हर्षवर्धन  हिन्दी देवनागरी में पढ़ें।

Disamb2.jpg harshavardhan ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthon ke lie dekhen:- harshavardhan (bahuvikalpi)

harshavardhan ya harsh (606ee.-647ee.), rajyavardhan ke bad lagabhag 606 ee. men thaneshvar ke sinhasan par baitha. harsh ke vishay men hamen banabhatt ke harshacharit se vyapak janakari milati hai. harsh ne lagabhag 41 varsh shasan kiya. in varshon men harsh ne apane samrajy ka vistar jalndhar, pnjab, kashmir, nepal evn ballabhipur tak kar liya. isane aryavart ko bhi apane adhin kiya. harsh ko badami ke chalukyavnshi shasak pulakeshin dvitiy se parajit hona pada. aihol prashasti (634 ee.) men isaka ullekh milata hai.

dakshin men asaphalata

yatriyon men rajakumar, niti ka pandit evn vartaman shakyamuni kahe jane vala chini yatri hvenasang ne 630 se 640 ee. ke bich bharat ki dharati par padarpan kiya. harsh ke vishay men hvenasang se vistrit janakari milati hai. harsh ne kannauj ko apani rajadhani banaya. harsh ko ek aur nam shiladity se bhi jana jata hai. isane paramh bhattarak magadh naresh ki upadhi grahan ki. harsh ko apane dakshin ke abhiyan men asaphalata hath lagi. chaluky naresh pulakeshin dvitiy ne harsh ko tapti nadi ke kinare parast kiya.

natakakar evn kavi

harsh ek pratishthit natakakar evn kavi tha. isane 'naganand', 'ratnavali' evn 'priyadarshika' namak natakon ki rachana ki. isake darabar men banabhatt, haridatt evn jayasen jaise prasiddh kavi evn lekhak shobha badhate the. harsh bauddh dharm ki mahayan shakha ka samarthak hone ke sath-sath vishnu evn shiv ki bhi stuti karata tha. aisa mana jata hai ki harsh pratidin 500 brahmanon evn 1000 bauddh bhikshuon ko bhojan karata tha. harsh ne lagabhag 643ee. men kannauj tatha prayag men do vishal dharmik sabhaon ka ayojan kiya tha. harsh dvara prayag men ayojit sabha ko mokshaparishadh kaha gaya hai.

harsh ki mrityu

harsh ka din tin bhagon men bnta tha- pratham bhag sarakari karyo ke lie tatha shesh do bhagon men dharmik kary sampann kie jate the. maharaj harsh ne 641 ee. men ek brahman ko apana doot banakar chin bheja. 643 ee. men chini samrat ne 'lyang-hoaee-king' nam ke doot ko harsh ke darabar men bheja. lagabhag 646 ee. men ek aur chini dootamandal 'liny pyaon' evn 'vang-hnan-tse' ke netritv men harsh ke darabar men aya. tisare doot mandal ke bharat pahunchane se poorv hi harsh ki mrityu ho gee.

harsh ka shasan prabandh

harshakalin pramukh adhikari
adhikari vibhag
mahabaladhikrit sarvochch senapati/senadhyaksh
baladhikrit senapati
mahasandhi vigrahadhikrit sndhiru/yuddh karane snbndhi adhikari
katuk hasti senadhyaksh
vrihadeshvar ashv senadhyaksh
adhyaksh vibhinn vibhagon ke sarvochch adhikari
ayuktak sadharan adhikari
mimansak nyayadhish
mahapratihar rajaprasad ka rakshak
chat-bhat vaitanik/avaitanik sainik
uparik maharaj prantiy shasak
akshapatalik lekha-jokha lipik
poornik sadharan lipik

harsh svayn prashasanik vyavastha men vyaktigat roop se ruchi leta tha. samrat ki sahayata ke lie ek mntriparishadh gathin ki gee thi. banabhatt ke anusar avanti yuddh aur shanti ka sarvochch mntri tha. sinhanad harsh ka mahasenapati tha. banabhatt ne harshacharit men in padon ki vyakhya is prakar ki hai-

  1. avanti - yuddh aur shanti ka mntri.
  2. sinhanad - harsh ki sena ka mahasenapati.
  3. kuntal - ashvasena ka mukhy adhikari.
  4. skandagupt - hastisena ka mukhy adhikari.

rajy ke kuchh any pramukh adhikari bhi the- jaise mahasamant, maharaj, daussadhanik, prabhatar, rajasthaniy, kumaramaty, uparik, vishayapati adi.

  1. kumaramaty- uchch prashasanik seva men niyukt.
  2. dirghadhvaj - rajakiy sndeshavahak hote the.
  3. sarvagat - guptachar vibhag ka sadasy.

samantavad men vriddhi

harsh ke samay men adhikariyon ko vetan, nakad v jagir ke roop men diya jata tha, par hvenasang ka manana hai ki, mntriyon evn adhikariyon ka vetan bhoomi anudan ke roop men diya jata tha. adhikariyon evn karmachariyon ko nakad vetan ke badale bade paimane par bhookhand dene ki prakriya se harshakal men samantavad apane charamotkarsh par pahunch gaya. harsh ka prashasan gupt prashasan ki apekshakrit adhik samantik evn vikendrikrit ho gaya. is karan samanton ki kee shreniyan ho gee thin.

rashtriy ay evn kar

harsh ke samay men rashtriy ay ka ek chauthaee bhag uchch koti ke rajy karmachariyon ko vetan ya upahar ke roop men, ek chauthaee bhag dharmik karyo ke kharch hetu, ek chauthaee bhag shiksha ke kharch ke lie evn ek chauthaee bhag raja svayn apane kharch ke lie prayog karata tha. rajasv ke srot ke roop men tin prakar ke karon ka vivaran milata hai- bhag, hirany, evn bali. 'bhag' ya bhoomikar padarth ke roop men liya jata tha. 'hirany' nagad men roop men liya jane vala kar tha. is samay bhoomikar krishi utpadan ka 1/6 vasoola jata tha.

sainy rachana

hvenasang ke anusar harsh ki sena men qarib 5,000 hathi, 2,000 ghudasavar evn 5,000 paidal sainik the. kalantar men hathiyon ki snkhya badhakar qarib 60,000 evn ghudasavaron ki snkhya ek lakh pahunch gee. harsh ki sena ke sadharan sainikon ko chat evn bhat, ashvasena ke adhikariyon ko hadeshvar paidal sena ke adhikariyon ko baladhikrit evn mahabaladhikrit kaha jata tha.


panne ki pragati avastha
adhar
prarambhik
madhyamik
poornata
shodh

snbndhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

a   a    i    ee    u    oo    e    ai    o   au    an    k   kh    g    gh    n    ch    chh    j    jh    n    t    th    d   dh    n    t    th    d    dh    n    p    ph    b    bh    m    y    r    l    v    sh    sh    s    h    ksh    tr    gy    ri    ri    aau    shr   aah