दोस्ती-दुश्मनी और मान-अपमान -आदित्य चौधरी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Bharatkosh-copyright-2.jpg

fesabuk par bharatakosh (nee shuruat) bharatakosh
fesabuk par adity chaudhari adity chaudhari

dosti-dushmani aur man-apaman -adity chaudhari


raja nand ka darabar

        n jane kitani purani bat hai ki n jane kis rajy men vir nam ka ek yuvak rahata tha. ek bar vir ko doosare rajy men kisi kam se jana pada aur durbhagy se vir vahan ek jhoothe aparadh men phns gaya. gavahon ki gair maujoodagi ke karan raja ne use phansi ka huqm suna diya aur munadi karava di gee-
"har khas-o-am ko soochit kiya jata hai ki aparadhi vir ko thik ek mahine bad...yane poornamasi ke din... hamare rajy ki pratha ke anusar... praja ke samane... sarvajanik roop se phansi par latakaya jaegaaaa ."
        jel men bnd vir bahut pareshan tha. use pareshan dekhakar paharedar ne kaha-
"phansi ki saza se tum pareshan ho ge ho. ab marana to hai hi... aram se khao-pio aur mast raho"
"mujhe apane marane ki chinta nahin hai. meri pareshani kuchh aur hai... kya mujhe jel se kuchh din ki chhutti mil sakati hai ?"
"jel se chhutti ? ye koee naukari hai kya, jo chhutti mil jaegi?... lekin bat kya hai, kahan jana hai tumhen chhutti lekar ?"
"meri man andhi hai aur ghar par akeli hai. mujhe usake shesh jivan ka poora prabndh karane ke lie jana hai jisase mere marane ke bad use koee kasht n ho. usaka sara prabndh karake main ek mahine ke bhitar hi laut aoonga.... kya koee tariqa... kya koee qanoon aisa nahin hai ki mujhe kuchh dinon ki chhutti mil jay ?"
"dekho bhaee ! tum padhe-likhe aur sajjan adami maloom hote ho... tumhari samasya ko main rajy ke mntri tak pahunchava doonga... bas itana hi main tumhare lie kar sakata hoon."
        agale din paharedar ne bataya-
"sirf ek tariqa hai ki tum chhutti ja sako...?"
"vo kya ?"
"agar tumhari jagah koee aur yahan jel men band ho jay... jisase ki agar tum nahin laute to tumhari jagah use phansi de di jay...sirf yahi tariqa hai... lekin kabhi aisa hua nahin hai kyonki koee bhi kisi ki phansi ki zamanat thode hi deta hai."
"ap mere ganv se mere dost dhir ko bulava dijie... meharabani karake jaldi use bulava den"
"pagal ho kya ! koee dost-vost nahin hota aise mauqe ke lie..."
"ap use khabar to karavaie..."
        vir aur dhir ki dosti sare ilaqe men mashahoor thi. log unaki dosti ki qasamen khaya karate the. jaise hi dhir ko khabar mili vo bhaga-bhaga aya aur vir ko jel se chhutti mil gee.
        dhire-dhire din guzarane lage, vir nahin lauta aur n hi usaki koee khabar aee. dhir ke chehare par koee chinta ke bhav nahin the balki vah to rozana khoob kasarat karata aur jamakar khana khata. paharedar usase kahate ki vir ab vapas nahin aega to dhir hnsakar tal jata. is tarah phansi men keval ek din shesh rah gaya, tab sabhi ne dhir ko samajhaya ki use moorkh banaya gaya hai.
"ap log nahin janate vir ko... yadi vah jivit hai to nishchit lautega... chahe soory poorab ke bajay pachchhim se uge... lekin vir avashy lautega. ek bat aur hai, jisaka pata ap logon ko nahin hai. mainne use yah kahakar bheja hai ki vah kabhi vapas n laute aur mujhe hi phansi lagane de... magar main janata hoon use, vo nalayaq zaroor lautega, meri bat manega hi nahin !"
        jab sabane yah suna ki khud dhir ne hi vir se lautane ke lie mana kar diya hai to raja ko soochana de di gee.
poornamasi a gee aur phansi ka din bhi.... apar bhid ekatr ho gee, is vichitr phansi ko dekhane ke lie. jisamen kisi ke badale men koee aur phansi par chadh raha tha. svayn raja bhi vahan upasthit tha. phansi lagane hi vali thi ki vahan vir pahunch gaya.
"rokie phansi ! phansi to mujhako di jani hai... main a gaya hoon ab... mujhe dijie phansi" - vir bola,
"nahin ye samay par nahin laut paya hai, isalie phansi to ab mujhe lagegi... mujhe !" dhir chillaya,
        is tarah donon jhagadane lage. janata ke sath-sath raja ko bhi bahut ashchary ho raha tha ki ye donon dost phansi par chadhane ke lie lad-jhagad rahe hain ?
"lekin tum itani der se kyon laute ?" raja ne poochha.
"maharaj ! mainne to apani man ke lie sara intazam ek saptah men hi kar diya tha aur use samajha bhi diya tha ki ab usaka dhyan dhir hi rakhega. jab main vapas laut raha tha to luteron se meri muthabhed ho gee. main 15 din ghayal aur besudh pada raha. jaise hi mujhe hosh aya, main bhaga-bhaga yahan aya hoon."
raja ne kaha "ab to tum donon ko hi saza di jaegi... lekin vo phansi nahin balki hamare rajadarabar men naukari karane ki saza hogi... tum donon bemisal dost ho aur eemanadar bhi... aj se tum donon hamare rajadarabar ki shobha badhaoge"
        ye to thi mitrata ki ek purani kahani, mitrata aur shatruta ka apasi rishta bahut gahara hai. mitrata, barabar valon men hoti hai aur is 'barabar' ka snbndh paise ki barabari se nahin hai, yah barabari kisi aur hi dharatal par hoti hai. isi karan hamare 'star' ki pahachan hamare doston se hoti hai. yahi bat shatruta par bhi lagoo hoti hai. hamare shatru jis star ke hain, hamara bhi star vahi hota hai.
        yoonan ke samrat sikndar se kisi ne kaha-
"apake bare men suna hai ki ap bahut tez daud sakate hain. kisi daud men ap hissa kyon nahin lete ?"
"jab samraton ki daud hogi to sikndar bhi daudega." sikndar ka uttar tha.
        isi tarah 'nepoliyan bonapart' se ek pahalavan ne kaha-
"apaki bahaduri mashahoor hai, mujhase kushti ladakar mujhe hara kar dikhaie !"
"tumase mera angarakshak ladega... jo tumase doguna taqatavar hai. usake samane tum ek minit bhi nahin tik paoge. mujhe apani bahaduri ke lie 'tumhare' pramanapatr ki nahin balki yoorop ki janata ke vishvas ki zaroorat hai."
        mitrata ka koee 'prakar' nahin hota ki is prakar ki mitrata ya us prakar ki, jabaki shatruta ke bahut sare 'prakar' hain. jaise- rajanitik shatruta, vyaparik shatruta, eershya-jany shatruta adi kee tarah ki shatruta ho sakati hain. shatruta ke bare men yah bhi kaha ja sakata hai ki shatruta kam ho gee ya badh gee. mitrata kam ya adhik nahin hoti, ya to hoti hai ya nahin hoti. jab ham yah kahate hain "usase hamari utani dosti ab nahin rahi..." to ham sahi nahin kah rahe hote. vastav men dosti samapt ho chuki hoti hai. isi tarah 'gahari mitrata' jaisi koee sthiti nahin hoti. dosti aur dushmani men ek farq yah bhi hota ki dosti 'ho' jati hai aur dushmani 'ki' jati hai.
        mitrata aur shatruta ke snbndh men gita kya kahati hai ?
gita men do shlok hai-
sam: shatrau ch mitre ch tatha manapamanayo: .
shitoshnasukhadu:kheshu sam: sngnavivarjit: .. (gita adhyay-12 shlok-18)
manapamanayostulyastulyo mitraripakshayo: .
sarvarambhaparityagi gunatit: s uchyate .. (gita adhyay-14 shlok-25)
        samany bhavarth ko hi samajhen to in shlokon ka matalab hai ki buddhiman ke lie n koee mitr hai aur n koee shatru hai. n koee man hai, n koee apaman hai.
aisa kaise ho sakata hai ki n koee mitr hai aur n koee shatru hai ? n koee man hai, n koee apaman hai ! mitr to mitr hota hai, shatru to shatru hota hai. jo mitr hai, vah shatru kaise ho sakata hai aur jo shatru hai, vah mitr kaise ho sakata hai ? isi tarah yadi koee hamen apamanit karata hai to bura lagata hai. koee samman deta hai to achchha lagata hai. ye kaise sambhav hai ki n koee apaman hai aur n koee man hai. gita men is shlok ka arth kya hai ?
ek udaharan dekhen-
        chanaky aur rakshas ki shatruta vishvavikhyat hai. chndragupt ke samrat banane ke bad chanaky ne mahamaty ke pad se seva nivritt hokar vapas takshashila jakar adhyapan kary karana chaha to chndragupt ne poochha-
"amaty ! apaki anupasthiti men apaka kary kaun snbhalega ? magadh ka rajy, chanaky jaise mahamaty ke bina kaise chal paega ?"
"rakshas banega mahamaty ! usase adhik yogy aur nishthavan koee doosara nahin hai." chanaky ne uttar diya.
"rakshas ? kintu vah to apaka shatru hai ?"
"vah mera shatru nahin hai varanh‌ vah to dhanannd ka svamibhakt tha, jo ki usaka samrat tha. rakshas ki yogyata men koee kami nahin thi, sari kamiyan nnd men thin. jab rakshas tumhara mntri banega to usaki nishtha tumhare prati rahegi"
chndragupt ko chanaky ne samajha diya lekin samasya yah thi ki rakshas lapata tha. usako khojane ke lie chanaky ne usake ek mitr ko sarvajanik phansi dene ki munadi karava di. rakshas svayn ko rok n saka aur apane mitr ko bachane ke lie chhadm vesh se pratyaksh men a gaya. chanaky ne rakshas ke mitr ko is shart par jivan dan de diya ki rakshas ko chndragupt ka mahamntri banana hoga. isake bad chanaky takshashila chala gaya.
        yadi do mitr ek hi kary kshetr men prayas karate hain. ek ko saphalata milati hai, ek ko nahin milati. nishchit roop se unamen eershya ho jayegi aur unamen ek shatruta ki bhavana panap jayegi, jise angrezi men ajakal naye tarminolaauji men 'frenimi' bhi kaha jata hai. frenimi yani ki frend bhi enimi bhi (dost bhi aur dushman bhi).
ek aur udaharan-
        ustad bade gulam ali khan sahab aur ustad amir khan sahab donon hi shastriy gayan men parngat the. donon men pratisparddha thi. ek prakar ki adavat thi. bade gulam ali khan sahab adhik prasiddh the. unaki avaz men madhurata adhik thi. mugal-e-azam film men dilip kumar aur madhubala par filmaye ge yadagar prem-drishy men, bade gulam ali ki 'rag sohani' men gaee thumari 'prem jogan banake' ne unaki prasiddhi ghar-ghar men kar di thi. amir khan utane zyada lokapriy nahin the. amir khan, bade gulam ali ke gayan men aksar kamiyan nikalate rahate the.
        khuda-n-khasta hua ye ki bade gulam ali khan, amir khan se pahale intakal farma gaye. kamal ki bat ye dekhie ki amir ali khan sahab ne gana hi band kar diya. logon ne unase kaha ki ab ap gate nahin hain. ap ab sngit sabhaon men nahin jate. unhonne kaha ki 'usi' ko sunane ke lie gata tha. ab vahi nahin raha to sunaoon kisako. ab ap kya kahenge ise ? do logon ki dosti ya do logon ki dushmani ?
        jo vyakti dost banane ke qabil nahin hai to vah dushman banane ke qabil bhi nahin hota aur jo dushman banane ke qabil nahin hai, vah dost banane ke kabil bhi nahin hota. jis tarah doston ka star hota hai, usi tarah se dushmanon ka bhi star hota hai.
ek aur udaharan-
        nepoliyan bonapart ka ek dushman yuddh men mara gaya. nepoliyan ne kaha ki ab main vah nepoliyan nahin raha, jo us dushman ke jivit rahate hue tha. us dushman ke jivit rahate hue jis nepoliyan ko ap janate the, vah is nepoliyan se bilkul alag tha. ho sakata hai ki usake jivit rahate hue mujhe bilkul bhinn tariqe se jivan jina hota. ab jab vo is duniya men nahin hai to main bilkul bhinn tariqe se apana jivan jioonga. meri rajanitik mahatvakanksha, mere saphal hone ki nitiyan, sab badal geen, bhinn ho geen.
ab zara man-apaman ki bat karen to apaman ki ghatanaon se itihas badale-bane hain aur prachin kathaon ke prasiddh prasng bhi.
kuchh udaharan-
        kauravon ki sabha men krishn ka apaman, draupadi ka chir haran, hastinapur ki rngashala men karn ka apaman, drupad ki sabha men dronachary ka apaman, janak ki sabha men ashtavakr ka apaman, dhanannd ki sabha men chanaky ka apaman, angrezon dvara mahatma gandhi ka apaman adi. ye sabhi vastavik apaman the aur inake pratishodh bhi lie ge aur apaman karane vale ko dndit bhi kiya gaya.
        yadi hamen koee samman de to achchha lagata hai lekin koee moorkh, dhoort, vikshipt athava lalachi vyakti hamen sammanit karata hai to ham is samman ko mahattv nahin dete. kyon...? kyonki us vyakti ko ham is yogy nahin samajhate ki ham usaka samman svikar karen. thik isi tarah yadi koee mahatvahin vyakti hamara apaman kare tab bhi hamako yah nahin samajhana chahie ki hamara apaman hua.
dhanannd ki rajasabha men vishnugupt (chanaky) ka apaman itihas aur kathaon men sambhavat: apaman se snbndhit sabase adhik prasiddh ghatana hai. apako kya lagata hai chanaky ka apaman koee pahali bar hua tha ? aisa nahin hai. ek anath aur garib balak kin-kin apamanon ko jhelakar bada hua hoga ? unaka abhas asani se nahin kiya ja sakata hai. kintu chanaky ne un chhote aur mahattvahin apamanon ki or kabhi dhyan nahin diya. jab magadh ke samrat ne bhari sabha men usaka anadar kiya, tab chanaky ne ise apana apaman mana aur kahate hain ki pratigya ki-
"dhanannd ! jab tak main is apaman ka dnd tujhe nahin deta, tab tak main apani shikha ko khuli hi rakhoonga. meri shikha men ganth tabhi lagegi, jab main, chanak putr vishnagupt, tera aur tere vnsh ka samool nash kar doonga."
        jo hamen sammanit kare, us vyakti ka kuchh star avashy hona chahie. hamen ehasas hona chahie ki ham sammanit hue. isi tarah jo hamen apamanit kar raha hai, usaka bhi kuchh star aisa hona chahie ki hamen ehasas ho ki vah hamen apamanit kar raha hai. jo vyakti 'kisi' ke bhi dvara apaman kie jane se apamanit ho jay us vyakti ka koee star nahin hota.

ek kahavat-
"A gentleman never insults anyone unintentionally" [bhadrajan, kisi ka bhi apaman anabhipret (anajane) nahin karate]. -'aauskar vaild'

is saptah itana hi... agale saptah kuchh aur...
-adity chaudhari
snsthapak evn pradhan sampadak


tika tippani aur sndarbh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah