कवितावली -तुलसीदास  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kavitavali -tulasidas
kavitavali
kavi gosvami tulasidas
mool shirshak kavitavali
mukhy patr shriram
prakashak gitapres gorakhapur
desh bharat
bhasha avadhi
shaili kavitt, chaupaee, savaiya adi chhndon men ki gee hai.
vishay shriram ki jivanakatha
bhag sat kandon men vibhajit
mukhaprishth rachana sajild
tippani isake chhndon ka rachana- kal snkhya 1655 se 1680 tak gyat hota hai.

kavitavali gosvami tulasidas ki pramukh rachanaon men hai. solahavin shatabdi men rachi gayi kavitavali men shri ramachandr ke itihas ka varnan kavitt, chaupaee, savaiya adi chhndon men ki gee hai. ramacharitamanas ke jaise hi kavitavali men bhi sat kand hain. ye chhand brajabhasha men likhe gaye hain aur inaki rachana pray: usi paripati par ki gayi hai jis paripati par riti kal ka adhikatar riti- mukt kavy likha gaya.

rachana kal

16vin shatabdi men rachi gayi kavitavali men shri ramachandr ji ke itihas ka varnan kavitt, chaupaee, savaiya adi chhndon men ki gee hai. 'kavitavali' ke adhikatar chhnd keshav ki 'kavipriya' tatha 'rasikapriya' ke rachana- kal ke as- pas aur bad ke hai. jo chhand uttarakand men ate hain unamen bhi tulasidas ke kavi- jivan ke uttarardh ki hi ghatanaon ka ullekh hua hai. kuchh chhnd to kavi ke jivan ke nire ant ke gyat hote hain. isalie 'kavitavali' ke chhndon ka rachana- kal snkhya 1655 se 1680 tak gyat hota hai.

sahityik visheshataen

kavitavali ki chhnd rachana

in chhandon ko do bhagon men vibhajit kiya ja sakata hai -

  1. ek to ve jo ramakatha ke sambandh ke hai aur
  2. doosare ve jo any vividh vishayon ke hain.

samast chhand sat khandon men vibhakt hain. pratham prakar ke chhnd rachana ke lnka- kand tak ate hain aur dvitiy prakar ke chhand uttarakand men rakh diye gaye hain.

katha

katha- sambandhi chhand 'gitavali' ke padon ki bhanti- varanh usase bhi adhik sphut dhag se likhe gaye hain. arany- kand ka ek hi chhand hai jisamen harin ke pichhe ram ke jane matr ka ullekh hai. kishkindha kand ki katha ka ek hi chhand nahin hai: jo ek chhnd kishkindha kand ke shirshak ke niche diya bhi gaya hai, vah vastav men sundar kand ki katha ka hai, kyonki usamen hanuman ke samudr langhane ke sindhu- tir ke ek bhoodhar par uchak kar chadhane ka ullekh hua hai. rachana men uttarakand ka katha- vishayak koee chhand nahin hai. isake uttarakand men prarambh men ram ke gun- gan ke kuchh chhnd hain aur tadanntar kuchh sphut vishayon ke chhndon ke ane ke badh atm- nivedan vishayak chhand ate hain. in atm- nivedan vishayak chhandon men kavi ne pray: apane jivan ke vibhinn bhagon par drishtipat kiya hai, jo usake jivanavrit ke tathyon ko sthir karane men atynt upayogi siddh hue hain. inake atirikt kuchh chhndon men kavi ne sidhe- sidhe bhi apane aur samaj ke anek tathyon par prakash dala hai. uttar kand ke ye samast chhand apratim mahattv ke hai.

kavitavali ka kavy- shilp

'kavitavali' ka kavy- shilp muktak kavy ka hai. uktiyon ki vilakshanata, anuprason ki chhata, layapoorn shabdon ki sthapana katha bhag ke chhndon men darshaniy hai. age riti kal men yah kavy shaili bahut lokapriy huee aur is prakar tulasidas is kavy shaili ke pratham kaviyon men se gyat hote hain phir bhi unaki 'kavitavali' ke chhndon men poori praudhata dikhaee padati hai. kuchh chhnd to muktak shilp ki drishti se itane sundar ban pade hain ki unase sundar chhnd poore riti sahity men bhi kadachit hi mil sakenge, yatha balakand ke pratham sat chhnd. isaka karan kadachit yah hai ki isake adhikatar chhand tulasidas ke kavi jivan ke uttarardh ke hai. isaki katha poorn roop se 'ramacharit manas' ka anusaran karati hai, yah tathy bhi isi anuman ki pushti karata hai.

kavitavali ka rachana- kal

hindi riti dhara ka prarambh keshav ki 'kavipriya' tatha 'rasikapriya' se mana ja sakata hai. ho sakata hai ki 'kavitavali' ke adhikatar chhnd inake rachana- kal ke as- pas aur bad ke hon . atmollekh ke jo chhnd uttarakand men ate hain unamen bhi tulasidas ke kavi- jivan ke uttarardh ki hi ghatanaon ka ullekh hua hai. kuchh chhnd to kavi ke jivan ke nire ant ke gyat hote hain. isalie 'kavitavali' ke chhndon ka rachana- kal snkhya 1655 se 1680 tak gyat hota hai.

kavitavali ka snkalan

'kavitavali' ka snkalan kab hua hoga, yah vicharaniy hai, kyonki rachana tithi ka ullekh nahin hua hai. isaki jo bhi pratiyan abhi tak mili hain, unake chhndon tatha chhnd- kram men antim kuchh chhandon ko chhodakar koee antar nahin milata hai. isalie yah kaha ja sakata hai ki isaka snkalan kavi ne apane jivan kal men hi kar diya tha. usake dehavasan ke bad jo kavitt, savaiye aur bhi prapt hue unhen rachana ke ant men jis prakar ve prapt hote gaye, logon ne jod liya; isilie ant ke kuchh chhandon ke vishay men pratiyon men yah antar milata hai.

tika tippani aur sndarbh


dhirendr, varma “bhag- 2 par adharit”, hindi sahity kosh (hindi), 76.

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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