कीर्तन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

kirtan
mirabaee
vivaran 'kirtan' sngitamay poojan ya samoohik bhakti ka svaroop hai, jo sampoorn bharat ke vaishnav snpraday men prachalit hai.
visheshata krishn nam ko adhar banakar 'mridng' athava 'karatal' ke tal par bhaktipoorn giton ke gayan ke sath bhavonmatt hokar nachana isaki visheshata hai.
snbndhit lekh mirabaee, tukaram, namadev, kabiradas
any janakari kirtan ko pooja ke svaroop ke roop men 15vin-16vin shatabdi men bngal ke rahasyavadi chaitany mahaprabhu ne lokapriy banaya, jo eeshvar ke adhik pratyaksh bhavanatmak anubhav ka lagatar prayas karate rahe.

kirtan sngitamay poojan ya samoohik bhakti ka svaroop hai, jo bngal ke vaishnav snpraday men prachalit hai. vaishnav snpraday men eeshvar upasana ki sngit-nrity samanvit ek vishesh pranali ko kirtan kaha jata hai. isake pravarttak devarshi narad kahe jate hain. kirtan ke madhyam se hi prahlad, ajamil adi ne param pad prapt kiya tha. mirabaee, narasi mehata, tukaram adi snt bhi isi parnpara ke anuyayi the.

gayan

amataur par kirtan men ekal gayak dvara ek chhnd gaya jata hai, jise usake bad snpoorn samooh talavadyon ke sath doharata hai. kee bar git ke sthan par dharmik kavitaon ka path, bhagavan ke nam ki punaravritti ya nrity bhi hota hai. kirtan ke giton men aksar manav-atma aur eeshvar ke snbndhon ka varnan, vishnu ke avatar krishn aur unaki premika radha ke snbndhon ke roop men kiya jata hai. kirtan-sndhya kee ghnton tak chal sakati hai, jisase usamen shamil hone vale kee bar dharmik anndatirek ki avastha men pahunch jate hain.

vikas tatha roop

kirtan ko pooja ke svaroop ke roop men 15vin-16vin shatabdi men bngal ke rahasyavadi chaitany mahaprabhu ne lokapriy banaya, jo eeshvar ke adhik pratyaksh bhavanatmak anubhav ka lagatar prayas karate rahe. 'kirtan' ka vikas mukhy roop se bngal men hua mana jata hai. vahan kirtan ka snket pal nareshon ke samay se hi milata hai, kintu isaka charam vikas mahaprabhu chaitany ke samay men hi hua. krishn nam ke adhar banakar 'mridng' athava 'karatal' ke tal par bhaktipoorn giton ke gayan ke sath bhavonmatt hokar nachana isaki visheshata hai.

garanahati

bngal ki kirtan pranali men 'garanahati' ka prachalan narottamadas namak kavi ne kiya, jo svny ek bade gayak the. inake kirtan men vrindavan ki bhakti ka rng chadha hua tha. unhonne 1584 ee. men apane mool sthanon men ek bada vaishnav mela bulaya, jisamen chaitany mahaprabhu ke bhakt shrinivasachary aur shyamannd bhi sammilit hue the. yah mela sat dinon tak hota raha. is mele men kirtan ne svabhavik kram men apana ek niji roop dharan kar liya aur usase lagabhag sara bngal prabhavit hua.[1]

manoharashahi

pndrahavin shati men kirtan ki anek paddhatiyon ke snyog se gnganarayan chakravarti ne is roop ko vikasit kiya aur isamen chndidas aur vidyapati ke padon ka vishesh mahatv tha. kirtan ke any do ullekhaniy roop hain- 'reneti' aur 'mndarani'. bngal ke in kirtan svaroopon se hi asam ke manipuri nrity aur mithila ke kirtaniya natak ka vikas hua hai.[2]

maharashtr men kirtan paddhati

maharashtr men kirtan ki ek sarvatha bhinn aur vyavasthit paddhati hai. vahan kirtanakar haridas kahe jate hain aur ve vishesh prakar ke vastr pahanakar khade hokar karatal ke tal par kirtan karate hain. is kirtan ke do ang hote hain-

  1. poorv rng
  2. uttar rng

poorv rng men haridas pahale mngalacharan svaroop ganapati athava any devataon ka stavan karata hai. usake bad vah ek adh dhrupad athava bhajan gata hai. tadanntar snton ke abhng athava padon ke adhar par bhakti, gyan, vairagy adi paramarthik vishayon ka, niroopan karata hai. isamen gita, pnchadashi, gyaneshvari, tukaram ki rachanaon adi se uddharan dekar vah poorv rng ke roop men ramayan, mahabharat athava puranon se akhyan hota hai. ant men 'abhng' gayan se kirtan ka samapan hota hai. kirtan vishesh parvon par mukhyat: mndiron men hi hote hain.

any ullekh

'kirtan' karnatak bhakti sngit ka ek prakar hai. isake nimnalikhit roop hain-

  1. divyanam
  2. utsav snpraday
  3. manas pooja
  4. snkshep ramayan

'pallavi', 'anupallavi' aur 'charan' isake bhag hain.

  • snskrit shilp sahity men kirtan prasad aur devalay ka paryay hai. is roop men isaka prayog 'agnipuran' ke devalay nirmit namak adhyay aur aryashoor ke jatak mala men bhi hua. charan usake bhag hain. elora ke kailas mndir ke abhilekh men bhi 'kirtan' shabd ka yahi abhipray hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. kirtan (hindi). . abhigaman tithi: 13 faravari, 2014.
  2. dr. maithili bhasha aur sahity

bahari kadiyan

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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