विरजा शक्तिपीठ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

viraja shaktipith 51 shaktipithon men se ek hai. hindoo dharm ke puranon ke anusar jahan-jahan sati ke ang ke tukade, dharan kie vastr ya abhooshan gire, vahan-vahan shaktipith astitv men aye. ye atynt pavan tirthasthan kahalaye. ye tirth poore bharatiy upamahadvip par phaile hue hain. devipuran men 51 shaktipithon ka varnan hai.

sthan bhed

is shaktipith ke sthan ko lekar matantar hai. kuchh vidvan isako 'jagannathapuri' men bhagavan shri jagannath ji ke mndir ke prangan men sthit bhairav 'jagannath' ko pith manate hain-

'ulkale nabhideshastu virajakshetranuchyate. vimala sa mahadevi jagannathastu bhairavah॥'[1]

is sthan par sati ki 'nabhi' ka nipat hua tha. jabaki kuchh vidvan 'poornagiri' men nabhi ka nipat manate hain.

  • yahan ki shakti 'vimala' tatha bhairav 'jagannath purushottam' hain.
  • 108 shaktipithon ki soochi men 'viraja pith' ka ullekh nahin hai, apitu vahan purushottam pith ka ullekh hai, jisaki shakti ka nam 'vimala' hai-
'gngayan mngala nam vimala purushottame.[2]
'gngayan mngala prokta vimala purushottame॥[3]

is tarah shabdarth ki drishti se 'viraja' tatha 'vimala' donon hi ek hi shaktiyan hain. unamen antar nahin hai aur yahi 'katyayani viraja' tatha 'vimala ubhay' nam se do vibhinn sthanon par sthit hain. atah donon hi sthan shaktipith ke roop men many hain.

yajapur

odisha ke tin sthal prakhyat hain- bhuvaneshvar, yajapur tatha konark. isamen yajapur ko mahattvapoorn sthan mana jata hai.

yajapur mndir men dvibhuji devi viraja tatha unake vahan sinh ki pratima hai. kahate hain, brahma ji dvara yahan kie ge ygy-kund se devi ka prakaty hua. yah mndir vaitarani nadi ghat se lagabhag 2 kilomitar door prachin garudastnbh ke pas hai. yahan par shraddh-tarpan adi ka vishesh mahattv hai. ise nabhi gayakshetr, chakrakshetr adi bhi kahate hain.

aitihasik tathy

snpoorn odisha (tatkalin utkal) bhagavati ka nabhi kshetr kaha jata hai. utkal kisi nagar ya ganv ka nahin varanh ek desh ya rajy ka nam hai, jo viraja kshetr hai-

"varshanan bharatn shreshthn deshanamutkalah smritah. utkalen samodesho deshon naasti mahitale॥"[4]

'viraja' shabd ko 'kshetr' shabd ke visheshan ke roop men lene par samagr utkal hi 'malavimukt' hai, jahan ki aradhya 'vimala' hain tatha bhairav 'jagannath purushottam'.

puranon ke anusar

kalika puran ke anusar pratham pith 'aundr pith' hai-

"aundrakhyn prathamn pithn dvitiyn jal shailakamh....
aundrapithn pashchime tu tathaivondreshvari shivamh.
katyayanin jagannath modreshn ch prapoojayeta॥"[5]

yah aundrapith hi odisha hai tatha jagannath ji ke prabhu purushottam jagannath hi tntr choodamani ke ullikhit bhairav (jagannath) hain. yajapur ki viraja devi utkal ki pradhan devi hain jinaka varnan brahmapuran men is prakar milata hai-

viraje viraja mata brahmani snpratishthita.
yasyaah sndarshanatmartyah ghunatya saptamn kulamh॥[6]

kubjikatntr, gyanarnav tntradi men bhi inaka ullekh hai tatha mahabharat ke vanaparv[7] men pandavon ke vanavas ke dauran vaitaranisthit viraja devi tirth ka ullekh hai.

yatayat aur parivahan

puri bhuvaneshvar ke age hai, jo desh ke vibhinn sthanon se rel tatha sadak marg se juda hai. yajapur havada valteyar relave lain par vaitarani rod steshan se lagabhag 18 kilomitar door vaitarani nadi ke tat par sthit hai. yajapur ke lie vaitarani rod steshan se hi bas ki suvidha upalabdh hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. tntr choodamani, pithanirnay, adhyay 4
  2. matsyapuran-13/35
  3. shrimaddevi bhagavat-7/30/64
  4. kalikapuran-1/8
  5. kalikapuran 64/43-44
  6. brahmapuran 42/1
  7. vanaparv mahabharat 85/86

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