रावल रतन सिंह  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

raval ratan sinh
raval ratan sinh (kalpanik chitr)
poora nam raval ratan sinh
pita/mata raval samarasinh
pati/patni rani padmini
shasan 1302-1303 ee.
dharmik manyata hindoo
rajadhani chittaud
rajagharana rajapoot
vnsh guhilaut rajavnsh
any janakari 28 janavari, 1303 ee. ko alauddin khilazi ka chittaud ke qile par adhikar ho gaya. rana ratan sinh yuddh men shahid hue aur usaki patni rani padmini ne any striyon ke sath jauhar kar liya.

raval ratan sinh athava ratan sinh dvitiy (1302-1303 ee.) mevad ke shasak the, jisaki rajadhani chittaud thi. ye raval samarasinh ke putr the.

rani padmini se vivah

raval samarasinh ke bad raval ratan sinh chittaud ki rajagaddi par baitha. raval ratan sinh ka vivah rani padmini ke sath hua tha. rani padmini ke roop, yauvan aur jauhar vrat ki katha, madhyakal se lekar vartaman kal tak charanon, bhaton, kaviyon, dharmapracharakon aur lokagayakon dvara vividh roopon evn ashayon men vyakt huee hai. ratan sinh ki rani padmini apoorv sundar thi. usaki sundarata ki khyati door-door tak phaili thi. usaki sundarata ke bare men sunakar dilli ka tatkalin badashah alauddin khilazi padmini ko pane ke lie lalayit ho utha aur usane rani ko pane hetu chittaud durg par ek vishal sena ke sath chadhaee kar di. usane chittaud ke qile ko kee mahinon ghere rakha par chittaud ki raksharth par tainat rajapoot sainikon ke adamy sahas v virata ke chalate kee mahinon ki ghera bndi v yuddh ke bavazood vah chittaud ke qile men ghus nahin paya. tab alauddin khilazi ne kootaniti se kam lene ki yojana banaee aur apane doot ko chittaud ratanasinh ke pas bhej sandesh bheja ki
"ham to apase mitrata karana chahate hain, rani ki sundarata ke bare men bahut suna hai so hamen to sirph ek bar rani ka munh dikha dijiye ham ghera uthakar dilli vapas laut jayenge."
ratanasinh khilazi ka yah sandesh sunakar agababoola ho uthe par rani padmini ne is avasar par dooradarshita ka parichay dete hue apane pati ratnasinh ko samajhaya ki
"mere karan vyarth hi chittaud ke sainikon ka rakt bahana buddhimani nahin hai.
rani ko apani nahin poore mevad ki chinta thi vah nahin chahati thin ki usake chalate poora mevad rajy tabah ho jaye aur praja ko bhari duahkh uthana pade kyonki mevad ki sena alauddin ki vishal sena ke age bahut chhoti thi. rani ne bich ka rasta nikalate hue kaha ki alauddin rani ke mukhade ko dekhane ke lie itana beqarar hai to darpan men usake pratibinb ko dekh sakata hai.[1]

aitihasik ullekh

alauddin khilazi ke sath chittaud ki chadhaee men upasthit amir khusaro ne ek itihas lekhak ki sthiti se n to 'tarikhe alaee' men aur n sahriday kavi ke roop men alauddin ke bete khijr khan aur gujarat ki rani devaladevi ki premagatha 'masanavi khijr khan' men hi isaka kuchh snket kiya hai. isake atirikt paravarti farasi itihas lekhakon ne bhi is snbadh men kuchh bhi nahin likha hai. keval farishta ne 1303 ee. men chittaud ki chadhaee ke lagabhag 300 varsh bad aur jayasikrit 'padmavat'[2] ki rachana ke 70 varsh pashchath sanh 1610 men 'padmavat' ke adhar par is vrittant ka ullekh kiya jo tathy ki drishti se vishvasaniy nahin kaha ja sakata. gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha ka kathan hai ki padmavat, tarikhe farishta aur tad ke snkalanon men tathy keval yahi hai ki chadhaee aur ghere ke bad alauddin ne chittaud ko vijit kiya, vahan ka raja ratanasinh mara gaya aur usaki rani padmini ne rajapoot ramaniyon ke sath jauhar ki agni men atmahuti de di.

alauddin khilazi se yuddh

chittaud ka qila samarik drishtikon se bahut surakshit sthan par bana hua tha. isalie yah qila alauddin khilazi ki nigah men chadha hua tha. kuchh itihasakaron ne amir khusarav ke rani shaiba aur suleman ke prem prasng ke ullekh adhar par aur 'padmavat ki katha' ke adhar par chittaud par alauddin ke akraman ka karan rani padmini ke anupam saundary ke prati usake akarshan ko thaharaya hai. antatah 28 janavari, 1303 ee. ko alauddin khilazi ka chittaud ke qile par adhikar ho gaya. rana ratan sinh yuddh men shahid hua aur usaki patni rani padmini ne any striyon ke sath jauhar kar liya. qile par adhikar ke bad sultan ne lagabhag 30,000 rajapoot viron ka katl karava diya. usane chittaud ka nam khizr khan ke nam par 'khizrabad' rakha aur khizr khan ko saunp kar dilli vapas a gaya.

chittaud ko punah svatntr karane ka prayatn rajapooton dvara jari tha. isi bich alauddin ne khizr khan ko vapas dilli bulakar chittaud durg ki zimmedari rajapoot saradar maladev ko saunp di. alauddin ki mrityu ke pashchath guhilaut rajavnsh ke hammiradev ne maladev par akraman kar 1321 ee. men chittaud sahit poore mevad ko azad karava liya. is tarah alauddin ki mrityu ke bad chittaud ek bar phir poorn svatantr ho gaya.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. rani padmini (hindi) gyan darpan. abhigaman tithi: 28 apral, 2011.
  2. 'padmavat' (rachanakal 1540 ee.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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