अखण्डित बंगाल  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg bngal ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- bngal (bahuvikalpi)
akhandit bngal
akhandit bngal ka manachitr
vivaran bngal athava 'akhandit bngal' uttarapoorvi dakshin eshiya men ek kshetr hai.
vibhajan sanh 1905 men bharat ke british vaisaraauy laaurd karzan dvara bharatiy rashtravadiyon ke bhari virodh ke bavajood bngal ka vibhajan (pashchim bngal aur poorvi bngal) kiya gaya tha. jisamen poorvi bngal bad men bangladesh ke roop men svatantr rashtr bana.
rashtriy shok divas vibhajan ke din 16 aktoobar, 1905 ee. ko poore bngal men 'rashtriy shok divas' ke roop men manane ki ghoshana ki gayi.
vibhajan ke khilaf andolan vibhajan ke khilaf andolan ke lie janasabhaen, gramin andolan aur british vastuon ke ayat ke bahishkar ke lie svadeshi andolan chheda gaya. tamam andolanon ke bavajood vibhajan hua aur charamapnthi virodhi atnkavadi andolan chalane ke lie bhoomigat ho jae. 1911 men jab desh ki rajadhani kalakatta se dilli le jaee gee, to poorv aur pashchim bngal pun: ek ho ge.
mukhy shahar kolakata (bharat) aur dhaka (bangladesh)
bhasha bangla
kshetraphal 232,752 varg kimi
janasnkhya 245,598,679 (2001)
any janakari vibhajan ke sambandh men laaurd karzan ka tark tha ki tatkalin bngal, jisamen bihar aur udisa bhi shamil the, jo kafi vistrit hai aur akela lephtinent gavarnar usaka prashasan bhali-bhanti nahin chala sakata hai.

bngal mugal samrajy ke antargat ane vale pranton men sarvadhik sampann tha. angrezon ne bngal men apani pratham kothi 1651 ee. men hugali men tatkalin bngal ke soobedar 'shahashuja' (shahajahan ke doosare putr) ki anumati se banayi tatha bngal se shore, resham aur chini ka vyapar arambh kiya. ye bngal ke niryat ki pramukh vastuain thin. usi varsh mugal rajavnsh ki ek stri ki, daktar bautan dvara chikitsa karane par usane angrezon ko 3,000 ru. varshik men bngal, bihar tatha udisa men mukt vyapar ki anumati pradan ki. shighr hi angrezon ne kasim bazar, patana tatha any sthanon par kothiyan bana lin.

soobedaron ki svatntrata

bngal ke navab
navab shasan kal
murshidakuli khan 1717-1727 ee.
shujauddin 1727-1739 ee.
sarafaraj khan 1739-1740 ee.
alivardi khan 1740-1756 ee.
sirajuddaula 1756-1757 ee.
mir zafar 1757-1760 ee.
mir kasim 1760-1763 ee.
mir zafar (doosari bar) 1763-1765 ee.
najamuddaula 1765-1766 ee.
shaiph-udh-daula 1766-1770 ee.
mubarak-udh-daula 1770-1775 ee.

1658 ee. men aurngazeb ne mir jumala ko bngal ka soobedar niyukt kiya. usane angrezon ke vyapar par kathor pratibandh laga diya, parinamasvaroop 1658 se 1663 ee. tak angrezon ko badi kathinaee ka samana karana pada. kintu 1698 ee. men soobedar ajimushshan dvara angrezon ko sootanati, kalighat evn govindapur ki zamindari de di gayi, jisase angrezon ko vyapar karane men kafi labh prapt hua. 18vin shatabdi ke prarambhik daur men yahan ke soobedaron ne apani svatntrata ki ghoshana kar navab ki upadhi dharan ki. murshidakuli jafar khan, jo aurngazeb ke samay men bngal ka divan tatha murshidabad ka faujadar tha, badashah ki mutyu ke bad 1717 men bngal ka svatntr shasak ban gaya. murshidakuli khan ne bngal ki rajadhani ko dhaka se murshidabad hastantarit kar diya. usake shasan kal men tin vidroh hue-

  1. sitarat ray, uday narayan tatha gulam muhammad ka vidroh,
  2. shujat khan ka vidroh,
  3. najat khan ka vidroh, isako harane ke bad murshidakuli khan ne usaki zamindariyon ko apane kripapatr ramajivan ko de diya.

bhoo-rajasv bandobast

murshid kuli khan ne ne sire se bngal ke vittiy mamale ka prabandh kiya. usane ne bhoo-rajasv bandobast ke jarie jagir bhoomi ke ek bade bhag ko khalasa bhoomi bana diya tatha 'ijara vyavastha' (theke par bhoo-rajasv vasool karane ki vyavastha) arambh ki. 1732 ee. men bngal ke navab dvara alivardi khan ko bihar ka soobedar niyukt kiya gaya. 1740 ee. men alivardi khan ne bngal ke navab shujauddin ke putr sarafaraj ko gheriya ke yuddh men parast kar bngal ki soobedari prapt kar li or vah ab bngal, bihar aur udisa ke sammilit pradesh ka navab ban gaya. yahi nahin, isane tatkalin mugal samrat muhammadashah se 2 karod rupaye nazarane ke badalen men svikriti bhi prapt kar liya. usane lagabhag 15 varsh tak marathon se sngharsh kiya. alivardi khan ne yooropiyon ki tulana madhumakkhiyon se karate hue kaha ki 'yadi unhen chheda n jay, to ve shahad dengi aur yadi chheda jay to kat-kat kar mar dalengi.'

bngal ka manachitr (sanh 1905)

1756 ee. men alivardi khan ke marane ke bad usake pautr sirajuddaula ne gaddi ko grahan kiya. poorniya ka navab 'shaukatajng' (siraj ki mausi ka ladaka) tatha ghasiti begam (siraj ki mausi), donon hi sirajuddaula ke prabal virodhi the. usaka sabase 'prabal shatru' bngal ki sena ka senanayak aur alivardi khan ka bahanaee-mirajafar ali tha. doosari or, choonki angrez, fransisiyon se bhayabhit the, atah unhonne kalakatta (vartaman kolakata) ki fort viliyam kothi ki qilebandi kar dali. angrezon ne shaukatajng evn ghasiti begam ka samarthan kiya. angrezon ke is kary se rusht hokar sirajuddaula ne 15 joon, 1756 ko fort viliyam ka gherav kar angrezon ko atmasamarpan ke lie majaboor kar diya. antatah navab ne kalakatta manikachandr ko saunp diya aur svayn murshidabad a gaya. yahi vah samay tha, jab bngal men 'blaik hol ghatana' (kalakothari) ghati, jisake liye navab sirajuddaula ko zimmedar thaharaya gaya.

bngal ka vibhajan

sanh 1905 men bharat ke british vaisaraauy laaurd karzan dvara bharatiy rashtravadiyon ke bhari virodh ke bavajood bngal ka vibhajan kiya gaya tha. isake bad bharatiy rashtriy kangres ne madhyamavargiy dabab samooh se badhakar rashtriy star ke jan andolan ka roop le liya. 1755 ee. men denish eest indiya kampani ne bngal men shriramapur men apani basti sthapit ki. 1765 se british bharat men bngal, bihar aur udisa snyukt roop se ek hi prant the. 1900 tak yah prant itana bada ho gaya ke ise ek prashasan ke antargat rakhane men pareshani hone lagi. alag-alag hone aur snchar-sadhanon ke abhav men pashchim bngal tatha bihar ki tulana men poorvi bngal ki upeksha hone lagi.

karzan ne vibhajan ke kee tariqon men se ek ko chuna: asam ko, jo 1874 tak is prant ka ek hissa tha, poorvi bngal ke 15 zilon ke sath milakar 3 karod 10 lakh ki abadi vala naya prant banaya. isaki rajadhani dhaka thi aur janata mukhyat: musalaman thi.pashchim bngal ke hinduon ne, jo bngal ke adhikansh vanijy, vyavasay aur gramin jivan par niyntran rakhate the, shikayat ki ki bngal kshetr ke do bhagon men bnt jane se ve bihar aur udisa samet bache hue prant men alpasnkhyak ho jaenge. unhonne ise bngal men rashtriyata ka gala ghotane ki koshish mana, jahan yah any sthanon ki apeksha adhik vikasit thi.

andolan

vibhajan ke khilaf andolan ke lie janasabhaen, gramin andolan aur british vastuon ke ayat ke bahishkar ke lie svadeshi andolan chheda gaya. tamam andolanon ke bavajood vibhajan hua aur charamapnthi virodhi atnkavadi andolan chalane ke lie bhoomigat ho jae. 1911 men jab desh ki rajadhani kalakatta se dilli le jaee gee, to poorv aur pashchim bngal pun: ek ho ge, asam ek bar phir alag mukhy prant ban gaya aur bihar v udisa ko alag karake naya prant bana diya gaya. isaka uddeshy prashasanik suvidha ke sath-sath bngaliyon ki bhavanaon ko tusht karana bhi tha. kuchh samay tak to is lakshy ki prapti ho gee, lekin vibhajan se labhanvit hue bngali musalaman naraz aur nirash the.


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