वृन्दावनदास ठाकुर  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

vrindavanadas thakur
vrindavanadas thakur
poora nam vrindavanadas thakur
janm 1507 ee.
janm bhoomi navadvip, pashchim bngal
mrityu 1589 ee.
abhibhavak baikunthanath thakur tatha narayani devi
guru shriman nityannd prabhu
karm bhoomi pashchim bngal, bharat
mukhy rachanaen 'chaitany bhagavat', 'shrinityannd charitamrit', 'anndalahari', 'tatvasar', 'tatvavilas', 'bhaktichintamani'.
bhasha bangla
nagarikata bharatiy
snbndhit lekh chaitany mahaprabhu, gaudiy sampraday, chaitany charitamrit, chaitany bhagavat
any janakari vrindavanadas thakur ne 'chaitany mngal' grnth likha hai, jo bad men 'chaitany bhagavat' nam se prasiddh hua. krishnadas kaviraj ne apane grnth 'chaitany charitamrit' men isaki badi prashnsa ki hai.

vrindavanadas thakur (angrezi: Vrindavana Dasa Thakura, janm: 1507 ee., pashchim bngal; mrityu: 1589 ee.) bngala bhasha men 'chaitany bhagavat' namak prasiddh grnth ke rachayita the. yah granth chaitany mahaprabhu ka jivanacharit hai. yah bngala bhasha ka adi kavy grnth mana jata hai. vrindavanadas ji shri nityannd prabhu ke mantr shishy the. inhonne 'chaitany bhagavat' men bhagavan chaitany mahaprabhu ki vibhinn lilaon ka vistarapoorvak varnan kiya hai.

janm

shri hattanivasi shrijaladhar vaidik pandit apani patni sahit pashchim bngal ke navadvip men akar bas gaye the. unake panch putr the- nalin, shrivas, shriram, shripati evn shrinidhi. nalin ek kanh‍ya narayani ke pita banane ke bad kumarahatt men snsar se vida ho ge. unake chhote bhaee shrivas pandit ne narayani evn unaki mata ko apani dekh-rekh men navadvip men rakha. narayani ki mata ka bhi kuchh dinon men hi paralok gaman ho gaya.

yatha samay yauvanavash‍tha praph‍t hone par shrivas pandit ne narayani ka vivah kumarahatt nivasi ek kulin vipr vaikunthanath thakur ke sath kar diya. kuchh samay pashchath narayani devi garbhavati huee. vah char-panch mas ki garbhavati thi ki tabhi dev ichchha se pati vaikunthanath ka vaikunh‍thagaman ho gaya. narayani garbhavash‍tha men hi anathini ya vidhava ho gayi. yatheshth samay narayani devi ne kumarahatt men ek putr ko janh‍m diya. janh‍m samay thik nishchit n hone par bhi anumanat: shakabd 1441-42 (san 1516-1520 ee.) nirdharit hota hai.[1]

mata ki vipada

balh‍yakal se hi vrinh‍davanadas men asadharan gun dikhane lage the-

"bhagh‍yavanh biravanake hot chikane pat."

anathini narayani putr ko lekar daridr sasural men vipada men pad gayi. vah bade kasht se din kat rahi thi. narayani, jisake param saubhagh‍yavan putr 'chaitany bhagavat' ke rachayita vh‍yasavatar vrinh‍davanadas thakur hain. vrinh‍davanadas ji ne anek sh‍thalon par apani mata narayani devi ki bat kahi hai, kinh‍tu n to unaka lakshh‍y apani mata ke mahima prakash men hai aur n hi niji mahima-prakash ka. ekamatr mahaprabhu ki ahaituk asim kripa ka hi vigyapan unaka dhh‍yey hai. vash‍tut: narayani devi to param sh‍tuth‍ya param vanh‍daniya hain hi, kh‍yonki vrajalila men yah ambika ki bahan kilimbika thi aur vahan yah nith‍y krishn ka uchchhishh‍t bhojan karati thi-

ambikaya: sh‍vasa yasinnamh‍ni shril-kilimbika. krishh‍nochchhishatn prabhunjana seyn narayani mata॥[2]

shrivas, shriram, shripati evn shrinidhi to navadvip lila men mahaprabhu ke mukhh‍y sngi the, kh‍yonki narayani ke pita nalin mahaprabhu lila-prakash se pahale hi padhar chuke the, isalie unaka nam chaitanh‍y charitr granh‍thon men kahin nahin dekha-suna jata. navadvip ke arnh‍tagat gnga ke pashchim par mamagachhi-modadrumadvip mahaprabhu ke paramabhakh‍t shri vasudev datt ne ek mandir sh‍thapit kiya tha. vah sh‍vayn kanchada pada gram men rahate the. mahaprabhu ki navadvip lila ke samay prabhu ke nikat vas karane ke lie unh‍honne mamagachh‍chhi men dev seva sh‍thapit ki thi, kinh‍tu bad me prabhu ke snnh‍yas grahan karane ke bad navadvip n a-ja sake. shrivas pandit adi bhi prabhu ki sanh‍yas lila ke bad kumarahatt men akar rahane lage the. shrivas ke sath vasudev datt ki param mitrata thi. at: us nate se dukhiya narayani devi ko unh‍honne us mandir ki seva ka bhar saunp diya. narayani putr vrinh‍davanadas ke sath mamagachh‍chhi men rahane lagi. aj tak vahan ki "narayani-seva" prasiddh hai.

shiksha

mamagachh‍chhi bhi us samay vidya ka kenh‍dr tha. anek pandit-vidvan vahan vas kiya karate the. vahin yatha samay vrindavanadas thakur ne balh‍y-vidya evn snskrit vidya grahan ki. thode hi dinon men sarvashash‍tr parngat ho gaye, apratim pratibhashali to the hi. visheshat: sarv vedavetta bhagavan shri chaitanh‍y dev ki uchchhishh‍t-patra narayani devi ki garbhajat sanh‍tan the. bhakh‍t sng evn shash‍tradhh‍yayan ke phalash‍varoop inh‍hen snsar ki asarata prath‍yaksh ho gayi. isi bich mata ka bhi paralok gaman ho gaya. mata ke paralokavasi ho jane se vrinh‍davanadas ji param virakh‍t ho uthe, kinh‍tu unh‍honne sanh‍yas grahan nahin kiya. tath‍kalin gaudiy vaishh‍navon men sanh‍yas koee bhi n leta tha. at: inh‍honne apane granth 'chaitany bhagavat' men jagah-jagah kaliyug men sanh‍yas grahan ka tivr virodh kiya hai, aur n hi inh‍honne paravarti kal ke th‍yagi vaishh‍nav-babaji ka vesh-ashray kiya, kh‍yonki us samay veshashray-snsh‍kar bhi prachalit n tha. inh‍honne vivah bhi nahin kiya.[1]

vnsh parichay

dainh‍yabhooshan-vibhooshit shri vrinh‍davanadas thakur ne apani rachana 'chaitany bhagavat' men ath‍m prakash ke bhay se kahin bhi apane vnsh-parichay adi ka ulh‍lekh nahin kiya. ek jagah apani mata narayani evn dikshaguru nityanand prabhu ka parichay shri nith‍yananh‍d-katha prasng men avashy diya hai-

sarvashesh bhrith‍y tan vrinh‍davanadas. avashesh patr-narayani-garbhajat॥[3]

arthat "shrimanh‍mahaprabhu ke uchchhishh‍t bhojan ki adhikarini shri narayani ka putr main vrinh‍davanadas shri nith‍yananh‍d prabhu ka sabase akhiri shishh‍y hoon athava sabase kshudr shishh‍y hoon."

anusndhanakartaon ke abhimatanusar visheshat: premavilasadi ke adhar par shri granh‍thakar ka snkshiph‍t parichay is prakar praph‍t hota hai- kavi shrikarnapoor gosh‍vami ne kaha hai[4]-

vedavh‍yaso y evasiddaso vrinh‍davanoadhuna.
sakha y: kusumapid: karyatash‍tn samavishath॥

arthat "poorvalila men jo shri vedavh‍yas the, vahi navadvipalila men shri vrinh‍davanadas hue. vrinh‍davanadas jo kusumapid nam ka krishh‍nasakha tha, usane bhi karyavash inamen akar pravesh kiya hai."[1]

diksha

us samay navadvip desh, bng pradesh men nith‍yananh‍daprabhu sab jiv-jagat ko nam-prem pradan kar rahe the. vrindavanadas thakur ji ne akar nith‍yananh‍d prabhu ka padashray grahan kiya. nityanandaji ne inh‍hen diksha pradan kar apane shishh‍y roop men ath‍masat kiya. poorv snsh‍kar vash inamen sakhy bhav ka udrek tha. sakhh‍y bhav ke ye upasak the. ye nith‍yananh‍d prabhupad ke akhiri shishh‍y the. unh‍honne mahanh kripa kar inh‍hen 'chaitany charit' likhane ki agya hi nahin ki, inamen shakti bhi snchar ki-

anh‍taryami nith‍yananh‍d balila kautuke. chaitanh‍yacharitr kichhu likhite push‍take..
nith‍yananh‍dash‍varooper agya kari shire. sootr matr likhi ami kripa anusare..
tanhar agyay ami kripa anuroope. kichhu matr sootr atim likhil push‍take..
sei prabhu kaliyuge avadhoot ray. sootr matr likhi ami tanhar agyay..

is prakar anek sh‍thalon par thakur mahashay ne nith‍yananh‍d prabhu ki agya-kripanusar is granh‍th ki rachana ka udghosh kiya.

mathura agaman

vrindavanadas thakur ne denud men shri shrigauranitaee vigrahon ki pratishtha ki thi. inake anek shishh‍y bane the. unamen shri ramahari namak ek kayasth shishy bhi tha, usake oopar shri vigrah-seva ka bhar saunpakar vrindavanadas thakur svayn vrindavan, mathura chale aye.

grnth rachana

vrindavanadas thakur ne 'chaitany mngal' namak grnth likha tha, jo bad men 'chaitany bhagavat' nam se prasiddh hua. krishnadas kaviraj ne apane grnth 'chaitany charitamrit' men isaki badi prashnsa ki hai. kavi karnapoor ne vrindavanadas ko 'ved vyas ka avatar' kaha hai. antim avastha men vrindavanadas thakur vrindavan aye the.

'chaitany bhagavat' ka varnan

vrindavanadas thakur ki mata shrivas pndit ji ke bhaee ki kanya thin. jis samay bhagavan shri chaitany mahaprabhu ji ne shrivas pndit ke ghar men 'mahabhav prakash' lila ki aur vahan ekatrit bhakton ko apane svaroop ke darshan karavae, us samay narayani devi keval 4 varsh ki bachchi thin. 'chaitany bhagavat' men is lila ka varnan is prakar hai-

"jis samay gaurang mahaprabhu ji ne shrivas pndit ji ke ghar men apane svaroop ko prakashit kiya, usi samay mahaprabhu ji ne narayani ko 'krishn' nam uchcharan karane ko kaha. narayani us samay matr 4 varsh ki thin aur vah 'krishn-krishn' uchcharan karati huee krishn prem men pagal hokar, netron se ashrudhara bahati huee prithvi par gir padin." narayani devi ke putr hue vrindavanadas thakur."

narayani ko kis prakar mahaprabhu ji ki kripa prapt huee, isaka ullekh 'chaitany bhagavat' men kiya gaya hai-

"narayani ki bhagavan men bahut nishtha thi. vah keval ek chhoti bachchi thi, kintu svayn bhagavan shri chaitany mahaprabhu ne shrivas pndit ke ghar unaki bhatiji narayani ko apana mahaprasad dekar vishesh kripa pradan ki."

nishchit hi yah bhagavan chaitany mahaprabhu ki kripa thi, jo vrindavanadas thakur ji ne narayani ke garbh se janm liya. shri gaurang aur nityannd ji to vrindavanadas thakur ji ka jivan v pran hain. 'shrigaur ganon desh dipika' granth men likha hai ki braj lila men krishn ki stan-dhatri ambika ki chhoti bahan kilimbika hi narayani devi ke roop men chaitany lila men avatarit hueen aur ambika shrivas pndit ji ki patni malini devi ke roop men aeen. is prakar ambika aur kilimbika, donon bahanen punah gaurang mahaprabhu ji ki lila men malini devi aur narayani devi ke roop men avatarit huee.[5]

mukhy rachanaen

  1. chaitany bhagavat
  2. shrinityannd charitamrit
  3. anndalahari
  4. tatvasar
  5. tatvavilas
  6. bhaktichintamani

paralok gaman

nishchit roop se 'chaitany bhagavat' vrinh‍davanadas thakur ki ekamatr prasiddh rachana hai. haridas ji ne shri gaudiy vaishh‍nav abhidhan men kuchh ek aur rachanaon ka bhi ulh‍lekh kiya hain- 'shrinith‍yananh‍d prabhu ka vnsh-vish‍tar', 'shri gaurang-vilas', 'chaitanh‍yalila mrit', 'bhajan-nirnay', 'bhakti chinh‍tamani'. inake ulh‍lekh ke bad unh‍honne likha hai ki ye granh‍th shrivrinh‍davanadas thakur ke nam aropit hain, arthat unaki rachanaen hone men sandeh hai. anumanat: vrinh‍davanadas thakur 70 varsh tak is dharadham par virajaman rahe. shrishrinitaee-gaur lilarasamrit ka anupam avadan jiv-jagat ko pradan kar san 1589 men nith‍yalila men ve pravishh‍t ho gaye. gaudiy vaishnav sampraday aj bhi unake pradatt avadan sh‍varoop shrishrinitaee-gaur premalilaras sagar men avagahan kar apane ko kritarth manata hai.[1]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 shri chaitanyabhagavat |prakashak: shriharinam snkirtan mandal, shridham vrindavan |snkalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |snpadan: shri shyamadas |prishth snkhya: 6,8,9 |
  2. gauraganedadeshadipika, 43
  3. shri chaitany bhagavat 3|6|121
  4. shrigauraganoddeshadipika, 106
  5. shrikrishn ki premapoorvak seva karana hi bhakti hai (hindi) sabake guru (blaaug). abhigaman tithi: 16 mee, 2015.

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