बाघ की गुफ़ाएं  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

bagh ki gufaen
bagh ki gufaen
vivaran bagh ki gufaen prachin bharat ke svarnim yug ki advitiy den hain. in gufaon men buddh, boghisatv chitron ke atirikt rajadarabar, sngit drishy, pushpamala drishy adi ka chitran mahattvapoorn hai.
rajy madhy pradesh
zila dhar zila
nirman kal in gufaon ka nirman sambhavatah 5vin-6vin shatabdi ee. men hua tha.
prasiddhi ye gufaen apane bhittichitron ke lie bahut prasiddh hain.
any janakari lagabhag 1600 varsh poorv 'bagh ki gufaen' bhagavan buddh ki divyavarta pratipadit karane hetu nirmit evn chitrit ki gayi thin. yahan ki kala men ajanta ke saman keval dharmik vishay hi nahin hain, apitu inamen manavochit bhavon ke chitran men vegapoorn pravah bhi hai.

vagh ki gufaen madhy pradesh men indaur ke pas dhar men sthit hain. vagh ki gufaen prachin bharat ke svarnim yug ki advitiy den hain. vagh ki gufaen indaur se uttar-pashchim men lagabhag 90 mil ki doori par, badhini namak chhoti si nadi ke bayen tat par aur vindhy parvat ke dakshin dhalan par sthit hain. bagh-kukshi marg se thoda hatakar bagh ki gufaen bagh gram se panch mil door hain. yah sthal us vishal prachin marg par sthit hai, jo uttar se ajanta hokar sudoor dakshin tak jata hai. eesapoorv tisari shatabdi aur eesvi sanh ki 7vin shatabdi ke madhy, jab bharat ke pashchimi bhag men bauddh dharm apani khyati ki parakashtha par tha. isi samay chin ke bauddh dharm ke mahanh vidvanh yatri huenasang, fahyan aur suanataee madhy aur pashchimi bharat aye the.

nirman

isamen kul 9 gufaen hain, jinamen se 1,7,8 aur 9vin gupha nashtapray hai tatha gupha snkhya 2 'pandav gufa' ke nam se prachalit hai jabaki tisari gupha 'hathikhana' aur chauthi rngamahal ke nam se jani jati hai. in gupha ka nirman sambhavatah 5vi-6vin shatabdi ee. men hua hoga.

lagabhag 1600 varsh poorv bagh ki gufaen bhagavan buddh ki divyavarta pratipadit karane hetu nirmit evn chitrit ki gayi thin. dharmik saurabh, saundaryanubhooti ka spandan, sarita ki sugam sthiti aur usake layapoorn pravah se prabhavit bhikshuon ka jivan atyant sahajata se ek adarsh dhanche men dhalata raha tatha nishthavan upasakon ko abhootapoorv paripakvata prapt hoti rahi. viharon ko naitik unnati evn nirdeshan ke uddeshy ki poorti karane vale bhitti-chitr paryapt samay se susajjit karate rahe hain. viharon men chitr alnkaran ka varnan mool saravastivadin sampraday ke vinay men paya jata hai. bauddh sahity se gyat hota hai ki chitrakala ka poorn prachar buddh jivanakal men hi ho chuka tha. bhittichitron men phool, pakshi v pashuon ka chitran mahattvapoorn hai. kamal pushp moorti tatha chitrakala donon men hi lokapriy hai, jo pavitrata ke atirikt yah shuddhata v sadgunn ka pratik hai. bagh ki gufaon men buddh, boghisatv chitron ke atirikt rajadarabar, sngit drishy, pushpamala drishy adi ka chitran mahattvapoorn hai.

bagh ki kala men ajanta ke saman keval dharmik vishay hi nahin hain, yahan par manavochit bhavon ke chitran men vegapoorn pravah bhi hai. yahan ke prakritik saundary ne chitrakala men jo yogadan diya hai, yahan  par chitrit virat drishy usake pratyaksh praman hai. nadi, pahad, jngal adi ke asimit bhoo-drishy bade manohar hain. chahen lata vallari ho athava ghode v hathi, raja ho ya snnyasi, nrity-sngit ho ya yuddh kshetr, karun ras ho ya shrringar sabhi men kalakar ki sahaj kushalata ka parichay milata hai.

pragaitihasik kal men hi bagh evn ajnta ki chitrakari ki parampara prarnbh ho chuki thi. yah parampara us manaviy anubhooti ko darshati hai, jo jivan v dharm par kendrit thi. bhopal ki shyamala pahadi par bane navanirmit rajy puratattv sngrahalay ki bagh pentigs vithi aur goojari mahal sngrahalay gvaliyar men madhy pradesh ke dhar zile ki suprasiddh bagh gufaon ke kee mahattvapoorn bhittichitron ki anukritiyan hai jo darshako aur kalapremiyon ko mntramugdh kar deti hai. bagh gufa ke chitr 1907-1908 se pun: snsar ke samane ae hain. vindhy parvat ka yah ansh malava kshetr men dhar zile ki kukshi tahasil ke antargat hai. narmada ki ek chhoti si karad nadi jisaka nam baghani ya bagh hai usi ke karan yahan ki gufaon ka nam aur pas ke ganv ka nam bagh pada hai. yahan kul 9 gufaen hain. ye 9 gufaen apas men mili huee nahin hai. inamen chauthi evn panchavi gufaon se mila 65 mitar lamba baramada (kaauridor) hai. jisaki chhat 20 bhari khambon par chhat avrit thi.

gufaon ka vivaran

bagh ki gufa snkhya 1 se 9 tak men kaksh, stambh, lambe baramade, kothariyan, shailakrit stoop, buddhapratima, bodhisatv, avalokitenr maitrey, nadi deviyon adi ka ankan hai. bagh ki gufa snkhya 2, 3, 4, 5, evn 7 men bhittichitr hain, gufa men 6 drishyon ka ankan hai. bagh gufaon ke chitron ki shaili ajnta ke saman hai tatha ye ajnta ke samakalin hai. bagh gufaon  ke bhittichitron men phool, pakshi v pashuon ka chitran vishesh mahattvapoorn hai. bagh gufaon ke alnkaran ajnta jaise nahin hain kintu yahan  kamal ki jhuramut vasali bel men vahan se adhik pravah hain. ye bhittichitr ajnta ke saman choone ki gach (palastar) par bane the. vartaman men bagh gufaon ke samast bhittichitr nasht ho chuke hai. ye chitr guptakalin 5-6 vi shati ee. ke hai. sanh 1921 men tatkalin gvaliyar rajy ke puratattv vibhag dvarapratishthit kalakaron shri e.ke. haladar, nndalal bos adi ke dvara gvaliyar stet ke snrakshan men inake chitron ki anukritiyaau kainavas par taiyar ki gee thin. sanh 1927 men indiya sosaiti ne inaka monogram prakashit kiya tha. varsh 1938 men es.kachadoyin dvara bhi kenavas par bagh pentig banayi gee. inhin akritiyon ko is vithi men pradarshit kiya gaya hai.[1]

gufa snkhya 2 ka sarv prasiddh chitr padmapani buddh ka hai. is chitr men mukhakriti saumy hai tatha abhooshan v pushpon se sharir ke bhag snsajjit hai. ardh nirmilit palakon ne mukh ki saumyata ko dvigunit kar diya hai. shnrity evn sngit drishyabagh ki gufa snkhya 4 jo rngamahal nam se vikhyat hai, ki pratikriti hai. isamen sundar alp vastr dharan kie nartakiyon ko ghera banakar nrity karate hue ankit kiya gaya hai. in yuvitayon ke keshavinyas tatha rng birnge vastr lambi banhon tatha phoolakadhi kamijon ko spashtata se ukera gaya hai. ye yuvatiyan vibhinn vady yntr lie hue nrity kar rahi hain. inamen ek mridnga baja rahi hai tatha tin yuvatiyon hath men chhote-chhote dnde lekar nrity kar rahi hain tatha shesh tin kansy thal baja rahi hain. is drishy ka samagr prabhav atynt hyadayagrahi hai. navayuvatiyon ke vastr, kesh vinyas, vady yntr tatkalin vaibhav ke pratik hain.

gufa snkhya 4 men ankit rajakumar ka chal samaroh drishy tatkalin aishvary ka sudnratam udaharan hai. is drishy men rajakumar hathi par savar hai tatha 6 hathiyon evn 3 ghodon evn samaroh men chal rahe vibhinn vyaktiyon ko bariki se ukera gaya hai. drishy ke pichhe chaityagrih ka ankan bhi hua hai. gufa snkhya 4 men hi ek samooh chitran men matr ek mahila ko hath men vina lie ankan shesh hai. vina ko dekhakar sahaj hi anuman kiya ja sakata hai ki is samooh ke any sadasyon ke hath men bhi vibhinn vady rahe honge. gufa snkhya 2 ke chitron men buddh dharmachakr pravartak mudra men, upadesh dete buddh evn bodhisatv ke prabhamandal sahit hain. gufa snkhya 4 any chitron ki anukritiyon men akash men sngit, drishy, hathi evn ghodon ke chitr, sngit drishy tatha lata vallari v rekhachitron ko pradarshit kiya gaya hai.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. vagh ki gufaen (hindi) hindi midiya daaut in. abhigaman tithi: 28 aktoobar, 2010.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah