बड़ा तालाब, भोपाल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bada talab, bhopal
bada talab, bhopal ka drishy
vivaran 'bada talab' bhopal men manav nirmit ek jhil hai. isake poorvi chhor par bhopal shahar basa hua hai, jabaki isake dakshin men 'van vihar rashtriy udyan' sthit hai.
rajy madhy pradesh
zila bhopal
nirmata raja bhoj
nirman kal 11vin sadi
snbndhit lekh madhy pradesh, bhopal
kshetraphal talab ka kul kshetrafal 31 varg kilomitar hai aur isamen lagabhag 361 varg kilomitar ilake se pani ekatrit kiya jata hai.
vishesh ise eshiya ki sabase badi kritrim jhil bhi mana jata hai. talab ke bich men 'takiya dvip' hai, jisamen shahali shah rahamatullah ka makabara bana hua hai.
any janakari madhy pradesh ki rajadhani bhopal ke pashchimi hisse men sthit yah talab bhopal ke nivasiyon ke pine ke pani ka sabase mukhy srot hai.

bada talab madhy pradesh ki rajadhani bhopal ke madhy men sthit manav nirmit ek jhil hai. is talab ka nirman 11vin sadi men kiya gaya tha. bhopal men ek kahavat hai- "talon men tal bhopal ka tal baki sab talaiya", arthath "yadi sahi arthon men talab koee hai to vah hai bhopal ka talab". bhopal ki yah vishalakay jal snrachana angrezi men 'apar lek' kahalati hai. isi ko hindi men 'bada talab' kaha jata hai. ise eshiya ki sabase badi kritrim jhil bhi mana jata hai. madhy pradesh ki rajadhani bhopal ke pashchimi hisse men sthit yah talab bhopal ke nivasiyon ke pine ke pani ka sabase mukhy srot hai.

itihas

bhopal ke 'bade talab' ka nirman 11vin sadi men paramar vnsh ke raja bhoj ne karavaya tha. behad prachin aur janupayogi is jalashay ka itihas anek khatte-mithe anubhavon se bhara hua hai. upalabdh aitahasik abhilekhon ke adhar par yah mana jata hai ki dhar pradesh ke prasiddh paramar raja bhoj ek asadhy charmarog se pidit ho ge the. ek snt ne unhen salah di ki ve 365 stroton vala ek vishal jalashay banakar usamen snan karen. sadhu ki bat manakar raja bhoj ne rajakarmachariyon ko kam par laga diya. in rajakarmachariyon ne ek aisi ghati ka pata lagaya, jo betava nadi ke muhane sthit thi. lekin unhen yah dekhakar jhunjhalahat huee ki vahan keval 356 sar-saritaon ka pani hi ata tha. tab 'kaliya' nam ke ek gond mukhiya ne pas ki ek nadi ki janakari di, jisaki anek sahayak nadiyan thin. in sabako milakar snt ke dvara bataee gee snkhya poori hoti thi. is gond mukhiya ke nam par is nadi ka nam 'kaliyasot' rakha gaya, jo aj bhi prachalit hai. lekin raja bhoj ki chunautiyon ka daur ab bhi samapt nahin hua tha.

betava nadi ka pani is vishal ghati ko bharane ke lie paryapt nahin tha. isalie is ghati se lagabhag 32 kilomitar pashchim men bah rahi ek any nadi ko betava ghati ki or modane ke lie ek bandh banaya gaya. yah bandh aj ke bhopal shahar ke najadik bhojapur men bana tha. in prayason se jo vishal jalashay bana, usaka nam 'bhojapala' rakha gaya. usaka vistar 65,000 hekteyar tha aur kahin-kahin vah 30 mitar gahara tha. yah prayadvipiy bharat ka kadachit sabase bada manav-nirmit jalashay tha. usamen anek sundar dvip the, aur usake charon or khubasoorat pahadiyan thin. vah prasiddh bhojapur shivalay se aj ke bhopal shahar tak phaila hooa tha. kahate hain ki raja bhoj is jalashay men snan karake apane rog se mukt ho ge. raja bhoj dvara nirmit vishal jalashay 'bhojapala' ki vajah se hi is shahar ka nam dhire-dhire 'bhojapal' aur bad men 'bhopal' ho gaya.[1]

hoshngashah dvara bandh ko tudavana

betava nadi ke bahav ko rokane ke lie bhojapur men jo mukhy bandh banaya gaya tha, vah pattharon se nirmit tha. is bandh ko 1443 eesvin men hoshngashah ne tudava diya tha. kaha jata hai ki usake sainikon ko bandh todane men 30 din lag ge. bandh ke tootane ke bad bhi jalashay ko poora sookhane men 30 varsh lage. talab ki sookhi jamin par aj basahat hai. kalantar men bhojapur ka bandh tod diya gaya, lekin bhopal men kamala park ke pas jo mitti ka bandh tha, vah bach gaya. usake karan ek chhota jalashay shesh rah gaya. isi ko aj bada talab kahate hain. varsh 1694 men navab chhote khan ne bade talab ke pas ban gnga par ek bandh banavaya, jisake karan chhota talab astitv men aya. yah donon talab aj bhi dhar ke dooradarshi raja bhoj ki smriti ko amar banae hue hai.

jal sngrahan kshamata

varsh 1963 men bhadabhada par ek bandh banakar bade talab ki jal sngrahan kshamata ko badhaya gaya. isase bade talab ke pashchimi aur dakshini bhagon ke doob kshetr men vriddhi huee. bade talab ka jal vistar kshetr lagabhag 31 varg kilomitar hai, jabaki chhote talab ka jal vistar kshetr matr 1.29 varg kilomitar hai. in talabon ki ausat gaharaee 6 mitar hai. kuchh sthanon men gaharaee 11 mitar hai. bade talab ki jal sngrahan kshamata 1160 lakh ghan mitar hai. yah pani talab ke jalagrahan kshetr men huee varsha se ata hai aur antat: bhopal ke rahavasiyon ko gharon ke nalon se peyajal ke roop men upalabdh hota hai. bhopal ke talabon ke niche ki chattanen dekkan traip besalt prakar ki hain, jo jvalamukhiyon ke lava ke bahane aur turnt thnda hone ke karan bani hain. jis bhoo-bhag men bhopal ka talab sthit hain, prachin samay men us bhoo-bhag men kafi bhoogarbhiy uthal-puthal huee thi.[1]

bhaugolik sthiti

bada talab, bhopal

'bada talab' ke poorvi chhor par bhopal shahar basa hua hai, jabaki isake dakshin men 'van vihar rashtriy udyan' sthit hai. talab ke pashchimi aur uttari chhor par kuchh manaviy bastiyan hain, jisamen se adhikatar ilaka krishi vala hai. is jhil ka kul kshetrafal 31 varg kilomitar hai aur isamen lagabhag 361 varg kilomitar ilake se pani ekatrit kiya jata hai. is talab se lagane vala adhikatar hissa gramin kshetr hai, lekin ab samay ke sath kuchh shahari ilake bhi isake nazadik bas chuke hain. kolas nadi, jo ki pahale halali nadi ki ek sahayak nadi thi, lekin ek bandh tatha ek nahar ke jariye kolas nadi aur bade talab ka atirikt pani ab kaliyasot nadi men chala jata hai.[2]

kshetraphal

bhopal talab ka kul bharav kshetraphal 31 kilomitar hai, par atikraman evn sookhe ke karan yah kshetr 8-9 kilomitar men hi simat kar rah gaya hai. bhopal ki lagabhag 40 pratishat janasnkhya ko yah jhilanuma talab lagabhag tis miliyan gailan pani roj deta hai. is bade talab ke sath hi ek 'chhota talab' bhi yahan maujood hai aur yah donon jal kshetr milakar ek vishal 'bhoj vetalaind' ka nirman karate hain, jo ki antarrashtriy ramasar sammelan ke ghoshana patr men snrakshan ki snkalpana hetu shamil hai.

mahattv

11vin shatabdi men is vishal talab ka nirman kiya gaya aur bhopal shahar isake as-pas hi vikasit hona shuroo hua. in donon badi-chhoti jhilon ko kendr men rakhakar bhopal ka nirman hua tha. bhopal shahar ke nivasi dharmik aur sanskritik roop se in donon jhilon se gaharaee tak jude hain. rozamarra ki am zarooraton ka pani unhen inhin jhilon se milata hai, isake alava as-pas ke ganvon men rahane vale log isamen kapade bhi dhote hain. halanki yah in jhilon ki sehat ke liye khataranak hai. singhade ki kheti bhi is talab men ki jati hai. sthaniy prashasan ki rok aur mana karane ke bavajood vibhinn tyauharon par devi-devataon ki moortiyan in talabon men visarjit ki jati hain. bade talab ke bich men 'takiya dvip' hai, jisamen shahali shah rahamatullah ka makabara bhi bana hua hai, jo ki abhi bhi dharmik aur puratatvik mahatv rakhata hai.

vyavasay v manornjan

bade talab men machhaliyan pakadane hetu 'bhopal nagar nigam' ne machhuaron ki sahakari samiti ko lambe samay tak ek ilaka kiraye par diya hua hai. is sahakari samiti men lagabhag 500 machhuare hain, jo ki is talab ke dakshin-poorvi hisse men machhaliyan pakadakar jivan yapan karate hain. is jhil se badi matra men sinchaee bhi ki jati hai. is jhil ke as-pas lage hue 87 ganv aur sihor zile ke bhi kuchh ganv isake pani se kheton men sinchaee karate hain. is ilake men rahane vale graminon ka mukhy kam kheti aur pashupalan hi hai. inamen kuchh bade aur kuchh bahut hi chhote-chhote kisan bhi hain. bhopal ka yah bada talab sthaniy aur bahari paryatakon ko bhi bahut akarshit karata hai. yahan bot klab par bharat ka pahala 'rashtriy seling klab' bhi sthapit kiya ja chuka hai. is klab ki sadasyata hasil karake paryatak kayaking, kainoing, rafting, vatar skiing aur pairaseling adi ka maja utha sakate hain. vibhinn niji aur sarakari boton se paryatakon ko badi jhil men bhraman karavaya jata hai. is jhil ke dakshini hisse men sthapit 'van vihar rashtriy udyan' bhi paryatakon ke akarshan ka ek aur kendr hai. chaudi sadak ke ek taraf prakritik vatavaran men palate jngali pashu-pakshi aur sadak ke doosari taraf prakritik sundarata man moh leti hai.[2]

jaiv vividhata

bade talab aur isake nikat hi chhote talab men jaiv-vividhata ke kee rng dekhane ko milate hain. vanaspati aur vibhinn jal adharit praniyon ke jivan aur vriddhi ke liye yah jal snrachana ek adarsh sthal mani ja sakati hai. prakriti adharit vatavaran aur jal ke charitr ki vajah se ek unnat kism ki jaiv-vividhata ka vikas ho chuka hai. prativarsh yahan pakshiyon ki lagabhag 20,000 prajatiyan dekhi ja sakati hain, jinamen mukhy hain- vhaeet staaurk, kale gale vale saras, hns adi. kuchh prajatiyan to lagabhag vilupt ho chuki thin, lekin ahista-ahista ab ve punah dikhaee dene lagi hain. hal hi men yahan bharat ka vishalatam pakshi 'saras kren' bhi dekha gaya tha, jo ki apane akar aur udan ke liye prasiddh hai.

apane lagabhag ek hajar varsh ke astitv kal men bada talab ek prakritik namabhoomi men badal gaya hai. vot klab par tahalate hue jab bhi log takiya tapoo ke pichhe soory ko doobate hue dekhate hai, to ve is talab ke saundary se abhibhoot hue bina nahin rah pate. yadyapi aj bhopal ke 'bada talab' aur 'chhota talab' ke ird-gird anek adhunik snrachanaen bana di gee hain phir bhi talab ko astitv pradan karane vali pramukh snrachana vahi mitti ka purana bandh hai, jise raja bhoj ne banavaya tha. nishchit hi raja bhoj men gajab ki dooradrishti thi, kyonki 11vin sadi men nirmit yah jalashay aj 21vin shatabdi men bhi bhopal shahar ki 40 pratishat peyajal apoorti kar raha hai. isaka shrey nishchay ki us samay ki bejod jal-abhiyantriki kshamata ko jata hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 prachin jal abhiyantriki ka bejod namoona hai bhopal tal (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 20 julaee, 2013.
  2. 2.0 2.1 bhopal ka bada talab (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 19 julaee, 2013.

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snbndhit lekh

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