अर्ध मागधी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ardhamagadhi prachin kal men magadh ki bhasha thi. magadhi aur shauraseni prakriton ka vah mishrit roop, jo kaushal men prachalit tha. mahavir aur buddh ke samay men yahi kaushal ki lok-bhasha thi, atah isi men unake dharmopadesh bhi hue the. lokabhasha hone ke karan yah asani se stri, balak, vriddh aur anapadh logon ki samajh men a sakati thi. age chalakar mahavir ke shishyon ne ardhamagadhi men mahavir ke upadeshon ka sngrah kiya jo agam nam se prasiddh hue. samay-samay par jain agamon ki tin vachanaen hueen. antim vachana mahaviranirvan ke 1,000 varsh bad, eesavi sanh‌ ki chhathi shatabdi ke arnbh men, devardhigani kshamakshaman ke adhinayakatv men valabhi (vala, kathiyavad) men huee jab jain agam vartaman roop men lipibaddh kie ge. isi bich jain agamon men bhasha aur vishay ki drishti se anek parivartan hue, jo svabhavik tha. in parivartanon ke hone par bhi acharang, sootrakritang, uttaradhyayan, dashaivakalik adi jain agam paryapt prachin aur mahatvapoorn hain. ye agam shvetanbar jain parnpara dvara hi many hain, dignbar jainon ke anusar ye lupt ho ge hain. maury samrat ashok ke poorvi shilalekh bhi isi bhasha men ankit hue the. ajakal ki poorvi hindi arthath avadhi, bagheli, chhattisagadhi adi boliyan isi se nikali hai.[1]ardhamagadhi shabd ka kee tarah se arth kiya jata hai:-

  1. jo bhasha magadh ke adhe bhag men boli jati ho,
  2. jisamen magadhi bhasha ke kuchh lakshan pae jate hon, jaise pulling men prathama ke ekavachan men ekarant roop ka hona (jaise dhamme).
  • hemachndr achary ne ardhamagadhi ko arsh prakrit kaha hai.
  • arddh magadhi ki sthiti magadhi aur shauraseni prakriton ke bich hai. isalie usamen donon ki visheshataen payi jati hain.
  • is bhasha ka mahatv jain sahity ke karan adhik hai.
  • agamon ke uttarakalin jain sahity ki bhasha ko ardhamagadhi n kahakar prakrit kaha gaya hai. isase yahi siddh hota hai ki us samay magadh ke bahar bhi jain dharm ka prachar ho gaya tha.
  • bhashavigyan ki paribhasha men ardhamagadhi madhy bharatiy ary parivar ki bhasha hai, is parivar ki bhashaen prakrit kahi jati hain.
  • ardh magadhi men ‘rh’ evn ‘lh’ donon ka prayog hota hai. isamen danty ka moordhany ho jata hai- sthit > thip.
  • is bhasha men shh, shh, sh men se keval sh ka prayog hota hai tatha anek sthanon par sparsh vynjanon ka lop hone par ‘y’ shruti ka agam ho jata hai. sagar > sayar / krit > kayn . is niyam ka apavad hai ki ‘gh’ vynjan ka samanyatah lop nahin hota.
  • ardh-magadhi men karta karak ek vachan ke roopon ki siddhi magadhi ke saman ekarant tatha shauraseni ke saman okarant donon prakar se hoti hai.
  • madhy bharatiy ary parivar ki bhasha hone ke karan ardhamagadhi snskrit aur adhunik bharatiy bhashaon ke bich ki ek mahatvapoorn kadi hai.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. arddh magadhi (hindi) bharatiy sahity sngrah. abhigaman tithi: 22 julaee, 2014.
  2. hindi vishvakosh, khand 1 |prakashak: nagari pracharini sabha, varanasi |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 244 |

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