हिन्दी के ई-संसार का संचार -आदित्य चौधरी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Bharatkosh-copyright-2.jpg

fesabuk par bharatakosh (nee shuruat) bharatakosh
fesabuk par adity chaudhari adity chaudhari

hindi ke ee-snsar ka snchar -adity chaudhari


Vishwa-Hindi-Patrika-2015.jpg

is bar prastut hai vishv hindi sachivalay, maaurishas dvara 'vishv hindi patrika 2015' men prakashit mera lekh...

          ek sarvekshan ke anusar pratyek mahine ek boli ya bhasha prithvi se hamesha ke lie samapt ho rahi hai. isake karan kya hain… aur kahin hindi ke sath bhi to yah nahin ho jaega…
          aj ke samay men kisi bhasha ya boli ke jivit rahane ke lie matr sahity ki nahin balki use vyavasay, vigyan aur rozagar ki bhasha banane ki bhi zaroorat hoti hai. jo bhasha samany manushy ko rozagar nahin de pati vah dhire-dhire ek snkuchit dayare men simatati chali jati hai. angrezi ke antararashtriy bhasha hone ka sabase bada karan vyavasay hai. shauqiya kisi bhasha ko sikhane vale bahut hi kam log hote hain, adhikatar log kisi n kisi vyavasayik karan se hi kisi any bhasha ko sikhate hain.

          saibar duniya men hindi kitani aur kaisi hai yah kisi se chhupa nahin hai. intaranet ke sarch injan sthaniy bhasha ko kitani variyata de rahe hain aur kitani deni chahie yah janana avashyak hai. intaranet par sarch injanon ki apani simaen hain jinhen adhik vikasit karana hoga. jaise ki samanyat: log hindi ki samagri khojane men bhi roman yane angrezi ki lipi ka prayog karate hain. aisa karane se angrezi ki vebasaiten hi parinam men dikhaee deti hain. jabaki hona yah chahie ki hindi ya bharat se snbndhit shabd ya vaky ko khojane par sarch injanon ko parinam dene ke sath-sath yah bhi vikalp dikhana chahie ki prayokta ko kis bhasha men parinam chahie aur isase achchha yah rahega ki sabhi bhashaon ka vikalp bhi diya jae. sarch injan ke robaaut ki krauling men variyata, vyavasay ko di jati hai n ki vidyarthi athava shodharthi ko. hamen sarch injanon par yah dabav banana chahie ki roman lipi men khoje ge shabdon ke parinam matr angrezi men hi dene ki pratha ko samapt karen.
          udaharan ke lie man lijie apane khoja ‘Bharat’… to sarch injan ko parinam ke sath yah bhi dikhana chahie ki ‘kahin ap kisi any bhasha ki veb-khoj to nahin kar rahe?’ sath hi any bhashaon ka vikalp prastut karana chahie.
          intaranet par anek bhashaon se snbndhit samagri hai lekin hindi-devanagari men khojane par gini chuni vebasaiten hi khulati thin isi ko dhyan men rakhate hue hamane bharatakosh (www.bharatkosh.org) ka nirman kiya. aj 15 lakh klik pratimah ho rahe hain. dedh lakh ke qarib veb pej, 34 hazar se adhik lekh aur 17 karod se adhik pathak hain. isake lie kahin se koee arthik sahayata abhi tak prapt nahin hai. bharatakosh ke pathak 70% se adhik chhatr hain jo 18-28 varsh ki umr ke hain. samany gyan paheli ke karan bharatakosh, chhatron aur rozagar dene vali pratiyogitaon men bhag lene vale pratiyogiyon men sarvadhik lokapriy hai.

akhir banaya hi kyon bharatakosh…

          kabhi-kabhi aisa hota hai ki khojane ham kuchh aur nikalate hain aur khoj kuchh aur lete hain. jaise manushy ne 'amrit' khojana chaha. ‘amrit’ ek aisa pey padarth jise koee pi le to amar ho jaye aur isaki khoj men manushy ne behisab dimag lagaya, athah samay lagaya. amrit to nahin mila, lekin poora chikitsa vigyan khoj liya gaya. vo chahe ayurved ho, homyopaithi ho ya ailopaithi ho, koee bhi chikitsa paddhati ho. amrit ki khoj ki aur mil gaya chikitsa vigyan. jyon ka tyon amrit to nahin mila lekin manushy ne apani ausat ayu bison sal badha li aur dhire-dhire badhati hi chali ja rahi hai. isi tarah se manushy ki chahat thi ‘paras patthar’ khojane ki. ‘paras patthar’ ek aisa patthar jisase lohe ko chhoo len to loha sona ban jay. aisa paras patthar bahut khoja gaya, use banane ki bahut koshish huee. paras patthar to nahin mila aur milane ki koee sambhavana bhi nahin hai, lekin poora rasayan vigyan isi khoj ka parinam hai. manushy ne chidiyon ko udate dekha to usane udana chaha. is udane ki khoj men tamam tarah ke usane prayas kiye aur usane sara bhautik vigyan aur ganit khoj liya. manushy agar khud nahin ud paya to usane ek havaee zahaz aur raauket aisa bana diya jisamen usane udana shuroo kar diya aur antariksh men chandrama tak ja pahuncha. ham khojana to kuchh aur chahate hain aur pahunch kahin aur jate hain.
 
          isi tarah hamane bhi bharat snbndhi janakari ki talash intaranet par 'hindi bhasha' men ki. angrezi men tamam samagri mili. vibhinn deshon ki itani samagri, ki apako sadharan roop se koee kitab tatolane ki ya kisi pustakalay ko khngalane ki zaroorat nahin padegi. hamane khojana chaha ki kya hamare bharat ki janakari bhi isi tarah hi intaranet par upalabdh hogi? hamen vo samagri kafi had tak angrezi men hi mili, hindi men nahin mili. hindi men jo bhi mili vo bade khasta hal, tooti-phooti janakariyan, sndigdh janakariyan aur bikhari huee thin. kahin kisi bevasait par, kahin kisi blaaug par, kahin kisi 'intaranet par upalabdh pustak' men mili.
          ek bar vrindavan men isi vishay par charcha karate hue kuchh angrez bhi isamen shamil ho gaye jaisa ki sabhi janate hain, vrindavan men angrez aur videshi bahut ate hain. ek angrez ne tana dete hue kaha ki bharat ka itihas to angrezon ne likha hai aur intaranet par hindi bhasha men bhi angrez hi upalabdh karaenge. bas yahi bat mujhe chubh gee aur bina kisi sadhan-suvidha ke yuddh star par kam prarambh kar diya (ye bat sanh 2006 ki hai).
          sabase pahale www.brajdiscovery.org banaee jo ‘braj ka samagr gyanakosh’ hai. isake bad meri jivan sngini asha chaudhari ne mujhe atmavishvas ke kee path padhae aur ek sham ko sath-sath tahalate hue yah ghoshana kar di ki bharatakosh har hal men banaya jaega chahe hamari kshamata ho ya n ho. sath hi yah bhi nishvit kiya ki asha bhi mere sath bharatakosh banane men barabar ki bhagidar rahengi. unhonne apane shayanakaksh ko hi bharatakosh karyalay men badal dala jo aj bhi hai… phir to bas jaise himmat a gee www.bharatkosh.org banane ki.
          meri betiyan, damad aur putr ne bhi apana samay dekar hamare kam ko aur bhi asan kar diya. shrimati chndrakanta chaudhari (meri man) ne apani svatntrata senani ki penshan se adhi raqam dena shuroo kar diya, jo aj bhi jari hai. dhire-dhire 14-15 chhatron ki ek tim ban gee, jinhonne kam parishramik men bhi behatar natije die. hamane 12 se 14 ghante rozana kam karake 3 varshon men bharatakosh ko ek ‘pahachan’ vali sthiti men pahuncha diya. anekon bar to mujhe subah panch baje se rat barah baje tak kam karana padata tha. is bich mere kasarati sharir ne mujhe lagatar baithe rahane ke dnd svaroop do harniya ke aaupareshan de die.

kaise chalata hai bharatakosh ka karyalay…

          kuchh varsh pahale shrimati mishri devi ko bharat sarakar ne ‘sarvottam man’ ke samman se sammanit kiya. mishri devi ne adbhut karishma kar dikhaya hai. inake das bachche hain, panch betiyan aur panch bete. inhonne bachchon ko pala aur padhaya aur yahan tak padhaya ki ek bete ko aee.e.es. adhikari bana diya. itane bachche? khud apahij aur guzare ka sadhan koee nahin… zara sochie inake bharan-poshan ka sadhan kya tha! kheton ki kataee ke bad bache anaj ko chunana aur bazar men bechana. inhonne koee sarakari sahayata nahin li, kisi ke samane hath nahin phailaya, bas jo karana tha vo kar diya. hamari bhi lagabhag yahi paristhiti hai. bharatakosh ko kahin se koee vittiy sahayata prapt nahin hai.

n rite shrantasy sakhyay deva: rigved (4.33.11)

(devata usi ke sakha banate hain jo parishram karata hai.)

          aj bharatakosh par bharat ka itihas, bhoogol, sahity, darshan, dharm, snskriti, jivani, samaj, rahan sahan, khan-pan, tyohar adi ki janakari upalabdh hai. bharatakosh ko, bharat sarakar, vishvavidyalayon, any shikshan snsthanon, hindi vidvanon, samachar patron, patrikaon evn chhatraon-chhatron dvara padha aur saraha ja raha hai. pravasi bharatiyon ke bachchon ke lie to bharatakosh jaise varadan ke roop men sabit hua hai. bharatakosh par upalabdh janakari hindi men hai. hindi ke prati unaka rujhan badhata ja raha hai.
          bharat kosh ki gunavatta ka mukhy karan hai, bharat kosh par kam karane valon ki nek niyat. hamari niyat saf aur achchhi hai, isalie ham yah kam kar pa rahe hain. hamari yogyataon par, hamari karyakshamataon par, hamare bhasha gyan par, hamari vidvatta par anek prashn chihn lagaye ja sakate hain, lekin hamari nishtha, hamare shram aur hamari niyat par koee prashn chihn laga pana sambhav nahin hai. isalie hamare kam ki gunavatta din b din achchhi hoti ja rahi hai.
          yah thik aisi hi sthiti hai jaise pratyek man apane bachche ko palati hai. bachche palane ki shiksha ke lie kahin koee kaaulej ya vishvavidyalay nahin hai lekin har man apana bachcha palati hai. sabhi maen apane bachche ko ek svabhavik roop se achchhi tarah se palan poshan kar unhen yogy banane ka poora prayas karati hain, aur bana bhi deti hain. karan hota hai bachche ke prati vatsaly, usaki nishtha, usaki niyat, vo har qimat par har paristhiti men apane bachche ke sath poora nyay karane ki koshish karati hai aur bachche ko achchhi tarah se pal leti hai. bharatakosh ke lie hamari bhavana vahi hai jo sntan ke lie hoti hai.

pathak kaise den yogadan, kaise karen sampadan…

          hamane bharatakosh par snpadan suvidha bhi di hai. pichhale kuchh varshon men kuchh prayoktaon ne samagri yogadan diya, ne panne banae, chitr bhi apalod kie. dhire-dhire aise logon ki matra badh gee jo matr apana, apani vebasait ka, apane utpad ka adi prachar, bharatakosh ke madhyam se karane lage, yane vyarth ke panne banane lage. ab hamane yah niyam bana diya hai ki jo bhi pathak, bharatakosh par gambhirata se snpadan karana chahen ve hamen [email protected] par hindi men ee-mel karen. ham aise pathakon ko bharatakosh-sadasy bana kar snpadan karane ki svikriti de dete hain.

saibar hindi ka svaroop…

          hindi ko intaranet par lane ka arth matr hindi sahity ko hindi men la dena nahin hai. hindi ko vibhinn janakariyan upalabdh karane ka madhyam banane ki avashyakata hai. hindi ke khel, paheliyan, rozagar pratiyogita, manornjan, samany vigyan, besik svasthy shiksha, ee-buk, gyanakosh, bi-too-bi portal, sarakari janakariyan, kaaumik, kala-shiksha, krishi-shiksha adi-adi ko hindi men upalabdh karana hi hindi ko intaranet ke dvara, antararashtriy prachar-prasar dega.
          aj ee-shaauping ke sare kamakaj ka madhyam angrezi hai. shayad hi koee portal aisa ho jis par hindi men bhi kharidari ho sakati ho. jab bharatiy grahak dukanon par jakar hindi men hi apane kharidari karata hai to phir net par kyon nahin.
          knpyootar aur intaranet par kya-kya hindi men upalabdh ho, yah shodh ka vishay hona chahie. gahan shodh aur vichar vimarsh ke bad hi yah nishchit kiya ja sakata hai ki hamako hindi men kya upalabdh karana hai aur kya nahin. bahut se aise vishay aur shabd hain jinako hindi men upalabdh karane se ham pragati aur vikas ke bajay snkirnata ko badhava de denge. yah prayas kuchh deshon men hua aur snskriti aur bhasha ke snrakshan ki bajay isaka asar bhoomndalikaran ke daur men poornat: viparit hua. jaise vigyan ki shiksha men angrezi ke bajay kisi aur bhasha men karane ka prayas. vigyan kabhi bhi rashtriy vishay nahin raha. vigyan to prarambh se hi antararashtriy vishay hai. vigyan ki khojon ki shabdavali ka nirman jis desh ki bhasha men hua vahi manak hona chahie. usaka sthaniy bhasha men anuvad kar intaranet par upalabdh karane ki koee vyavaharik sarthakata nahin hai.
          devanagari lipi ke manakikaran ko lekar varshon se shodh aur goshthiyan ho rahi hain jinaka koee ek sarvamany hal nahin nikala hai. kisi lipi ke manakikaran ka arth to tab hoga jab lipi ko jivit rakhane ka prayas variyata kram men sarvopari ho. mudda manakikaran ka nahin balki saralikaran hai. yahan prashn hai un karanon ko samajhane ka jinake chalate am jan devanagari lipi ke prayog se bachate hain. devanagari ko intaranet ke madhyam se poori tarah shuddhata ke star par pahunchaya ja sakata hai. intaranet par hindi samagri ke lie speling chekar dvara shabdon ko parakha ja sakata hai. sach bat to yah hai ki aj adhunik takanik ke zamane men kisi bhasha ke manakikaran ki bat matr itihas hi hai. yadi koee lipi yoonikod men upalabdh hai to manakikaran karane ka kam poora krauling robaaut se karavaya ja sakata hai.
          bhoomndalikaran ke prarambh men bharat men vyapar karane kuchh yooropiy knpani aeen. jinhonne ek snyukt sarvekshan karavaya jisase pata chal sake ki bharat men vyapar ki bhasha kaun si hai. is sarve ka parinam tha ki bharat ki sampark bhasha angrezi hai. isaka mukhy karan tha utpadon ke nam angrezi men likha jana. sinemaghar aur filmon ke nam angrezi lipi men likha hona. motaragadiyon par nambar se lekar davaiyon ke nam sabhi angrezi men paye ge. natija ye hua ki in knpaniyon ne apane vyaparik pratishthan bana kar sabhi angrezi bolane valon ko niyukt kar diya. isase bat nahin bani kyonki grahak sabhi hindi bolana aur sunana pasnd kar rahe the. in yooropiy knpaniyon ne dobara se hindi bolane aur samajhane vale karmachari niyukt kie jisase sab kuchh asan ho gaya.
          asal men hua yah tha ki film ka nam to roman lipi men tha lekin poori film hindi men thi, gane hindi men the. tivi dharavahik bhi sab hindi ke dekhe jate hain. angrezi filmen hindi men dab karake pradarshit hoti hain. 90% bharatiy jan saauri aur thanks kahane ke bad apani matr bhasha ya hindi men bolana prarambh kar dete hain.
          ukt udaharan matr isalie diya gaya hai ki jisase yah spasht ho sake ki yadi ham intaranet par hindi bhasha aur devanagari lipi men paryapt samagri upalabdh nahin kara sake to intaranet par bhi bharat snbndhi vishayon ka madhyam angrezi hi ho jaega. sanh 2006 se brajdiscovery.org aur 2008 se bharatkosh.org bana kar hamane yahi prayas kiya hai.
          hindi ke ee-prachar-prasar ke lie hamara lakshy, shiksharthiyon ke sath-sath ek samany mazadoor bhi hona chahie. hamara lakshy, intaranet par luhar, badhee, mali, rikshachalak, raj-mazadoor adi ke lie bhi unake peshe se snbndhi janakari hindi men upalabdh karane ka hona chahie. isake lie mainne vishv hindi sammelan men hindi men ‘bolati sahayata’ ka prastav rakha tha. jisase laipataaup slet knpyootar (taibalet) aur smart fon hindi men bolakar prayokta ki sahayata kar saken. am jan ke pas smartafon hone ki snbhavana pahale se kee guna badh gee hai kintu isaka upayog matr fon par bat karane, gane sunane, foto ya vidiyo dekhane adi men ho raha hai. jise hamako am jan ke lie, shiksha aur rozagar parak banana hai.
          intaranet aj ke samaj ka panchava stambh hai. guzare zamane men samaj par asar dalane vale madhyamon men samachar patron, pustakon aur filmon ko zimmedar samajha jata raha hai lekin aj ke samaj ko prabhavit karane men intaranet ki bhoomika sabase mahatvapoorn ho gee hai. mobail ‘netavark’ ke lie gali-muhalle-dehat ki bhasha men ‘natavar’ shabd lokapriy hai. hamare ghar men khana banane vali ke pas do smartafon hain lekin usaka smartafon usake naukari men usaka sahayak nahin hai. jisaka karan hai ki smartafon ko manornjan ko variyata dekar banaya gaya hai. hona yah chahie ki knpyootar aur smartafon prayokta ki zaroorat ke hisab se banaya jae jisamen ki variyata usaki naukari ya kamakaj ho.
          aise halat men ham sabhi ki zimmedari aur badh jati hai. to aie ab hindi ke bare men baten karana chhodakar intaranet ki duniya men sabakuchh hindi men upalabdh karane men lag jaen.


is bar itana hi... agali bar kuchh aur...
-adity chaudhari
snsthapak evn pradhan sampadak


pichhale sampadakiy

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah