भारत सरकार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bharat sarakar
bharatiy sarakar ka pratik
desh ka nam ripablik aauph indiya; bharat ganarajy
sarakar ka prakar snsadiy sarakar paddhati ke sath samajik prajatantrik ganarajy.
rajadhani dilli
prashasanik prabhag 29 rajy tatha 7 kendr shasit pradesh
azadi 15 agast 1947 (british upaniveshiy shasan se)
snvidhan 26 janavari, 1950 ko lagoo hua.
kanoon pranali bharat ka snvidhan desh ki nyay pranali ka srot hai.
karyapalika shakha bharat ka rashtrapati desh ka pradhan hota hai, jabaki pradhanamntri sarakar pramukh hota hai aur mntriparishadh ki sahayata se shasan chalata hai jo mntrimndal mntralay ka gathan karate hain.
vidhayika shakha bharatiy vidhayika men lokasabha (haus aauf di pipal) aur rajyasabha (rajy parishadh) snsad ke donon sadanon ka gathan karate hain.
nyayapalika shakha bharat ka sarvochch nyayalay bharatiy kanoon vyavastha ka shirsh nikay hai. isake bad any uchch nyayalay aur adhinasth nyayalay ate hain.
rashtriy dhvaj rashtriy dhvaj ayatakar tirnga hai jisamen kesariya oopar hai, bich men safed, aur barabar bhag men niche gahara hara hai. saphed patti ke kendr men gahara nila chakr hai jo saranath men ashok chakr ko darshata hai.
rashtrapati pranab mukharji
uparashtrapati mohammad hamid ansari
pradhanamntri narendr modi
lokasabha 16vin lokasabha
lokasabha adhyaksh sumitra mahajan
mukhy nyayadhish ti. es. thakur
bhashaen bharatiy snvidhan dvara 22 vibhinn bhashaon ko manyata di gee hai, jisamen hindi adhikarik bhasha hai. anuchchhed 343 (3) bharatiy snsad ko vidhi ke adhin karyalayin uddeshyon ke lie angrezi ke upayog ko jari rakhane ka adhikar deta hai.
rashtriy divas 26 janavari (ganatntr divas), 15 agast (svatntrata divas) aur 2 aktoobar (gandhi jaynti)
snbndhit lekh bharat, bharat ek jhalak, rashtriy chihn aur pratik
any janakari varsh 2001 ki janaganana ke anusar 1,028 miliyan desh ki kul janasnkhya men se 80.5 pratishat ke sath hinduon ki adhikanshata hai doosare sthan par 13.4 pratishat ki janasnkhya vale muslim isake bad eesaee, sikh, bauddh, jain aur any ate hain.
bahari kadiyan adhikarik vebasait
adyatan‎

bharat sarakar (angrezi: Government of India) adhikarik taur se snghiy sarakar v amataur se kendriy sarakar ke nam se jana jata hai. yah 29 rajyon tatha 7 kendr shasit pradeshon ke snghiy ikaee jo snyukt rup se bharatiy ganarajy kahalata hai, ki niyntrak pradhikari hai. bharatiy snvidhan dvara sthapit bharat sarakar nee dilli, dilli se kary karati hai. bharat ke nagarikon se snbndhit buniyadi divani aur phaujadari kanoon jaise nagarik prakriya snhita, bharatiy dnd snhita, aparadh prakriya snhita, adi mukhyatah snsad dvara banaya jata hai. sngh aur pratyek rajy sarakar tin angon karyapalika, vidhayika v nyayapalika ke antargat kam karati hai. snghiy aur rajy sarakaron par lagoo kanooni pranali mukhyatah angrezi sajha aur vaidhanik kanoon par adharit hai. bharat kuchh apavadon ke sath antarrashtriy nyayalay ke nyay adhikarita ko svikar karata hai. sthaniy star par pnchayati raj pranali dvara shasan ka vikendrikaran kiya gaya hai.

bharat ka snvidhan

bharat ka snvidhan bharat ko ek sarvabhaumik, samajavadi ganarajy ki upadhi deta hai. bharat ek lokatantrik ganarajy hai, jisaka dvisadanatmak snsad vestaminstar shaili ke snsadiy pranali dvara snchalit hai.

shasan ke mukhy ang

bharat ki shasan vyavastha kendriy aur rajyiy donon siddhanton ka mishran hai. lokasabha, rajyasabha sarvochch nyayalay ki sarvochchata, sngh lok seva ayog ityadi ise ek snghiy dhanche ka roop dete hain to rajyon ke mntrimndal, sthaniy nikayon ki svayatta ityadi jaise tatv ise rajyon se bani shasan vyavastha ki or le jate hain. pratyek rajy ka ek rajyapal hota hai jo rashtrapati dvara 5 varshon ke lie niyukt kiye jate hain. shasan ke mukhy ang nimnalikhit hain-

  1. nyayapalika
  2. vyavasthapika
  3. karyapalika

nyayapalika

bharat ki svatntr nyayapalika ka shirsh sarvochch nyayalay hai, jisaka pramukh pradhan nyayadhish hota hai. sarvochch nyayalay ko apane naye mamalon tatha uchch nyayalayon ke vivadon, donon ko dekhane ka adhikar hai. bharat men 24 uchch nyayalay hain, jinake adhikar aur uttaradayitv sarvochch nyayalay ki apeksha simit hain. nyayapalika aur vyavasthapika ke paraspar matabhed ya vivad ka sulah rashtrapati karata hai.

vyavasthapika

vyavasthapika snsad ko kahate hain jisake do sadan hain - rajyasabha jo uchchasadan kahalata hai aur lokasabha jo nimnasadan kahalata hai. rajyasabha men 245 sadasy hote hain jabaki lokasabha men 552. rajyasabha ke sadasyon ka chunav, apratyaksh vidhi se 6 varshon ke liye hota hai, jabaki lokasabha ke sadasyon ka chunav pratyaksh vidhi se 5 varshon ki avadhi ke liye hota hai. 18 varsh se adhik ayu ke sabhi bharatiy nagarik matadan kar lokasabha ke sadasyon ka chunav karate hain.

karyapalika

karyapalika ke tin ang hain - rashtrapati, uparashtrapati aur mntrimndal. mntrimndal ka pramukh pradhanamntri hota hai. mntrimndal ke pratyek mntri ko snsad ka sadasy hona anivary hai. karyapalika, vyavasthapika se niche hota hai.



panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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