म्यांमार  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

myanmar dhvaj

myanmar jamboodvip, eshiya ka ek desh hai. is desh ka bharatiy nam 'brahmadesh' hai. pahale myanmar ka nam 'barma' hua karata tha. isaka yah nam yahan badi snkhya men abad barmi nasl ke nam par pada tha. myanmar ke uttar men chin, pashchim men bharat, bangla desh aur hind mahasagar tatha dakshin-poorv ki disha men indoneshiya sthit hain. isaki rajadhani 'naepyidaau' aur sabase bada shahar desh ki bhootapoorv rajadhani yangoon hai, jise pahale rngoon ke nam se jana jata tha.

itihas

myanmar bharat evn chin ke madhy ek avarodhak ka kary karata hai. is desh se bharat ko patakoee parvat shrinkhala, ghane jngalon tatha bngal ki khadi ne alag kar rakha hai. myanmar ko 'brahma' athava 'paigoda ka desh' bhi kaha jata hai. yah ek svatntr desh hai, jo 1937 ee. se poorv bharat ka hi ek ang tha. myanmar ka prarambhik itihas yahan ki mool jatiyon, barmi v mon ke sngharsh ka itihas hai. bharat ke bauddh pracharakon ke prayason se yahan bauddh dharm ki sthapana huee thi. 1044 men iravati delta evn thaton par raja anavrat ka shasan tha, jise 1287 ee. men kubalaee khan ne samapt kar diya tha.

16vin shatabdi men yahan tougoo vnsh ka shasan tha. 1758 ee. men rngoon ko desh ki rajadhani banaya gaya. 1824, 1826 aur 1852 ee. men angl-barma yuddh hue, jisake phalasvaroov myanmar ko bharat men mila liya gaya aur 1885 ee. men yah bharat ka ek prant ban gaya. 1937 ee. men british bharat se myanmar ko prithakh kar diya gaya aur dvitiy vishvayuddh men japan ne is par apana adhipaty kar liya. 1945 ee. men mitr rashtron ki sahayata se myanmar ka japan se adhigrahan samapt kiya gaya. 4 janavari, 1948 ee. ko myanmar svatntr hua aur 1974 ee. men myanmar sngh ka soshalist ganarajy bana.

bharatiy snskriti ka prabhav

arambhik kal men bharat aur myanmar ke bich koee rajanitik sambandh nahin tha. yadyapi myanmar us kal men bhi hindoo snskriti se itana adhik prabhavit ho chuka tha ki isake nagaron ke nam, jaise- 'ayathiya' athava 'ayodhya' snskrit namon par rakhe jane lage the. bad men ashok ke kal men bauddh dharm aur snskriti ka myanmar men itana adhik prasar hua ki aj bhi vahan ke bahusnkhyak bauddh matabalambi hain. muslimon ke shasanakal men myanmar se bharat ka sabhi prakar ka sampark bhng ho gaya. svayn bhi vah anek chhote-chhote rajyon men bnt gaya, jisase usaki shakti chhinn-bhinn ho gee.

1757 ee. men raja alompra ne naya barma rajavnsh chalaya. is vnsh ke shasakon ne n keval uttari aur dakshini myanmar ko rajy men milaya, apitu usaki simaen syam, tanasarim, arakan tatha manipur tak badha lin. vijayon se, visheshakar 1816 men asam ki vijay se, myanmar rajy ki sima bharat men badhate hue british samrajy ki simaon ke sannikat a gee, jisase donon ke bich shakti parikshan anivary ho gaya.

svadhinata

itihas men tin kramik barmi yuddh hue aur 1886 ee. men poora desh british bharatiy samrajy ke antargat a gaya. kintu 1935 ee. ke bharatiy shasan vidhan ke antargat myanmar ko bharat se alag kar diya gaya. 1947 ee. se bharat aur myanmar do svadhin padosi mitr ban gaye.


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