तंजावुर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

(तंजौर se punarnirdeshit)

tnjavur athava 'tnjaur' tnjavur zile ka prashasik mukhyalay hai, jo tamilanadu rajy, dakshin-poorvi bharat men kaveri ke delta men sthit hai. nauvin se gyaharavin shatabdi tak cholon ki arnbhik rajadhani tnjaur, vijayanagar, maratha tatha british kal ke dauran bhi saman roop se mahattvapoorn raha. ab yah ek paryatak sthal hai aur isake akarshanon men brihadishvar chol mndir, vijayanagar qila aur maratha rajakumar sarafoji ka mahal shamil hai. kapas mil, parnparik hathakaragha aur vina nirman yahan ki pramukh audyogik gatividhiyan hain. tamilanadu ke poorvi madhyakal men tnjaur ya tnjavur nagari chol samrajy ki rajadhani ke roop men kafi vikhyat thi. tnjaur ko 'mandiron ki nagari' kahana upayukt hoga, kyonki yahan par 75 chhote-bade mandir hain.

sthiti tatha itihas

vartaman men yah nagar chainnee se lagabhag 218 mil dakshin-pashchim men kaveri nadi ke tat par sthit hai. chol vnsh ne 400 varsh se bhi adhik samay tak tamilanadu par raj kiya. is dauran tnjavur ne bahut unnati ki. isake bad nayak aur marathon ne yahan shasan kiya. ve kala aur snskriti ke prashnsak the. kala ke prati unaka lagav ko unake dvara banavaee gee uth‍krishh‍t imaraton se saf jhalakata hai.

mandir

tnjaur chol shasak rajaraj (985-1014 ee.) dvara nirmit bhavy vrihadeshvar mandir ke lie prasiddh hai. isaka shikhar 190 phut ooncha hai. shikhar par pahunchane ke lie 14 mnzile hain. yah mandir bharatiy sthapaty ka adabhut namoona hai. yah charon or se lambi parikha se pariveshthit hai. isamen ek vishal shivaling hai. patthar ka banaya gaya ek vishal nndi mandir ke samane pratishthit hai. mandir men vishal toran evn mandap hain. yah vrihadh bhavan adhar se choti tak naqqashi aur alnkrit dhanchon se susajjit hain. yah mandir any sahayak mandiron ke sath ek prangan ke kendr men sthit hai, kintu sampoorn kshetr uchch shikhar dvara prabhavit hai. ise rajarajeshvar mandir ke nam se bhi jana jata hai.

chol shasak

chol shasakon ke hathon se kalantar men tnjaur hoyasal evn pandy rajyon ke shasanadhin ho gaya. alauddin khilaji ke nayak malik kafoor ne is par akraman kar loota. tadanntar tnjaur vijay nagar samrajy ka ang ban gaya. 16vin shatabdi men yahan nayak vnsh ne apana rajy sthapit kar liya. phir 1674ee. men marathon ne is par adhikar kar liya. yahan se vibhinn shasakon ke abhilekh, mudraen adi prapt huee hain. hoyasal naresh someshvar evn ramanath ke abhilekh tnjaur se prapt hue hain.

shiksha

tnjavur men madras vishvavidyalay se snbaddh ath mahavidyalay hain.

parivahan

havaee marg

yahan ka nikatatam havaee adda trichi hai jo yahan se 65 kilomitar door hai. isake alava chainnee ke raste bhi yahan pahunch sakate hain.

sadak marg

tnjavur tamilanadu ke sabhi pramukh shaharon se juda hua hai. isake atirikt kochchi, ernakulam, tiruvanntapuram aur baingalor se yahan sadak marg se pahuncha ja sakata hai.

rel marg

tnjavur ka relave jnkshan trichi, chennee aur nagaur se sidhi relaseva dvara juda hua hai.

paryatan

bragadishvar mndir

yah mndir bharatiy shilp aur vastukala ka adabhoot udaharan hai. mndir ke do taraph khaee hai aur ek or anaeekat nadi bahati hai. any mndiron se alag is mndir men garbhagrih ke oopar badi minar hai jo 216 phut oonchi hai. minar ke oopar kanse ka stoop hai. mndir ki divaron par chol aur nayak kal ke chitr bane hain jo ajnta ki guphaon ki yad dilate hain. mndir ke andar nndi bail ki vishalakay pratima hai. yah moorti 12 phit oonchi hai aur isaka vajan 25 tan hai.

sarasvati mahal pustakalay

is pustakalay men pandulipiyon ka mahattvapoorn sngrah hai. isaki sthapana 1700 eesavi ke as-pas ki gee thi. is sngrahalay men bharatiy aur yooropiyan bhashaon men likhi huee 44000 se zyada tamrapatr aur kagaz ki pandulipiyan dekhane ko milati hain.

mahal

sundar aur bhavy imaraton ki is shrinkhala men se kuchh ka nirman nayak vnsh ne 1550 ee. ke asapas karaya tha aur kuchh ka nirman marathon ne karaya tha. dakshin men ath mnjila gudapuram hai jo 190 phit ooncha hai.

tnjavur zila

tnjavur zila 8,300 varg kimi samatal maidan, upajaoo kaveri delta ka ek hissa hai, jo desh ke mahattvapoorn chaval utpadak kshetron men ek hai, jo pak jaladamaroomadhy aur bngal ki khadi ke sngam, kallimed antarip (pvanit kailimear) par samapt hota hai. is delta men kaveri nadi se nikali naharon se sinchaee hoti hai, kee naharen to pichhali das shatabdiyon se astitv men hain. chaval, chini aur moongaphali yahan ki mukhy fasalen hain. khadyann prasnskaran yahan ka pramukh udyog hai. is zile men kee shahar vikasit hue hain, jinamen tnjavur, kunbakonam aur nagapattim bade shahar hain.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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