बिहारी भाषाएँ  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

  • bharat ke bihar rajy aur nepal ke taraee kshetr men boli jane vali bharatiy - ary bhashaon ki is shreni men tin bhashaen hain -
  1. poorv men maithili[1]
  2. magadhi magadh mahajanapad ke nam par
  3. pashchim men bhojapuri.
  • prachin mithila bhoomi, vartaman tirahut men boli jane vali maithili, vidvanon ke dvara prayukt hone ke karan vikhyat thi aur ab bhi isake aprachalit bhasha shastriy svaroop vidyaman hain. yah apane sahity ke lie vikhyat hai aur 1947 se yah ruchi ka vishay bana hua hai. 'magahi' bhi kahalane vali magadhi ko magadhi prakrit ka adhunik pratinidhi mana jata hai. halanki bhojapuri ka likhit sahity adhik nahin hai, yah apani samriddh maukhik lokagit parnpara ke lie jani jati hai.
  • bhashashastriy drishtikon se bihari bhashaen bangla se snbndhit hain, lekin sanskritik roop se hindi ke sath inaki pahachan hoti hai. adhikansh shikshit biharibhashi log bangla aur hindi bhi janate hain.*hindi pradesh ki yah upabhasha pramukhat: bihar men boli jati hai.
  • bihari ki tinon boliyon ka ek varg banakar unhen 'bihari' nam dene ka shrey griyarsan ko hai.
  • griyarsan ke bhasha - sarvekshan ke anusar bihari bhashaon ke kshetr men usake bolane valon ki snkhya lagabhag 36,239, 967 thi tatha kshetr se bahar lagabhag 940,815.
  • bihari ko 'poorvi bihari' aur 'pashchimi bihar' do bhagon men banta ja sakata hai.
  • poorvi bihari ke antargat maithili aur magahi do boliyan hain, tatha pashchimi bihari men keval ek bhojapuri.
  • griyarsan ke anusar 'magahi' 'maithili' se itani milati- julati hai ki use 'maithili' ki ek upaboli mana ja sakata hai.
  • daau. chatarji in tinon boliyon ko ek varg men rakhane paksh men nahin hain. unake anusar bhojapuri shesh do maithili aur magahi se itani bhinn hai ki use in donon ke sath rakhana samichin nahin kaha ja sakata.*bihari ki boliyon men sahity- rachana pramukhat: keval maithili men huee hai.
  • bihari ki utpatti pashchimi magadhi apabhrnsh se hai.*bihari ke kshetr men likhane ke lie pramukhat: nagari, kaithi, maithili, mahajani tatha gaunat: bangla lipi[2] evn udiya lipiyon [3] ka prayog hota hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani

  1. tirahutiya
  2. bngal- bihar ki sima par
  3. udisa - bihar ki sima par

snbndhit lekh