हिमाचल प्रदेश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

India-flag.gif
himachal pradesh
Himachal-pradesh-map.jpg
rajadhani shimala
rajabhasha(en) hindi bhasha, pahadi bhasha
sthapana 25 janavari, 1971
janasnkhya 6,85,6509[1]
· ghanatv 123 [1] /varg kimi
kshetraphal 55,673 varg kimi
bhaugolik nirdeshank 31°6′12″ uttar - 77°10′20″ poorv
tapaman 20 °C (ausat)
· grishm 28 °C
· sharad 7 °C
varsha 1469 mimi (ausat) mimi
zile 12
sabase bada nagar shimala
mukhy paryatan sthal kulloo, manali, shimala, dalahauzi
ling anupat 1000:974[1] ♂/♀
saksharata 83.78 [1]%
· stri 76.60%
· purush 90.83%
rajyapal achary devavrat
mukhyamntri jayaram thakur (bhajapa)
vidhanasabha sadasy 68
lokasabha kshetr 4
rajyasabha sadasy 3
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
Himachal Pradesh Logo.jpg

himachal pradesh pashchimi bharat men sthit rajy hai. yah uttar men jammoo aur kashmir, pashchim tatha dakshin-pashchim men dakshin men hariyana evn uttar pradesh, dakshin-poorv men uttarakhnd tatha poorv men tibbat se ghira hai. 'himachal' pradesh ka shabdik arth barfile pahadon ka anchal' hai. himachal pradesh ko dev bhoomi bhi kaha jata hai. himachal pradesh men aryon ka prabhav rigved se bhi purana hai. angl-gorakha yuddh ke bad, yah british shasan ke antargat a gaya. sanh 1857 tak yah pnjab ke maharaja ranajit sinh ke shasan ke adhin pnjab rajy ka hissa raha. sanh 1950 men is rajy ko kendr shasit pradesh banaya gaya, parantu 1971 men 'himachal pradesh rajy adhiniyam-1971' ke antargat ise 25 joon 1971 ko bharat ka atharahavan rajy bana diya gaya. himachal pradesh men prativyakti anumanit ay bharat ke any kisi bhi rajy ki tulana men zyada hai. nadiyon ki bahutayat ke karan, himachal any rajyon ko panabijali deta hai, jinamen dilli, pnjab aur rajasthan pramukh roop se hain. rajy ki arthavyavastha panabijali, paryatan aur krishi par mool roop se adharit hai. rajy men hinduon ki snkhya kul janasnkhya ka 90 pratishat hai aur mukhy samudayon men brahman, rajapoot, kannet, rathi aur koli hain.

visirejal laauj, shimala

itihas aur bhoogol

himachal pradesh pashchimi himalay ke madhy men sthit hai, ise dev bhoomi kaha jata hai. yahan devi aur devataon ka nivas sthan mana jata hai. himachal rajy men patthar aur lakadi ke anek mndir hain. sam़riddh snskriti aur paramparaon ne himachal ko ek anokha rajy bana diya hai. yahan ke oonche niche pahad, gleshiyar, chhayadar ghatiyan aur vishal pain vriksh aur garajati nadiyan tatha vishisht jiv jntu milakar himachal ke lie ek madhur sngit ki rachana taiyar karate pratit hote hain.

himachal pradesh poorn rajy 25 janavari, 1971 ko bana. aprail 1948 men yahan ki 27,000 varg kimi men phaili huee lagabhag 30 riyasaton ko milakar ise kendr shasit pradesh banaya gaya. 1954 men ‘g’ shreni ki riyasat tabalasapur ko isamen milane par isaka kshetraphal badhakar 28,241 varg kimi ho gaya. sanh 1966 men is kendrashasit pradesh men pnjab ke pahadi bhag ko milakar is rajy ka punargathan kiya gaya aur isaka kshetraphal badhakar 55,673 varg kimi ho gaya. aj himachal pradesh men n keval pahadi kshetron ka vikas hua, balki shiksha, svasthy aur samajik sevaon men bhi is pradesh ne ullekhaniy vikas prapt kiya hai.

inhen bhi dekhen: himachal pradesh ka itihas

krishi

himachal pradesh ka pramukh vyavasay krishi hai. krishi rajy ki arthavyavastha men mahattvapoorn bhoomika nibhati hai. krishi se 69 pratishat kamakaji nagarikon ko sidha kam milata hai. krishi aur usake sahayak kshetr se prapt ay pradesh ke kul ghareloo utpadan ka 22.1 pratishat hai. kul bhoomi kshetr 55.673 lakh hekteyar men se 9.79 lakh hekteyar bhoomi ke svami 9.14 lakh kisan hain. madhyam aur chhote kisanon ke pas kul bhoomi ka 86.4 pratishat bhag hai. rajy men krishi bhoomi keval 10.4 pratishat hai. lagabhag 80 pratishat bhoomi varsha dvara sinchit hai aur kisan indr devata ki kripa par nirbhar rahate hain. varsh 2006-07 men khadyann ka kul utpadan 16 lakh miliyan tan raha .

dhanakar jhil, himachal pradesh

bagavani

prakriti dvara himachal pradesh ko vyapak roop se krishi ke anukool jalavayu aur paristhitiyan di hain jisake karan kisanon ko vividh phal ugane men madad milati hai. bagavani ke pramukh phal hain- seb, nashapati, adoo, ber, khumani, guthali vale phal, niboo, am, lichi, amarud aur jharaberi adi. 1950 men keval 792 hekteyar kshetr bagavani ke antargat tha, jo badhakar 2.23 lakh hekteyar ho gaya hai. 1950 men phal utpadan 1200 mitrik tan tha, jo 2007 men badhakar 6.95 lakh tan ho gaya hai. phal udyog se lagabhag 2200 karod rupaye ki ghareloo varshik ay hoti hai. dasavin pnchavarshiy yojana men rajy men bagavani ke vikas ke lie teknolaauji mishan 80 karod rupaye ki kul lagat ke sath sthapit kiya ja raha hai. is mishan se rajy men bagavani vikas ki sabhi snbhavanaon ka pata lagaya jaega. is yojana men vibhinn jalavayu vale krishi kshetron men char utkrishtata kendr banae jaenge aur jal snrakshan, grin haus, karbanik krishi aur krishi takanikon se judi sabhi suvidhaen pradan ki jaengi.

snskriti

pahadi logon ke mele aur tyohar ullasapoorn giton aur nrity ke avasar hote hain. utkrisht shaili men bani kinnaur shaaulen, kulloo ki vishisht ooni topiyan aur chnba ke qasidakari kiye hue roomal tyohar ke rngin paridhanon ko aur bhi vishishtata pradan karate hain. himachal pradesh apani kangada ghati chitrakala shaili ke lie bhi jana jata hai. shimala ki pahadiyan, kulloo ghati (manali shahar sahit) aur dalahauzi paryatakon ke bade akarshan hain. skiing, gaaulf, machhali pakadana, lambi yatra aur parvatarohan aisi gatividhiyan hain, jinake lie himachal pradesh ek adarsh sthan hai. kuchh pauranik dharmasthalon par pooja-archana ke lie himachal aur usake padosi rajyon ke shraddhalu badi snkhya men ekatr hote hain.

kulloo ghati devataon ki ghati ke roop men jani jati hai; isake chid aur devadar ke jngal, phoolon se lade hare-bhare maidan aur phalon ke bagiche pratyek sharad ritu men hone vale dashahara mahotsav ke lie mahaul taiyar kar dete hain. is mauqe par mandiron ke devataon ko saji huee palakiyon men gaje-baje ke sath aur nachate hue nikala jata hai. 1959 men lhasa par chin ke qabze ke parinamasvaroop dalaee lama tibbat se palayan kar dharmashala a ge the aur yahin rahane lage. isake bad se hi bauddhon ke lie (khasakar tibbatiyon ke lie) dharmashala pavitr sthan ho gaya hai. varsh 2000 ki shuruat men 14 varshiy 17ven karamapa bhi tibbat se bhagakar dharmashala a ge aur sharan mangi.

himachal pradesh men mukhy roop se hindi, kangadi, pahadi, pnjabi, tatha dogari adi bhashaain boli jati hain. hindoo, bauddh aur sikkh adi yahan ke pramukh dharm hain. himachal pradesh ke kulloo, siramaur, mandi oopari kshetr kinnaur, shimala ityadi janapadon men nati nrity mukhy roop se kiya jata hai.

shiksha

pustakalay, shimala
  • himachal pradesh ne shiksha aur lok svasthy suvidhaon ke vistar aur snchar suvidhaon ke sudhar ki disha men ullekhaniy pragati ki hai. phir bhi rajy ki adhikansh janata jivanayapan ke star par hi hai aur rajy ke vishal prakritik snsadhanon ka yojanabaddh roop se dohan hona abhi baqi hai.
  • 1970 men shimala men himachal pradesh vishvavidyalay ki sthapana ke sath hi pradesh men uchch shiksha snbhav ho saki.
  • is vishvavidyalay se 50 se adhik mahavidyalay snbaddh hain.
  • shimala men ek chikitsa mahavidyalay, palamapur men ek krishi vishvavidyalay aur solan ke nikat ek bagabani aur van vishvavidyalay bhi hai.
  • indiyan instityoot aauf edavansd stadi (shimala) aur sentral risarch istityoot (kasauli) men shodh kary hota hai.
  • 1960 ke dashak ke bad ke varshon se prathamik, madhyamik aur uchch shiksha ke vidyalayon ki snkhya men ullekhaniy vriddhi huee, isi ke anuroop inamen dakhila lene valon ki snkhya bhi badhi.
  • hamirapur men ek abhiyantriki mahavidyalay bhi hai.
himachal pradesh kriket esosieshan stediyam
shikshan snsthan
  • chaudhari sh‍varn kumar himachal pradesh krishi vishh‍vavidyalay
  • paramar udyanakrishi evn vaniki vishh‍vavidyalay
  • himachal pradesh vishh‍vavidyalay
  • je pi soochana praudyogiki vishh‍vavidyalay
  • rashh‍triy praudyogiki snsh‍than (manad vishh‍vavidyalay)

parivahan

himachal pradesh rajy men sadaken hi yahan ki jivan rekha hain aur yahi snchar ke pramukh sadhan hain. isake 55,673 varg kilomitar kshetraphal men se 36,700 kilomitar men rahane yogy sthan hai, jisamen se 16,807 ganv anek parvatiy shrinkhalaon aur ghatiyon ke dhalanon par phaile hue hain. utpadan kshetron aur bazar kendron ko jodane vali mahattvapoorn sadakon ke nirman ke lie himachal pradesh sarakar ne tin varshon men pratyek pnchayat ko sadak se jodane ka nirnay kiya hai. yah rajy jab1948 men bana, to yahan par keval 288 kimi lnbi sadaken thin jinako 15 agast 2007 tak badhakar 30,264 kimi tak vikasit kar diya gaya hai.

jaiv praudyogiki

jaiv praudyogiki ke lie rajy men jaiv-praudyogiki ke dohan par vishesh vikas kiya ja raha hai. isake vikas ke lie alag se jaiv-praudyogiki vibhag khol diya gaya hai. rajy ki apani jaiv-praudyogiki niti hai. sarakar ki or se jaiv praudyogiki ikaiyon ko riyayaten di ja rahi hain jo any audyogiki ikaiyon ko di jati hain. rajy sarakar ka solan zile men jaiv-praudyogiki park ki sthapana ka vichar hai.

sinchaee aur jalapoorti

varsh 2007 tak himachal pradesh men kul krishi kshetr 5.83 lakh hekteyar tha. ganvon men pine ke pani ki suvidha di gee hai aur rajy men 14,611 haindapnp lag chuke hain. jal apoorti aur sinchaee vyavastha men sudhar ke lie rajy sarakar 339 karod roope ki lagat se ‘vash’ pariyojana chala rahi hai. is pariyojana men sinchaee aur pine ke pani ke lie ji.di.jed. sahayog de rahi hai.

vaniki

rajy ka kul kshetraphal 55,673 varg kilomitar hai. rikard ke anusar kul van kshetr 37,033 varg kilomitar hai. isamen lagabhag 16,376 varg kilomitar kshetr men pahadi vanaspatiyan nahin ugaeen ja sakatin kyonki yah kshetr sthayi roop se barf se dhaka rahata hai. upayog men ane vala van kshetr 20,657 varg kilomitar hai. rajy sarakar pariyojanaon ke dvara adhikatam kshetr ko harit kshetr banane ki lie prayas chal rahe hain.
chnba ghati
in yojanaon ke lie sarakar apani yojanaon ke sath sath bharat sarakar ki yojanaon aur bahy sahayata se chal rahi yojanao ko kriyanvit kar rahi hai. vishv baink ne himalay men jalashay vikas yojana ke lie 365 karod rupaye svikrit kie hain. is pariyojana ko agale chh: varshon men 10 zilon ke 42 vikas khndon ki 545 pnchayaton men chalaya jaega. rajy men 2 rashtriy park tatha 32 vanyajivan abhayarany hain. vanyajivan abhayarany ke antargat kul kshetr 5,562 kimi, rashtriy park ke antargat 1,440 kimi kshetr hai. is prakar kul snrakshit kshetr 7,002 kimi hai.

paryatan

himachal pradesh men paryatan udyog ko uchch prathamikata di gee hai. himachal pradesh sarakar ne vikas ke lie suniyojit vikas kiya hai jisamen janopayogi sevaen, sadaken, snchar tntr, havaee adde, yatayat sevaen, jalapoorti aur jan svasthy sevaon ko shamil kiya hai. rajy sarakar rajy ko ‘har hal men gntavy’ ka roop dene ke lie pratibaddh hai. rajy paryatan vikas nigam ki ay men 10 pratishat ka yogadan karata hai. yah nigam bikri kar, sukh-suvidha kar aur yatri kar ke roop men 2 karod varshik ay ka yogadan rajy ki ay men karata hai. varsh 2007 men himachal pradesh men 8.3 miliyan paryatak ae jinamen lagabhag 2008 lakh paryatak videshi the.

rajy men tirtho aur manavashastriy mahattv ke sthalon ka samriddh evn athah bhndar hai. is rajy ka vyas, parashar, vasishth, markandey aur lomash adi rishi muniyon ka sthal hone ka gauravapoorn pauranik itihas hai, sath hi garm pani ke srot, aitihasik durg, prakritik tatha manav nirmit jhilen, unmukt ghoomate charavahe paryatakon ko asim sukh aur annd pradan karate hain. rajy sarakar paryatan ko protsahit karane ke lie niji kshetron ko yojanaon men shamil karake paryatan snbndhi vikas is tarah kar rahi hai ki rajy ki prakritik sthiti aur paryavaran akshunn bana rahe. sath hi rozagaron ka srijan ho aur paryatan ka vikas ho. paryatakon ke pravas ki avadhi badhane ke lie gatividhiyon par adharit paryatan ka vikas vishesh roop se kiya ja raha hai.

paryatan ke vikas ki drishti se rajy sarakar nimn kshetron par vishesh roop se dhyan de rahi hai-

kraist charch, shimala
  1. itihas snbndhi paryatan
  2. ne paryatan kshetron ka pata lagana
  3. paryatan vyavastha ka sudhar
  4. tirth paryatanako badhava dena
  5. adivasi paryatan
  6. prakriti paryatan
  7. svasthy paryatan
  8. sahasik paryatan ko protsahan dena
  9. vanyajivan paryatan
  10. sanskritik paryatan

varsh 2006-07 men rajy menke paryatan vikas ke lie 6276.38 lakh rupaye ka abntan hua tha. bharat sarakar ne 8 karod rupaye kulloo, manali, lahaul evn spiti tatha leh math parisar ke lie, 21 karod rupaye kangada, shimala aur siramaur kshetr ke lie, 16 karod rupaye bilasapur, mndi aur chnba kshetr ke lie, 30 lakh rupaye manali men paryatan soochana kendr ka nirman karane ke lie svikrit kie the. tyoharon aur any mukhy avasaron ke lie 1,545 yojanaon hetu 67.57 karod rupaye ki kendriy vitt sahayata prapt huee thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Himachal At A Glance (angrezi) (ech.ti.em.el) adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 17 mee, 2012.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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