पश्चिमी घाट पर्वत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

pashchimi ghat parvat
pashchimi ghat parvat
vivaran 'pashchimi ghat parvat' bharat ke pashchimi tat par sthit parvat shrinkhala ko kaha jata hai. vishh‍v men jaivikiy vivadhata ke lie yah shrinkhala bahut mahattvapoorn hai aur is drishti se vishh‍v men isaka 8van sthan hai.
sarvochch choti anamudi shikhar
lnbaee tapti nadi ke muhane se lekar kumari antadip tak lagabhag 1600 ki.mi..
chaudaee 100 ki.mi. (poorv-pashchim)
kshetraphal 160,000 ki.mi.2
desh bharat
chattan roop baisalt evn laiterait
any janakari 'pashchimi ghat parvat shrikhala' gujarat aur maharashtr ki sima se shuroo hoti hai aur maharashtr, gova, karnatak, tamilanadu aur keral se gujar kar kanyakumari men samapt hoti hai.

pashchimi ghat parvat ya 'sahayadri parvat' tapti nadi ke muhane se lekar kumari antadip tak lagabhag 1600 ki.mi. ki lnbaee men vistrit hai. yah parvat ek vastavik parvat nahin, balki pray:dvip pathar ka aparadit khada karar hai. isake uttari bhag men besalt chattanen paee jati hain. 'thal ghat', 'bhor ghat' evn 'pal ghat' pashchimi ghat parvat par sthit hain.

pauranik ullekh

  • sahayadri ki ginati puranon men ullikhit saptakul parvaton men ki gee hai-
'mahendro malayah sahyah shuktimanrikshaparvatah vindhyashch pariyatrashchasaptaite kulaparvataah.'[1]
'godavari bhimarathi krishnaveshyadikastatha sahyapadodabhootaah nadyah smutaah papabhayapahaah.
'malayo mngalaprasthomainakastrikootrishabhah kootakah kollakah sahyo devagiririshyamookah.'
  • raghuvnsh[6] men sahayadri ka ullekh raghu ki digvijay yatra ke prasng men hai-
'asahy vikramah sahyndooranmuktamudanvata nitambamiy medinyaah srastanshukamalnghayath, tasyanirk visarpadbhiraparantajayodyataiah ramasrotsaritoapyasitsahyalagn ivarnav:.'
  • uparokt uddharan men sahayadri ka aparant ki vijay ke snbndh men varnan kiya gaya hai.
  • shri chi. di. vaidy ke anusar sahayadri ka vistar tryambakeshvar (nasik ke samip parvat) se malabar tak mana gaya hai. isake dakshin men malay-girimal sthit hai.
  • 'valmiki ramayan' ke yuddhakand[7] men sahayadri tatha malay ka ullekh hai-
'te sahyn mamatikramy malaynch mahagirimh, aseduranupoorvyen samudrn bhimaniah-svanamh.'

vistar

pashchimi ghat shrinkhala men annamalaee pahadi

'pashchimi ghat parvat shrikhala' gujarat aur maharashtr ki sima se shuroo hoti hai aur maharashtr, gova, karnatak, tamilanadu aur keral se gujar kar kanyakumari men samapt hoti hai. yah desh men manasoon ke chakr ko poori tarah prabhavit karati hai.

vishv virasat sthal

bharat men manasoon ke chakr ko poori tarah prabhavit karane vali aur himalay parvat se bhi prachin pashchimi ghat parvat shrinkhala ko snyukt rashtr ki snstha yoonesko ne apani 'vishv virasat sthal' soochi men shamil kiya hai. qarib 1,600 kilomitar lnbi pashchimi ghat parvat shrikhala ko yoonesko ne jaiv vividhata ke duniya ke sabase pramukh sthalon men shumar kiya hai.[8]

mahattvapoorn tathy

  1. in pahadi़yon ka kul kshetr 160,000 varg kilomitar hai. isaki ausat oonchaee lagabhag 1200 mitar (3900 phit) hai.
  2. pashchimi ghat men kam se kam 84 ubhayachar prajatiyan aur 16 chidiyon ki prajatiyan aur sat sh‍tanapayi aur 1600 phoolon ki prajatiyan paee jati hain, jo vishh‍v men aur kahin nahin hain.
  3. pashchimi ghat men sarakar dvara ghoshit kee snrakshit kshetr hain. inamen do jaiv snrakshit kshetr aur 13 rashh‍triy udyan hain.
  4. pashchimi ghat men sthit nilagiri bayosphiyar rijarv ka kshetr 5500 varg kilomitar hai, jahan sada hare-bhare rahane vale aur maidani pedon ke van maujood hain.
  5. keral ka 'sailent vaili rashtriy udyan' pashchimi ghat ka hish‍sa hai. yah bharat ka aisa antim ushh‍nakatibndhiy harit van hai, jahan abhi tak kisi ne pravesh nahin kiya hai.
  6. agast, 2011 men pashchimi ghat paristhitiki visheshgy samooh ne poore pashchimi ghat ko paristhitikiy roop se snvedanashil kshetr ghoshit kiya hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vishnupuran 2, 3, 3
  2. vishnupuran 2, 3, 12
  3. bhishmaparv 9, 11
  4. aitihasik sthanavali |lekhak: vijayendr kumar mathur |prakashak: rajasthan hindi grnth akadami, jayapur |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 946 |
  5. shrimadbhagavat 5, 19, 16
  6. raghuvnsh 4, 52, 53
  7. yuddhakand 4, 94
  8. bharat ke pashchimi ghat bhi yoonesko ki vishv virasat men (hindi) dainik bhaskar. abhigaman tithi: 09 aktoobar, 2014.

snbndhit lekh

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