' aur 'sabhyata' shabd paryayavachi hain. inhen bhi dekhen: bharatiy snskriti evn snskriti mukhaprishth

samany parichay

snskriti samajik ant:kriyaon evn samajik vyavaharon ke utprerak pratimanon ka samuchchay hai. is samuchchay men gyan, vigyan, kala, astha, naitik mooly evn prathaen samavisht hoti hain. snskriti bhautik, arthik, samajik evn rajanitik tatha adhyatmik abhyuday ke upayukt manushy ki shreshth sadhanaon aur samyakh‌ cheshtaon ki samashtigat abhivyakti hai. yah manushy ke vaiyaktik evn samajik jivan ke svaroop ka nirman, nirdeshan, niyaman aur niyntran karati hai. at: snskriti manushy ki jivanapaddhati, vaicharik darshan evn samajik kriyakalap men use samashtivadi drishtikon ki abhivynjana hai. isamen pratikon dvara arjit tatha sapreshit manav vyavaharon ke sunishchit pratiman snnihit hote hain. snskriti ka aparihary abhyntar kalakram men pradurbhoot evn snchit parnparagat vicharon aur tatsnbaddh moolyon dvara nirmit hota hai. isaka ek paksh manav vyavahar ke nirdharan aur doosara paksh katipay vidhivihit vyavaharon ki pramanikata tatha auchityapratipadan se snbaddh hota hai. pratyek snskriti men chayanakshamata evn varanatmakata ke samany siddhanten ka snnivesh hota hai, jinake madhyam se sanskriti adhey ke nana roop kshetron men manavavyavahar ke pratiman samanyikaran dvara avakaraniy hote hain. snskriti man prathaon ke samanyikrit evn susngathit samavay ke roop men sthirata ki or unmukh hote hain, yadyapi snskriti ke vibhinn tatvon men parivartan ki prakriya shashvat chalati rahati hai. kisi avayavavishesh men parirvan sanskritik pratimanon ke anuroop svikaran evn asvikaran ka parinam hota hai. sanskritik pratiman svayn bhi parivartanashil hote hain. samaj ki paristhiti men parivartan ki shashvat prakriya pratimanon ko prabhavit karati hai. samajik vikas ki prakriya sanskritik pratimanon ke parivartan ki prakriya hai.
snskriti manushy evn usake paryavaran ke madhy ek antarvarti char hai. ye manav samoohon ke vachan aur karm men samaroopata sthapan ki pravritti ka prakashan hai. snskriti aur manav soomahon ki ant:kriyaon ka nairntary sanskritik pragati evn samajik snbndh ka prerak hota hai. samajik snrachana aur sanskritik pratiman antassnbaddh hote hain. manav samaj men inaka prithakh‌ astitv asnbhav hai. yadi samajik snrachana saman jivanapaddhati hai. yadi samajik snrachana samajik snbndhon ka samuchchay hai to snskriti in snbndhon ka adhar hai. samajik snrachana arjit, prayukt, roopantarit evn sncharit bhautik aur abhautik sadhanon par adharit hot hai aur snskriti in sadhanon ke upadanon par bal deti hai. snskriti prakriti pradatt nahin hoti. yah samajikaran ki prakriya dvara arjit hoti hai. at: snskriti un snskaron se snbaddh hoti hai, jo hamari vnsh parnpara tatha samajik virast ke snrakshan ke sadhan hai. inake madhyam se samajik vyavahar ki vishishtataon ka ek pidhi se doosari pidhi men nigaman hota hai. nigaman ke is nairntary men hi snskriti ka astitv nihit hota hai aur isaki snchayi pravritti isake vikas ko gati pradan karati hai, jisase navin adarsh janm lete hain. in adarshon dvara bahy kriyaon aur manovaigyanik drishtikonon ka samanayan hota hai tatha samajik snrachana aur vaiyaktik jivanapaddhati ka vyavasthapan hota rahata hai.[1]

snskriti ke paksh

snskriti ke do paksh hote hain-(1) adhibhautik snskriti, (2) bhautik snskriti. samany arth men adhibhautik snskriti ko snskriti aur bhautik snskriti ko sabhyata ke nam se abhihit kiya jata hai. snskriti ke ye donon paksh ek doosare se bhinn hote hai. snskriti abhyntar hai, isamen parnparagat chintan, kalatmak anubhooti, vistrit gyan evn dharmik astha ka samavesh hota hai. sabhyata bahy vastu hai, jisamen manushy ki bhautik pragati men sahayak samajik, arthik, rajanitik aur vaigyanik upalabdhiyan sammilit hoti hain. snskriti hamare samajik jivanapravah ki udgamasthali hai aur sabhyata is pravah men sahayak upakaran. snskriti sadhy hai aur sabhyata sadhan. snskriti sabhyata ki upayogita ke moolyankan ke lie pratiman upasthit karati hai.

snskriti aur sabhyata

in bhinnataon ke hote hue bhi snskriti aur sabhyata ek doosare se ant:snbaddh hain aur ek doosare ko prabhavit karati hain. sanskritik moolyon ka spasht prabhav sabhyata ki pragati ki disha aur svaroop par padata hai. in moolyon ke anuroop jo sabhyata nirmit hoti hai, vahi samaj dvara grihit hoti hai. sabhyata ki navin upalabdhiyan bhi vyavaharon, hamari manyataon ya doosare shabdon men hamari snskriti ko prabhavit karati rahati hai. samanvayan ki prakriya anavarat chalati rahati hai. snpark men ane vali bhinn snskritiyan bhi ek doosare ko prabhavit karati hain. bhinn snskritiyon ka snpark unamen sahayog athava asahayog ki prakriya ki udbhavana karata hai. par donon prakriyaon ka lakshy vishamata ko samapt kar samata sthapan hi hota hai. sahayog ki sthiti men vyavasthapan tatha atmasatkaran samata sthapan ke sadhan hote hain aur asahayog ki sthiti men pratispardha, virodh evn sngharsh ki shaktiyan kriyashil hoti hain aur antat: sabal snskriti nirbal snskriti ko samapt kar samata sthapit karati hai. snskriti ke bhautik tatha adhibhautik pakshon ka vikas samanantar nahin hota. sabhyat ke vikas ki gati snskriti ke vikas ki gati se tivr hoti hai. phalasvaroop sabhyata vikasakram men snskriti se age nikal jati hai. sabhyata aur snskriti ke vikas ka yah asntulan samajik vighatan ko janm deta hai. at: is prakar pradurbhoot snskriti vilabnna dvara samaj men utpann asntulan aur avyavastha ke nirakaran hetu adhibhautik snskriti men prayatnapoorvak sudhar avashyak ho jata hai. vishleshan, parikshan evn moolyankan dvara sabhyata aur snskriti ka niyaman manav ke bhautik aur adhyatmik abhyutthan ke anupam sahayog pradan karata hai. snskriti yadyapi kisi desh ya kalavishesh ki upaj nahin hoti, yah ek shashvat prakriya hai, tathapi kisi kshetravishesh men kisi kal men isaka jo svaroop prakat hota hai use ek vishisht nam se abhihit kiya jata hai. yah abhidha kal, darshan, kshetr, samuday athava satta se snbaddh hoti hai. madhyayugin snskriti, bhautik snskriti, pashchaty snskriti, hindoo snskriti tatha mugal snskriti adi ki sngyaen isi adhar par pradan ki gee hain. vishisht abhidhan snskriti ke vishisht svaroopabodh ke sath is tathy ko udbhasit karata hai ki snskriti ko visheshan pradan karanevale karak dvara snskriti ka sahaj svaroop anivaryat: prabhavit hua hai.

snskriti aur sabhyata men antar

  • sabhyata se tatpary un avishkaron, utpadan ke sadhanon ev samajik-rajanitik snsthaon se samajhana chahiye, jinaken dvara manushy ki jivan-yatra saral evn svatantrata ka marg prashast hota hai.
  • isake viparit snskriti ka arth chintan tatha kalatmak sarjan ki ve kriyaen samajhani chahiye, jo manav vyaktitv aur jivan ke lie sakshat upayogi n hote hue use samriddh banane vali hai.
  • is drishti se ham vibhinn shastron, darshan adi men hone vale chintan, sahity, chitrankan adi kalaon evn parahit sadhan adi naitik adarshon tatha vyaparon ko snskriti ka ang mana jayagi.
  • thode shabdon men aur vyapak arth men kisi desh ki snskriti se ham manav-jivan tatha vyaktitv ke un roopon ko samajh sakate hain, jinhen desh-videsh men mahattvapoorn, arthat moolyon ka adhishthan samajha jata hai.
  • udaharan ke lie, bharatiy snskriti men 'matritv' aur 'sthitaprashata' ki sthitiyon ko mahattvapoorn samajha jata hai; ye sthitiyan jivan athava vyaktitv ki sthitiyan hai aur is prakar bharatiy snskriti ka ang hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
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tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. snskriti (hindi) bharatakhoj. abhigaman tithi: 13 faravari, 2015.

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