केसरी सिंह बारहट  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kesari sinh barahat
kesari sinh barahat
poora nam kesari sinh barahat
janm 21 navambar, 1872
janm bhoomi devapura, shahapura, rajasthan
mrityu 14 agast, 1941
abhibhavak krishn sinh barahat
sntan pratap sinh barahat
nagarikata bharatiy
prasiddhi kavi tatha svatantrata senani
dharm hindoo
jel yatra 1914
vishesh kesari sinh barahat ka nam kitana prasiddh tha, usaka andaja is bat se lagaya ja sakata hai ki us samay ke shreshth neta lokamany tilak ne amritasar men hue 'kangres adhiveshan' men unhen jel se chhudane ka prastav pesh kiya tha.
any janakari san 1920-21 men vardha men kesari ji ke nam se 'rajasthan kesari' namak saptahik samachar patr shuroo kiya gaya tha, jisake snpadak vijay sinh pathik the. vardha men hi unaka mahatma gandhi se ghanishth snpark hua.

kesari sinh barahat (angrezi: Kesari Singh Barahath ; janm- 21 navambar, 1872, shahapura, rajasthan; mrityu- 14 agast, 1941) prasiddh rajasthani kavi aur svatntrata senani the. unhonne bangla, marathi, gujarati adi bhashaon ke sath itihas, darshan[1], manovigyan, khagolashastr tatha jyotish adi ka adhyayan kar pramanik vidvatta hasil kar li thi. kesari ji ke bhaee joravar sinh barahat aur putr pratap sinh barahat ne ras bihari bos ke sath laaurd harding dvitiy ki savari par bam phenkane ke kary men bhag liya tha. kesari sinh barahat ne prasiddh 'chetavani ra chungtya' namak sorathe rache the, jinhen padhakar mevad ke maharana atyadhik prabhavit hue the aur ve 1903 ee. men laaurd karzan dvara ayojit 'dilli darabar' men shamil nahin hue the.

janm

kesari sinh barahat ka janm 21 navambar, 1872 ee. men devapura riyasat, shahapura, rajasthan men hua tha. inake pita ka nam krishn sinh barahat tha. jab kesari sinh matr ek mah ke hi the, tabhi unaki mata ka nidhan ho gaya. atah unaka lalan-palan unaki dadi man ne kiya.

shiksha

kesari ji ki shiksha udayapur men huee. unhonne bangla, marathi, gujarati adi bhashaon ke sath itihas, darshan, manovigyan, khagolashastr tatha jyotish adi ka adhyayan kar pramanik vidvatta hasil kar li thi. dingal-pingal bhasha ki kavy-sarjana to unake janmajat charan-snskaron men shamil thi hi. banaras se gopinath ji nam ke pndit ko bulakar inhen snskrit ki shiksha bhi dilavaee gee. kesari sinh barahat ke svadhyay ke lie unake pita krishn sinh ka prasiddh pustakalay 'krishn-vani-vilas' bhi upalabdh tha.

rajanitik guru

rajaniti men ve itali ke rashtrapita maijini ko apana guru manate the. maijini ki jivani vir savarakar ne landan men padhate samay marathi men likhakar gupt roop se lokamany tilak ko bheji thi, kyonki us samay maijini ki jivani pustak par british samrajy ne pabandi laga rakhi thi. kesari ji ne is marathi pustak ka hindi anuvad kiya tha.

bhaee tatha putr ki shahadat

  • kesari sinh barahat ko jab suchana mili ki ras bihari bos bharat men sashastr kranti ki yojana bana rahe hain to rajasthan men kranti ka kary unhonne svayn snbhala aur apane bhaee joravar sinh, putr pratap sinh aur jamata ko ras bihari bos ke pas bheja. kesari ji ke bhaee joravar sinh barahat aur putr pratap sinh barahat ne ras bihari bos ke sath laaurd harding dvitiy ki savari par bam phenkane ke kary men bhag liya. joravar sinh ne ras bihari ghosh ke sath milakar dilli ke 'chandani chauk' men laaurd harding dvitiy par bam phenka, jisamen harding ghayal ho gaya tatha mrityu se bal-bal bacha. is par mahatma gandhi ne use badhaee ka tar bheja tha. is hamale men vayasaray to bach gaya, par usaka e.di.si. mara gaya. joravar sinh par angrez sarakar ne inam ghoshit kar diya, kintu ve pakad men nahin aye. ve ek snnyasi ki tarah farar rahate hue gram-gram jakar dharm aur deshabhakti ka janajagaran karate rahe. angrezon se chhipane ke dauran hi bhari nimoniya aur ilaj n kara pane ke karan 1939 men ve kota men shahid ho ge.
  • kesari ji ke putr pratap sinh barahat 1917 men 'banaras shadayntr abhiyog' men pakade ge. unhen 5 varsh ke lie bareli ki kendriy jel men bnd kiya gaya. jel men unhen bhayanak yatanaen tatha pralobhan adi diye ge. unase kaha gaya ki yadi ve poore kary ka bhed bata den to unake pita ko jel se mukt kar denge, unaki jagir lauta di jayegi, usake chacha par se varnt hata liya jayega, lekin vir pratap ne apane krantikari sathiyon ke bare men kuchh nahin bataya. unhonne marana svikar kar liya, par rashtr ke sath gaddari nahin ki. jab unhen unaki man ki dasha ke bare men bataya gaya to vir pratap ne kaha ki- "meri man roti hai to rone do, main apani man ko hnsane ke lie hazaron mataon ko nahin rulana chahata." ant men angrez sarakar ki amanushik yatanaon se 27 mee, 1918 ko matr 22 varsh ki ayu men pratap sinh shahid ho ge.

'chetavani ra choongtya' ki rachana

varsh 1903 men laaurd karzan dvara ayojit 'dilli darabar' men sabhi rajaon ke sath mevad ke maharana ka jana rajasthan ke jagiradar krantikariyon ko uchit nahin lag raha tha. atah unhen rokane ke liye shekhavati ke malasisar ke thakur bhoorasinh ne thakur karan sinh jobaner v rav gopal sinh kharava ke sath milakar maharana fateh sinh ko dilli jane se rokane ki jimmedari krantikari kavi kesari sinh barahat ko di. kesari sinh ne "chetavani ra chungtya" namak sorathe rache, jinhen padhakar maharana atyadhik prabhavit hue aur 'dilli darabar' men n jane ka nishchay kiya. ve dilli ane ke bavajood bhi samaroh men shamil nahin hue.

svatntrata prapti ka prayas

unnisavin shatabdi ke pratham dashak men hi yuva kesari sinh ka pakka vishvas tha ki azadi sashastr kranti ke madhyam se hi snbhav hai. 'akhil bharatiy kangres kameti' ke mahaz gyapanon bhar se azadi nahin mil sakati. 'chetavani ra chungatiya' unaki angrezon ke viruddh bhavana ki spasht abhivyakti thi. 1910 men unhonne amer men 'vir bharat sabha' ki sthapana ki thi. sashastr kranti ki taiyari ke lie pratham vishvayuddh (1914) ke prarambh men hi ve is kary men jut ge. apane do rivalvar krantikariyon ko die aur karatooson ka ek parsal banaras ke krantikariyon ko bheja v riyasati aur british sena ke sainikon se snpark kiya. ek gopaniy riport men angrez sarakar ne kaha ki "kesari sinh rajapoot rejiment se snpark karana chah raha tha. unaka snpark bngal ke viplav-dal se bhi tha aur ve maharshi aravind se bahut pahale 1903 men hi mil chuke the. mahanh krantikari ras bihari bos v shachindr nath sanyal, gadar parti ke lala haradayal aur dilli ke krantikari mastar amirachnd v avadh bihari bos se ghanishth sambandh the. british sarakar ki guptachar riporton men rajapootana men viplav phailane ke lie kesari sinh barahat v arjun lal sethi ko khas jimmedar mana gaya tha.

rajadroh ka muqadama

kesari sinh barahat par british sarakar ne pyarelal nam ke ek sadhu ki hatya aur angrez hakoomat ke khilaf bagavat v kendriy sarakar ka takhta palat v british sainikon ki svami bhakti khndit karane ke shadayntr rachane ka sngin arop lagakar muqadama chalaya gaya. isaki janch armastrang aee.pi.aee.ji., indaur ko saunpi gee, jisane 2 march, 1914 ko shahapura pahunchakar vahan ke raja nahar sinh ke sahayog se kesari sinh ko giraftar kar liya. is muqadame men speshal jaj ne kesari sinh ko 20 varsh ki sakht qaid ki saja sunaee aur rajasthan se door 'hazaribag kendriy jel', bihar bhej diya. jel men unhen pahale chakki pisane ka kary saupa gaya, jahan ve dal v anaj ke danon se k, kh, g adi akshar banakar anapadh kaidiyon ko akshar-gyan dete aur anaj ke danon se hi jamin par bharat ka naksha banakar qaidiyon ko desh ke pranton ka gyan bhi karate.

rihaee

kesari sinh barahat ka nam kitana prasiddh tha, usaka andaja is bat se lagaya ja sakata hai ki us samay ke shreshth neta lokamany tilak ne amritasar men hue 'kangres adhiveshan' men kesari sinh ko jel se chhudane ka prastav pesh kiya tha. jel se chhootane ke bad aprail, 1920 men kesari sinh ne rajapootana ke ejent gavarnar-janaral ko ek bahut saragarbhit patr likha, jisamen rajasthan aur bharat ki riyasaton men uttaradayi shasan-paddhati kayam karane ke lie sootr roop se ek yojana pesh ki gee thi. isamen 'rajasthan mahasabha' ke gathan ka sujhav tha, jisamen do sadan rakhane ka prastav tha.

'rajasthan kesari' ki shuruat

san 1920-1921 men seth jamanalal bajaj dvara amntrit karane par kesari sinh ji saparivar vardha chale ge, jahan vijay sinh pathik jaise janasevak pahale se hi maujood the. vardha men unake nam se 'rajasthan kesari' namak saptahik samachar patr shuroo kiya gaya, jisake snpadak vijay sinh pathik the. vardha men hi kesari sinh ka mahatma gandhi se ghanishth snpark hua.

nidhan

desh ki svatntrata ke lie apana sab kuchh nyauchhavar kar dene vale krantikari kavi kesari sinh barahat ne 'hariom tath sath' ke uchcharan ke sath 14 agast, 1941 ko deh tyag di.


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