आषाढ़  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ashadh
guru poornima, govardhan, mathura
vivaran hindoo pnchang ke anusar chaturth mas jo eesvi kailendar men lagabhag joon ya julaee mah men padata hai. is mahine se varsha ritu bhi prarambh ho jati hai.
angrezi joon-julaee
hijari mah shaban - ramazan
vrat evn tyohar guru poornima, devashayani ekadashi, yogini ekadashi
pichhala jyeshth
agala shravan
vishesh ashadh mas ke shukl paksh ki poornima ko 'guru poornima' athava 'vyas poornima' kahate hain. is din log apane guru ke pas jate hain tatha uchchasan par baithakar malyaparn karate hain tatha pushp ,phal, vasr adi guru ko arpit karate hain.
any janakari ashadh mas ke shukl paksh pratipada se navaratri ka arnbh hota hai. ise 'gupt navaratri' kahate hain. isaki gopaniyata ka karan hai ki yah kal ritu parivartan ka samay hai.

ashadh hindoo pnchang ke anusar chautha mas hai. hindoo pnchang ki ganana ke anusar navavarsh chaitr mah se prarnbh ho jata hai. hindi varsh ka chaturth mas jo eesvi kailendar men lagabhag joon ya julaee mah men padata hai. is mahine se varsha ritu bhi prarambh ho jati hai.

vishesh bindu

  • ashadh mas ke dharmik krityon ke antargat 'ekabhakt vrat' tatha khadaoon, chhata, namak tatha anvalon ka brahman ko dan karana chahie. is dan se vaman bhagavan ki nishchay hi kripadrishti hogi. yah kary ya to ashadh mas ke pratham din ho athava suvidhanusar kisi bhi din.
  • ashadh shukl dvitiya ko yadi pushy nakshatr ho to krishn, balaram tatha subhadra ka rathotsav nikala jae.
  • shukl paksh ki saptami ko vaivasvat soory ki pooja honi chahie, jo poorvashadh ko prakat hua tha.
  • ashtami ke din mahishasur mardini durga ko haridra, kapoor tatha chandan se yukt jal men snan karana chahie. tadanantar kumari kanyaon aur brahmanon ko susvad madhur bhojan karaya jae. tatpashchath dip jalana chahie.
  • dashami ke din paralakshmi vrat tamilanadu men atyant prasiddh hai.
  • ekadashi tatha dvadashi ke din bhi upavas, poojan adi ka vidhan hai.
  • ashadhi poornima ka chandrama bada pavitr hai. atev us din dan puny avashy hi karana chahie. yadi snyog se poornima ke din uttarashadha nakshatr ho to das vishvadevon ka poojan kiya jana chahie. poornima ke din khady ka dan karane se kabhi n bhrant hone vala vivek tatha buddhi prapt hoti hai[1].
  • vishnu ekadashi ke din se devi-devata char mah ke lie shayan karane chale jaenge. ise chaturmas bhi kaha jata hai. devi-devataon ke char mah tak vishram men jane ki avadhi tak shastron ke mutabik sabhi mangalik kary varjit rahate hain. char mah bad kartik shukl ekadashi ko devata shayan se uthenge, jise devuthan ekadashi kaha jata hai. devuthan ekadashi ke bad phir se vivah lagn prarnbh ho jaenge.
  • varsh ke pratham mas arthath chaitr men pahali navaratri hoti hai. chauthe mah ashadh men doosari navaratr mani jati hai. ashvin mas men tisari navaratr tatha magh mas men chauthi navaratri manayi jati hai. is prakar char navaratron ka ullekh 'devi bhagavat' aur any puranon men aya hai.
  • ashadh mas ke shukl paksh pratipada se navaratri ka arnbh hota hai. ise 'gupt navaratri' kahate hain. isaki gopaniyata ka karan hai ki yah kal ritu parivartan ka samay hai. pratyek ritu parivartan men vibhinn rog manav pashu-pakshiyon ke sath vanaspatiyon men bhi lag jate hain. at: un rogon ki nivritti ke liye ham devi mata ki aradhana karate hai jise ekant sthan men karane ka vidhan hai jisase bahut jald hi devi man prasann hoti hai aur varadan deti hai.
  • gupt navaratr ki gopaniyata ka rahasy spasht hai ki yah samay shakt aur shaun upasakon ke liye paishachik, vamachari, kriyaon ke liye adhik shubh evn upayukt hota hai isamen pralay aur snhar ke devata mahakal evn mahakali ki pooja ki jati hai inhin snharakarta devi devataon ke gan evn ganikaon arthath bhoot, pret, pishach, paital, dakini, shakini, shnkhini, shoolini, shavavahana, shavakhadha adi ki sadhana ki jati hai aisi sadhanaen shakt matanusar shighr saphal hoti hai. gopaniyata ka rahasy hi hai ki yah sarvasadharan ke liye nahin kintu vishisht logon ki sadhana ke liye surakshit hai. is navaratr men keval janasamany ko bhagavati ki gndh, pushp, dhoop aur dip adi se pooja karake aradhana karani chahiye.
  • ashadh mas ki krishn paksh ki ekadashi ko yogini ekadashi kahate hain. isake vrat se samast pap nasht ho jate hain. yah is lok men bhog aur paralok men mukti dene vali hai. yah tinon lokon men prasiddh hai. is din log poore din ka vrat rakhakar bhagavan narayan ki moorti ko snan karakar bhog lagate hue pushp, dhoop, dip se arati karate hain. garib brahmanon ko dan bhi kiya jata hai. is ekadashi ke bare men manyata hai ki manushy ke sab pap nasht ho jate hain tatha moksh ki prapti hoti hai .
  • ashadh mas ke shukl paksh ki poornima ko 'guru poornima' athava 'vyas poornima' kahate hain. is din log apane guru ke pas jate hain tatha uchchasan par baithakar malyaparn karate hain tatha pushp ,phal, vasr adi guru ko arpit karate hain. yah guru - poojan ka din hota hai jisaki pratha prachin kal se chali a rahi hai.
  • ashadh shukl paksh ekadashi tithi ko vrat kiya jata hai. yah ekadashi svarg aur moksh pradan karane vali evn snpoorn papon ka haran karane vali hai. isi ekadashi se chaturmasy vrat bhi prarnbh hota hai. isi din se bhagavan vishnu kshir sagar men sheshanag ki shaiyya par tab tak shayan karate hain, jab tak kartik shukl mas ki ekadashi nahin a jati hai. atah ashadh shukl ekadashi se kartik shukl ekadashi tak manushy ko bhali bhanti dharm ka acharan bhi avashy karana chahie.  


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vishnudharmottarapuran

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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