रंगों का मिश्रण  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

rng vishay soochi
rng    rng kya hai    mukhy srot    itihas    vaigyanik pahaloo    namakaran    prakar    mishran    mahattv    prabhav    rng aur poshan
rngon ka mishran
rng-birnge pnkh
vivaran rng ka hamare jivan men bahut mahattv hai. rngon se hamen vibhinn sthitiyon ka pata chalata hai. ham apane charon taraph anek prakar ke rngon se prabhavit hote hain.
utpatti rng, manavi ankhon ke varnakram se milane par chhaya sambndhi gatividhiyon se utpann hote hain. mool roop se indradhanush ke sat rngon ko hi rngon ka janak mana jata hai, ye sat rng lal, narngi, pila, hara, asamani, nila tatha baingani hain.
mukhy srot rngon ki utpatti ka sabase prakritik srot soory ka prakash hai. soory ke prakash se vibhinn prakar ke rngon ki utpatti hoti hai. prizm ki sahayata se dekhane par pata chalata hai ki soory sat rng grahan karata hai jise sookshm roop ya angrezi bhasha men VIBGYOR aur hindi men "bain ja ni h pi na la" kaha jata hai.
VIBGYOR
Violet (baingani), Indigo (jamuni), Blue (nila), Green (hara), Yellow (pila), Orange (narngi), Red (lal)
rngon ke prakar prathamik rng (lal, nila aur hara), dvitiyak rng aur virodhi rng
snbndhit lekh indradhanush, tarng dairdhy, varn vikshepan, apavartan, holi
any janakari vishv ki sabhi bhashaon men rngon ki vibhinn chhaviyon ko bhinn nam pradan kie ge hain. lekin phir bhi rngon ko kramabaddh nahin kiya ja saka. angrezi bhasha men kisi ek chhavi ke anekanek nam hain.

rng athava varn ka hamare jivan men bahut mahattv hai. rngon se hamen vibhinn sthitiyon ka pata chalata hai. mool roop se indradhanush ke sat rngon ko hi rngon ka janak mana jata hai, ye sat rng lal, narngi, pila, hara, asamani, nila tatha baingani hain.

prakriti men pae jane vale samast rng tin prathamik rngon lal, hara, aur nila se milakar banate hain. in tin prathamik rngon ko milane ki do vidhiyan hain:

  • yojy vidhi
  • shesh vidhi

isake atirikt in donon vidhiyon ke sammilit prabhav dvara bhi ne rng banate hain.

yojy vidhi

yojy vidhi men rngin prakash milaya jata hai. yadi safed divar par do bhinn rngon ka prakash pade, to vahan ek any rng ki anubhooti hoti hai. lal aur hare rng ka prakash milaya jay to pila rng dikhaee deta hai. sabhi rng uparyukt tin prathamik rngon ko vibhinn anupat men milane se banate hain. tinon rngon ko ek vishesh anupat men milane se safed rng banata hai.

poorak rng

tin prathamik rngon lal, hara aur nila men se kinhin do rngon ke milane se, jo rng banata hai use tisare rng ka poorak rng kaha jata hai. pile rng ko nile rng ka poorak kaha jata hai. kyonki pila rng shesh do prathamik rng lal aur hara milane se banata hai. kisi rng men usaka poorak rng mila dene se tinon rng ikathte ho jate hain aur safed rng ban jata hai. isalie isaka nam poorak rng pada hai. kisi rng ko safed banane men jis rng ki kami hoti hai use poorak rng poora karata hai. ise nimn samikaranon dvara achchhi tarah samajh sakate hain:

lal + hara + nila = safed
lal + hara + nila ka poorak =pila

isi tarah hare ka poorak rng majenta hai, jo lal aur nila milane se banata hai. lal ka poorak siyan hai, jo nila aur hara milakar banata hai. uparyukt varnan men yah dhyan men rakhana chahie ki 'rng' se yahan rngin prakash ka arth hota hai, rngin padarth ka nahin.

rng birngi pensil

shesh vidhi

is vidhi men rngin padarth milae jate hain, chahe ve paradarshi hon athava aparadarshi. rngin padarth saphed prakash men se kuchh rng ka prakash hata sakate hain, unamen rng jodane ki kshamata nahin hoti. isaliye yah vidhi shesh vidhi kahalati hai. is vidhi se ne rng banane ka karan yah hai ki adhikansh padarth shuddh ekavargi prakash paravartit, ya paragat nahin karate, anyatha koee do rngin padarth milane se keval kala rng hi prapt hota. jaise lal rng ke filtar se keval lal rng ka prakash hi ja pata hai. us par nila filtar bhi laga diya jay, to lal filtar se nikala hua prakash nile filtar men poorn roop se avashoshit ho jata hai, arthat donon filtaron ka prakash milane se koee bhi prakash bahar nahin ja pata jisase ve kale dikhaee padate hain.

lal, hara v nila pratiroop

shesh vidhi men saphed prakash men se tin prathamik rng (lal hara aur nila) hatae jate hain. kisi vastu par rngin padarth ka lep, rngin chhapaee, ya rngin fotografi tatha rngin filtar shesh vidhi ke karan hi rngin dikhaee dete hain. inamen tin prathamik rng ke padarth hote hain jinake rng asamani, majenta tatha pila hain. ye tinon rng yojy vidhi ke poorak rng hain. rngin chhapaee men bhi inhin tin rngon ki syahiyan prayukt hoti hain. in rngon ko inake avayavon dvara ya us rng dvara vyakt kiya ja sakata hai jo saphed prakash men nahin hai. udaharan ke lie:-

pila = hara + lal = - nila

arthat lal aur hara rng mila dene se pila rng banata hai, athava saphed prakash men se nila rng nikal lene se pila rng banata hai. isi prakar

majenta= nila + lal = - hara
siyan = nila + hara = - lal

saphed prakash men se tinon rng nikal lene se kala dikhaee deta hai, arthat koee prakash nahin dikhaee padata hai.

abha

kisi ek rng ke prakash ki tivrata adhik karane, arthat saphed rng milane se ya tivrata kam karane, arthat kala rng milane se rng ki abha men antar a jata hai. ekadam kala aur ekadam saphed men kisi rng ki anubhooti nahin hoti. parntu vibhinn anupat men kala aur saphed milane se jo sleti rng banate hain unake anusar kisi bhi prathamik athava mishr rng ki anek abhaen ho sakati hain.[1]

lal hara v nila pratiroop

lal hara v nila rng pratiroop ek aisa pratiroop hai jisamen lal, hare aur nile rng ka prakash vibhinn prakar se mishrit hokar rngon ki ek vistrit sarani ka nirman karate hain. angrezi men ise ar ji bi kaha jata hai. lal hara v nila rng pratiroop ka nam tin prathamik rng lal, hare aur nile rng ke angrezi nam ke pahale akshar se judakar bana hai. ar ji bi rng maaudal ka mukhy uddeshy snvedan, pratinidhitv, aur ilektraaunik pranaliyon men ti.vi. aur kampyootar jaise chitr ke pradarshan ke lie hota hai. halanki yah bhi parnparik fotographi men prayog kiya gaya hai. nile, hare v lal rngon ko paraspar upayukt matra men milakar any rng prapt kiye ja sakate hain tatha inako barabar-barabar matra men milane se shvet prakash prapt hota hai.

lal hara nila pratiroop
lal hara nila pratiroop lal pratiroop hara pratiroop nila pratiroop

si. em. vaee. ke. pratiroop

kyan, mainjeta (rani), pila v kala rng pratiroop ek vyakalit varn pratiroop hai jise chaturvarn bhi kaha jata hai. si.em.vaee.ke. pratiroop rngin mudran men prayog kiya jata hai. si.em.vaee.ke. pratiroop kisi vishisht tarng dairdhy ko sokhakar, kary karata hai. aise pratiroop ko vyakalit pratiroop kahate hain, kyonki yah syahi shvet men se ujjvalata ko ghata deta hai.

si.em.vaee.ke. pratiroop
si em vaee ke pratiroop kyan pratiroop mainjenta pratiroop pila pratiroop kala pratiroop


pichhe jaen
rngon ka mishran
age jaen


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. hindi vishvakosh khnd 10

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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