राष्ट्रभाषा  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rashtrabhasha rashtr dvara manyataprapt bhasha jo ek desh ki snskriti ka abhinn hissa hoti hai, jise sampoorn rashtr men bhasha karyon men (jaise likhana, padhana aur vartalap) ke lie pramukhata se prayog men laya jata hai. vah bhasha jisamen rashtr ke kam kie jaen. rashtr ke kamadham ya sarakari kamakaj ke liye svikrit bhasha hi rashtrabhasha kahalati hai. any shabdon men 'rashtrabhasha' vah bhasha hai, jise rashtr ke samagr nagarik any bhasha bhashi hote hue bhi janate samajhate hon aur usaka vyavahar karate hon. mahatma gandhi ji ki adhyakshata men 1918 men indaur men 'hindi sahity sammelan' ayojit hua aur usi men parit ek prastav ke dvara hindi rashtrabhasha mani gayi. is prastav ke svikrit hone ke bad dakshin bharat men hindi ke prachar prasar ke liye dakshin bharat hindi prachar sabha ki bhi sthapana huee jisaka mukhyalay madras men tha.[1]

itihas

1947 men ajadi milane ke bad jab bharatiy snvidhan lagoo hua to usake anuchchhed 343 ke dvara bharatiy sngh ki bhasha hindi aur lipi devanagari nirdharit ki gayi parantu snvidhan lagoo hone ke varsh 1950 se 15 varsh tak ki avadhi 1965 tak ke liye sngh ki bhasha ke roop men angrezi ka prayog kiya ja sakata tha. bharatiy snsad ko yah adhikar diya gaya tha ki vah chahe to sngh ki bhasha ke roop men angrezi ke prayog ki avadhi ko badha sakati thi. varsh 1963 men snsad men rajabhasha adhiniyam 1963 parit karate huye yah vyavastha kar di thi ki 1971 tak bharatiy sngh ke roop men angreji bhasha ka upayog hota rahega. kalantar men 1971 ki kalavadhi samapt kar anishchitakal ke liye is vyavastha ko lagoo kiya gaya. snvidhan ke anuchchhed 344 ke dvara 22 bhashaon ko rajabhasha ki manyata pradan ki gayi hai. jinake nam is prakar hai:-

  1. asamiya
  2. bangla
  3. gujarati
  4. hindi
  5. kannad
  6. kashmiri
  7. konkani
  8. malayalam
  9. manipuri
  10. marathi
  11. nepali
  12. udiya
  13. pnjabi
  14. snskrit
  15. sindhi
  16. tamil
  17. urdoo
  18. telugu
  19. bodo
  20. dogari
  21. maithili
  22. snthali.
  • sanh 2001 ki janaganana ke anusar, lagabhag 25.79 karod bharatiy hindi ka upayog matribhasha ke roop men karate hain.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. gandhiji ki adhyakshata men hindi sahity sammalen ka 8van adhiveshan san 1918 men (hindi) sarv seva sngh prakashan vashri madhyabharat hindi sahity samiti, indaur. abhigaman tithi: 4 joon, 2015.

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