हित चौरासी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

hit chaurasi
'hit chaurasi' ka avaran prishth
lekhak hit harivnsh gosvami
mool shirshak 'hit chaurasi'
desh bharat
bhasha brajabhasha
vishay radha-krishn ka anany prem, nity vihar, rasalila, man, virah, vrindavan, sahachari adi hi is grnth ke varny vishay hain.
vidha pad sngrah
any nam ‘harivnsh chaurasi, ‘hit chaurasi dhani’ tatha 'chaturashiji’.
tippani ‘hit chaurasi’ par abhi tak lagabhag do darjan tikaen prastut ho chuki hain. in tikaon ka kram solahavin shatabdi hi drishtigat hota hai.

hit chaurasi brajabhasha men likha gaya prasiddh grnth hai. shrihit harivnsh gosvami dvara rachit brajabhasha ke chaurasi padon ka sngrah grnth ‘hit chaurasi’ 'radhavallabh sampraday' ka akar grnth mana jata hai. isi grnth ke adhar par radhavallabhiy bhakti-siddhant ko hridayngam kiya ja sakata hai. isi grnth ki hastalikhit prachinatam prati satrahavin shati ki upalabdh hai. yah rasopasana ke adharabhoot siddhanton ko hridayngam karake svatntr roop se likhe ge chaurasi padon ka snkalan hai.

bhakti granth

is grnth ko prem-lakshan ya madhury bhakti ka pratipadak bhakti granth kaha ja sakata hai. kuchh vidvanon ka aisa bhi agrah hai ki isamen chaurasi pad rakhane men harivnsh gosvami ka ashay yah tha ki ek-ek pad ke marm ko samajhane se lakh yoniyon men chakkar katane se jiv bach sakata hai. is prakar chaurasi lakh yoniyon ka chakkar manushy se chhoot sakata hai.[1]

any nam

'hit chaurasi' grnth ke ‘harivnsh chaurasi, ‘hit chaurasi dhani’, chaturashiji’ nam bhi prasiddh hain, kintu mool granth ka nam ‘hit chaurasi’ hi hai. any sab nam apramanik hain.

varny vishay

‘hit chaurasi’ ek muktak pad rachana hai, jisamen bhavavastu ya varny vastu ka koee kotikram nahin hai. samay prabndh ki drishti se kuchh vidvanon ne isamen padon ka vargikaran kiya hai, kintu yah paravarti aur sampradayik drishti se kiya gaya hai. mool praneta ka is prakar vargikaran karane ka koee agrah nahin hai. ‘hit chaurasi’ ka varny vishay mukhy roop se antarng bhavana se sambndh rakhata hai. shrringar ras ki prishthabhoomi par un vishayon ko hit harivnsh ne prastut kiya hai, jo unaki bhakti paddhati ke merudand hain. radha-krishn ka anany prem, nity vihar, rasalila, man, virah, vrindavan, sahachari adi hi is grnth ke varny vishay hain. sabase pahale hit harivnsh ne radhavallabhiy premapaddhati ka pratipadan ’tatsukhi’ bhav ke prem varnan dvara pratham pad men hi prastut kiya hai-

"joee joee pyaron kare soee mohi bhave, bhave mohi joee, soee soee pyare.“

uparokt pad men advay bhav ki srishti ke lie priya-priyatam ka ek-doosare men lin ho jana hi prem ki parakashtha hai. is prakar ke advait ko kuchh vidvanon ne radhavallabhiy ‘siddhadvait’ kahane ki cheshta ki hai. prem ka varnan karane men hit harivnsh ki shaili svatntr aur unmukt hai. unhonne bndhanamay prem pratiti ko svikar nahin kiya. “priti n kahoo ki kani vichare” kah kar prem ko svatntr marg kaha hai.[1]

radha ka roop varnan

‘hit chaurasi’ men radha ka roop varnan bahut hi marmik aur udatt koti ka hai. lagabhag ek darjan padon men radha ki roop madhuri ka varnan hai. nakhashikh ki poornata ke lie avakash n hone par bhi lekhak ne usaka paripoorn abhas in padon men de diya hai. ras varnan, vrindavan chhavi varnan, nity vihar varnan aur krishn varnan ke pad bhi kavy saushthav tatha pranjal shaili ke sundar nidarshan hain.

tikaen

‘hit chaurasi’ par abhi tak lagabhag do darjan tikaen prastut ho chuki hain. in tikaon ka kram solahavin shatabdi hi drishtigat hota hai. damodar das (sevakaji) ne ‘sevakavani’ likhakar ek prakar se ‘hit chaurasi’ ke pratipady ka hi varnan kiya tha. isalie ‘hit chaurasi’ aur ‘sevakavani’ ko ek sath padhane, chhapane, likhane aur rakhane ka vidhan ban gaya hai. tikaon men premadas, lokanath, kelidas, rasikadas aur gosvami sukhalal ki tikaen paryapt prasiddh hain.

pad lality tatha madhoory

‘hit chaurasi’ yadyapi sampradayik grnth mana jata hai, kintu usake madhyam se yah spasht pratit hota hai ki gosvami harivnsh ka dhyan is grnth ke padon ka pranayan karate samay kisi snkirn bhavana se avrit nahin hua tha. unhonne in padon ko ras men nimajjit hokar sahaj sphoort roop men hi prastutu kiya hai. hit harivnsh ke in padon ka mooladhar ras hi hai. in padon ka path karate hi bhakt ke man men hi nahin, samany sahity premi ke hriday men bhi anavil radha-krishn prem ka apar paravar laharane lagata hai. padon ke lality aur madhury ko dekhakar lagata hai ki kadachit bhakton ne in padon ke madhury ke karan hi harivnsh ko vnshi ka avatar kaha hoga. brajabhasha ka aisa parishkrit aur pranjal roop sooradas aur nndadas ke padon men bhi dikhaee nahin deta hai.[1]

tatsam padavali ke prachury ke sath unaka uchit sthan par prayog mani-kanchan snyog ka smaran karane vala hai. bhasha ke chitradharm aur sngitatmakata ko dekhakar lagata hai ki hit harivnsh ko brajabhasha ki prakriti ka svabhavik aur sahaj roop vidit ho gaya tha. lakshanik evn dhvanyatmak prayogon ka bhi ‘hit chaurasi’ men abhav nahin hai. snkshep men ‘hit chaurasi’ brajabhasha ka ek anootha bhakti grnth hai, jise sahity, sngit aur kala men saman roop se samman prapt hua hai.[2]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 hindi sahity kosh, bhag 2 |prakashak: gyanamandal limited, varanasi |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |snpadan: daau. dhirendr varma |prishth snkhya: 679 |
  2. sahayak grnth- radhavallabh sampraday-siddhant aur sahity : daau. vijayendr snatak; gosvami hit harivnsh aur unaka sampraday : lalitacharan gosvami; hindi sahity ka itihas : pn. ramachndr shukl; hit chaurasi, prakashak gosvami mohanalalaji vrindavan; hitamrit sindhu, prakashak hit govaradhanadas ji

snbndhit lekh

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