ओलम्पिक खेल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

olampik khel
olampik ka pratik chihn
vivaran olampik khel antarrashtriy star par ayojit hone vali bahu-khel pratiyogita hai.
sarvochch niyntran nikay antarrashtriy olampik samiti (aeeosi ya IOC)
shuruat san 1896 men (ethens)
prakar grishmakalin olampik khel, shitakalin olampik khel, pairalampik khel
snbndhit lekh olampik 2016, eshiyaee khel
any janakari prachin olampik men mukkebazi, kushti, ghudasavari ke khel khele jate the. khel ke vijeta ko kavita aur moortiyon ke jarie prashnsit kiya jata tha. har char sal par hone vale olampik khel ke varsh ko olnpiyad ke nam se bhi jana jata tha.
adyatan‎

olampik khel (angrezi:Olympic Games) antarrashtriy star par ayojit hone vali bahu-khel pratiyogita hai. adhunik olampik khel ethens men san 1896 men arambh kiye gaye. in khelon men bharat svarn padak bhi jit chuka hai. varsh 1896 men pahali bar adhunik olampik khelon ka ayojan gris (yoonan) ki rajadhani ethens men hua tha. olampik khel pratyek char varsh bad vishv ke kisi prasiddh sthan par ayojit kiye jate hain. san 2008 ke olampik khel chin ke bijing tatha san 2012 ke olampik khel briten ke lndan men ayojit kie ge.

olampik ka itihas

prachin kal men shanti ke samay yoddhaon ke bich pratispardha ke sath khelon ka vikas hua. daud, mukkebaji, kushti aur rathon ki daud sainik prashikshan ka hissa hua karate the. inamen se sabase behatar pradarshan karane vale yoddha pratispardhi khelon men apana damakham dikhate the. samachar ejensi ‘araeee novosti’ ke anusar prachin olampik khelon ka ayojan 1200 sal poorv yoddha-khiladiyon ke bich hua tha. halanki olampik ka pahala adhikarik ayojan 776 eesa poorv men hua tha, jabaki akhiri bar isaka ayojan 394 eesvi men hua. isake bad rom ke samrat thiyodosis ne ise moortipooja vala utsav karar dekar is par pratibndh laga diya gaya. isake bad lagabhag dedh sau salon tak in khelon ko bhula diya gaya. halanki madhyakal men abhijaty vargon ke bich alag-alag tarah ki pratispardhaen hoti rahin. lekin inhen khel ayojan ka darja nahin mil saka. kul milakar rom aur gris jaisi prabhutvadi sabhyataon ke abhav men is kal men logon ke pas khelon ke lie samay nahin tha. 19vin shatabdi men yoorop men sarvamany sabhyata ke vikas ke sath puratan kal ki is parnpara ko phir se jinda kiya gaya. isaka shrey phrans ke abhijat purush bairon piyare di kuvarten ko jata hai. kuvarten ne do lakshy rakhe, ek to khelon ko apane desh men lokapriy banana aur doosara, sabhi deshon ko ek shantipoorn pratispardha ke lie ekatrit karana. kuvarten manate the ki khel yuddhon ko talane ke sabase achchhe madhyam ho sakate hain. kuvarten ki is parikalpana ke adhar par varsh 1896 men pahali bar adhunik olampik khelon ka ayojan gris (yoonan) ki rajadhani ethens men hua. shuruati dashak men olampik andolan apane astitv ko bachane ke lie sngharsh karata raha kyonki kuvarten ki is parikalpana ko kisi bhi badi shakti ka sath nahin mil saka tha.

pratik

olampik valay

ek-doosare se jude hue 5 valay (Rings) panch mahadvipon, uttari amerika tatha dakshini amerika ko ek hi valay (ring) men darshaya gaya hai, olampik ke pratik hain. yah khelon ke madhyam se sabhi mahadvipon ke logon ko ekata ke sootr men pirone ka pratik hain. nile, pile, kale, hare aur lal rng ke ye 5 valay ek doosare men gunthe hue hain. ise adhunik olampik ke snsthapak piyare baron de kubertin ne banaya tha. ye panch ghere utsah, astha, vijay, kam ki naitikata aur khel bhavana ko dikhate hain. pahali bar sal 1920 ke entavarp olampik khelon men inhen adhikarik taur par prayog men laya gaya, lekin 1936 ke olampik khelon men bade paimane par isaka upayog hone se ise jyada lokapriyata milani shuroo huee.

olampik dhvaj

olampik dhvaj

pratyek olampik khelon ke samapan samaroh ke dauran mejaban shahar ki taraph se agale ayojit shahar ko olampik dhvaj pradan kiya jata hai. pahali bar 1920 ke grishmakalin olampik khelon men beljiyam ke shahar entavarp ki taraph se antarrashtriy olampik sngh ko olampik dhvaj diya gaya. khelon ki samapti par ye dhvaj nahin mil saka aur isalie 1924 ke olampik khelon ke lie dobara dhvaj banaya gaya, lekin phir bhi ise 'entavarp dhvaj' kaha gaya aur usake bad se ye agale ayojit shahar ko diya jane laga. olampik dhvaj men shvet prishthabhoomi par 5 rngin chhalle yani olampik valay ko darshaya jata hai aur yah dhvaj khel ke sabhi samarohon men phaharaya jata hai. is dhvaj men

  1. nile rng ka valay yoorop ko pradarshit karata hai.  
  2. kale rng ka valay afrika ko pradarshit karata hai.
  3. lal rng ka valay amerika ko pradarshit karata hai
  4. pile rng ka valay eshiya ko pradarshit karata hai
  5. hare rng ka valay aaustreliya ko pradarshit karata hai

olampik mashal

olampik jvala ya mashal olampik khelon ka ek pratik hai. bahut samay pahale olampiya, gris men prachin olampik ke ayojan ke samay khelon ke saphalatapoorvak samapan ke lie agni devata ki prarthana ki gee thi tatha ek mashal bhi jalaee gee thi. yah parnpara aj bhi jari hai. har bar ke khelon ke lie nee mashal banayi jati hai. olampik khelon ki pratik mashal ki lau pavitr mani jati hai, kyonki soory ki kiranon ko lens se gujarakar agni prajjavalit hoti hai, jo mashal ko roshan karati hai. ise phir kalash men rakha jata hai aur phir ise us stediyam men le jaya jata hai jahan pahali bar olampik khel hue the. yah mashal olampik khelon ke agaj se pahale apani yatra khatm kar mejaban shahar men pahunchati hai. adhunik olampik ki bat karen to 1936 ke barlin olampik men pahali bar mashal yatra shuroo huee. 1952 ke oslo olampik men mashal ne pahali bar havaee marg se yatra ki. 1956 ke skaautahom olampik men ghode ki pith par shal yatra sampann ki gee. san 1960 ke rom olampik men pahali bar mashal yatra ka telivijan prasaran hua. is bar isamen midiya ne bhi dilachaspi dikhaee. 1968 ke maiksiko olampik men mashal ko samudr ke raste le jaya gaya. 1976 ke mantriyal olampik men kanada ne ethens se otava tak mashal ke saphar ka setelait prasaran kiya. 1994 ke lilehaimar shitakalin khelon ke dauran pairajnparon ne pahali bar hava men mashal ka adan-pradan kiya. 2000 ke sidani olampik men to mashal ko gret bairiyar riph ke pas samudr ki gaharaiyon men utara gaya.

olampik shubhnkar

olampik shubhnkar 'mandeville'

shubhnkar ka arth hota hai kalyanakari. shubhnkar khelon ke pratinidhi hote hain aur pratiyogiyon aur darshakon men utsah late hain. insan ya janavar ki akriti vala yah shubhnkar mejaban desh ki sanskritik dharohar ko darshata hai. olampik khelon ka pahala shubhnkar 1968 ke olampik ke dauran aya, halanki ye anadhikarik tha. adhikarik roop se olampik khelon ka pahala shubhnkar 1972 ke khelon men shamil hua. lndan men 2012 men hone vale olampik khelon ka shubhnkar 'venalaauk’ aur pairalnpik khelon ka ‘mandeville' ko chuna gaya. is shubhnkar ko bolton ke ek karakhane men ispat ki do boondon se banaya gaya hai. isamen ek hi ankh hai, jo kaimare ke lains ki jaisi dikhati hai. venalaauk nam, venalaauk shahar ke nam par rakha gaya, jahan 19 vin shatabdi men venalaauk khelon ka ayojan kiya gaya tha. adhunik olampik khelon ke lie yah ayojan ek bada preranasrot bana tha. jabaki mandeville nam bakinghamashayar ke staauk mandeville ke nam par rakha gaya hai, jahan pahale pairalnpik khel hue the. venalaauk ke sabase oopar ek hed laeet lagi hai jo lndan ki kali taiksiyon ki laits se prerit hai. isake chehare ka akar olampik stediyam ki chhat ka hai, jabaki isake sir ka akar olampik khelon men jite jane vale 3 medals ko dikhata hai. kaimare ke lens ki tarah dikhati isaki ek ankh dikhaee dene vali sabhi chijon ko kaipchar karane ke lie hai. isake donon hathon men olampik rings bresalet ki tarah bndhe hain. jabaki isake sharir par olampik ka logo (pratik) chhapa hai. venalaauk ki tarah hi mandeville ke sabase oopar lndan ki kali taiksiyon ki laits se prerit ek hed laeet aur dikhaee dene vali sabhi chijon ko kaipchar karane ke lie kaimare ke lens ki tarah dikhati ek ankh hai. helamet ki tarah ke isake sir men pairalnpik khelon ke tin rng dikhaee dete hain. isake hath men gulabi rng ki ghadi bhi hai.

olampik shubhnkar 'venalaauk'

adarsh vaky

adarsh vaky, jivan ka bahut goodh darshan prastut karata hai. jivan ki achar snhita ka palan karane ke lie prerit karane vala ek kathan hai adarsh vaky. olampiks adarsh vaky tin laitin shabdon se bana hai, jo hain- sitias-altias-phaauratias (Citius- Altius- Fortius). in shabdon ka arth hai- tez-uchchatar-majaboot. ye tin shabd khiladiyon men utsah bharate hain. khel pratibhagi apana sabase achchha pradarshan karane ke lie prerit hote hain. ise achchhi tarah samajhane ke lie ham olampik ke siddhant se isaki tulana kar sakate hain. jivan men sabase mahatvapoorn bat jitana nahin, balki ladana hai, zaroori yah nahin ki ap jite hain, zaroori ye hai ki ap achchhi tarah khele. olampik vaky aur siddhant ek sath is taraf ishara karate hain ki kubertin ne jivan jine ke mahatvapoorn sabak par vishvas kiya aur use age badhaya.[1]

olampik ayojan

ethens (1896)

pahale adhunik olampik khel yoonan ki rajadhani ethens men 1896 men ayojit kie ge. ek bar to aisa laga ki vittiy samasyaon ke karan ethens se ye khel nikalakar hngari ki rajadhani budapest chale jaenge. pahale yah tay hua tha ki pahale adhunik olampik khel 1900 men peris men ayojit honge, lekin char sal pahale hi olampik khelon ke ayojan ke lie ethens ko chuna gaya, halanki khel shuroo hone se pahale hi yoonan gnbhir vittiy snkat men phns gaya tha. us sal hngari apani hazaravin salagirah manane ki taiyari raha tha aur usane yoonan ki jagah apane yahan olampik ayojit karane ki peshakash ki. lekin aisa hua nahin, yoonan ke rajakumar ne olampik ayojan samiti ka gathan kiya aur usake bad samiti ko badi matra men sahayata rashi mili. pahale adhunik olampik khelon men sirf 14 deshon ke 200 logon ne 43 muqabalon men hissa liya. zyadatar muqabalon men mejaban desh ke khiladiyon ne hissa liya. pramukh muqabalon men shamil the- tenis, traik end fild, bharottolan, saikiling, kushti, tirndazi, tairaki aur jimnastik. kriket aur futabaaul pratiyogitaen isalie radd kar din geen, kyonki in muqabalon men hissa lene vali timon ki kami thi. muqabale men jitane valon ko silvar medal, ek pramanapatr aur oliv ke patte die jate the. doosare nnbar par ane vale khiladiyon ko kansy padak die jate the, jabaki tisare nnbar par ane vale khiladiyon ko khali hath lautana padata tha. pahale olampik padak vijeta banen amarika ke jems brendan konoli. unhonne tripal jnp men 13.71 mitar chhalang lagakar jit hasil ki thi. yoonani logon ke zabaradast utsah ke karan pahale adhunik olampik khelon ko kafi saphal ayojan mana gaya.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. olampik pratik (hindi) raftar daaut in. abhigaman tithi: 18 agast, 2013.
  2. olampik ka itihas (hindi) bbc.com. abhigaman tithi: 06 agast, 2016.

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