उत्तर भारत  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

uttar bharat bharat ke 'uttari bhag' ko kaha jata hai. uttari bharat men anek bhaugolik kshetr ate hain. isamen maidan, parvat, marusthal adi sabhi milate hain. pradhan bhaugolik kshetron men gnga ke maidan aur himalay parvatamala ati hai. yahi parvatamala bharat ko tibbat aur madhy eshiya ke bhagon se prithakh karati hai.

visheshata

uttari bharat kshetr bharat ka sabase mahattvapoorn kendr mana jata hai kyonki yah maury, gupt, mugal evn british samrajyon ka aitihasik kendr raha hai. yahan bahut se hindoo tirth jaise parvaton men gngotri se lekar maidanon men varanasi tak hain, to muslim tirth, jaise- ajamer adi bhi hain. uttari bharat men vishv dharohar sthal bhi anek hain, jaise mahabodhi mndir, humayoon ka maqabara aur vishv prasiddh tajamahal.

itihas (lagabhag 1400 ee. se 1525 ee.)

yadi uttar bharat ke itihas par nazar dalen to gyat hota hai ki dilli saltanat ki badhati kamazoriyon, 1398 men taimoor ka dilli par akraman aur parinam svaroop tugalak sultan dvara dilli se prasthan ke karan kee prantiy gavarnaron aur svayatt riyasaton ne sahas karake apani svatntrata ghoshit kar di thi. dakshini rajyon ke atirikt poorv men bngal aur pashchim men multan aur sindh ne sabase pahale dilli se apana sambandh tod liya. shighr hi gujarat, malava tatha jaunapur (poorvi uttar pradesh) ke shasakon ne apani-apani svatntrata ghoshit kar di. ajamer se muslim gavarnar ko khaded diye jane par rajapootana ki kee ek riyasaton ne apane ko svatntr ghoshit kar diya.

dhire-dhire in kshetron ke rajyon men ek prakar ka shakti sntulan paida ho gaya. pashchim men gujarat, malava aur mevad ek doosare ki shakti aur prasar ko rokane vale siddh hue. bngal ke shakti-vikas ko udisa ke gajapati shasakon ne roke rakha. jaunapur ke madhy se dilli men lodiyon ki ubharati shakti, gnga-yamuna ki ghati par prabhutv ke lie jaunapur se lambe sngharsh ka karan banin. padrahavin shatabdi ke ant men jaunapur ke lodi samrajy dvara vilayan ke pashchath sthiti men parivartan hone laga. lodiyon ne poorvi rajasthan aur malava men apani shakti ko phailana shuroo kar diya. isi samay antarik karanon se malava ka vighatan shuroo ho gaya. isaka parinam yah ha ki gujarat, mevad aur lodiyon men sngharsh aur bhi tivr ho gaya. aisa laga ki is sngharsh men vijayi paksh hi uttar bharat men apana prabhutv bana sakega. atah malava par adhikar uttar bharat men sngharsh ka mool mudda ban gaya. sambhavatah is badhe hue sngharsh ke karan hi rana sanga ne babar ko lodiyon ki badhati shakti ko rokane ke lie amntrit kiya. usaka vichar tha ki lodiyon ki shakti nasht ho jane par is kshetr men mevad sarvadhik shaktishali ho jayega.

rajy aur pramukh nagar

bharat sarakar dvara paribhashit uttari bharat men jammoo evn kashmir, himachal pradesh, uttarakhnd, hariyana, pnjab, rajasthan, uttar pradesh rajy ate hain. yahan ke pramukh shaharon men nee dilli, kanapur, jayapur, lakhanoo, ludhiyana, chndigadh adi ate hain.

pramukh bhashaen

hindi, pnjabi, kashmiri, dogari, urdoo, maithili, snthali aur angrezi uttar bharat men boli jane vali pramukh bhashaen hain.

inhen bhi dekhen: dakshin bharat, poorvi bharat, pashchim bharat evn poorvottar bharat


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

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