पद्मिनी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

padmini
rani padmini ka abhikalpit chitr
poora nam rani padmini
janm tithi agyat
mrityu tithi 1303 ee.
pita/mata raja gndharv sen aur rani chnpavati
pati/patni raval ratan sinh
vnsh sisodiya rajavnsh
any janakari rani padmini ki khoobasoorati par dilli ke sultan alauddin khilazi ki najar pad gee. alauddin kisi bhi kimat par rani padmini ko hasil karana chahata tha, isalie usane chittaud par hamala kar diya.

rani padmini / padmavati (angrezi: Rani Padmini OR Padmawati) sinhal dvip ke raja gndharv sen aur rani chnpavati ki advitiy sundar putri thi. rani padmini ka vivah chittaud ke raval ratan sinh ke sath hua tha. rani padmini ke roop, yauvan aur jauhar vrat ki katha, madhyakal se lekar vartaman kal tak charanon, bhaton, kaviyon, dharmapracharakon aur lokagayakon dvara vividh roopon evn ashayon men vyakt huee hai. rani padmini ki khoobasoorati par dilli ke sultan alauddin khilazi ki najar pad gee. alauddin kisi bhi kimat par rani padmini ko hasil karana chahata tha, isalie usane chittaud par hamala kar diya. padmini snbndhi kathaon men sarvatr yah svikar kiya gaya hai ki alauddin aisa kar sakata tha lekin kisi vishvasaniy tatha likhit praman ke abhav men aitihasik drishti se ise poornataya saty man lena kathin hai.

ullekh

sultan ke sath chittaud ki chadhaee men upasthit amir khusaro ne ek itihas lekhak ki sthiti se n to 'tarikhe alaee' men aur n sahriday kavi ke roop men alauddin ke bete khijr khan aur gujarat ki rani devaladevi ki premagatha 'masanavi khijr khan' men hi isaka kuchh snket kiya hai. isake atirikt paravarti farasi itihas lekhakon ne bhi is snbadh men kuchh bhi nahin likha hai. keval farishta ne 1303 ee. men chittaud ki chadhaee ke lagabhag 300 varsh bad aur jayasikrit 'padmavat'[1] ki rachana ke 70 varsh pashchath sanh 1610 men 'padmavat' ke adhar par is vrittant ka ullekh kiya jo tathy ki drishti se vishvasaniy nahin kaha ja sakata. gaurishnkar hirachnd ojha ka kathan hai ki padmavat, tarikhe farishta aur tad ke snkalanon men tathy keval yahi hai ki chadhaee aur ghere ke bad alauddin ne chittaud ko vijit kiya, vahan ka raja ratnasinh mara gaya aur usaki rani padmini ne rajapoot ramaniyon ke sath jauhar ki agni men atmahuti de di.

namakaran

ojha ji (gaurishnkar hirachnd) ke anusar padmini ki sthiti sinhal dvip ki rajakanya ke roop men to ghor anaitihasik hai. ojha ji ne ratnasinh ki avasthiti siddh karane ke liye kunbhalagadh ka jo prashastilekh prastut kiya hai, usamen use mevad ka svami aur samarasinh ka putr likha gaya hai, yadyapi yah lekh bhi ratnasinh ki mrityu 1303 ee. ke 157 varsh pashchath sanh 1460 men utkirn hua tha. bhattikavyon, khyaton aur any prabndhon ke alava paravarti kavyon men prasiddh 'padmini ke mahal' aur 'padmini ke talab' jaise smarakon ke bavazood kisi thos aitihasik praman ke bina ratnasinh ki rani ko padmini nam de dena athava padmini ko hathath‌ usake sath jod dena asngat hai. yah snbhav hai ki satitvaraksha ke nimitt jauhar ki adarsh parnpara ki netri chittaud ki agyatanama rani ko, charanon adi ne, shastraprasiddh sarvashreshth nayika padmini nam dekar tatha sati pratha snbndhi puravritt ke adhar par is katha ko rochak tatha katharudhisnmat banane ke liye, rani ki abhijat jivani ke sath anyany prasng gadh lie hon. astu, saundary tatha adarsh ke lokaprasiddh pratik tatha kavyagat kalpit patr ke roop men hi padmini nam svikar kiya jana thik lagata hai.

katha

raval samarasinh ke bad unaka putr ratnasinh chittaud ki rajagaddi par baitha. ratnasinh ki rani padmini apoorv sundar thi. usaki sundarata ki khyati door-door tak phaili thi. usaki sundarata ke bare men sunakar dilli ka tatkalin badashah alauddin khilazi padmini ko pane ke lie lalayit ho utha aur usane rani ko pane hetu chittaud durg par ek vishal sena ke sath chadhaee kar di. usane chittaud ke qile ko kee mahinon ghere rakha par chittaud ki raksharth par tainat rajapoot sainikon ke adamy sahas v virata ke chalate kee mahinon ki ghera bndi v yuddh ke bavazood vah chittaud ke qile men ghus nahin paya. tab alauddin khilazi ne kootaniti se kam lene ki yojana banaee aur apane doot ko chittaud ratnasinh ke pas bhej sandesh bheja ki
"ham to apase mitrata karana chahate hain, rani ki sundarata ke bare men bahut suna hai so hamen to sirph ek bar rani ka munh dikha dijiye ham ghera uthakar dilli vapas laut jayenge."
ratnasinh khilazi ka yah sandesh sunakar agababoola ho uthe par rani padmini ne is avasar par dooradarshita ka parichay dete hue apane pati ratnasinh ko samajhaya ki
"mere karan vyarth hi chittaud ke sainikon ka rakt bahana buddhimani nahin hai.
rani ko apani nahin poore mevad ki chinta thi vah nahin chahati thin ki usake chalate poora mevad rajy tabah ho jaye aur praja ko bhari duahkh uthana pade kyonki mevad ki sena alauddin ki vishal sena ke age bahut chhoti thi. rani ne bich ka rasta nikalate hue kaha ki alauddin rani ke mukhade ko dekhane ke lie itana beqarar hai to darpan men usake pratibinb ko dekh sakata hai.[2] alauddin bhi samajh raha tha ki rajapoot viron ko harana bahut kathin kam hai aur bina jit ke ghera uthane se usake sainiko ka manobal toot sakata hai aur usaki badanami hogi, usane yah prastav svikar kar liya. chittaud ke qile men alauddin ka svagat ratnasinh ne athiti ki tarah kiya. rani padmini ka mahal sarovar ke bichonbich tha. divar par ek bada aina lagaya gaya rani ko aine ke samane bithaya gaya. aine se khidaki ke zariye rani ke mukh ki parachhaee sarovar ke pani men saf padati thi vahin se alauddin ko rani ka mukharavind dikhaya gaya. sarovar ke pani men rani ke mukh ki parachhaee men unaka saundary dekhakar alauddin chakit rah gaya aur thodi hi der tak dikhane vale maharani ke pratibinb ko dekhate hue usane kaha,
"is alaukik sundari ko apana bana loon, to isase badhakar bhagy aur kya ho sakata hai. jo bhi ho, isaka apaharan karake hi sahi, ise le jaoonga."
alauddin ne apane is lakshy ko sadhane ke lie ek yojana bhi bana li. maharaj ke atithy par anndit hone ka natak karate hue pyar se usane unhen gale lagaya. choonki rani ka pratibinb dekhane matr ke lie sultan akele aya tha, isalie maharaja ratnasinh nirayudh, angarakshakon ke bina baten karate hue sultan ke sath gaye. alauddin se dvar ke bahar akar rana ratnasinh ne kaha-
"hamen mitron ki tarah rahana tha, par shatruon ki tarah vyavahar kar rahe hain. yah bhagy ka khel nahin to aur kya hai?"
tab tak andhera chha chuka tha. akhiri bar ve donon gale mile. dusht khilazi ne jaise hi ishara kiya jhadiyon ke pichhe se aye usake sipahiyon ne nirayudh rana ko gher liya. maidan men gade gaye khemon men use le gaye. ab raja ka unase bachana asnbhav tha.[2] ratnasinh ko qaid karane ke bad alauddin ne prastav rakha ki rani ko use saunpane ke bad hi vah ratnasinh ko kaid mukt karega. rani ne bhi kootaniti ka jabab kootaniti se dene ka nishchay kiya aur unhonne alauddin ko sandesh bheja ki-
"main mevad ki maharani apani sat sau dasiyon ke sath apake sammukh upasthit hone se poorv apane pati ke darshan karana chahoongi yadi apako meri yah shart svikar hai to mujhe soochit kare."
rani ka aisa sandesh pakar kamuk alauddin ki khushi ka thikana n raha, aur us adabhut sundar rani ko pane ke lie betab usane turnt rani ki shart svikar kar sandesh bhijava diya. udhar rani ne apane kaka gora v bhaee badal ke sath rananiti taiyar kar sat sau doliyan taiyar karavaee aur in doliyon men hathiyar bnd rajapoot vir sainik bitha die doliyon ko uthane ke lie bhi kaharon ke sthan par chhante hue vir sainiko ko kaharon ke vesh men lagaya gaya. is tarah poori taiyari kar rani alauddin ke shivir men apane pati ko chhudane hetu chali unaki doli ke sath gora v badal jaise yuddh kala men nipun vir chal rahe the. alauddin v usake sainik rani ke qafile ko door se dekh rahe the.[2] sultan khilazi khemon ke bich men badi hi bechaini se rani padmini ke ane ka intazar karane laga. tab usake pas gora namak hatta-katta ek rajapoot yoddha aya aur kaha-
"sarakar, maharani ko antim bar maharaj ko dekhane ki akanksha hai. unaki vinati kripaya svikar kijiye."
sultan soch men pad gaya to gora ne phir se kaha-
"kya maharani ki baton par ab bhi apako vishvas nahin hota?"
kahate hue jaise hi usane palaki ki or apana hath uthaya, to us palaki men se ek saheli ne parade ko thoda hataya. mashalon ki kanti men sundari ko dekhakar sulatan ke munh se nikal pada "vah, saundary ho to aisa ho." vah khushi se phool utha. rani padmini ko unake pati se milane ki izazat de di.

pratham palaki us or gayi, jahan maharaj qaid the. rana ratnasinh ko riha karane ke lie jaise hi siti baji, palakiyon men se do hazar ath sau sainik hathiyar sahit bahar kood pade. palakiyan ko dhonevale kahar bhi sainik hi the. unhonne myanon se talavaren nikalin aur jo bhi shatru hath men aya, use mar dala. is akasmik parivartan par sultan hakka-bakka rah gaya. usake sainik titar-bitar ho gaye aur apani janen bachane ke lie yahan-vahan bhagane lage. kuchh aur palakiyan pahad par qile ki or se nikalin. unamen rani ke hone ki ummid lekar shatru sainikon ne unaka pichha kiya, par badal namak ek javan yoddha ke netritv men rajapoot sainikon ne un par hamala kiya. ek palaki men baithakar maharaj aur gora sakshem qile men pahunch gaye.[3]


isake bad gora laut aya aur dushmanon ka samana kiya. gora aur sultan ke bich men bhaynkar yuddh hua. isamen gora ne adbhut sahas dikhaya. lekin durbhagyavash dushmanon ne charon or se gora ko gher liya aur usaka sir kat dala. us sthiti men bhi gora ne talavar phenki, usase sulatan ke ghode ke do tukade ho gaye aur sulatan khilaji niche gir gaya. bhayabhit sultan sena sahit dilli ki or mud gaya.

rani padmini apane chacha gora v bhaee badal ki sahayata se vyooh rachakar shatruon se bach sakati thi, par vah qile se bahar hi nahin ayi. sultan ne darpan men jo pratibinb dekha tha, vah unaki saheli ka tha. palaki men jo dikhayi padi, vah vahi saheli thi.[3]

rajadnpati phir se milan par khush to hue, lekin gora ki mrityu par unhen bahut du:kh hua. yon kuchh samay bit gaya. us din ratnasinh ka janm dinotsav bahut bade paimane par manaya gaya. thaki huee chittaud ki praja ko yuddh ke nagadon v hahakaron ne jagaya. is har se alauddin bahut lajjit hua aur usane ab chittaud vijay karane ke lie than li. akhir usake chh:mah se zyada chale ghere v yuddh ke karan qile men khady samagri abhav ho gaya tab rajapoot sainikon ne kesariya bana pahan kar jauhar aur shaka karane ka nishchay kiya. jauhar ke lie gomukh ke uttar vale maidan men ek vishal chita ka nirman kiya gaya. rani padmini ke netritv men 16000 rajapoot ramaniyon ne gomukh men snan kar apane sambandhiyon ko antim pranam kar jauhar chita men pravesh kiya. thodi hi der men devadurlabh saundary agni ki lapaton men svaha hokar kirti kundan ban gaya. jauhar ki jvala ki lapaton ko dekhakar alauddin khilazi bhi hataprabh ho gaya. maharana ratan sinh ke netritv men kesariya bana dharan kar 30000 rajapoot sainik qile ke dvar khol bhookhe sinhon ki bhanti khilazi ki sena par toot pade bhaynkar yuddh hua badal ne adbhut parakram dikhaya badal ki ayu us vaqt sirf barah varsh ki hi thi usaki virata ka ek gitakar ne is tarah varnan kiya-

badal barah baras ro, ladiyon lakhan sath.
sari duniya pekhiyo, vo khanda vai hath..[2]

ratnasinh yuddh ke maidan men viragati ko prapt hue aur rani padmini rajapoot nariyon ki kul parampara maryada aur apane kul gaurav ki raksharth jauhar ki jvalaon men jalakar svaha ho gayi jisaki kirti gatha aj bhi amar hai aur sadiyon tak ane vali pidhi ko gauravapoorn atm balidan ki prerana pradan karati rahegi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 'padmavat' (rachanakal 1540 ee.
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 rani padmini (hindi) gyan darpan. abhigaman tithi: 28 apral, 2011.
  3. 3.0 3.1 ek rani ki rananiti (hindi) (ech ti em) chandamama. abhigaman tithi: 28 apral, 2011.

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