अमिताभ चौधरी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

amitabh chaudhari
amitabh chaudhari
poora nam amitabh chaudhari
janm 11 navambar, 1927
janm bhoomi kolakata
karm bhoomi bharat
karm-kshetr patrakarita
bhasha bangla
vidyalay e.em. kaaulej, sent jeviyars kaaulej tatha ashutosh kaaulej, kalakatta
puraskar-upadhi megsese puraskar
prasiddhi patrakar
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari amitabh chaudhari ne apana ek naya saptahik stambh 'nepathy darshan' shuroo kiya tha. unhonne isaki snrachana men khud ko 'shri nirapeksh' ka nam diya, jisaka arth hai- "jo kisi paksh ka poshak nahin hai." is stambh ke madhyam se amitabh chaudhari ne ek se ek bhed dene vali khoji patrakarita ka udaharan prastut kiya.
adyatan‎ 05:56, 10 agast, 2016 (IST)
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

amitabh chaudhari (angrezi: Amitabh Choudhary, janm- 11 navambar, 1927, kolakata) naitikata aur eemanadari ka mooly samajhane vale patrakar the. patrakarita ke ne daur men unhonne kary kiya tha. unhonne bangla pres men kam karate hue yah siddhant apanaya tha ki chahe vah rajaneta ho ya adhikari, janaseva bhav usamen poorn nishtha se bana rahana chahie. bangla ke dainik samachar patr 'jugantar' ke sahayak sampadak pad se shuroo hokar vah jahan kahin bhi pahunche, unhonne apana yah siddhant barabar banae rakha aur isake jarie ve nishthapoorvak nagarik tatha samuday ke hit men khoji patrakar ki bhoomika nibhate rahe. amitabh chaudhari ki is kartavyanishtha ke lie unhen 1961 ka 'megsese puraskar' pradan kiya gaya tha.

janm

amitabh chaudhari ka janm 11 navambar, san 1927 ko kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) men hua tha. unake pita shishir chaudhari ki mrityu tabhi ho gee thi, jab amitabh keval char mah ke the. unaka palan-poshan unaki man pritirani chaudhari ne kiya.

shiksha

amitabh chaudhari ki shiksha chandranath haeeskool, kalakatta se shuroo huee tatha 1944 men unhonne netrokona, meman sinh (poorvi bngal) ke datta haeeskool se maitrik ki pariksha pas ki. maitrik ke bad amitabh ki padhaee kalakatta ke e.em. kaaulej, sent jeviyars kaaulej tatha ashutosh kaaulej men huee, jahan se unhonne 1948 men angrezi men (aaunars) ikaaunamiks tatha ganit ke sath snatak ki digri prapt ki.[1]

vivah

varsh 1959 men amitabh chaudhari ka vivah apane samay ki janimani chitrakar nepa se hua.

'jugantar' ke lie kary

kaaulej se nikalate hi amitabh chaudhari ko bngal ke prabhavashali dainik 'jugantar' men kam mil gaya. 'jugantar' kalakatta ke prasiddh samachar prakashan 'amrit bazar patrika' ka sahayogi samachar patr tha aur us samay usaki bahattar hazar pratiyan har roz bikati thin. 'jugantar' men kam karate hue amitabh chaudhari ne 1952 men maaudarn indiyan laingvejez men em.e. ki digri kalakatta vishvavidyalay se prapt kar li. is bich unaka lekhan manaviy trasadi ke bahut-se pakshon ko uthate hue prakashit hota raha. bharat ki azadi ke bad desh ke vibhajan aur usase utpann visthapan ki dardanak sthiti se amitabh bahut dravit hue aur unhonne ise lekar apani nee drishti tatha shaili men bahut kuchh likha, jise bngal pres ne samman se prakashit kiya. 1956 men amitabh chaudhari 'jugantar' ke sahayak sampadak bina die ge. vah is pad par kam karane vale, kisi bhi akhabar ke sabase kam umr ke vyakti the. isake pahale unhen snsadiy mamalon ki riporting ki jimmedari saunpi gee thi. is kam men amitabh ne jatil snsadiy prasngon ko bhi saral tatha lokapriy dhng se prastut kiya. isaki bahut prashnsa ki gee tatha unake bahut-se patrakar sathiyan ne use apana liya.[1]

'nepathy darshan' ki shuruat

sahayak sampadak banane ke bad amitabh chaudhari ne apana ek naya saptahik stambh shuroo kiya, jisaka nam unhonne 'nepathy darshan' diya. jaisa ki nam se hi spasht hai, is stambh men ve parde ke pichhe ka paridrishy ujagar karane ka kam karate the. unhonne isaki snrachana men khud ko shri nirapeksh ka nam diya, jisaka arth hai- "jo kisi paksh ka poshak nahin hai." is stambh ke madhyam se amitabh chaudhari ne ek se ek bhed dene vali khoji patrakarita ka udaharan prastut kiya. is stambh ke lie amitabh ne 'jugantar' ke svamiyon ke samane yah bat rakhi ki vah usake lie koee atirikt parishramik nahin lenge, lekin unhen isake lie vishay ko chunane ki tatha prastut karane ki poori svatntrata di jae. 'jugantar' ke svamiyon ne n sirph yah shart svikar ki balki is stambh ke karan doosare virodhon ka bhi samana bina jhuke, amitabh ko poori tarah bachate hue kiya.

amitabh chaudhari ke is stambh ki takat ka andaja isi bat se lagaya ja sakata hai ki asam men alpasnkhyak bangla bhashi logon ko lekar hue dngon ke samay, is vishay par chal raha, snsadiy bahas men amitabh ka alekh, jo isi sandarbh men likha gaya tha, mahattvapoorn mana jate hue vibhinn bhashaon men anoodit karakar snsad men vitarit karaya gaya tha aur ise ek snsadiy janch kameti ki riport jaisi manyata dete hue prashasanik roop se svikar kiya gaya tha. isi tarah amitabh chaudhari ki 1957 men damodar vaili kaauraporeshan ke ku-prashasan par di gee riport ne snsad men prashn khada kar diya tha aur pradhanamntri ne is par janch ke adesh jari kie the. janch ki riport men abhitabh dvara uthae ge prashnon ki satyata samane aee thi, jisake karan n keval sambandhit niyamon men parivartan kiya gaya tha, balki vahan ke cheyaramain ko ritayar karate hue bord ke punargathan ke adesh parit hue the.[1]

am adami ke du:kh-dard ka dhyan

  • amitabh ke drishtikon men am adami ke dukh-dard ka bada sthan tha aur unaki patrakarita is par vishesh dhyan deti thi. ek bar ek lokomotiv tren ke fayaramain ki garmi ke karan maut ho gee thi. usaki patni aur usaka chhota bachcha kisi muavaze ka hakadar isalie nahin tha, kyonki char sal ki naukari ke bavajood vah sthayi karmachari nahin tha. is par amitabh chaudhari ki kalam aur tathyaparak riport ne relave ke janaral mainejar ko majaboor kar diya tha ki usake parivar ko muavaza diya jae aur usaki patni ko relave men koee upayukt naukari mile.
  • aisa hi ek mamala ek eksaij inspektar ke sath bhi tha. vah ek avaidh sharab ki phaiktari par chhapa marate samay jan se hath dho baitha tha. is par bhi 'shri nirapeksh' yani amitabh chaudhari ke hastakshep se us inspektar ki patni ke lie penshan ki vyavastha ki gee tatha usake bachchon ke lie shiksha bhatta diya gaya.

is tarah 'nepathy darshan' ke madhyam se amitabh chaudhari ne, n keval kee mamale ujagar kie, balki behad bariki se mamalon ka adhyayan karake unake paksh men sabhi saboot dastavez jutae aur unhen vyavastha ke samane rakha. is kram men amitabh ne dhaee sau se jyada mamale uthae, jinamen sarakari tntr ki uchch stariy mashinari men bhrashtachar tatha arajakata ka pardaphash hua aur sambndhit adhikariyon ko apane kie ka parinam bhugatana pada. isake sath hi amitabh ke is stambh ne janahit ke bahut-se prasngon men bahas ka mahaul banaya. samajik mamalon men bhi sarthak hal nikala gaya. aise bahut-se drishtant samane rakhe ja sakate hain, jo amitabh chaudhari ka nyay tatha janahit ke prati agrah samane late hain. is sandarbh men amitabh apane anubhav ka nichod batate hain. ve kahate hain ki "main is bat se sahamat nahin hoon ki patrakar ko khabar dete samay tatasth tahana chahie." unaka manana tha ki "patrakar ko samooche mamale men kisi-n-kisi ka pakshadhar banakar usaki pairavi men poore junoon se khade hone chahie. sachcha patrakar hamesha saty ke paksh men usaki takat banakar khada hota hai, lekin yah bhi zaroori hai ki sach ki tah tak pahunchane ke daur men vah khud ko tatasth banakar rakhe aur kisi poorvagrah se khud ko bachata chale. vah apani pakshadharata ka poora sach janane ke bad tay kare varana vah poora sach kabhi bhi samane nahin la paega."[1]

seminaron men bhagidari

amitabh chaudhari ko 1958 men 'amerikan pres instityoot' dvara ayojit eshiyan jarnalists ke seminar men bhag lene ka mauka bhi mila. abhitabh 'intaraneshanal pres intityoot' dvara ayojit do eshiyaee seminaron men prashikshak ke taur par bhi amntrit kie ge, yah seminar dilli men navambar, 1960 ko tatha lahaur men march, 1961 men ayojit kie ge the. in seminaron men amitabh chaudhari dvara prastut khoji patrakarita par alekh padhe ge tatha un par vichar-vimarsh kiya gaya. bharat tatha pakistan ke bhagidaron men se bahuton ne unake taur-tarikon ko apane kam men apanaya. in alekhon men amitabh chaudhari ke patrakarita ke anubhavon ka nichod tha, jo unake kam tatha samaj se rishton ko samane lata tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 maigsese puraskar vijeta bharatiy |lekhak: ashok gupta |prakashak: naya sahity, kashmiri get, dilli |snkalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth snkhya: 16 |

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