मध्य प्रदेश  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

India-flag.gif
madhy pradesh
Madhya-pradesh-map.jpg
rajadhani bhopal
sthapana 1 navnbar, 1956
janasnkhya 6,03,48,000[1]
· ghanatv 196[1] /varg kimi
kshetraphal 3,08,000
bhaugolik nirdeshank 23.17°N 77.21°E
zile 50
bade nagar indaur, jabalapur, gvaliyar
ling anupat 920:933[1] ♂/♀
saksharata 64.1[1]%
· stri 50.6%
· purush 76.5%
rajyapal anndibaee patel
mukhyamntri shivaraj sinh chauhan[1]
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎
Madhya-Pradesh-Seal.gif

madhh‍y pradesh (angrezi: Madhya Pradesh) kshetraphal ki drishti se bharat ka doosara sabase bada rajh‍y hai. bhaugolik drishti se yah desh men kenh‍driy sh‍than rakhata hai. isaki rajadhani bhopal hai. madhy ka arth bich men hai, madhy pradesh ki bhaugolik sthiti bharatavarsh ke madhy arthath bich men hone ke karan is pradesh ka nam madhy pradesh diya gaya, jo kabhi 'madhy bharat' ke nam se jana jata tha. madhy pradesh hriday ki tarah desh ke thik madhh‍y men sthit hai.

itihas

madhy pradesh men bharatiy aitihasik snskriti ke anek avashesh, jinamen pashan chitr aur patthar v dhatu ke auzar shamil hain, nadiyon, ghatiyon aur any ilaqon men mile hain. vartaman madhy pradesh ka sabase prarambhik astitvaman rajy avnti tha, jisaki rajadhani ujjain thi. madhy pradesh ke pashchimi bhag men sthit yah rajy maury samrajy (chauthi se tisari shatabdi ee. poo.) ka ang tha, jo bad men malava ke nam se jana gaya.

udayagiri ki guphaen, vidisha

doosari shatabdi ee. poo. se solahavin shatabdi tak madhy pradesh par poorvi malava ke shasak shung (185 se 73 ee. poo.), andhr ke satavahan, pahali ya tisari shatabdi ee. poo. se tisari shatabdi tak, kshatrap doosari se chauthi shatabdi tak, nag doosari se chauthi shatabdi ne rajy kiya. madhy pradesh ki narmada nadi ke uttar men gupt samrajy ka shasan tha. yah hoonon aur kalachuriyon ke satta sngharsh ka sthal raha, bad men malava par kalachuriyon ne kuchh samay ke lie adhikar kiya. chhathi shatabdi ke men uttari bharat ke shasak harsh ne malava par adhikar kar liya.

10vin shatabdi men kalachuri phir shaktishali ho ge. unake samakalin the- dhar ke paramar, gvaliyar men kachhavaha aur jhansi se 160 kilomitar dakshin-pashchim men khajuraho men chndel. bad men tomaron ne gvaliyar aur janajatiy gondon ne shasan kiya. 11vin shatabdi men musalamanon ke akraman shuroo hue. gvaliyar ki hindoo riyasat ko 1231 ee. men sultan shamsuddin iltutamish ne dilli men mila liya. 14vin shatabdi men khilaji sultanon ne malava ko barabad kiya. isake bad mugal shasak akabar (1556-1605) ne ise mugal samrajy men mila liya. 18vin shatabdi ke prarambh men maratha shakti ne malava par adhikar kiya aur 1760 ee. tak ek bada bhoobhag, jo ab madhy pradesh hai, marathon ke shasan men a gaya. 1761 ee. men peshava ki parajay ke sath hi gvaliyar men sindhiya aur dakshin-pashchim men indaur men holkar rajavnsh ka shasan sthapit hua.

  • indaur ki rani ahilyabaee holkar, gond ki maharani kamalapati aur rani durgavati adi kuchh mahanh mahila shasakon ne apane uth‍krishh‍t shasan ke lie bharatiy itihas men apana nam sh‍varnaksharon men likhava liya.
  • madhh‍y pradesh ki sh‍thapana 1 navnbar, 1956 ko huee thi.
  • naya rajh‍y chhattisagadh banane ke lie hue vibhajan ke bad yah apane vartaman sh‍varoop men 1 navnbar, 2000 ko astith‍v men aya.
  • madhh‍y pradesh ke uttar men uttar pradesh, poorv men chhattisagadh tatha pashchim men rajasthan aur gujarat, dakshin men maharashtr hai.
  • madhy pradesh men narmada ki ghati men navadatoli ki khudaee 1957-1958 men ki gayi thi. navadatoli indaur se dakshin ki or 60 mil ki doori par sthit hai. yahan ke nivasi gol, ayatakar ya vargakar jhonpadiyan banate the v unamen nivas kiya karate the.

bharatiy svatntrata andolan men yogadan

bharatiy svatntrata andolan men madhy pradesh ke anek svatntrata senaniyon ne yogadan diya hai jisamen se pramukh hain- annt lakshman kanhere, thakur nirnjan sinh, brijalal viyani, pyarelal khandelaval adi. ·

bhoogol

yah bharat ka sabase vishal rajy hai, jo desh ke kul kshetraphal ka lagabhag 10 pratishat, 3,08,000 varg kilomitar se bhi adhik men phaila hua hai. chhattisagadh ke nirman ke lie isake uttari zilon ko alag karane ke bad madhy pradesh ki rajanitik sima ka varsh 2000 men pun:nirdharan kiya gaya. yah pradesh charon taraph se uttar pradesh, jharakhand, maharashtr, rajasthan, gujarat, bihar aur chhattisagadh ki simaon se ghira hua hai.

bhoosnrachana

madhy pradesh 100 se 1200 mitar ki oonchaee par hai. rajy ke uttari bhag ki bhoomi uttar ki or uthati hai. dakshini bhag pashchim ki or oopar uthata hai. parvat shrinkhalaon men pashchim v uttar men 457 mitar tak oonchi vindhy v kaimoor parvat shrinkhala aur dakshin men 914 mitar se bhi adhik oonchi satapuda v mahadev parvat shrinkhalaen hain. dakshin-madhy pradesh men pnchamadhi ke samip sthit dhoopagadh shikhar (1350 mitar) rajy ka sabase ooncha shikhar hai. vindhy parvat shrinkhala ke pashchimottar men malava ka pathar (lagabhag 457 se 609 mitar) hai. malava ka pathar vidhy parvat shrinkhala se uttar ki or hai. malava ke pathar ke poorv men bundelakhnd ka pathar sthit hai, jo uttar pradesh ke gnga ke maidan men jakar mil jata hai.

kshetraphal

madhh‍y pradesh 30, 8,000 varg kilomitar ke kshetraphal ke sath bharat ka doosara bada rajy hai.

jalavayu

madhy pradesh ki jalavayu manasoon par nirbhar karati hai. grishm ritu garm v shushk hoti hai aur garm havaen chalati hain. rajy ka ausat tapaman 29 digri se. rahata hai. kuchh bhagon men tapaman 48 digri se. tak pahunch jata hai. sardiyan khushanuma aur shushk hoti hain. disambar aur janavari men samuchit varsha hoti hai, jisaka sambandh rajy ke pashchimottar bhag men hone vale ushnakatibndhiy vikshobh se hai. ausat varshik varsha 1,117 mi.mi. hoti hai. samanyatah pashchim aur uttar ki or varsha ki matra 60 inch, poorv men isase adhik aur pashchim men 32 inch tak ghatati jati hai. chnbal ghati men har sal varsha ka ausat 30 inch se kam rahata hai.

arthavyavastha

krishi

rajasthan aur uttar pradesh ke sath milakar 'chnbal' rajy ki uttari sima banata hai. isaki ghati ki bhoomi oobad-khabad hai. madhy pradesh ki mitti ko do bhagon men banta ja sakata hai-

  1. kali mitti- yah malava ke pathar ke dakshini bhag, narmada ghati aur satapuda ke kuchh bhagon men milati hai. isamen chikani mitti ka kuchh ansh rahata hai, bhari varsha ya badh ke pani se sinchaee se kali mitti jalavaruddh ho jati hai.
  2. lal-pili mitti- isamen kuchh matra baloo ki rahati hai. yah shesh madhy pradesh men paee jati hai.

krishi rajh‍y ki arthavh‍yavash‍tha ka mukhy adhar hai. rajh‍y ki 74.73 pratishat abadi gramin kshetron men rahati hai aur kheti par hi nirbhar hai. rajh‍y ki lagabhag 49 pratishat zamin kheti yogh‍y hai. 2004-2005 men shuddh buvaee kshetr 1247 lakh hekh‍teyar ke lagabhag tha aur anaj ka kul uth‍padan 14.10 karod mitrik tan raha. gehoon, chaval, dalahan jaisi pramukh fasalon ka uth‍padan bhi achh‍chha raha. 20 zilon men 'rashh‍triy bagavani mishan' kriyanvit kiya gaya hai. bagavani aur khady prasnsh‍karan vibhag nam se alag vibhag ka gathan kiya gaya hai. krishi yogy bhoomi chnbal, malava ka pathar aur reva ke pathar men milati hain. nadi dvara bahakar laee gee jalodh mitti se dhaki narmada ghati upajaoo ilaqa hai. madhy pradesh ki krishi ki visheshata krishi ki paramparagat paddhati ka upayog hai. krishi yogy bhoomi ka keval 15 pratishat bhag hi sinchit hai, rajy ki krishi varsha par nirbhar hai aur bahudha krishakon ko sookhe v lal-pili mitti ke karan nami ki kam matra ka samana karana padata hai. madhy pradesh men hone vali sinchaee mukhyatah naharon, kuon, ganvon ke talabon aur jhilon se hoti hai.
pramukh fasalen chaval, gehoon, jvar, dalahan (chana, sem aur masoor jaisi phaliyan) aur moongaphali hain. adhik varsha vale kshetr men mukhyatah chaval ugaya jata hai. pashchimi madhy pradesh men gehoon aur jvar adhik hota hai. any fasalon men alasi, til, ganna aur pahadi kshetron men ugaya jane vala jvar-bajara pramukh hai. rajy afim, mndasaur zile men aur marijuana, dakshini-pashchimi khandava zile men, ka utpadak rajy hai. madhy pradesh men pashu palan aur kukkut palan mahattvapoorn hain. desh ke kul pashudhan (gay, bhains aur bhed aur sooar) ka lagabhag satavan bhag is rajy men hai.

udyog aur khanij

madhh‍y pradesh ne ilekh‍traaunikh‍s, doorasnchar, motaravahanon, soochana praudyogiki adi uchh‍ch takaniki udyogon ke kshetr men pravesh kar liya hai. doorasnchar pranaliyon ke lie yah rajh‍y aauptikal phaibar ka uth‍padan kar raha hai. indaur ke pas pithamapur men badi snkhh‍ya men motar vahan udyog sh‍thapit hue hai. rajh‍y men sarvajanik kshetr ke pramukh udyog hai - bhopal men 'bharat haivi ilektrikalh‍s li.', hoshngabad men 'sikh‍yoriti pepar mil', devas men not chhapane ki pres, nepanagar men akhabari kagaz ki mil aur nimach ki alh‍kalaauyad phaikh‍tri.

  • gat varsh rajh‍y men siment ka uth‍padan 12.49 lakh mitrik tan hua.
  • pithamapur men jalh‍di hi ek malavahak viman parisar sh‍thapit kiya ja raha hai.
  • bharat sarakar indaur men vishesh arthik kshetr sh‍thapit kar rahi hai. samagr arthik vikas niti lagoo kar prath‍yaksh videshi nivesh ko proth‍sahit kiya ja raha hai. rajh‍y ne nivesh ko akarshit karane ke lie akarshak chhoot dene ke lie audyogik proth‍sa‍han niti ki ghoshana ki hai. ab tak udyog lagane ki ichh‍chha zahir karane vale 5200 karod rupaye ke nivesh prash‍tav praph‍t hue hai.
  • sagar zile ke bina men kafi samay se lnbit 10,300 karod rupaye ki lagat vali oman bina telashodhak pariyojana taiyar hai.
  • bharat sarakar ne dhar zile ke pithamapur men ek rashh‍triy aautomotiv parikshan, anusndhan tatha vikas pariyojana ko mnjoori de di hai.
  • rajh‍y sarakar ne soochana praudyogiki ke kshetr men niji nivesh ko badhava dene ke lie ek nee soochana praudyogiki niti lagoo ki hai.

khanij uth‍padan ke kshetr men rajh‍y ka vishishh‍t sh‍than hai. varsh 2005-06 men 5312.65 karod rupaye ke khanijon ka uth‍padan hua. rajh‍y men 21 tarah ke khanij nikale jate hain. 2006 men dolomait ka uth‍padan 128 hazar mitrik tan, hire ka uth‍padan 44149 hazar kairet aur choona path‍thar ka 25865 hazar mitrik tan, baaukh‍sait ka uth‍padan 87 hazar miliyan mitrik tan, tamr ayash‍k ka uth‍padan 1706 hazar miliyan mitrik tan aur koyale ka uth‍padan 54000 hazar miliyan mitrik tan raha. yah rajh‍y chnderi aur maheshh‍var ke parnparik hash‍tashilh‍p aur hathakaraghe se bane kapadon ke lie prasiddh hai. madhy pradesh ke mndasaur zile men avasthit hingalajagadh paramar moortikala ke vishisht kendr ke roop men prasiddh hai.

sinchaee aur bijali

madhy pradesh men kuchh mahattvapoorn nadiyon ka udgam hota hai-

  1. narmada
  2. tapti (tapi)
  3. mahanadi
  4. venagnga (godavari ki sahayak nadi)
  5. bahut si jaladharaen yamuna aur gnga ki sahayak nadiyon ke roop men uttar ki or bahati hain.
  6. any nadiyon men yamuna ki sahayak nadiyan—banas, betava v ken aur son (gnga ki sahayak nadi) ati hain.

madhh‍y pradesh men nimh‍n sh‍tar ka koyala prachur matra men hota hai, jo bijali uth‍padan ke anukool hai. panabijali uth‍padan ki bhi yahan apar kshamata hai. yahan rajh‍y men varsh 2005-2006 men vidyut uth‍padan ki kul sh‍thapit kshamata 7934.85 megavat thi. yahan 902.5 megavat bijali uth‍padan kshamata ke ath panabijali kendr hai. rajh‍y ke 51,806 men se 50,475 ganvon men bijali pahunch chuki hai.

vikas ki pahal

madhh‍y pradesh gramin rozagar yojana 18 zilon men lagoo ki gee hai. is yojana ko lagoo karane men madhh‍y pradesh pratham par hai. rajh‍y bagavani uth‍padan aur uth‍padakata ko badhane ke lie rashh‍triy bagavani mishan shuroo kiya gaya hai.

parivahan

sadaken

madhh‍y pradesh men sadakon ki kul lnbaee 73311 kilomitar hai. rashh‍triy rajamargo ki lnbaee 4280 ki.mi aur prantiy rajamargo ki lnbaee 8729 kimi hai. rajh‍y men sadakon ke nirman tatha sudhar ka kary bade paimane par kiya ja raha hai tatha lagabhag 60 hazar kimi sadakon ka nirman tatha sudhar ka kary kiya jaega. varsh 2005 ko ‘sadakon ka varsh’ ke roop men manaya gaya. is dauran prath‍yek mah ek mahath‍vapoorn sadak ka nirman kary poora kiya gaya.

madhy pradesh ka manachitr
relave

uttar bharat ko dakshin bharat se jodane vala pramukh relamarg madhh‍y pradesh se hokar gujarata hain. rajh‍y men bhopal, bina, gvaliyar, indaur, itarasi, jabalapur, katani, ratalam aur ujjain mukhh‍y jnkh‍shan hai. relave ke kshetriy mukhh‍yalay bhopal, ratalam aur jabalapur men hai. rajy se guzarane vala pramukh relamarg moolatah chennee , munbee, aur kolakata bndaragahon ko rajy ke bhitari pradesh se jodane ke lie banaya gaya tha.

vayumarg

madhy pradesh rajy bharat ke any bhagon se bhopal, gvaliyar, indaur, jabalapur, riva aur khajuraho men sthit havaee addon v bahut se rashtriy rajamargon dvara bhi juda hua hai.

shiksha

teknokretas instityoot aauf teknolaauji, bhopal

2001 ki ganana ke anusar rajy men saksharata badhi hai. 1991 ke 44.67 pratishat ki tulana men saksharata dar badhakar 64.11 pratishat ho gee hai. yahan prathamik, madhyamik v uchch shiksha ke vidyalay aur sath hi paliteknik, audyogik kala tatha shilp vidyalay hain. madhy pradesh men kee vishvavidyalay hain. inamen sabase purane aur vikhyat sagar aur ujjain hain. jabalapur men ek krishi vishvavidyalay bhi hai. bhopal men patrakarita aur jan-sampark shiksha snsthan bhi hai.

janajivan

bhasha

hindi rajakiy aur sabase adhik boli jane vali bhasha hai. poorvi hindi, avadhi v bagheli boliyon ka pratinidhitv karati hai aur baghelakhnd, satapuda v narmada ghati men boli jati hai. bundeli pashchimi hindi ki boli hai aur madhy pradesh ke madhyavarti v pashchimottar zilon men boli jati hai. bhil, bhili aur gond, gondi bolate hain. bolane valon ki snkhya ke hisab se doosari sabase badi mahattvapoorn bhasha marathi hai. urdoo, udiya, gujarati aur pnjabi bolane vale log bhi yahan par kafi snkhya men hain. isake alava telugu, bangla, tamil aur malayalam bhi boli jati hai.

janasnkhya

rajy ki kul janasnkhya 60,385,118 aur ausat janasnkhya ghanatv bharat ke kisi bhi rajy ki tulana men sabase kam hai. 1 march 2001 ki janaganana ke anusar madhy pradesh ki janasnkhya lagabhag 60,385,118 hai. pichhali janaganana ki tulana men 24.34 pratishat ki vriddhi hai. madhy pradesh desh ke rajyon aur kendr shasit pradeshon men janasnkhya ki drishti se satavan sthan rakhata hai. 1991 ke ling anupat (prati hazar purushon men mahilaon ki snkhya) 912 ki apeksha ajakal ling anupat 920 ho gaya hai. adhikansh log hindoo hain, halanki musalamanon, jainiyon, eesaeeyon aur bauddhon ki abadi bhi snkhya ke hisab se mahattvapoorn hai. yahan par sikkh bhi janasnkhya ka chhota sa hissa hain.

van snpada

madhy pradesh ke kuchh hi pratishat hisse men sthayi charagah ya ghas ke maidan hain. pramukh van kshetron men vindhy parvat shrinkhala, kaimoor ki pahadiyan, satapuda parvat shrinkhala, baghelakhnd ka pathar aur dndakarany kshetr shamil hai. mahattvapoorn vriksh sagaun, sal, bans, salaee evn tendoopatta hain. salaee se nikalane vala lisa agarabatti aur aushadhi banane ke kam ata hai. tendoo ke patte bidi banane ke kam ate hain, jisake prasiddh kendr jabalapur aur sagar hain. jngalon men jngali pashu bhare pade hain. jaise bagh, tendua, jngali sand, chital, bhaloo, jngali bhainsa, sanbhar aur kala hiran. pakshiyon ki bhi bahut si prajatiyan yahan par hain.

rashtriy udyan aur vany jiv abhayarany

rajy men anek rashtriy udyan aur vany jiv abhayarany hai.

  1. kanha rashtriy udyan
  2. madhav neshanal udyan
  3. panh‍na neshanal udyan
  4. karera pakshi abhayaranh‍y
  5. bori vanh‍y jivan abhayaranh‍y
  6. chnbal abhayarany
  • vanon ki suraksha aur vikas ke lie, rajy sarakar ne bahut si van samitiyan asapas ke graminon ko sajhedaron ke taur par jodane ke lie gathit ki hai.

sanskritik jivan

deli kaaulej, indaur

madhy pradesh men anek mandir, qile v gufaen hain, jinamen kshetr ke poorv itihas aur sthaniy rajavnshon v rajyon, donon ke aitihasik adhyayan ki drishti se romanchak praman milate hain. yahan ke prarambhik smarakon men se ek satana ke pas bharahut ka stoop (lagabhag 175 ee.poo.) hai, jisake avashesh ab kolakata ke rashtriy sngrahalay men rakhe hain. aise hi ek smarak, sanchi ke stoop (vidisha se lagabhag 13 kimi. dakshin-pashchim men) ko moolat: 265 se 238 ee.poo. men samrat ashok ne banavaya tha. bad men shung rajaon ne is stoop men aur bhi kam karavaya. bauddh vishayon par adharit chitron se susajjit mahoo ke samip sthit bagh gufaen visheshakar ullekhaniy hain. vidisha ke samip udayagiri ki gufaen (bauddh aur jain math) chattan katakar banae ge vastushilp aur kala ka udaharan prastut karati hain.

prasiddhi

shrringarik kala ke lie vishv bhar men prasiddh khajuraho ke mandir rajy ke uttar men chhatarapur zile men sthit hain; 1000 ee. se banana shuroo hue in mandiron ka nirman chandel rajaon ne karavaya tha. gvaliyar aur usake asapas ke mandir bhi ullekhaniy hain. mandoo (dhar ke samip) ke mahal aur masjid, 14vin shatabdi men nirmit bandhavagadh ka adabhut qila aur sambhavat: madhy pradesh ke bhootapoorv kunvaron ke avason men sabase shanadar gvaliyar ka qila vastushilpiy upalabdhiyon ka pratinidhitv karane vale any ullekhaniy udaharan hain. yadyapi madhy pradesh ke logon ne bahari prabhavon ko kamobesh grahan kiya hai lekin unaki kee janajatiy paramparaen jivnt tatha sashakt bani huee hain, aur janajatiy mithakon v lokakathaon ko badi snkhya men surakshit rakha gaya hai. pradhan (gondon ke bhat) ab bhi gond janajati ke pauranik adi purush lingo-pen ki anushrut vir gathaon ko gate hain. mahabharat ki samatuly gondon ki pndavani hai, jabaki ramayan ka gond samatuly lachhamanajati dntakatha hai. apane mool ke sambandh men har janajati ke apane mithak aur dntakathaen hain. inake apane janmotsav tatha vivah ke git hain, aur vibhinn nrity shailiyon ki sngat unake ganon ke ki jati hai. lokakathaen, paheliyan aur lokoktiyan inaki sanskritik virasat ki visheshataen hain.

khajuraho, madhy pradesh

sanskritik karyakram

rajy men har sal kee jane-mane sanskritik karyakram hote hain, jaise ujjain ka kalidas samaroh (pradarshy kalaon aur lalit kalaon ke lie), gvaliyar ka tanasen samaroh (gayan) aur khajuraho ka nrity mahotsav, jisamen bharat bhar ke kalakar shamil hote hain.
pnchamadhi jhil
bhopal men ek bejod sanskritik bhavan bharat bhavan hai, jo vibhinn kshetron ke kalakaron ke milan sthal ka kam karata hai. bhopal tal ke samip sthit is bhavan men ek sngrahalay, ek pustakalay, ek muktakashi rngamnch aur bahut se sammelan parisar hain. mndasaur aur ujjain men mahattvapoorn varshik dharmik mele lagate hain.
th‍yohar

madhh‍y pradesh men kee th‍yohar aur uth‍sav manae jate hain.

  • adivasiyon ka ek mahath‍vapoorn th‍yohar 'bhagoriya' hai, jo pnraparagat harsholh‍las se manaya jata hai.
  • khajuraho, bhojapur, pnchamadhi aur ujjain men shivaratri ke parv ke dauran sh‍thaniy parnparaon ka rng dikhaee deta hai.
  • chitrakoot aur orachha men ramanavami parv ke ayojan ki anokhi parnpara hai. orachha, malava aur pachamadhi ke uth‍savon men kala aur snskriti ka bada sundar mel dikhaee deta hai.
  • gvaliyar ke 'tanasen sngit samaroh', maihar ke 'ush‍tad alauddin khan sngit samaroh', ujjain ke 'kalidas samaroh' aur 'khajurahon ke nrith‍y samaroh' madhh‍y pradesh ke kuchh prasiddh kala uth‍sav hain.
  • jabalapur men sngamaramar ki chattanon ke lie mashahoor bhedaghat men is varsh se varshik 'narmada uth‍sav' ki shuruat ki gee hai.
  • shivapuri men is varsh se shivapuri uth‍sav shuroo kiya gaya hai.

paryatan sh‍thal

  1. pnchamadhi ka adbhut saundary, madhy pradesh ka ekamatr hil steshan hai.
  2. bhedaghat ki chamachamati sngamaramari chattane aur dhuandhar jalaprapaton ka shor,
  3. kanha rashtriy udyan, jahan anoothe barasinge rahate hain,
  4. bandhavagadh rashtriy udyan jahan pragaitihasik guphaen aur vanh‍y jivan hai.

ye sab rajh‍y ke pramukh akarshan hain. gvaliyar, mandoo, datiya, chnderi, jabalapur, orachha, rayasen, sanchi, vidisha, udayagiri, bhimabetaka, indaur aur bhopal aitihasik mahath‍v ke sh‍thal hain. maheshh‍var, onkareshvar, ujjain, chitrakoot aur amarakntak aise sh‍than hain, jahan akar tirthayatriyon ke man ko shanti milati hai. khajuraho ke mndir vishh‍v men anoothe hain. isake alava orachha, bhojapur aur udayapur ke mndir itihas men ruchi rakhane vale logon aur shraddhaluon ko akarshit karate hain. satana, sanchi, vidisha, gvaliyar, indaur, mndasaur, ujjain, rajagadh, bhopal, jabalapur, riva aur anh‍y anek sh‍thanon ke sngrahalayon men puratath‍viy mahath‍v ke bhndaron ko snrakshit rakha gaya hai. maheshh‍var, onkareshh‍var tatha amarakntak ko unake dharmik mahath‍v ke anusar samagr vikas ke lie pavitr shahar ghoshit kiya gaya hai. burahanapur ko ne paryatan kendr ke roop men vikasit kiya ja raha hai.

madhy pradesh se snbndhit pramukh vyaktitv

madhy pradesh se snbndhit prachin kal ki jani-mani hastiyan[2]
nam snkshipt parichay chitr
tanasen bharatiy shastriy sngit ke ek pratipadak the. ve gvaliyar se the, tatha raja akabar ke darabar ke navaratnon men shamil the. prasiddh krishn-bhakt svami haridas inake diksha-guru kahe jate hain.
Akbar-Tansen-Haridas.jpg
chhatrasal bundela saradar champataray ke putr aur uttaradhikari ka nam chhatrasal tha. apana svatntr rajy sthapit karane ki asha ke sath usane shivaji ki tarah sahas aur jokhimapoorn jivan bitane ka faisala kiya. raja chhatrasal ne adhi sadi se adhik samay tak nirntar sngharsh kiya aur ant men mugal satta se bundelakhnd ko mukt kiya.
1987-Chhatrasal.jpg
ahilyabaee holkar maheshvar ki maharani, ek samaj sudharak aur vikhyat prashasak, jo sundar ghaton ke nirman ke lie prasiddh hai. maharani ahilyabaee holkar malhararav holkar ke putr khnderav ki patni thin. ahilyabaee kisi bade rajy ki rani nahin thin lekin apane rajy kal men unhonne jo kuchh kiya vah ashchary chakit karane vala hai.
Ahilyabai-Holkar-Statue-Mathura.jpg
rani durgavati mndala ki chndel rajakumari, jinaka vivah gondavana ke raja dalapat shah ke sath hua. buddhi aur dooradarshita ke sath 16 salon tak gondavana par shasan kiya. sundarata, sahas aur bahaduri ke lie unhe shraddhanjali arpit ki jati hai. virangana maharani durgavati kalinjar ke raja kirtisinh chndel ki ekamatr sntan thin.
Durgavati.jpg
rani lakshmibaee 1857 ke svatntrata sngram ke dauran jhansi ki rani ne angrezon ke khilaf gvaliyar men mahatvapoorn aur antim ladaee ladi thi. gvaliyar ke qile par ladate hue unaki mrityu ho gee.
Rani-Laxmibai-2.jpg
chndrashekhar azad jhabua men janme chandrashekhar azad, british sarakar ke khilaf krantikari gatividhiyon ka ek pratik the tatha 1926 aur 1931 ke bich huee har krantikari gatividhiyon men sakriy roop men shamil the.
Chandrashekhar-Azad.jpg
tantya bhil 1857 ki mahanh kranti ke bad, pashchim nimar ke tantya bhil, british raj se azadi ke lie ladaee ka pratik bane.
pndit ravishnkar shukl avibhajit madhy pradesh ke pratham mukhyamntri ravishnkar shukl'bharatiy rashtriy kangres' ke prasiddh neta tatha svatntrata senani the. pandit ravishnkar shukl ko naye madhy pradesh ke purodha ke roop men smaran kiya jata hai.
Pandit-Ravishankar-Shukla.jpg
shnkar dayal sharma bharat ke nauven rashtrapati, ek vidvanh aur shikshashastri shnkar dayal sharma ka janm bhopal men hua tha. inake pita 'khushilal sharma' ek vaidy the. shnkaradayal sharma madhy pradesh ke pahale aise vyakti rahe, jo apani vidvata, sudirgh rajanitik samajhaboojh, samarpan aur desh-prem ke bal par bharat ke rashtrapati bane.
Shankar-Dayal-Sharma.jpg
vijayaraje sindhiya gvaliyar ke sindhiya rajagharane ki maharani, jani mani rajanitik neta aur samajik karyakarta vijaya raje sindhiya 'bharatiy janata parti' ki prasiddh neta thin. inhen "gvaliyar ki rajamata" ke roop men jana jata tha. vijayaraje sindhiya ka janm 12 aktoobar, 1919 ee. ko sagar ke rana parivar men hua tha.
Vijayaraje-Scindia.jpg
kushabhaoo thakare siddhanton par chalane vale ek utsahi samajik sudharavadi aur madhy pradesh ke rajanitik netaon ke bich ek rajanitigy hasti.
ustad alauddin khan shastriy sngit ke kalakar aur har samay ke behatarin kalakar ke roop men pratishthit. maihar men base ek sarod vadak aur mahanh guru the. alauddin khan ne pndit ravishnkar aur alla rakkha khan ko bhi shastriy sngit sikhaya tha. inhonne sngit ko desh ke bahar poori duniya men prachar-prasar karane ka kam kiya tha.
Ustad-Baba-Allaudin-Khan.jpg
krishn rav pndit gayak, gvaliyar gharane ki gayaki ke pratinidhi.
ustad amir khan indaur ki prakhyat khayal gayaki ke gayak.
bhavani prasad mishr hoshngabad ke gandhivadi darshanik bhavani prasad mishr hindi ke prasiddh kavi hain. mishr ji vicharon, snskaron aur apane karyon se poornat: gandhivadi hain. unaka pratham sngrah 'git-farosh' apani nee shaili, nee udbhavanaon aur naye path-pravah ke karan atynt lokapriy hua.
Bhawani-prasad-mishra.jpg
di. je. joshi indaur ke mahanh adhunik chitrakar.
balakrishn sharma navin shajapur ke svatntrata senani, anubhavi snpadak aur kavi balakrishn sharma 'navin' ka janm 8 disambar, 1897 ee. men gvaliyar rajy ke bhayana namak gram men hua tha. ye hindi jagath ke kavi, gadyakar aur advitiy vakta the.
Balkrishna-Sharma-Navin.jpg
daau. shivamngal sinh suman ujjain ke prakhyat shikshavidh, pragatishil kavi shivamngal sinh suman hindi ke shirsh kaviyon men se ek the. unhen sanh 1999 men bharat sarakar ne sahity evn shiksha ke kshetr men padm bhooshan se sammanit kiya tha.
Shivmangal-singh-suman.jpg
daau. vishnu shridhar vakanakar ujjain ke prasiddh puratatvavidh, kala guru.
pndit makhanalal chaturvedi khndava ke pramukh svatntrata senaniyon men se ek, rashtriy kavi makhanalal chaturvedi saral bhasha aur ojapoorn bhavanaon ke anoothe hindi rachanakar the. ye 'karmavir' rashtriy dainik ke snpadak the. inhonne svatntrata andolan men sakriy roop se bhag liya.
Makahan-Lal-Chaturvedi.gif
kumar gndharv devas ke khayal gayaki ke prakhyat gayak, shastriy sngit ke kshetr men navacharon ke lie jane jate hai. lok sngit ko shastriy se bhi oopar le jane vale kumar ji ne kabir ko jaisa gaya vaisa koee nahin ga sakega.
Kumar-gandharva.jpg
abdul latif khan bhopal ke prasiddh sarngi vadak.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

vithika

bahari kadiyan

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 ABOUT MADHYA PRADESH (angrezi) (ech.ti.em.el) madhy pradesh ki adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 11 mee, 2012.
  2. prachin kal ki janimani hastiyan (hindi) adhikarik vebasait. abhigaman tithi: 22 janavari, 2015.

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