समन्तभद्र  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg samantabhadr ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- samantabhadr (bahuvikalpi)
snkshipt parichay
samantabhadr
samantabhadr
any nam shantivarma
samay-kal koee vidvan inhen eesa ki tisari shatabdi ke bad ka manata hai to koee eesa ki satavin-athavin shatabdi ka.
dharm-snpraday jain digambar
snbndhit lekh jain dharm, tirthnkar, jain mandir
kritiyan aptamimansa (devagam), yuktyanushasan, svayambhoo stotr, ratnakarandakashravakachar, jinashatak
vishesh sundar stutiyan rachane men samandrabhadr ki badi ruchi thi. 'svaynbhoostotr', 'devagam' aur 'yuktyanushasan' unake pramukh stuti granth hain.
any janakari samantabhadr jain dharm evn siddhanton ke marmgy hone ke sath hi tark, vyakaran, chhand, alnkar aur kavyakoshadi granthon men poori tarah nishnat the. inako 'svami' pad se vishesh taur par vibhooshit kiya gaya hai.

achary samantabhadr jain darshanikon men achary kundakund ke bad digambar parampara men agrani aur prabhavashali tarkik hue hain. 'ratnakarandakashravakachary' granth ke karta achary samantabhadr svami hain. pratibhashali acharyon, samarth vidvanon evn poojy mahatmaon men inaka sthan bahut ooncha hai. ye 'samantatabhadr' the, arthat bahar bhitar sab or se bhadr roop the. samantabhadr bahut bade yogi, tyagi, tapasvi evn tattvgyani mahapurush the. ve jain dharm evn siddhanton ke marmgy hone ke sath hi tark, vyakaran, chhand, alnkar aur kavyakoshadi granthon men poori tarah nishnat the. inako 'svami' pad se vishesh roop se vibhooshit kiya gaya hai.

samay kal

samantabhadr ne kis samay is dhara ko sushobhit kiya, isaka koee spasht ullekh nahin milata hai. koee vidvan inhen eesa ki tisari shatabdi ke bad ka manata hai to koee eesa ki satavin-athavin shatabdi ka. is sambandh men suprasiddh itihasakar svargiy pndit jugalakishor mukhtar ne apane vistrit lekhon men anek praman dekar yah spasht kiya hai ki svami samantabhadr 'tattvarth sootr' ke darta achary umasvami ke pashchath‌ evn poojyapad svami ke poorv hue hain. atah ye asandigdh roop se vikram ki doosari-tisari shatabdi ke mahanh vidvan the. abhi samantabhadr ke sambandh men yahi vichar sarvamany mana ja raha hai.

apavad

snsar ki moh mamata se door rahane vale adhikansh jainacharyon ke mata-pita tatha janm sthan adi ka kuchh bhi pramanik itihas upalabdh nahin hai. samantabhadr svami bhi isake apavad nahin hai. shravanabelagola ke vidvan daurbalijinadas shastri ke shastr bhndar men surakshit 'aptamimansa' ki ek prachin tadapatriy prati ke nimnankit pushpikavaky se spasht hai ki samantabhadr phanimndlantargat uragapur ke raja ke putr the-

'iti shri phanimndalalnkar syoragapuradhipasoonoah shrisvami samantabhadramuneah kritau aptamimansayamh‌'

isake adhar par uragapur samantabhadr ki janmabhoomi athava bal krida bhoomi hoti hai. yah uragpur hi vartaman ka 'uraiyoor' jan padata hai. uragapur chol rajaon ki prachin rajadhani rahi hai. purani trichanapalli bhi isi ko kahate hain. samantabhadr ka prarambhik nam 'shantivarma' tha. diksha ke pahale apaki shiksha ya to uraiyoor men huee athava kanchi ya madurai men huee jan padati hai, kyonki ye tinon hi sthan us samay dakshin bharat men vidya ke mukhy kendr the. in sab sthanon men us samay jainiyon ke achchhe-achchhe math bhi maujood the. samantabhadr ki diksha ka sthan kanchi ya usake asapas koee ganv hona chahie. ye kanchi ke digambar sadhu the.[1] pitrikul ki tarah samantabhadr ke gurukul ka bhi koee spasht lekh nahin milata hai, aur n hi inake diksha guru ke nam ka hi pata chal paya hai. ye moolsngh ke pradhan achary the. shravanabelagola ke kuchh shilalekhon se itana hi pata chalata hai ki samantabhadr bhadrabahu shrutakevali, unake shishy chandraguptamuni ke vnshaj padmanandi apar nam kondakund muniraj unake vnshaj umasvati ki vnsh parampara men hue the.[2]

'bhasmak' rog se pidit

jab samantabhadr bade hi utsah ke sath muni dharm ka palan karate hue ‘manuvakahalli’ gram men dharm, dhyan sahit muni jivan vyatit kar rahe the, us samay asata vedaniy karm ke prabal uday se inako 'bhasmak' nam ka rog ho gaya tha. municharya men is rog ka shaman hona asnbhav janakar ye apane guru ke pas pahnche aur unase rog ka hal kaha. is par inake guru ne kaha ki- "sallekhana ka samay nahin aya hai aur ap dvara virashasan kary ke uddhar ki asha hai. atah jahan par jis vesh men rahakar rogashaman ke yogy tripti bhojan prapt ho, vahan jakar usi vesh ko dharan kar lo. rog upashant hone par phir se jain diksha dharan karake sab karyon ko sambhal lena." guru ki agya lekar samantabhadr ne digambar vesh ka tyag kiya. ap vahan se chalakar kanchi pahunche aur vahan ke raja ke pas jakar shivabhog ki vishal ann rashi ko shivapind ko khila sakane ki bat kahi. pashan nirmit shivaji ki pindi sakshath‌ bhog grahan kare, isase badhakar raja ko aur kya chahie tha. vahan ke mandir ke vyavasthapak ne samantabhadr ko mandir men rahane ki svikriti de di. mandir ke kivad band karake ve svayn vishal annarashi ko khane lage aur logon ko bata dete the ki shiv ne bhog ko grahan kar liya hai. shiv bhog se unaki vyadhi dhire-dhire thik hone lagi aur bhojan bachane laga. ant men guptacharon se pata laga ki ye shivabhakt nahin hain. isase raja bahut krodhit hua aur usane inhen yatharthata batane ko kaha.[1] us samay samantabhadr ne nimn shlok men apana parichay diya-

"kanchyan nagnatakoahn malamalinatanurlambushe pandupindah
pundondre shakyabhikshuah dashapuranagare mishtabhoji parivrath‌.
varanasyamabhoorv shashakaradhavalah pandurangastapasvi
rajanh‌ yasyaasti shaktiah s vadatu-purato jainanirgranthavadi॥

arthat "kanchi men malin veshadhari digambar raha, lambus nagar men bhasm ramakar sharir ko shvet kiya, pundondr men jakar bauddh bhikshu bana, dashapur nagar men misht bhojan karane vala snnyasi bana, varanasi men shvet vastradhari tapasvi bana. rajan apake samane digambar jainavadi khada hai, jisaki shakti ho mujhase shastrarth kar le."

raja ne shivamoorti ko namaskar karane ka agrah kiya. samantabhadr kavi the. unhonne chaubis tirthnkaron ka stavan shuru kiya. jab ve athaven tirthnkar chandraprabh ka stavan kar rahe the, tab chandraprabh bhagavan ki moorti prakat ho gee. stavan poorn hua. yah stavan 'svaynbhoostotr' ke nam se prasiddh hai. yah katha 'brahm nemidatt kathakosh' ke adhar par hai.[1]

kritiyan

uttaravarti acharyon ne inaka apane granthon men jo gunagan kiya hai vah abhootapoorv hai. inhen virashasan ka prabhavak aur samprasarak kaha hai. inaka astitv eesa ki doosari tisari shati mana jata hai. syadvadadarshan aur syadvadanyay ke ye ady prabhavak hain. jain nyay ka sarvapratham vikas inhonne apani kritiyon aur shastrarthon dvara prastut kiya hai. inaki nimn kritiyan prasiddh hain-

  1. aptamimansa (devagam),
  2. yuktyanushasan,
  3. svayambhoo stotr,
  4. ratnakarandakashravakachar
  5. jinashatak.

inamen arambh ki tin rachanaen darshanik evn tarkik hain, chauthi saiddhantik aur panchavin kavy hai. inaki kuchh rachanaen anupalabdh hain, par unake ullekh aur prasiddhi hai. udaharan ke lie inaka 'gandhahasti-mahabhashy' bahucharchit hai. jivasiddhi pramanapadarth, tattvanushasan aur karmaprabhrit tika inake ullekh granthantaron men milate hain. pn. jugalakishor mukhtar ne in granthon ka apani 'svami samantabhadr' pustak men ullekh karake shodhapoorn parichay diya hai.

stuti rachana

arhadh‌gunon ki pratipadak sundar-sundar stutiyan rachane men samandrabhadr ki badi ruchi thi. unhonne apane granth 'stutividya' men "sustutyan vyasan" vaky dvara apane apako stutiyan rachane ka vyasan batalaya hai. 'svaynbhoostotr', 'devagam' aur 'yuktyanushasan' unake pramukh stuti granth hain. in stutiyon men unhonne jainagam ka sar evn tattvgyan ko koot-koot kar bhar diya hai. devagam stotr men sirph 114 shlok hi samantabhadr ne likhe hain. is stotr par akalnkadev ne 'ashtashati' namak 800 shlok praman vritti likhi, jo bahut hi goodh sootron men hai. is vritti ko sath lekar vidyanandachary ne 'ashtasahasri' tika likhi thi, jo 8000 shlok pariman hai. isase yah spasht hota hai ki yah granth kitane adhik arthagaurav ko lie hue hai. isi granth men achary mahoday ne ekantavadiyon ko svapar vairi bataya hai-

'ekantagriharakteshunath svaparavairishu'

in granthon ka hindi arth sahit prakashan ho chuka hai. uparyukt upalabdh granthon ke alava samantabhadr ke dvara rachit nimn granthon ke bhi ullekh milate hain, jo upalabdh nahin ho paye hain-

  1. jivasiddhi
  2. tattvanushasan
  3. prakrit vyakaran
  4. pramanapadarth
  5. karmaprabhrit tika
  6. gandhahastimahabhashy

mahavir svami ke pashchath anek mahanh achary hamare yahan hue hain, unamen se kisi bhi achary evn munirajon ke vishay men yah ullekh nahin milata ki ve bhavishy men isi bharatavarsh men tirthnkar honge. svami samantabhadr ke sambandh men yah ullekh anek shastron men milata hai. isase inake charitr ka gaurav bhi badh jata hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 achary samntabhadr (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 26 julaee, 2013.
  2. shilalekh nn. 40

snbndhit lekh

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