मेवाड़ (आज़ादी से पूर्व)  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

mevad vishay soochi
parichay    azadi se poorv    itihas    bhoogol    chitrakala    nadiyan    jhilen    jatigat samajik vyavastha    striyon ki sthiti    prachalit sikke
mevad (azadi se poorv)
kunbhalagadh durg
vivaran mevad, rajasthan ke dakshin madhy men sthit ek prasiddh riyasat thi. isamen adhunik bharat ke udayapur, bhilavada, rajasamnd tatha chittaudagadh zile sammilit the.
rajy rajasthan
zila udayapur zila
snbndhit lekh banas nadi, kunbhalagadh, chittaud, haldighati, rana sanga, maharana pratap, chetak, bhamashah
bhaugolik sthiti uttari akshansh 25° 58' se 49° 12' tak tatha poorvi deshantar 45° 51' 30' se 73° 7' tak
any janakari saikadon salon tak mevad men rajapooton ka shasan raha. gahalaut tatha sisodiya vnsh ke rajaon ne 1200 sal tak mevad par raj kiya tha.

mevad ko alauddin khilaji ne 1303 ee. men guhilaut rajavnsh ke shasak ratanasinh ko parajit kar dilli saltanat men milaya. guhilaut vnsh ki ek shakha ‘sisodiya vnsh’ ke hammir dev ne muhammad tugalaq ke samay men chittaud ko jit kar poore mevad ko svatntr kara liya. 1378 ee. men hammir dev ki mrityu ke bad usaka putr kshetrasinh (1378-1405 ee.) mevad ki gaddi par baitha. kshetrasinh ke bad usaka putr lakkhasinh 1405 ee. men sinhasan par baitha. lakkhasinh ki mrityu ke bad 1418 ee. men usaka putr mokal raja hua. mokal ne kaviraj bani vilas aur yogeshvar namak vidvanon ko ashray diya. usake shasan kal men mana, phanna aur vishal namak prasiddh shilpakar ashray paye huye the. mokal ne anek mandiron ka jirnonddhar karaya tatha ekaling mandir ke charon taraf parakote ka bhi nirman karaya. usaki gujarat shasak ke viruddh kiye gaye abhiyan ke samay hatya kar di gayi. 1431 ee. men usaki mrityu ke bad rana kumbha mevad ke raj sinhasan par baitha.

rana kumbha

kumbhakaran v rana kumbha ke shasan kal men usaka ek rishtedar ranamal kafi shaktishali ho gaya. ranamal se eesharya karane vale kuchh rajapoot saradaron ne usaki hatya kar di. rana kumbha ne apane prabal pratidvandvi malava ke shasak husngashah ko parast kar 1448 ee. men chittaud men ek ‘kirti stambh’ ki sthapana ki.

sthapaty kala ke kshetr men usaki any upalabdhiyon men mevad men nirmit 84 qilon men se 32 qile hain, jise rana kumbha ne banavaya tha. madhy yug ke shasakon men rana kumbha ek mahanh shasak tha. vah svayn vidvanh tatha ved, smriti, mimansa, upanishad, vyakaran, rajaniti aur sahity ka gyata tha. usane char sthaniy bhashaon men char natakon ki rachana ki tatha jayadev krit ‘git govind’ par 'rasik priya' namak tika likha. usane kumbhalagadh ke navin nagar evn qilon men anek shanadar imaraten banavayin. usane atri aur mahesh ko apane darabar men snrakshan diya tha. jinhonne prasiddh 'vijay stambh' ki rachana ki thi. usane basantapur namak sthan ko punah abad kiya. 1473 ee. men usaki hatya usake putr uday ne kar di. rajapoot saradaron ke virodh ke karan uday adhik dino tak satta-sukh nahin bhog saka. uday ke bad usaka chhota bhaee rajamal (1473 se 1509 ee.) gaddi par baitha. 36 varsh ke saphal shasan kal ke bad 1509 ee. men usaki mrityu ke bad usaka putr 'rana sngram sinh' ya rana sanga (1509 se 1528 ee.) mevad ki gaddi par baitha. usane apane shasan kal men dilli, malava, gujarat ke viruddh abhiyan kiya. 1527 ee men khanava ke yuddh men vah mugal badashah babar dvara parajit kar diya gaya. isake bad shaktishali shasan ke abhav men jahangir ne ise mugal samrajy ke adhin kar liya. mevad ki sthapana rathaur vnshi shasak chund ne ki thi. jodhapur ki sthapana chund ke putr jodha ne ki thi.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh


snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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