आशापूर्णा देवी  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

ashapoorna devi
ashapoorna devi
poora nam ashapoorna devi
janm 8 janavari, 1909
janm bhoomi kalakatta[1], pashchim bngal
mrityu 13 julaee, 1995
karm bhoomi pashchim bngal
karm-kshetr sahity
mukhy rachanaen pratham pratishruti (1964), akash mati (1975), prem o prayojan (1944) adi.
bhasha bangla
puraskar-upadhi taigor purash‍kar (1964), lila purash‍kar, padmashri (1976) aur gyanapith puraskar (1976)
prasiddhi bangh‍la upanh‍yasakar
nagarikata bharatiy
adyatan‎
inhen bhi dekhen kavi soochi, sahityakar soochi

ashapoorna devi (angrezi: Ashapoorna Devi, janm: 8 janavari, 1909, kalakatta (vartaman kolakata); mrityu: 13 julaee, 1995) bangla bhasha ki prakhh‍yat upanyasakar thin, jinhonne matr 13 varsh ki ayu men likhana prarnbh kar diya tha aur tab se hi unaki lekhani nirntar sakriy bani rahi.

arnbhik jivan

ashapoorna devi madhh‍yavargiy parivar se thin, par sh‍kool-kaaulej jane ka suavasar unh‍hen kabhi nahin mila. unake parivesh men un sabhi nishedhon ka bolabala tha, jo us yug ke bngal ko akrant kie hue the, lekin padhane, gunane aur apane vichar vh‍yakh‍t karane ki bharapoor suvidhaen unh‍hen shuroo se milati rahin. unake pita kushal chitrakar the, man bangh‍la sahith‍y ki ananh‍y premi aur tinon bhaee kaaulej ke chhatr the. zahir hai, us samay ke jane-mane sahith‍yakaron aur kala shilh‍piyon ko nikat se dekhane-janane ke avasar ashapoorna ko ae din milate rahe. aise parivesh men unake manas ka hi nahin, kala chetana aur snvedanashilata ka bhi bharapoor vikas hua. bhale hi pita ke ghar aur phir pati ke ghar bhi parde adi ke bndhan barabar rahe, par kabhi ghar ke kisi jharokhe se bhi yadi bahar ke snsar ki jhalak mil gee, to unaka sajag man udhar ke samooche ghatanachakr ki kalh‍pana kar leta. is prakar desh ke sh‍vatntrata sngharsh, asahayog andolan, rajaniti ke kshetr men nari ka pardapan aur phir purush varg ki barabari men dayith‍von ka nirvah, sab kuchh unaki chetana par ankit hua.

sahityik parichay

apani pratibha ke karan ashapoorna devi ko samakalin bangh‍la upanh‍yasakaron ki pratham pnkh‍ti men gauravapoorn sh‍than mila. unake vipul kritith‍v ka udaharan unaki lagabhag 225 kritiyan hain, jinamen 100 se adhik upanyas hain. ashapoorna devi ki saphalata ka rahash‍y bahut kuchh unake shilh‍p-kaushal men hai, jo nitant sh‍vabhavik hone ke sath-sath adbhut roop se daksh hai. unaki yatharthavadita, shabh‍don ki mitavh‍yayita, sahaj sntulit mudra aur bat jh‍yon ki th‍yon kah dene ki kshamata ne unh‍hen aur bhi vishishh‍t bana diya. unaki avalokan shakh‍ti n keval paini aur antargami thi, balh‍ki asapas ke sare bh‍yoron ko bhi apane men samet lati thin. manav ke prati ashapoorna ka drishh‍tikon kisi vicharadhara ya poorvagrah se grash‍t nahin tha. kisi ghrinit charitr ka rekhaknn karate samay unake man men koee kadavahat nahin thi, vah moolat: manavapremi thin. unaki rachanagat sashakh‍tata ka srot paranubhooti aur manavajati ke prati hardik snvedana thi. ashapoorna vidrohini thin. unaka vidroh roodhi, bndhanon, jarjar poorvagrahon, samaj ki arthahin parnparaon aur un avamananaon se tha, jo nari par purush varg, sh‍vayn nariyon aur samaj vh‍yavash‍tha dvara ladi gee thin. unaki upanh‍yas-trayi, pratham pratishruti, suvarnalata aur bakulakatha ki rachana hi unake is saghan vidroh bhav ko moort aur mukharit karane ke lie huee.

shaili

ashapoorna ke lekhan ki vishishh‍tata unaki ek apani hi shaili hai. katha ka vikas, charitron ka rekhaknn, patron ke manobhavon se avagat karana, sabamen vah yatharthavadita ko banae rakhate hue apani ashamayi drishh‍ti ko abhivh‍yakh‍ti deti hain. isake pichhe unaki shaili vidyaman rahati hai.

pramukh kritiyan

upanh‍yas-
  • prem o prayojan (1944)
  • agh‍ni-pariksha (1952)
  • chhadapatr (1959)
  • pratham pratishruti (1964)
  • suvarnalata (1966)
  • mayadarpan (1966)
  • bakul katha (1974)
  • uth‍tarapurush (1976)
  • jugantar yavanika pare (1978)
kahani-
  • jal aur agun (1940)
  • ar ek din (1955)
  • sonali sndhh‍ya (1962)
  • akash mati (1975)
  • ek akash anek tara (1977)

samman aur puraskar

ashapoorna devi ko 'taigor purash‍kar' (1964), 'lila purash‍kar', 'padmashri' (1976) aur 'gyanapith puraskar' (1976) se samh‍manit kiya gaya.

nidhan

prakhyat upanyasakar ashapoorna devi ka nidhan 13 julaee, 1995 ko hua.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. (vartaman kolakata)

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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