आल्हाखण्ड  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

alhakhand
alha udal
vivaran alhakhand men alha aur oodal namak do prasiddh viron ki 52 ladaiyon ka romanchakari varnan hain.
rachayita jaganik
bhasha-shaili 'alhakhand' par alnkrit mahakavyon ki shaili ka koee prabhav nahin dikhalaee padata. saral svabhavik dhng se, safaee ke sath katha kahane ki pravritti milati hai, kintu sath hi usamen ojasvita aur shaktimatta ka itana adamy veg milata hai, jo pathak athava shrota ko jhakajhor deta hai aur usaki sookhi nason men bhi ushn rakt ka snchar kar sahas, umng aur utsah se bhar deta hai.
any janakari uttar bharat ki samany janata men lokapriyata ki drishti se 'ramacharitamanas' ke bad 'alhakhand' ka hi sthan hai aur isi visheshata ke karan vah sadiyon se ek bade bhoo-bhag ke lokakanth men goonjata chala a raha hai.

alhakhand lokakavi jaganik dvara likhit ek vir ras pradhan kavy hain jo paramal raso ka ek khand mana jata hai. alhakhand men alha aur oodal namak do prasiddh viron ki 52 ladaiyon ka romanchakari varnan hain.

ullekhaniy tathy

  • 'alhakhand' men mahobe ke do prasiddh viron- alha aur oodal (uday sinh) ka vistrit varnan hai. kee shatabdiyon tak maukhik roop men chalate rahane ke karan usake vartaman roop men jaganik ki mool rachana kho-si gayi hai, kintu anumanat: usaka mool roop terahavin ya chaudahavin shatabdi tak taiyar ho chuka tha.
  • arambh men vah vir ras-pradhan ek laghu lokagatha (bailed) rahi hogi, jisamen aur bhi parivarddhan hone par usaka roop gathachakr (bailed saikil) ke saman ho gaya, jo kalantar men ek lok mahakavy ke roop men vikasit ho gaya.
  • 'prithvirajaraso' ke sabhi gun-dosh 'alhakhand' men bhi vartaman hain, donon men antar keval itana hai ki ek ka vikas darabari vatavaran men shisht, shikshit-varg ke bich hua aur doosare ka ashikshit gramin janata ke bich.
  • 'alhakhand' par alnkrit mahakavyon ki shaili ka koee prabhav nahin dikhalaee padata. shabd-chayan, alnkar vidhan, ukti-vaichitry, kam shabdon men adhik bhav bharane ki pravritti prasng-garbhatv tatha any kavy-roodhiyon aur kavy-kaushal ka darshan usamen bilakul nahin hota. isake viparit usamen saral svabhavik dhng se, safaee ke sath katha kahane ki pravritti milati hai, kintu sath hi usamen ojasvita aur shaktimatta ka itana adamy veg milata hai, jo pathak athava shrota ko jhakajhor deta hai aur usaki sookhi nason men bhi ushn rakt ka snchar kar sahas, umng aur utsah se bhar deta hai. usamen vir ras ki itani gahari aur tivr vynjana huee hai aur usake charitron ko virata aur atmotsarg ki us oonchi bhoomi par upasthit kiya gaya hai ki usake karan desh aur kal ki sima par kar samaj ki ajastr jivanadhara se 'alhakhand' ki rasadhara milakar ek ho gayi hai.
  • isi visheshata ke karan uttar bharat ki samany janata men lokapriyata ki drishti se 'ramacharitamanas' ke bad 'alhakhand' ka hi sthan hai aur isi visheshata ke karan vah sadiyon se ek bade bhoo-bhag ke lokakanth men goonjata chala a raha hai.

alhakhand ki lokapriyata

kalinjar ke raja paramar ke ashray me jaganik nam ke ek kavi the, jinhonne mahobe ke do prasiddh viron -alha aur oodal (udayasinh) ke viracharit ka vistrit varnan ek viragitatmak kavy ke roop men likha tha jo itana sarvapriy hua ki usake viragiton ka prachar kramash: sare uttari bharat men visheshat: un sab pradeshon men jo kannauj samrajy ke antargat the-ho gaya. jaganik ke kavy ka kahin pata nahin hai par usake adhar par prachalit git hindi bhasha bhashi pranton ke ganv-ganv men sunaee dete hain. ye git ‘alha’ ke nam se prasiddh hain aur barasat men gaye jate hain. gavon men jakar dekhiye to meghagarjan ke bich kisi alhait ke dhol ke gnbhir ghosh ke sath yah hunkar sunaee degi-

barah baris lai kookar jiain ,au terah lau jiain siyar.
baris atharah chhatri jiain ,age jivan ko dhikkar.

is prakar sahityik roop men n rahane par bhi janata ke knth men jaganik ke sngit ki viradarpapoorn pratidhvani anek bal khati huee ab tak chali a rahi hai. is dirgh kalayatra men usaka bahut kuchh kalevar badal gaya hai. desh aur kal ke anusar bhasha men hi parivartan nahin hua hai, vastu men bhi bahut adhik parivartan hota aya hai. bahut se naye astron, (jaise bndook, kirich), deshon aur jatiyon (jaise phirngi) ke nam sammilit hote gaye hain aur barabar ho jate hain. yadi yah sahityik prabndh paddhati par likha gaya hota to kahin n kahin rajakiy pustakalayon men isaki koee prati rakshit milati. par yah gane ke liye hi racha gaya tha. isamen pnditon aur vidvanon ke hath isaki raksha ke liye nahin badhe, janata hi ke bich isaki goonj bani rahi-par yah goonj matr hai mool shabd nahin.

alha-oodal ke git

alha ka prachar yon to sare uttar bharat men hai par baisavada isaka kendr mana jata hai, vahan ise gane vale bahut adhik milate hain. bundelakhnd men -visheshat: mahoba ke asapas bhi isaka chalan bahut hai. alha gane vale log alhait kahalate hain. in giton ke samuchchay ko sarvasadharan ‘alhakhnd’ kahate hain jisase anuman milata hai ki alha snbndhi ye viragit jaganik ke rache us kavy ke ek khnd ke antargat the jo chndelon ki virata ke varnan men likha gaya hoga. alha aur udal paramar ke samnt the aur banaphar shakha ke kshatriy the. in giton ka ek sngrah ‘alhakhnd’ ke nam se chhapa hai. pharrukhabad ke tatkalin kalektar mi.charls iliyat ne pahale pahal inagiton ka sngrah karake chhapavaya tha.
alhakhnd men tamam ladaiyon ka zikr hai. shurooat mandau ki ladaee se hai. mandau ke raja karinga ne alha-oodal ke pita jachchharaj-bachchharaj ko marava ke unaki khopadiyan kolhoo men pirava di thin. oodal ko jab yah bat pata chali tab unhonne apane pita ki maut ka badala liya tab unaki umar matr 12 varsh thi. alhakhnd men yuddh men ladate huye mar jane ko lagabhag har ladaee men mahimamndit kiya gaya hai:-

murchan-murchan nachai bendula,udal kahain pukari-pukari,
bhagi n jaiyo kooo mohara te yaron rakhiyo dharm hamar.
khatiya parike jau mari jaihau,budhihai sat sakh ko nam
ran ma marike jau mari jaihau,hoihai jugan-jugan laun nam.

apane bairi se badala lena sabase aham bat mana gaya hai:-

‘jinake bairi sammukh baithe unake jivan ko dhikkar.’

isi ka anusaran karate huye tamam kisse uttar bharat ke bihad ilakon men huye jinamen logon ne alha gate huye narasnhar kiye ya apane dushmanon ko maut ke ghat utara.

putr ka mahatv pata chala hai jab kaha jata hai:-

jinake ladika samarath huige unaka kaun padi paravah!

svami tatha mitr ke liye kurbani de dena sahaj gun bataye gaye hain:-

jahan pasina girai tumhara tnh dai deoon rakt ki dhar.

agyakarita tatha bade bhaee ka samman karana ka kee jagah bakhan gaya hai. ik bar mele men alha ke putr indal ka apaharan ho jata hai. indal mele men udal ke sath gaye the. alha ne gusse men udal ki bahut pitaee ki:-

hare bans alha mngavaye au udal ko maran lag.

oodal chupachap mar khate -bina pratirodh ke. tab alha ki patni ne alha ko rokate huye kaha:-

ham tum rahibe jau duniya men indal pheri milainge ay
kokh ko bhaee tum marat hau aisi tumhahin munasib nay.

yadyapi alha men virata tatha any tamam baton ka atishayokti poorn varnan hai tathapi maukhik parampara ke mahakavy alhakhand ka vaishishty bundeli ka apana hai. mahoba 12vin shati tak kala kendr to raha hai jisaki charcha is prabandh kavy men hai. isaki pramanikata ke lie n to antahsakshy hi upadey aur n barhisakshy. itihas men paramardedev ki katha kuchh doosare hi rup men hai parantu alha khand ka raja paramal ek vaibhavashali raja hai, alha aur oodal usake samant hai. yah prabandh kavy samast kamazoriyon ke bavajood bundelon jan samany ki niti aur kartavy ka path sikhata hai. bundelakhand ke pratyek ganvon men ghanaghor varsha ke din alha jamata hai.

bhari dupahari saravan gaiye, sorath gaiye adhi rat.
alha pavada vadin gaiye, ja din jhadi lage din rat..[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. jaganik ka alhakhand (hindi) hindi bhasha sahity. abhigaman tithi: 15 joon, 2013.

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