पिंगल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg pingal ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- pingal (bahuvikalpi)

pingal namak ek bhasha-shaili ka janm poorvi rajasthan men, braj kshetriy bhasha-shaili ke upakaranon ko grahan karate hua tha. is bhasha men charan parnpara ke shreshth sahity ki rachana huee. rajasthan ke anek charan kaviyon ne is nam ka ullekh kiya hai.

udbhav

daau. chatarji ke anusar 'avah' hi rajasthan men 'pingal' nam se khyat thi. daau. tesitori ne rajasthan ke poorvi bhag ki bhasha ko 'pingal apabhrnsh' nam diya. unake anusar is bhasha se snbnddh kshetr men mevati, jayapuri, alavi adi boliyan mani hain. poorvi rajasthan men, braj kshetriy bhasha shaili ke upakaranon ko grahan karati huee, pingal namak ek bhasha-shaili ka janm hua, jisamen charan- parnpara ke shreshth sahity ki rachana huee.

'pingal' shabd

'pingal' shabd rajasthan aur braj ke sammilit kshetr men vikasit aur charanon men prachalit braji ki ek shaili ke lie prayukt hua hai. pingal ka snbndh shauraseni apabhrnsh aur usake madhyavarti kshetr se hai. soorajamal ne isaka kshetr dilli aur gvaliyar ke bich mana hai. is prakar pichhe rajasthan se is shabd ka anivary lagav nahin raha. yah shabd 'brajabhasha vachak ho gaya. guru govind sinh ke vichitr natak men bhasha pingal di kathan milata hai. isase isaka brajabhasha se abhed spasht ho jata hai.

brajabhasha ka prabhav

'pingal' aur 'dingal' donon hi shailiyon ke nam hain, bhashaon ke nahin. 'dingal' isase kuchh bhinn bhasha-shaili thi. yah bhi charanon men hi vikasit ho rahi thi. isaka adhar pashchimi rajasthani boliyan pratit hoti hai. 'pingal' snbhavatah 'dingal' ki apeksha adhik parimarjit thi aur is par 'brajabhasha' ka adhik prabhav tha. is shaili ko 'avahatth' aur 'rajasthani' ke mishran se utpann bhi mana ja sakata hai. 'prithviraj raso' jaisi rachanaon ne is shaili ka gaurav badhaya.

kavy shaili

'raso' ki bhasha ko itihasakaron ne 'braj' ya 'pingal' mana hai. vastav men 'pingal' brajabhasha par adharit ek kavy shaili thi. yah janabhasha nahin thi. isamen rajasthani aur pnjabi ka put hai. ojapoorn shaili ki drishti se prakrit ya apabhrnsh roopon ka bhi mishran isamen kiya gaya hai. is shaili ka nirman to prakrit paingalam (12vin-13vin shati) ke samay ho gaya tha, par isaka prayog charan bahut pichhe ke samay tak karate rahe. is shaili men videshi shabd bhi prayukt hote the. is parnpara men kee raso grnth ate hain. bad ke samay men pingal shaili bhakti sahity men snkramit ho gee. is sthiti men ojapoorn sndarbhon ki vishesh snrachana ke bhag hokar athava poorvakalin bhasha sthiti ke avashisht ke roop men jo apabhrnsh ke dvitv ya any roop milate the, unamen hras hone laga.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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