राज्य संरचना  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharat vishay soochi
parichay    itihas    bhoogol    snvidhan    dharm   krishi    vany jivan    bhasha    shiksha    kala    snskriti    khanapan    raksha    rajy    paryatan    alekh
arunachal pradesh · asam · uttar pradesh · uttarakhand · udisa · andhr pradesh · karnatak · keral · gova · gujarat · chhattisagadh · jammoo aur kashmir · jharakhand · tamilanadu · tripura · nagalaind · pashchim bngal · pnjab · bihar · manipur · madhy pradesh · maharashtr · mizoram · meghalay · rajasthan · hariyana · sikkim · himachal pradesh · telngana · andaman aur nikobar dvipasamooh · chandigadh · dadara aur nagar haveli · daman aur div · lakshadvip · rashtriy rajadhani kshetr dilli · puducheri

bharat ki rajy snrachana bharat ke snghiy prashasanik dhanche ki ek up-rashtriy prashasanik ikaee hain. bharat ke rajyon ki apani chuni huee sarakaren hoti hain, jinaka chunav us rajy ke matadataon dvara prati panch varsh ki avadhi par kiya jata hai. pratyek rajy ki apani vidhanasabha bhi hoti hain, jo rajy star par bharat ki snsad ke saman hi hain, jahan se rajy sarakar, rajy men shasan chalati hai. varsh 2017 ki sthiti tak bharat men 29 rajy aur 7 kendrashasit pradesh hain jo nimnalikhit hain-

arunachal pradesh

yah bharat ganarajy ka ek uttar poorvi rajy hai. 'arunachal' ka hindi men shabdik arth hai 'ugate soory ki bhoomi' (arun+achal). arunachal pradesh bharat ka abhinn rajy hai kintu chin rajy ke ek bhag par apana adhikar dakshini tibbat ke roop men jatata hai.. pradesh ki mukhy bhasha hindi aur asamiya hai. angrezi bhi dhire dhire lokapriy ho rahi hai.

asam

asam ya asam bharat ka uttar poorvi rajy hai. asam any uttar poorvi bharatiy rajyon se ghira hua hai. asam bharat ka ek sarahadi rajy hai. bharat-bhootan aur bharat-bangladesh sarahad kuchh hisson men asam se judi hai. yahan par kapili nadi aur brahmaputr nadi bhi bahati hai.

uttar pradesh

uttar pradesh ka manachitr

uttar pradesh bharat ka janasnkhya ke adhar par sabase bada rajy hai. uttar pradesh ke doosare mahattvapoorn nagar- agara, aligadh, ayodhya, bareli, merath, varanasi (banaras), gaziyabad, muradabad, saharanapur, faizabad, kanapur hain. uttar pradesh ki poorvottar disha men nepal desh hai. uttar pradesh men anek prakar ki nadiyan hai jinamen gnga, ghaghara, gomati, yamuna, chambal, son adi mukhy hai. pradesh ke vibhinn bhagon men pravahit hone vali in nadiyon ke udagam sthan bhi bhinn-bhinn hai, atah inake udagam sthalon ke adhar par inhen nimnalikhit bhagon men vibhajit kiya ja sakata hai.

uttarakhand

uttarakhand ka manachitr

uttarakhand ya uttarakhnd bharat ke uttar men sthit ek rajy hai. 2000 aur 2006 ke bich yah uttaranchal ke nam se jana jata tha, 9 navnbar, 2000 ko uttarakhnd bharat ganarajy ke 27 ven rajy ke roop men astitv men aya. rajy ka nirman kee varsh ke andolan ke pashchath hua. is prant men vaidik snskriti ke kuchh sabase mahattvapoorn tirthasthan hain. uttar pradesh se alag kiye gaye ne prant uttaranchal 8 navambar 2000 ko astitv men aya.

karnatak

uchch nyayalay, karnatak

dakshin bharat men sthit karnatak bharat ke bade rajyon men se ek hai. is rajy men anek injiniyaring (abhiyantriki) aur medikal (ayurvigyan) kaaulej hain. karnatak ke uttar men maharashtr, dakshin men keral, dakshin-poorv men tamilanadu tatha poorv men andhr pradesh rajy hain. isake pashchim men arab sagar hai. kannad yahan ki mukhy bhasha hai. tuळu aur konkani bhasha bhi boli jati hain. karnatak rajy ka lagabhag 2,000 varsh ka likhit itihas upalabdh hai. ek rajy - kee duniyan ke roop men jana jane vala karnatak rajy dakshin bharat ka pramukh paryatan kendr banata ja raha hai.

  • karnatak ki rajadhani aur sabase bada shahar bengळooroo hai.

keral

keral ki vidhan sabha

keral bharatiy upamahadvip ke dakshin-pashchimi sire par sthit hai. sh‍vatntr bharat men jab chhoti chhoti riyasaton ka vilay hua tab travanakore tatha kochin riyasaton ko milakar 1 julaee, 1949 ko 'travanakor kochin' rajh‍y bana diya gaya, lekin malabar madras prant ke adhin hi raha. rajh‍y punargathan adhiniyam, 1956 ke antargat 'travanakor-kochin rajh‍y tatha malabar' ko milakar 1 navnbar, 1956 ko 'keral rajh‍y' ka nirman kiya gaya. hinduon aur musalamanon ke atirikt yahan eesaee bhi badi snkhya men rahate hain. is rajy ka kshetraphal 38863 hazar varg kilomitar hai.

gova

vagator bich, gova

gova kshetraphal men bharat ka sabase chhota aur janasnkhya ke hisab se doosara sabase chhota rajy hai. poori duniya men gova apane khoobasoorat samundr ke kinaron aur mashahoor sthapaty kala ke liye jana jata hai. gova pahale purtagal ka ek upanivesh tha. purtagaliyon ne gova par lagabhag 450 sal tak shasan kiya aur disnbar 1961 men yah bharatiy prashasan ko saunpa diya gaya. mahabharat men gova ka ullekh 'goparashtr' arthat 'gay charane valon ka desh' ke roop men milata hai. dakshin konkan ka ullekh gova rashtr ke roop men milata hai. snskrit ke kuchh prachin sroton men gova ko 'gopakapuri' aur 'gopakapattan' kaha gaya hai jinaka ullekh any grnthon ke alava 'harivnshamh' aur skand puran men prapt hota hai.

udisa

udisa ka manachitr

udisa bharat ke poorvi tat par basa rajy hai. udisa uttar men jharakhand, uttar poorv men pashchim bngal dakshin men andhr pradesh aur pashchim men chhattisagadh se ghira hai tatha poorv men bngal ki khadi hai. bhaugolik lihaz se isake uttar men chhota nagapur ka pathar hai jo apekshakat kam upajaoo hai lekin dakshin men mahanadi, brahmani, kalindi aur vaitarani nadiyon ka upajaoo maidan hai. yah poora kshetr mukhy roop se chaval utpadak kshetr haih. udisa rajy prachin samay men 'kaling' ke nam se vikhyat tha. rajy ki arthavyavastha men krishi ki mahattvapoorn bhoomika hai. rajy ke arthik vikas men paryatan ke mahattv ko samajhate hue midiya prabndhan ejensiyon aur parv prabndhakon ko prachar evn prasar ka kary diya gaya hai.

andhr pradesh

andhr pradesh ka manachitr

bharat ke dakshin-poorvi tat par yah rajy hai. kshetraphal ke anusar bharat ka yah chautha sabase bada aur janasnkhya ki drishti se panchava sabase bada rajy hai. bharat ke sabhi rajyon men sabase lnba samudr tat gujarat men 1600 ki.mi. hai aur doosare sthan par is rajy ka samudr tat 972 ki.mi. hai. andhr pradesh ke vishay men prarnbhik vivaran aitarey brahman (lagabhag2000 eesa poorv) men milata hai. svatntrata ke pashchath telugu bhashi kshetr ko madras prant se alag karake 1 aktoobar 1953 ko ne pradesh ka nirman kiya gaya jisaka nam andhr pradesh rakha gaya. rajy punargathan adhiniyam, 1956 banane ke bad haidarabad rajy ko andhr pradesh men mila kar 1 navnbar, 1956 men 'andhr pradesh' rajy ka nirman hua.

  • andhr pradesh ki rajadhani aur sabase bada shahar haidarabad hai.

gujarat

gujarat sarakar ka pratik chihn

gujarat pashchimi bharat ka ek prant hai. isaki uttari-pashchimi sima pakistan se lagi hai. rajasthan aur madhy pradesh isake uttar evn uttar-poorv men sthit hain. maharashtr isake poorv men hai. arab sagar isaki pashchimi-dakshini sima banata hai. isaki dakshini sima par dadara evn nagar-haveli hain. gujarat ka kshetraphal 1,96,077 kilomitar hai. gujarat kapas, tnbakoo aur moongaphali ka utpadan karane vala desh ka pramukh rajy hai. rajy ke audyogik dhanche men dhire-dhire vividhata ati ja rahi hai. yahan rasayan,petro-rasayan, urvarak, injiniyaring, ilektraauniks adi udyogon ka vikas raha hai.

chhattisagadh

chhattisagadh sarakar ka pratik chihn

chhattisagadh bharat ka 26van rajy hai. chhattisagadh rajy ka gathan 1 navnbar, 2000 ko hua tha. bharat men visheshat: do aise kshetr hain jinaka nam vishesh karanon se dhire dhire badal gaya -
1. 'magadh' jo 'bauddh viharon' ke karan 'bihar' ban gaya aur
2. 'dakshin kaushal' jo chhattis gadhon ko apane men samahit rakhane ke karan 'chhattisagadh' ban gaya.
ye donon hi kshetr prachin kal se bharat ko gauravanvit karate rahe hain. 'chhattisagadh' pauranik kal se hi vibhinn snskritiyon ke vikas ka kendr raha hai. yahan ke prachin mandir tatha unake bhagnavashesh batate hain ki yahan vaishnav, shaiv, shakt, bauddh ke sath hi sath anek ary tatha anary snskritiyon ka samay samay par prabhav raha hai. chhattisagadh rajy ka gathan 1 navnbar, 2000 ko hua tha.

  • chhattisagadh ki rajadhani rayapur hai.

jammoo aur kashmir

jammoo aur kashmir bharat ka sabase uttari rajy hai. pakistan isaka uttari ilaka ("shimali ilaka") aur tathakathit "azad kashmir" hisson par qabiz hai aur chin ne aksaee chin ke hisse par kabza kiya hua hai (bharat in kabzon ko gairaqanooni manata hai). pakistan bharatiy jammoo aur kashmir ko ek vivadit kshetr manata hai. rajy ki rajabhasha urdoo hai. hash‍t‍shilh‍p yahan ka parapnragat udyog hai. hath se bani vash‍tuon ki vh‍yapak rozagar kshamata aur visheshgyta ko dekhate hue rajh‍y sarakar h‍sh‍tashilh‍p ko uchh‍ch prathamikata de rahi hai. kashh‍mir ke pramukh hash‍tashilh‍p uth‍padon men kagaz ki lugadi se bani vash‍tuen, lakadi par naqqashi, kalin, shaaul aur kashidakari ka saman adi shamil hain.

jharakhand

jharakhand sarakar ka pratik chihn

jharakhnd, yani jhar ya jhad jo sthaniy roop men van ka paryay hai aur khnd yani tukade se milakar bana hai. apane nam ke anurup yah moolat: ek vanapradesh hai jo jharakhnd andolan ke phalasvaroop (jise bad men kuchh logon dvara vananchal andolan ke nam se jana jata hai) srijit hua. prachur matra men khanij ki upalabadhta ke karan ise bharat ka 'roor' bhi kaha jata hai jo jarmani men khanij-pradesh ke nam se vikhyat hai. varsh 2000 men kendr sarakar ne 15 navnbar (adivasi nayak birasa munda ke janmadin) ko bharat ka aththaisavan rajy bana diya. jharakhnd bharat ke navinatam pranton men se ek hai. bihar ke dakshini hisse ko vibhajit kar jharakhnd pradesh ka srijan kiya gaya tha.

  • audyogik nagari ranchi isaki rajadhani hai.

tamilanadu

jharakhand sarakar ka pratik chihn

yah bharat ka sabase dakshini rajy hai. tamilanadu shabd tamil bhasha ke tamil tatha nadu (நாடு) jisaka shabdik arth ghar ya vas, sthan, se milakar bana hai jisaka arth hai tamilon ka ghar ya tamilon ka desh hai. british shasanakal men yah prant madras presidensi ka hissa tha . svatntrata ke bad madras presidensi ko kee bhagon men bant diya gaya, jisake phalasvaroop madras tatha any rajyon ka uday hua. 1968 men madras prant ka nam badalakar tamilanadu kar diya gaya.

  • tamilanadu ki rajadhani chennee hai.

tripura

agaratala pailes, tripura

tripura bharat ka ek rajy hai. tripura rajh‍y mukhh‍yat: pahadi ilaka hai. isaka bhaugolik kshetr 10,49,169 hekh‍teyar hai. anuman hai ki 2,80,000 hekh‍teyar bhoomi krishi yogh‍y hai. ek mat ke anusar sthaniy devi tripur sundari ke nam par isaka nam tripura pada. bngali aur tripuri bhasha (kok borok) yahan ki mukhy bhashaye hai. tripura rajh‍y mukhh‍yat: pahadi ilaka hai. isaka bhaugolik kshetr 10,49,169 hekh‍teyar hai. anuman hai ki 2,80,000 hekh‍teyar bhoomi krishi yogh‍y hai.

nagalaind

kohima ka ek drishy, nagalaind

nagalaind 1 disnbar, 1963 ko bharatiy sngh ka 16 van rajh‍y bana. is rajh‍y ke poorv men myanmar, uth‍tar men arunachal pradesh, pashchim men asam aur dakshin men manipur se ghira hua hai. nagalaind rajh‍y ka kshetraphal 16,579 varg ki.mi. hai. 2001 ka janaganana ke anusar is rajy ki abadi 19,88,636 hai. 'naga' log bharatiy-mngol varg ke logon men se hai, jo bharat ki uttar-poorvi pahadiyon ke kshetr aur pashchimi mh‍yanmar ke oopari bhag men nivas karate hain.

  • nagalaind ki rajadhani kohima hai aur ise 'poorab ka svijaralaind' bhi kaha jata hai.

pashchim bngal

pashchim bngal ki sthapana 1 mee, 1960 ko huee. bharat ke pragaitihasik kal ke itihas men bngal ka vishishh‍t sh‍than hai. sikndar ke akraman ke samay bngal men 'gngaridayi' namak samrajh‍y tha. kriket tatha phutabaaul yahan ke lokapriyatam khelon men se hain. nrity, sngit tatha chalachitron ki yahan lambi tatha suvyavasthit parampara rahi hai. bharat ke pragaitihasik kal ke itihas men bngal ka vishishh‍t sh‍than hai. sikndar ke akraman ke samay bngal men 'gngaridayi' namak samrajh‍y tha. paryatak sthalon men havada brij paryatakon ko akarshit karata hai. havada brij ke atirikt paryatak yahan par havada steshan, mahanh baragad ka ped, beloor math, garachoomuk, panitaras-samtaber aur vidyasagar setu adi dekh sakate hain, jo bahut khoobasoorat hain.

  • pashchim bngal ki rajadhani kolakata hai.

pnjab

pnjab ka manachitr

bharat ke uttar pashchim men pnjab rajy hai, jisaki simayen pashchim men pakistan, uttar men jammoo aur kashmir rajy, uttar poorv men himachal pradesh aur dakshin men hariyana aur rajasthan rajy hain. 'pnjab' shabd pharasi ke 'pnj' jisaka arth hota hai 'panch' aur 'ab' jisaka arth hota hai 'pani' ke mel se bana hai jisaka shabdik arth 'panch nadiyon ka kshetr' hai. prachin samay men pnjab bharat aur eeran ka kshetr tha. yahan maury, baiktriyan, yoonani, shak, kushan, gupt adi anek shaktiyon ka utthan aur patan hua.

bihar

bihar bharat ke pramukh rajh‍yon men se ek hai. isake uttar men nepal, poorv men pashchim bngal, pashchim men uttar pradesh tatha dakshin men jharakhand rajh‍y hain. yahan anek nadiyan bahati hain jinamen gnga pramukh hai. bihar gnga tatha usaki sahayak nadiyon ke maidan men basa hai. jharakhand ke alag hone ke bad bihar ki bhoomi mukhyatah nadiyon ke maidan aur samatal bhoobhag hai. rajh‍y ke pramukh paryatan kendr hain- rajagir, nalnda, vaishali, pavapuri jahan bhagavan mahavir ne antim sans li aur nirvan ko praph‍t hue, bodhagaya, vikramashila uchh‍ch shiksha ke bauddh vishh‍vavidyalay ke avashesh, patana pataliputr ka prachin nagar aur sasaram sherashah soori ka maqabara aur madhubani.

  • bihar ki rajadhani patana hai.

manipur

manipur ka ek drishy

manipur bharat ka ek poorvi rajy hai. manipur rajy ke uttar aur dakshin men mizoram, pashchim men asam, aur poorv men antarrashtriy sima se myanmar laga hua hai. manipur ka kshetraphal 22,347 varg ki.mi hai. meiti janajati, jo ghati kshetr men hi rahate hain, ve hi yahan ke mool nivasi hain. inaki bhasha meitilon hai. isi bhasha ko manipuri bhasha kahate hain. mani ka shabdik arth ‘abhooshan’ hai. at: manipur ka arth 'abhooshan ki bhoomi' hai. manipur men prakritik snsadhanon ka prachur bhndar hai. yahan ki prakritik chhata dekhane yogy hai.

  • manipur rajy ki rajadhani imphal hai.

madhy pradesh

madhy pradesh ka manachitr

madhh‍y pradesh doosara sabase bada bharatiy rajh‍y hai. bhaugolik drishti se yah desh men kenh‍driy sh‍than rakhata hai. madhy ka arth bich men hai, madhy pradesh ki bhaugolik sthiti bharatavarsh ke madhy arthat bich men hone ke karan is pradesh ka nam madhy pradesh diya gaya, jo kabhi 'madhy bharat' ke nam se jana jata tha. madhy pradesh hriday ki tarah desh ke thik bichonbich men sthit hai. yah bharat ka sabase vishal rajy hai, jo desh ke kul kshetraphal ka lagabhag 10 pratishat, 3,08,000 varg kilomitar se bhi adhik men phaila hua hai.

  • madhy pradesh ki rajadhani bhopal hai .

maharashtr

maharashtr ka manachitr

maharashtr bharat ke dakshin madhy men sthit hai. isaki ginati bharat ke sabase dhani rajyon men ki jati hai. yahan ke munbee ke alava pune shahar bhi bharat ke bade mahanagaro men gina jata hai. yahan ka pune shahar bharat ka chhathavan sabase bada shahar hai. maharashtr ki janasnkhya sanh 2001 men 96,752,247 thi, vishv men sirf gyarah aise desh hain jinaki janasnkhya maharashtr se zyada hai. is rajy ka nirman 1 mee, 1960 ko marathi bhashi logon ki mang par ki gayi thi. marathi zyada boli jati hai. pune aur nagapur maharashtr ke any mukhy shahar hain.

  • maharashtr ki rajadhani munbee hai jo bharat ka sabase bada shahar aur desh ki arthik rajadhani ke roop men bhi jani jati hai.

mizoram

mizoram ka manachitr

bharat ganarajy men mizoram ek parvatiy pradesh hai. faravari, 1987 ko yah bharat ka 23van rajh‍y bana. 1972 men kendrashasit pradesh banane se pahale tak yah asam ka ek zila tha. 2001 men mizoram ki janasnkhya lagabhag 8,90,000 thi. mizoram pradesh ke lagabhag 80 pratishat log krishi karyon men lage hue hain. krishi ki mukhh‍y pranali jhoom ya sh‍thanantarit krishi hai. anumanat: 21 lakh hekh‍teyar bhoomi men se 6.30 lakh hekh‍teyar bhoomi bagavani ke lie upalabh‍dh hai.

  • mizoram ki rajadhani aeejol hai.

meghalay

meghalay sarakar ka pratik chihn

meghalay bharat ke uttar poorv men ek rajy hai. meghalay ka nirman asam ke antargat 2 aprail, 1970 ko ek sh‍vatntr rajh‍y ke roop men kiya gaya. poorn rajh‍y meghalay 21 janavari, 1972 ko bana. isaki uttari aur poorvi simaen asam se aur dakshini tatha pashchimi simaen bangladesh se milati hain. meghalay ka shabdik arth hai meghon ka alay arthat badalon ka ghar. meghalay moolat: ek pahadi rajh‍y hai. meghalay pradhanat: kri‍shi pradhan rajh‍y hai. yahan ki lagabhag 80 pratishat janasnkhh‍ya mukhh‍y roop se kheti par hi nirbhar hai. yahan ki mitti aur jalavayu bagavani ke anukool hai.

  • meghalay ki rajadhani shilang hai.

rajasthan

rajasthan ka manachitr

rajasthan bharat ganarajy ke kshetraphal ke adhar par sabase bada rajy hai. isake pashchim men pakistan, dakshin-pashchim men gujarat, dakshin-poorv men madhyapradesh, uttar men pnjab, uttar-poorv men uttar pradesh aur hariyana hai. rajy ka kshetraphal 3,42,239 varg ki.mi. (1,32,139 varg mil) hai. bhaugolik visheshataon men pashchim men thar maroosthal aur ghaggar nadi ka antim chhor hai. vishv ki puratan shreniyon men pramukh aravali shreni rajasthan ki ekamatr pahadi hai, jo ki paryatan ka kendr hai, maunt aboo aur vishvavikhyat dilavada mndir ko sammilit karati hai.

  • rajasthan ki rajadhani jayapur hai.

hariyana

hariyana ka manachitr

is rajy ki sima ke uttar men pnjab aur himachal pradesh, pashchim tatha dakshin sima par rajasthan aur poorv men uttarakhnd, uttar pradesh hai. bharat ki rajadhani dilli ke tin taraph hariyana ki simayen lagi huee hain jisake karan rashtriy rajadhani kshetr dilli ka ek bada hissa hariyana men mila hai. hariyana ka shabdarth hai 'parameshvar ka nivas', hari (vishnu) aur ayan (ghar) se milakar hariyana shabd bana hai. hariyana sampoorn bharat ke vikas ka agradoot mana jata hai.

  • hariyana pradesh ki rajadhani chndigadh hai, jo kendr shasit pradesh hone ke sath pnjab rajy ki bhi rajadhani hai.

sikkim

sikkim ka manachitr

sikkim bharat ka ek parvatiy rajy hai. sikkim ki janasnkhya bharat ke rajyon men nyoonatam hai aur kshetraphal gova ke bad nyoonatam hai. sikkim namagyal rajatantr dvara shasit svatantr rajy tha. 1975 men hue janamat-sngrah ke bad yah bharat men vilin ho gaya. is janamat sngrah ke bad rajashahi ka ant aur bharatiy snvidhan ki niyam-pranali ke antargat yahan prajatantr ka uday hua. angoothe ke akar ka yah rajy pashchim men nepal, uttar aur poorv men chini tibbat kshetr aur dakshin-poorv men bhootan se ghira hua hai. bharat ka pashchim bngal rajy isake dakshin men hai.

himachal pradesh

himachal pradesh sarakar ka pratik chihn

himachal pradesh pashchimi bharat men sthit rajy hai. yah uttar men jammoo aur kashmir, pashchim tatha dakshin-pashchim men dakshin men hariyana evn uttar pradesh, dakshin-poorv men uttarakhnd tatha poorv men tibbat se ghira hai. 'himachal' pradesh ka shabdik arth barfile pahadon ka anchal' hai. himachal pradesh ko dev bhoomi bhi kaha jata hai. himachal pradesh men aryon ka prabhav rigved se bhi purana hai. gorakha yuddh ke bad, yah british shasan ke antargat a gaya.

  • himachal pradesh ki rajadhani shimala hai.

telngana

telngana, bharat ke andhr pradesh rajy se alag hokar banane vala 29van navagathit rajy hai. yah paratantr bharat ke haidarabad namak rajavade ke telugoo bhashi kshetron se milakar bana hai. 'telngana' shabd ka arth hai - 'telugoobhashiyon ki bhoomi'. gauratalab hai ki 1,14,800 varg kilomitar men phaile telngana men andhr pradesh ke 23 zilon men se 10 zile gretar haidarabad, rnga reddi, medak, nalagonda, mahaboobanagar, varngal, karimanagar, nijamabad, adilabad aur khammam ate hain.

  • haidarabad ko das sal ke lie telngana aur andhr pradesh ki snyukt rajadhani banaya gaya hai.

kendr shasit pradesh

kendr shasit pradesh ya sngh-rajyakshetr ya snghakshetr bharat ke snghiy prashasanik dhanche ki ek up-rashtriy prashasanik ikaee hai. bharat ke rajyon ki apani chuni huee sarakaren hoti hain, lekin kendr shasit pradeshon men sidhe-sidhe bharat sarakar ka shasan hota hai; bharat ka rashtrapati har kendr shasit pradesh ka ek sarakari prashasak ya up rajyapal namit karata hai. bharat ke sat kendr shasit pradesh hai, jo nimnalikhit hain-

andaman aur nikobar dvipasamooh

andaman ka ek drishy

andaman evn nikobar dvipasamooh bharat ka ek kendr shasit pradesh hai. yah bngal ki khadi ke dakshin men hind mahasagar men sthit hai. andaman evn nikobar lagabhag 300 chhote bade dvipon ka samooh hai, jisamen kuchh hi dvipon par abadi hai. in dvipasamoohon ka mausam nam, ushh‍n katibndhiy tatiy mausam hai. in dvipon men dakshini pashchimi aur uttari poorvi manasoon se varsha hoti hai. yahan mee mah se disamh‍bar mah ke bich adhikatam varsha hoti hai. is kendr shasit pradesh men 31 march, 2007 tak 1833 laghu gramin evn hash‍tashilh‍p ikaiyan pnjikrit thin. andaman aur nikobar dvip samooh ek paryavaran anukool surakshit paryatak sh‍thal ke roop men prasiddh hai.

chandigadh

chndigadh ka ek drishy

chndigadh, bharat ka ek kendr shasit pradesh hai, jo do bharatiy rajyon, pnjab aur hariyana ki rajadhani bhi hai. isake nam ka arth hai chndi ka kila. yah hindoo devi durga ke ek roop chndika ya chndi ke ek mndir ke karan pada hai. yah mndir aj bhi shahar men sthit hai. ise siti byootiphul bhi kaha jata hai. chndigadh rajadhani kshetr men mohali, pnchakula aur zirakapur ate hain, jinaki 2001 ki janaganana ke anusar janasnkhya 1165111 (1 karod 16 lakh) hai. chndigadh adhunik shilh‍pakala vaibhav se snpanh‍n pradesh hai. shivalik pahadiyon ki nayanabhiram talahati men basa chndigadh vash‍tavik arthon men ek khoobasoorat shahar hai. phransisi vash‍tushilh‍pi 'la karboojie' dvara nirmit yah shahar adhunik sh‍thapath‍y kala tatha nagar niyojan ka shanadar udaharan hai.

dadara aur nagar haveli

hiravan udyan, dadara

dadara aur nagar haveli 491 varg ki.mi. men phaila chhota sa kendrashasit pradesh hai. yah gujarat aur maharashtr rajh‍yon se ghira hua hai. isake do bhag hain ek dadara aur doosara nagar haveli. nikatatam relave sh‍teshan vapi men hai, jo silavasa se 18 kilomitar door hai. dadara aur nagar haveli mukhh‍yat: gramin kshetr hain, jahan 79 pratishat adivasi rahate hain. isaka krishi kshetr lagabhag 21,115 hekh‍teyar hai. mukhh‍y fasal dhan (khariph) hai tatha nagali aur pahadi bazara anh‍y pramukh fasalen hain.

  • dadara aur nagar haveli ki rajadhani silavasa hai.

daman aur div

daman port

daman aur div munbee ke pas arab sagar men sthit dvip samooh hain jo bharat ka kendr shasit rajy hai. isaka kul kshetraphal 112 varg ki.mi. hai aur janasnkhh‍ya 158,204 hai (2001 ki janaganana ke anusar) hai. daman aur div ke sngh rajh‍y ki rajadhani daman uth‍tari akshansh ke 20 digri 22’00” se 20 digri 27’25” aur poorvi deshantar ke 72 digri 49’42” se 72 digri 54’43” ke bich avasthit hai. isaki poorvi sima par gujarat hai; pashchim ki or arab sagar, uttar men kolak nadi tatha dakshin men kalaee nadi hai.

  • daman aur div ke sngh rajh‍y ki rajadhani daman hai.

lakshadvip

lakshadvip ka ek drishy

lakshadvip bharat ke dakshin-pashchim men hind mahasagar men sthit ek bharatiy dvip-samooh hai. samast kendr shasit pradeshon men lakshadvip sab se chhota hai. lakshadvip dvip-samooh ki utpatti prachinakal men hue jvalamukhiy visphot se nikale lava se huee hai. yah bharat ki mukhyabhoomi se lagabhag 300 ki.mi. door pashchim disha men arab sagar men avasthit hai. lakshadvip bharat ke ekamatr moonga dvip hain. in dvipon ki shrinkhala moonga etol hain. etol moonge ke dvara banaya gee aisi rachana hai jo samudr ki satah par pani aur hava milane par banati hai.

rashtriy rajadhani kshetr dilli

dilli, as-pas ke kuchh zilon ke sath bharat ka rashtriy rajadhani kshetr hai. isamen nee dilli sammilit hai jo aitihasik purani dilli ke bad basa tha. yahan kendr sarakar ki kee prashasan snsthaen hain. aupacharik roop se nee dilli bharat ki rajadhani hai. 1483 varg kilomitar men phaila dilli bharat ka tisara sabase bada mahanagar hai. yahan ki janasnkhya lagabhag 1 karod 70 lakh hai. yahan boli jane vali mukhy bhashayen hai: hindi, pnjabi, urdoo, aur angrezi. rashtriy rajadhani hone ke nate yahan ka samaj vibhinn pranton tatha vargon se ane vale bhinn bhasha-bhashi logon ke milane se bana hai. jinake parampara, pahanaba, odhaba vishvas-mat adi alag-alag hain.

puducheri

puducheri ka ek drishy

puducheri bharat ganarajy ka kendrashasit pradesh hai. pahale puducheri ek phransisi upanivesh tha jise 4 zilon ka samavesh karake banaya gaya tha. puducheri nam isake sabase bade zile puducheri ke nam par pada़ hai. pahale puducheri ka adhikarik nam paaundicheri tha jise sitnbar 2006 men badalakar puducheri kar diya gaya. puducheri ka sthaniy tamil bhasha men arth hota hai 'naya ganv'. yah pradesh bngal ki khadi ke poorv men sthit hai. yah pradesh lagabhag tin sau salon tak phransisi adhikar men raha. prachin samay men phrans se vyapar ka yah pramukh kendr tha. phransisi snskriti aur vastushilp ke praman aj bhi yahan kahin kahin dikh jate hain.

  • puducheri kendrashasit pradesh ki rajadhani isaka sabase bada zila puducheri hai.
oopar jayen


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