शहीद दिवस  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

shahid divas
sukhadev, bhagatasinh, rajaguru
vivaran 23 march, 1931 ki madhyaratri ko angrezi hukoomat ne bharat ke tin sapooton bhagatasinh, sukhadev aur rajaguru ko phansi par lataka diya tha. in tinon viron ki shahadat ko shraddhanjali dene ke lie hi shahid divas manaya jata hai.
desh bharat
snbndhit lekh shahid divas (gandhi ji), bharatiy kranti divas, svatntrata divas, ganatntr divas
any janakari mahatma gandhi ki yad men bhi shahid divas manaya jata hai. 30 janavari ko saty aur ahinsa ke pujari mahatma gandhi ki punyatithi par ‘shahid divas’ manakar unhen shraddhanjali arpit ki jati hai.

shahid divas (angrezi: Martyrs' Day) bharat men 23 march ko manaya jata hai. 23 march, 1931 ki madhyaratri ko angrez hukoomat ne bharat ke tin sapooton- bhagatasinh, sukhadev aur rajaguru ko phansi par lataka diya tha. shahid divas ke roop men jana jane vala yah din yoon to bharatiy itihas ke lie kala din mana jata hai, par svatntrata ki ladaee men khud ko desh ki vedi par chadhane vale yah nayak hamare adarsh hain. in tinon viron ki shahadat ko shraddhanjali dene ke lie hi shahid divas manaya jata hai. jabaki rashtrapita mahatma gandhi ki yad men bhi shahid divas manaya jata hai. 30 janavari ko saty aur ahinsa ke pujari mahatma gandhi ki punyatithi par ‘shahid divas’ manakar unhen shraddhanjali arpit ki jati hai.

itihas

bharat ek mahanh desh hai. yahan ka itihas behad gauravashali raha hai. yah desh apane andar aisi kee snskritiyan samete hue hai, jisane ise vishv ki sabase samriddh snskriti vala desh banaya hai. yah desh un viron ki karmabhoomi bhi rahi hai, jinhonne apane pranon ki paravah kie bina is desh ke lie kary kie hain. apane vatan ke lie pranon ki bali dene se bhi hamare vir kabhi pichhe nahin hate. desh ko svatntr karane ke lie desh ke viron ne apani jan ki ahuti tak di. azadi ke bad bhi hamare vir sainikon ne simaon par hamari hiphajat ke lie apane pranon ko danv par lagaya. adalati adesh ke mutabik bhagatasinh, rajaguru aur sukhadev ko 24 march, 1931 ko phansi lagaee jani thi, subah qarib 8 baje. lekin 23 march, 1931 ko hi in tinon ko der sham qarib sat baje phansi laga di gee aur shav rishtedaron ko n dekar raton rat le jakar sataluj nadi ke kinare jala die ge.

angrezi hukoomat ne bhagatasinh aur any krantikariyon ki badhati lokapriyata aur 24 march ko hone vale vidroh ki vajah se 23 march ko hi bhagatasinh aur any ko krantikariyon ko phansi de di thi. darasal yah poori ghatana bharatiy krantikariyon ki angrezi hukoomat ko hila dene vali ghatana ki vajah se huee. 8 aprail 1929 ke din chndrashekhar azad ke netritv men ‘pablik sephti’ aur ‘tred dispyoot bil’ ke virodh men ‘sentral asenbali’ men bam phenka gaya. jaise hi bil snbndhi ghoshana ki gee tabhi bhagatasinh ne bam phenka. isake pashchath krantikariyon ko giraphtar karane ka daur chala. bhagat sinh aur batukeshrvar datt ko ajivan karavas mila.[1]

bhagatasinh

sikkh parivar men pnjab ke layalapur men 28 sitnbar, 1907 ko janmen bhagatasinh bharatiy itihas ke mahanh svatntrata senaniyon men jane jate the. unake pita gadar parti ke nam se prasiddh ek sngathan ke sadasy the, jo bharat ki ajadi ke liye kam karati thi. bhagatasinh ne apane sathiyon- rajaguru, chndrashekhar azad, sukhadev aur jay gopal ke sath milakar lala lajapat ray par lathi charj ke khilaph ladaee ki. shahid bhagatasinh ka sahasik kary aj ke yuvaon ke liye ek preranasrot ka kary kar raha hai. varsh 1929 men, 8 aprail ko apane sathiyon ke sath kendriy vidhayi sabha men "inkalab jindabad" ke nare lagate hue bam phenk diya tha. un par hatya ka mukadama darj hua aur 23 march, 1931 ko lahaur ke jel men sham 7:33 baje phansi par lataka diya gaya. unake sharir ka dah snskar sataluj nadi ke kinare hua tha. vartaman men husainavala (bharat-pakistan sima) men rashtriy shahid smarak par, ek bahut bade shahidi mele ka ayojan unake janm sthan firozapur men kiya jata hai.[2]

bharat men 'shahid divas'

bharat men rashtr ke doosare shahidon ko samman dene ke liye ek se jyada shahid divas, rashtriy star par ise 'sarvoday divas' bhi kaha jata hai, manane ki ghoshana ki gayi hai-

13 julaee

22 logon ki mrityu ko yad karane ke liye bharat ke jammoo aur kashmir men shahid divas 13 julaee ko bhi manaya jata hai. varsh 1931 men 13 julaee ko kashmir ke maharaja harisinh ke samip pradarshan ke dauran raauyal sainikon dvara unako mar diya gaya tha.

17 navnbar

lala lajapat ray (pnjab ke sher ke nam se mashahoor) ki punyatithi ko manane ke liye udisa men shahid divas 17 navnbar ke din manaya jata hai. ve british raj se bharat ki ajadi ke dauran ke ek mahanh neta aur svatntrata senani the.

shahid divas (gandhi ji)

bapoo ki yad men bhi shahid divas manaya jata hai. 30 janavari ko saty aur ahinsa ke pujari mahatma gandhi ki punyatithi par ‘shahid divas’ manakar unhen shraddhanjali arpit ki jati hai. is din subah 11 baje do minat ka maun rakha jata hai. unake smarak ko phoolon se sajaya jata hai. desh ke ganamany vyakti dilli ke rajaghat par jakar unhen shraddhanjali dete hain. is din sarvadharm prarthana sabhaen ayojit ki jati hain aur bapoo ke priy bhajan ‘raghupati raghav raja ram,’ aur ‘vaishnav jan’ gae jate hain. sham ke samay unaka smarak momabattiyon se prakashit kiya jata hai.[3]


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

tika tippani aur sndarbh

  1. shahid divas: kab kyoon aur kaise (hindi) jagaran jnkshan. abhigaman tithi: 17 march, 2015.
  2. shahid divas (hindi) hindi ki duniya. abhigaman tithi: 31 janavari, 2017.
  3. bapoo ki yad men shahid divas (hindi) hindustan laiv. abhigaman tithi: 17 march, 2015.

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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