ईसाई  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

eesa masih
Jesus Christ

eesaee dharm ke pravartak eesa masih[1]the, jinaka janm roman samrajy ke gailili prant ke nazarath namak sthan par 6 ee. poo. men hua tha. unake pita jojef ek badhee the tatha mata meri (mariyam) thin. ve donon 'yahoodi' the. eesaee shastron ke anusar meri ko usake mata-pita ne devadasi ke roop men mandir ko samarpit kar diya tha. eesaee vishvason ke anusar eesa masih ke meri ke garbh men agaman ke samay meri kunvari thi. isilie meri ko eesaee dharmalambi 'varjin meri[2] tatha eesa masih ko eeshvarakrit divy purush manate hain. eesa masih ke janm ke samay yahoodi log roman samrajy ke adhin the aur usase mukti ke lie vyakul the. usi samay jaaun d baiptist namak ek snt ne zordan ghati men bhavishyavani ki thi ki yahoodiyon ki mukti ke lie eeshvar shighr hi ek masiha bhejane vala hai. us samay eesa ki ayu adhik nahin thi, parantu kee varshon ke ekantavas ke pashchath unamen kuchh vishisht shaktiyon ka snchar hua aur unake sparsh se andhon ko drishti, goongon ko vani tatha mritakon ko jivan milane laga. phalatah charon or eesa ko prasiddh milane lagi. unhonne din dukhiyon ke prati prem aur seva ka prachar kiya.

eesaee

eesaee dharm ko manane vale ko eesaee kaha jata hai. eesaee log eeshvar ko 'pita' aur masih ko 'eeshvar putr' manate hain. eeshvar, eeshvar putr eesa masih aur pavitr atma–ye tinon eesaee traynk (triniti) mane jate hain. eesaee dharm ki kuchh any visheshataen is prakar hain—

astha sootr

eesaee dharmavalambi prarthanaon tatha baptisma evn any anushthanon ke avasar par nimn astha sootr ka smaran karate hain—main akash tatha prithvi evn sabhi gochar-agochar vastuon ke srijak ekamatr mahashaktiman pita prabhu tatha unake putr eesa masih men vishvas karata hoon.

baibil
Bible

pavitr pustak

eesaee dharm ka pavitr granth baibil hai, jisake do bhag old testament aur nyoo testament hain. eesaeeyon ka vishvas hai ki baibil ki rachana vibhinn vyaktiyon dvara 2000-2500 varsh poorv ki gee thi. vastav men yah granth ee. poo. 9vin shatabdi se lekar eesvi pratham shatabdi ke bich likhe gaye 73 lekh shrinkhalaon ka snkalan hai, jinamen se 46 old testament men aur 27 nyoo testament men snkalit hain. jahan old testament men yahoodiyon ke itihas aur vishvason ka varnan hai, vahin nyoo testament men eesa masih ke upadeshon evn jivan ka vivaran hai.

eesaeeyon ke pramukh sampraday

yadyapi eesaee dharm ke anek sampraday hain, parantu unamen do sarvapramukh hain—

  1. roman kaitholik – yah sampraday yah vishvas karata hai ki vetikan sthit pop eesa masih ka adhyatmik uttaradhikari hai aur is roop men vah eesaeeyat ka dharmadhikari hai. atah dharm, achar evn snskar ke vishay men usaka nirnay antim mana jata hai. pop ka chunav vetikan ke sistin giraje men is sampraday ke shreshth padariyon (kardinalon) dvara gupt matadan dvara kiya jata hai.
  2. protestaint – 15-16vin shatabdi tak pop ki shakti avarnaniy roop se badh gee thi aur usaka dharmik, rajanitik, samajik, sabhi mamalon men hastakshep badh gaya tha. pop ki isi shakti ko 14vin shatabdi men jaaun baiklif ne aur phir martin loothar (jarmani men) ne chunauti di, jisase ek navin sudharavadi eesaee sampraday-protestaint ka janm hua, jo ki adhik udaravadi drishtikon rakhate hain.

bharat men eesaee dharm

eesaee dharm ka bharat men pravesh atyant prachin kal men hi ho chuka tha. eesa masih ke pramukh shishyon men se ek snt tamas ne pratham shatabdi eesvi men hi bharat men madras ke pas akar isaeeyat ka prachar kiya tha. usi samay se is kshetr men eesaee dharm ka svatntr roop men prasar hota raha hai. 16vin sadi men purtagaliyon ke sath aye roman kaitholik dharm pracharakon ke madhyam se unaka sampark pop ke kaitholik charch se hua. parantu bharat ke kuchh isaeeyon ne pop ki satta ko asvikrit karake 'jekobait' charch ki sthapana ki. keral men kaitholik charch se sambandhit tin shakhaen dikhaee deti hain—

  • siriyan malabari,
  • siriyan malakari aur
  • laitin.

roman kaitholik charch ki laitin shakha ke bhi do varg dikhaee padate hain—

  • gova, mngalor, maharashtriyan samooh, jo pashchimi vicharon se prabhavit tha, tatha
  • tamil samooh jo apani prachin bhasha-snskriti se juda raha.

kaka bepatista, fadar stifens (khist puran ke rachayita), fadar di nobili adi dakshin bharat ke pramukh eesaee dharm pracharak the. uttar bharat men akabar ke darabar men sarv dharm sabha men vichar-vimarsh hetu jesuit fadar upasthit the. unhonne agara men ek charch bhi sthapit kiya tha. isi kal men eesaee sampraday roth ne laitin bhasha men snskrit vyakaran likha. bharat men protestent dharm ka agaman 1706 men hua. bi0 jigenabalg ne tamilanadu ke trnkabar men tatha viliyam keri ne kalakatta ke nikat seramapur men lootharan charch sthapit kiya. madar teresa dvara 1950 men kalakatta men sthapit mishanarij aur chairiti manavata ki seva men karyarat hain. vartaman men bharat men eesaee dharmavalambiyon ki snkhya lagabhag 1 karod 65 lakh hai, jo desh ki kul janasnkhya ka lagabhag 2.5% hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani

  1. jisas kraist
  2. kunvari meri

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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